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The More You Know: Using Knowledge Graphs for Image Classification [article]

Kenneth Marino, Ruslan Salakhutdinov, Abhinav Gupta
2017 arXiv   pre-print
This paper investigates the use of structured prior knowledge in the form of knowledge graphs and shows that using this knowledge improves performance on image classification.  ...  We build on recent work on end-to-end learning on graphs, introducing the Graph Search Neural Network as a way of efficiently incorporating large knowledge graphs into a vision classification pipeline.  ...  The US Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute the reprints for governmental purposed notwithstanding any copyright annotation therein.  ... 
arXiv:1612.04844v2 fatcat:r536v42zfbccpfkkptpzolcpdq

Knowing funny

Jude Yew, David A. Shamma, Elizabeth F. Churchill
2011 Proceedings of the 2011 annual conference on Human factors in computing systems - CHI '11  
The trained classifier achieved 82% accuracy using only social action data, without the use of content or media-specific metadata.  ...  We present findings from two internet surveys and from follow-up interviews where we address how people determine genre classification for videos and how social framing of video content can alter the perception  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank Judd Antin, Bryan Pardo, Lyndon Kennedy and Matt Cooper for their technical advice and comments.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1978942.1978984 dblp:conf/chi/YewSC11 fatcat:hzyz2wf5bvbkjfmdssozu2xtyy

"I Know that You Know that I Know": Neural Substrates Associated with Social Cognition Deficits in DM1 Patients

Laura Serra, Mara Cercignani, Michela Bruschini, Lisa Cipolotti, Matteo Mancini, Gabriella Silvestri, Antonio Petrucci, Elisabetta Bucci, Giovanni Antonini, Loretta Licchelli, Barbara Spanò, Manlio Giacanelli (+4 others)
2016 PLoS ONE  
One explanation for this paradoxical mismatch can be found in patients' dysfunctional social cognition, which can be assessed in the framework of the Theory of Mind (ToM).  ...  This analysis provided the patients' "Theory of Mind-network", which was compared, for its topological properties, with that of healthy controls.  ...  Acknowledgments The Neuroimaging Laboratory is in part supported by grants obtained by the Italian Ministry of Health. Author Contributions  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0156901 pmid:27258100 pmcid:PMC4892543 fatcat:m7ds6b2fpvfujaon6b6seumlyi

Seeing is Knowing! Fact-based Visual Question Answering using Knowledge Graph Embeddings [article]

Kiran Ramnath, Mark Hasegawa-Johnson
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We use KG Embeddings, a technique widely used for KG completion, for the downstream task of FVQA.  ...  We also employ a new image representation technique we call 'Image-as-Knowledge' to enable this capability, alongside a simple one-step CoAttention mechanism to attend to text and image during QA.  ...  SPO triple: : {Sandwich, IsA, meal commonly eaten for lunch} Answer Source: Image Answer: Sandwich Answer predicted: Bread Question: Where can you find the large object in the back of this image?  ... 
arXiv:2012.15484v2 fatcat:iwp5zoabynhnxcuxubqfivo4ie

I Know What You Draw: Learning Grasp Detection Conditioned on a Few Freehand Sketches [article]

Haitao Lin, Chilam Cheang, Yanwei Fu, Xiangyang Xue
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The sketch is useful for the persons who cannot formulate language and the cases where a textual description is not available on the fly.  ...  This graph-represented sketch is further validated to improve the generalization of the network, capable of learning the sketch-queried grasp detection by using a small collection (around 100 samples)  ...  The RGB image is used for searching 2D grasp rectangle, and the depth (D) image is further utilized to transfer the 2D grasp into the 3D one for robotic grasping.  ... 
arXiv:2205.04026v1 fatcat:56kybnnoajcojdrnqiis6tep24

Knowing what you know: valid and validated confidence sets in multiclass and multilabel prediction [article]

Maxime Cauchois and Suyash Gupta and John Duchi
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We also provide an empirical evaluation, simultaneously providing new validation methods, that suggests the more robust coverage of our confidence sets.  ...  We develop conformal prediction methods for constructing valid predictive confidence sets in multiclass and multilabel problems without assumptions on the data generating distribution.  ...  This, to the best of our knowledge, has completely precluded efficient conformal methods for multilabel problems.  ... 
arXiv:2004.10181v3 fatcat:ck2gollikngntnd6pmcdy7vayq

Knowing your enemy

Zhou Li, Kehuan Zhang, Yinglian Xie, Fang Yu, XiaoFeng Wang
2012 Proceedings of the 2012 ACM conference on Computer and communications security - CCS '12  
With the Internet becoming the dominant channel for marketing and promotion, online advertisements are also increasingly used for illegal purposes such as propagating malware, scamming, click frauds, etc  ...  Our study reveals the rampancy of malvertising: hundreds of top ranking Web sites fell victims and leading ad networks such as DoubleClick were infiltrated.  ...  IU authors also acknowledge NSF CNS-1017782 and CNS-1223477 for the support.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2382196.2382267 dblp:conf/ccs/LiZXYW12 fatcat:5erdhjagxjbmldw4jvvykrxdhq

