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The Parallel Sieve Method for a Virus Scanning Engine

Hiroki Nakahara, Tsutomu Sasao, Munehiro Matsuura, Yoshifumi Kawamura
2009 2009 12th Euromicro Conference on Digital System Design, Architectures, Methods and Tools  
This paper shows a new architecture for a virus scanning system, which is different from that of an intrusion detection system.  ...  To make the hardware filter simple, we use a finite-input memory machine (FIMM). To reduce the memory size of the FIMM, we introduce the parallel sieve method.  ...  Experimental Results Implementation of a Virus Scanning Engine We implemented a virus scanning engine using the parallel sieve method on an Altera FPGA.  ... 
doi:10.1109/dsd.2009.208 dblp:conf/dsd/NakaharaSMK09 fatcat:cjd7zno6xbf23myidbs2aue4zu

A Low-Cost and High-Performance Virus Scanning Engine Using a Binary CAM Emulator and an MPU [chapter]

Hiroki Nakahara, Tsutomu Sasao, Munehiro Matsuura
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper shows a virus scanning engine using two-stage matching.  ...  As for the area and throughput, this system outperforms existing FPGA-based implementations. A virus scanning detects the virus on a text (executable codes or e-mails).  ...  Acknowledgments This research is supported in part by the grant of Regional Innovation Cluster Program (Global Type, 2nd Stage). Reviewer's comments were useful to improve the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-28365-9_17 fatcat:dovryir56fgw7b4tbaogbdkqk4

A Virus Scanning Engine Using an MPU and an IGU Based on Row-Shift Decomposition

Hiroki NAKAHARA, Tsutomu SASAO, Munehiro MATSUURA
2013 IEICE transactions on information and systems  
Hiroki NAKAHARA †a) , Tsutomu SASAO † †b) , and Munehiro MATSUURA † †c) , Members SUMMARY This paper shows a virus scanning engine using two-stage matching.  ...  As for the area and throughput, this system outperforms existing two-stage matching systems using FPGAs. key words: pattern matching, virus scanning, index generation function, CAM * It is also called  ...  Acknowledgements This research is supported in part by Strategic Information and Communications R&D Promotion Program (SCOPE), and the Grants in Aid for Scientistic Research of JSPS.  ... 
doi:10.1587/transinf.e96.d.1667 fatcat:hz63imdaj5aqzczuib4u767iw4

Both Structural and Non-Structural Forms of the Readthrough Protein of Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus Are Essential for Efficient Systemic Infection of Plants

Sylvaine Boissinot, Monique Erdinger, Baptiste Monsion, Véronique Ziegler-Graff, Véronique Brault, ALN. Rao
2014 PLoS ONE  
Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (CABYV) is a polerovirus (Luteoviridae family) with a capsid composed of the major coat protein and a minor component referred to as the readthrough protein (RT).  ...  Citation: Boissinot S, Erdinger M, Monsion B, Ziegler-Graff V, Brault V (2014) Both Structural and Non-Structural Forms of the Readthrough Protein of Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus Are Essential for  ...  We are grateful to Allen Miller and Etienne Herrbach for critical reading of the manuscript and to the two reviewers for helping us to improve the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0093448 pmid:24691251 pmcid:PMC3972232 fatcat:bb5ra7vlgjgz3noahya67xoe7i

Evidence for Symplastic Phloem Unloading in Sink Leaves of Barley

S. Haupt
2001 Plant Physiology  
Unloading was "patchy" along the length of a vein, indicating that sieve element unloading may be discontinuous along a single vascular bundle.  ...  The data collectively indicate a symplastic mechanism of SE unloading in the sink barley leaf. The phenomenon of phloem unloading has been studied extensively over the last decade (for review, see  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We are grateful to Andy Jackson and Diane Lawrence (University of Berkeley) for the original BSMV.GFP construct.  ... 
doi:10.1104/pp.125.1.209 pmid:11154330 pmcid:PMC61003 fatcat:jggzveq2uffuddnlszakqfc2om

