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In this article we refine the formulation of the problem of prepositional phrase (PP) attachment as a four-way disambiguation problem. ... We argue that, in interpreting PPs, both knowledge about the site of the attachment (the traditional noun-verb attachment distinction) and the nature of the attachment (the distinction of arguments from ... We thank Eric Joanis for his precious help in constituting the database of PP tuples. We also thank Jamie Henderson for providing native-speaker judgments. ...doi:10.1162/coli.2006.32.3.341 fatcat:zfdmfshbm5dqhoa2murj5knt6e
Merlo and Esteve Ferrer Argument in Prepositional Phrase Attachment the subcategorization frames of verbs for a language, Basque, for which not many de- veloped resources exist. ... Conclusions We have proposed an augmentation of the problem of PP attachment as a four-way disambiguation problem, arguing that what is needed in interpreting prepositional phrases is knowledge about both ...
Second, I apply this framework to a concrete problem: prepositional phrase attachment. ... This is due to the use of tensors, whose dimensions grow exponentially with the number of types involved in the syntax. ... The PP type is mostly used to introduce argument prepositional phrases, but sometimes its argument attachment is only spurious, for instance in the case of multi-word prepositions: Solvents are in prospect ...doi:10.5281/zenodo.1299049 fatcat:da2ykbbiifeztf5c3iuwzucram
We propose that ambiguous prepositional phrase attachment can be resolved on the basis of the relative strength of association of the preposition with noun and verb, estimated on the basis of word distribution ... in a large corpus. ... Sure Noun Attach -preposition is attached to the noun, if the noun phrase occurs in a context where no verb could license the prepositional phrase (i.e., the noun phrase is in subject or pre-verbal position ...doi:10.3115/981344.981374 dblp:conf/acl/HindleR91 fatcat:6x6uvdx3h5eh7mt2un7ljym7e4
In this article, I will argue that some of Zeller's arguments do not necessarily strongly support his postulation of the new structural notion in the theory. ... This is syntactically similar to full prepositional phrases as in (5) These examples provide a strong argument for the claim that particles are syntactically independent of the base verb.4 However, " ...doi:10.9793/elsj1984.23.163 fatcat:wfndziioqzaknenq7xs64veac4
Current Issues in Computational Linguistics: In Honour of Don Walker
Acknowledgements The authors would like to express their gratitude to Paul Martin, who is responsible for discovering some of the heuristics, and to Mark Liberman for sending us some of the data. ... The research was funded by tile Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency under Office of Naval Research contract N00014-85-C-0013, and by a gift from tile Systems Development Foundation. ... Favor the attachment of temporal prepositional phrases to verbs or event nouns. ...doi:10.1007/978-0-585-35958-8_27 fatcat:npxljnvtsvhurbidu6qyjlmhfy
We describe an inventory of semantic relations that are expressed by prepositions. ... We define these relations by building on the word sense disambiguation task for prepositions and propose a mapping from preposition senses to the relation labels by collapsing semantically related senses ... For example, the sense in:7(5) of the preposition in includes both spatial and figurative notions of the spatial sense (that is, both in London and in a film). ...arXiv:1305.5785v1 fatcat:wtgehnbxgbagfkja7zf43p3xuu
Abstract This empirical study attempts to find answers to the question of how a natural language (henceforth NL) system could resolve attachment of prepositional phrases (henceforth PPs) by examining naturally ... occurring PP attachments in typed dialogue. ... In the 3 remaining instances in which attachment goes against the notion of LP, attachments were made to nouns. In (2) is one of the instances. ...doi:10.3115/981823.981827 dblp:conf/acl/WhittemoreFB90 fatcat:beehrfovxbc7rfmhb44wnw57uu
The approach is a rule-based heuristics outlined in several levels of our research. ... This document discusses an approach and its rudimentary realization towards automatic classification of PPs; the topic, that has not received as much attention in NLP as NPs and VPs. ... Level 2: The proper attachment of the prepositional phrase is attempted with shallow heuristics based on results of Levels 0 and 1, in case of ambiguity. ...arXiv:1002.1095v1 fatcat:ljmw6niv7jcjbls3zfdzwvfwte
Our approach finds grammatical relationships between core syntax groups and bypasses much of the parsing phase. ... Grammatical relationships are an important level of natural language processing. ... What is then left of the parsing problem is the difficult stuff: namely the attachment of prepositional phrases, relative clauses, and other constructs that serve in modification, adjunctive, or argument-passing ...arXiv:cs/9906015v1 fatcat:7fe5jm3xs5et3nr7wjesj5qcpa
The notion of argument in prepositional phrase attachment. Computational Linguistics, 32(3):341-378. ... Prepositional phrase attachment through a backed-off model. In Proceedings of the Third Workshop on Very Large Corpora, pages 27-38, Somerset, NJ. Collins, Michael and Terry Koo. 2005. ...
Two self-paced reading experiments are presented to assess how temporary ambiguities in prepositional phrase attachment are resolved in English verb-noun-phrase-prepositional-phrase sequences. ... The hypothesis tested is a preference to maximize argument relations, in contrast to an overall verb phrase attachment preference (cf. Minimal Attachment). ... A syntactic ambiguity that has figured prominently in the development of theories of sentence comprehension involves the possible attachments of prepositional phrases (PPs) in verb-noun-phrase-prepositional-phrase ...doi:10.1006/jmla.1998.2619 fatcat:krle76g7lva2fca3vi3as7pf2e
Université de Montréal. cmp-lg/9808007 Determining the attachments of prepositions and subordinate conjunctions is a key problem in parsing natural language. ... In addition, our approach is based on a simplified model of syntax that is more consistent with the practice in current state-of-the-art language processing systems. ... What is then left of the parsing problem is the difficult stuff: namely the attachment of prepositional phrases, relative clauses, and other constructs that serve in modificational, adjunctive, or argument-passing ...doi:10.3115/980691.980803 dblp:conf/acl/YehV98 fatcat:nku5tmd3anfuveljpsmcbzxhp4
In the first section we give an overview on the categorial formalism. Then while presenting the treatment of verbs, we introduce the notion of superposition. ... Bach E. (1987) « Some generalizations of Categorial grammars », in The formal Complexity of Natural Language, Savitch at al. ed., Reidel Publishing company. ...doi:10.4000/praxematique.1892 fatcat:qc6zo43lxzdxxlavzf73xqtuom
Experiment 1 examined the processing of sentences with a temporarily ambiguous prepositional phrase (e.g., "Put the apple on the towel in (M.J. ... Eye movement patterns clearly established that the initial interpretation of the ambiguous phrase was the one consistent with the context. ... takes a goal argument and thus has a strong lexical bias in favor of the verb phrase attachment. ...doi:10.1016/s0010-0285(02)00503-0 pmid:12480476 fatcat:us6byjj3qzgrbhewyg2bfwq3xy
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