Scan prediction and reconnaissance mitigation through commodity graphics cards

Christian Doerr, Mourad el Maouchi, Sille Kamoen, Jarno Moree
2016 2016 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS)  
This paper presents a novel approach capable of detecting threats while they scan a local network for potential targets and even before an intrusion attack has been made.  ...  Given the lack of advance information, current network-based attack detection and mitigation techniques, such as virus scanners or intrusion prevention systems, are typically aimed at countering the delivery  ...  While SYNs are by far the most dominant TCP scan method 2 , other methods exist testing transport-layer specific differences for closed and open ports.  ... 
doi:10.1109/cns.2016.7860496 dblp:conf/cns/DoerrMKM16 fatcat:dsw4qvrfbvfyvjbibigzunmhyu

Comparing crushed recycled glass to silica sand for dual media filtration

S O Rutledge, G A Gagnon
2002 Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science  
The objective of this project was to evaluate the performance of a pressure filter utilizing crushed glass as the filter media in a dual media anthracite-glass filter compared to a dual media anthracite-sand  ...  Over the course of the 6-month study the dual media crushed-glass filter was able to achieve a 1.4-log removal, which was only slightly greater than the dual media silica sand filter that achieved a 1.6  ...  ; and the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), Collaborative Research and Development Grant.  ... 
doi:10.1139/s02-023 fatcat:ih6anmzeiva4bg32yfkh3l4lvq

Protein Phosphatase 1–Targeting Small-Molecule C31 Inhibits Ebola Virus Replication

Tatiana Ammosova, Colette A Pietzsch, Yasemin Saygideğer, Andrey Ilatovsky, Xionghao Lin, Andrey Ivanov, Namita Kumari, Marina Jerebtsova, Amol Kulkarni, Michael Petukhov, Aykut Üren, Alexander Bukreyev (+1 others)
2018 Journal of Infectious Diseases  
A parallel in silico screening of compounds from the ZINC database by docking to PP1 identified the best-binding compound C31, which was also present among the top 6 compounds found in the viral screen  ...  C31 represents a novel PP1-targeting EBOV inhibitor with improved pharmacological properties that can be further evaluated for future antifiloviral therapy.  ...  We thank Dr Elke Muhlberger (Boston University), for providing the EBOV minigenome plasmid; Dr Yoshihiro Kawaoka (University of Wisconsin), for providing plasmids expressing EBOV NP, VP35, VP30, and L  ... 
doi:10.1093/infdis/jiy422 pmid:30169869 pmcid:PMC6249606 fatcat:xa6f3m4pgvcd7h52ylc467h67q

SafeCard: A Gigabit IPS on the Network Card [chapter]

Willem de Bruijn, Asia Slowinska, Kees van Reeuwijk, Tomas Hruby, Li Xu, Herbert Bos
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
For this purpose, we developed a framework for network-based intrusion prevention at the network edge that is able to cope with all levels of abstraction and can be easily extended with new techniques.  ...  We validate our approach by making available a practical system, SafeCard , capable of reconstructing and scanning TCP streams at gigabit rates while preventing polymorphic buffer-overflow attacks, using  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Lennert Buytenhek for his invaluable help during development of the IXP2400 code and installation of the testbed.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11856214_16 fatcat:nwybudp5m5dsfpjehaxc653y6i

Fine structure of influenza A virus observed by electron cryo-microscopy

Y. Fujiyoshi, N.P. Kume, K. Sakata, S.B. Sato
1994 EMBO Journal  
The M proteins of influenza A and B virus have been examined by various methods (e.g.  ...  By rapid freezing of a thin film of a virus suspension and using a cryo-transfer-holder cooled with liquid nitrogen to prevent devitrification of the frozen specimen, native fully hydrated viruses were  ... 
doi:10.1002/j.1460-2075.1994.tb06264.x fatcat:72qj4l2v2bdcrcv4uca6yvb7nm

PHOSPHORYLATED VP30 OF MARBURG VIRUS IS A REPRESSOR OF TRANSCRIPTION

Bersabeh Tigabu, Palaniappan Ramanathan, Andrey Ivanov, Xionghao Lin, Philipp A. Ilinykh, Christian S. Parry, Alexander N. Freiberg, Sergei Nekhai, Alexander Bukreyev
2018 Journal of Virology  
To identify the role of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) in the identified effects, a small molecule 1E7-03 targeting a non-catalytic site of the enzyme, which previously showed to increase EBOV VP30 phosphorylation  ...  Because of the close similarity of MARV to another member of Filoviridae family, EBOV, it was assumed that the two viruses have similar mechanisms of regulation of transcription and replication.  ...  S.N. and A.B. have a patent on inhibitors of protein phosphatase 1 and their use for the treatment or prevention of filovirus infections.  ... 
doi:10.1128/jvi.00426-18 pmid:30135121 pmcid:PMC6189487 fatcat:5juskl2hrna5hkwtbdrzpjmivq

Large-scale production and purification of VLP-based vaccines

Tiago Vicente, António Roldão, Cristina Peixoto, Manuel J.T. Carrondo, Paula M. Alves
2011 Journal of Invertebrate Pathology  
These innovative biopharmaceuticals present the remarkable advantages of closely mimicking the three-dimensional nature of an actual virus while lacking the virus genome packaged inside its capsid.  ...  As a result, an equally efficient but safer prophylaxis is anticipated as compared to inactivated or live attenuated viral vaccines.  ...  Acknowledgments We acknowledge funding from the European Commission (Baculogenes, LSHB Conflicts of interest António Roldão, Tiago Vicente, Cristina Peixoto, Manuel José Teixeira Carrondo and Paula  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jip.2011.05.004 pmid:21784230 pmcid:PMC7094596 fatcat:5dgz2qiqufhw3c2uww3ywxz7he

Considerations Using Additive Manufacture of Emulsion Inks to Produce Respiratory Protective Filters Against Viral Respiratory Tract Infections Such as the COVID-19 Virus

Colin Sherborne, Frederik Claeyssens
2021 International Journal of Bioprinting  
The benefits and limitation of various AM techniques are discussed, as well as considerations for a scalable manufacture of a polyHIPE-based RPE.  ...  Advances in 3D printing technology enables the control of the bulk shape while a micron porosity is controlled independently by the emulsion-based ink.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (Grant no. EP/R511754/1 and EP/L505055/1).  ... 
doi:10.18063/ijb.v7i1.316 pmid:33585713 pmcid:PMC7875060 fatcat:jrparguglfhrvj5o4ldasyrhh4

Opportunities and Challenges for Biosensors and Nanoscale Analytical Tools for Pandemics: COVID-19

Nikhil Bhalla, Yuwei Pan, Zhugen Yang, Amir Farokh Payam
2020 ACS Nano  
' tools with a potential of 'mass- production' cited on the web of science.  ...  Furthermore, we discuss the emerging mechanism with wastewater analysis for early warning of the outbreak, focusing on sensors for rapid and on-site analysis of SARS-COV-2 in sewage.  ...  Using a WBE strategy in creating an early warning and intervention system will require a rapid biosensing method for the on-site detection of viruses at the wastewater collection outlets. 209, 212 We  ... 
doi:10.1021/acsnano.0c04421 pmid:32551559 pmcid:PMC7319134 fatcat:hzjzsws5drbfdkjwmlbbipml7e

Application of microreactors in medicine and biomedicine

Anita Šalić, Ana Tušek, Bruno Zelić
2012 Journal of Applied Biomedicine  
Tissue engineering is one of the most promising fields that can lead to in vitro tissue and organ reconstruction ready for implantation and microdevices can be used to promote the migration, proliferation  ...  In the last few years, together with microplant development, a great part of research investigation is focused on integrated micro-systems, the so called micro-total-analysis-systems (μ-TAS) or lab-on-chip  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This work was financially supported through The National Foundation for Science, Higher Education and Technological Development of the Republic of Croatia.  ... 
doi:10.2478/v10136-012-0011-1 fatcat:gvlotd5nmvdbpbvuho6fiefexi
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