There are things that we know that we know, and there are things that we do not know we do not know: Confidence in decision-making

Piercesare Grimaldi, Hakwan Lau, Michele A. Basso
2015 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
We review the literature in psychophysics, neuropsychology and neuroscience.  ...  Metacognition, the ability to think about our own thoughts, is a fundamental component of our mental life and is involved in memory, learning, planning and decision-making.  ...  Aknowledgements The work performed in the laboratories if Lau and Basso.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2015.04.006 pmid:25929444 pmcid:PMC4501881 fatcat:h4b3iqzpmraolcqgltk6p4pika

Getting to Know Your Corpus [chapter]

Adam Kilgarriff
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We also present improved maths for keywords, and briefly discuss quantitative comparisons between corpora.  ...  All the methods discussed (and almost all of the corpora) are available in the Sketch Engine, a leading corpus query tool.  ...  Acknowledgements With thanks to Vit Suchomel for the analysis for Czech.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-32790-2_1 fatcat:rioll5gxfrbchnqun2bg733fbi

"I know what you did last summer"

Rosie Jones, Ravi Kumar, Bo Pang, Andrew Tomkins
2007 Proceedings of the sixteenth ACM conference on Conference on information and knowledge management - CIKM '07  
We show that combinations of small pieces of information about terms a user would probably search for can be highly effective in identifying the sessions of that user.  ...  We also present a new attack in which a real-world acquaintance of a user attempts to identify that user in a large query log, using personal information.  ...  For gender and age, we used bag-of-words classifiers, which have the property of using a large number of features (words) for classification.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1321440.1321573 dblp:conf/cikm/JonesKPT07 fatcat:sxezsndjrbemvp3z3gn7b3exwe

Don't let Google know I'm lonely! [article]

Pól Mac Aonghusa, Douglas J. Leith
2016 arXiv   pre-print
We demonstrate our results using openly available resources, detecting a learning rate in excess of 98 for a range of sensitive topics during our experiments.  ...  From buying books to finding the perfect partner, we share our most intimate wants and needs with our favourite online systems.  ...  Semantic targetting techniques, where the overall theme of a web-page is used to select contextually related adverts, are used by companies such as Google Knowledge Graph, [Graph 2015] , and iSense,  ... 
arXiv:1504.08043v2 fatcat:aay7igp575dr3an7srzjv7cq5i

a need to know

William A. Spencer, Larry R. Gettman, H. H. Bridge, Allan J. Ryan
1983 Physician and sportsmedicine  
Depth Functions and Classification Using Beta- Skeleton Graphs-FYu Song, The George Washington University 9:35 a.m.  ...  The Statistics of Credit Scoring: How to Use What You Already Know to Build a Credit Scorecard-FBillie Anderson, Ferris State University 129 CC-W178b Advancing Statistical Literacy-Contributed  ...  Help SOI celebrate its centennial by visiting, learning more about the U.S. tax system, and supporting SOI's work as it prepares for the next 100 years. 192 Allen, Genevera 88, 93  ... 
doi:10.1080/00913847.1983.11708423 pmid:27409254 fatcat:7rlbreoerngb3epmighz7l5vr4

Bridging Knowing and Proving in Mathematics: A Didactical Perspective [chapter]

Nicolas Balacheff
2009 Explanation and Proof in Mathematics  
I address this aim by modeling the learners' way of knowing in terms of a dynamic, homeostatic system.  ...  I discuss the roles of different semiotic systems, of the types of actions the learners perform and of the controls they implement in constructing or validating knowledge.  ...  Then how could you define the point I, finally, without using the points P, P1, P2, P3?"  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-0576-5_9 fatcat:rjz6h5fnvjdtflfbo6cqy2wy3y

A Review of Some Techniques for Inclusion of Domain-Knowledge into Deep Neural Networks [article]

Tirtharaj Dash, Sharad Chitlangia, Aditya Ahuja, Ashwin Srinivasan
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The inclusion of domain-knowledge is of special interest not just to constructing scientific assistants, but also, many other areas that involve understanding data using human-machine collaboration.  ...  The categorisation is for ease of exposition: in practice we expect a combination of such changes will be employed.  ...  tree using knowledge dis- tion of a pixel (x, y) in the image.  ... 
arXiv:2107.10295v4 fatcat:ifkgq3cptbapfamr3dld57uruu

What Can Students Do With the Words They Know? An ELA Teacher Takes on Science

H. Emily Hayden, Michelle Eades-Baird
2016 Literacy Research: Theory, Method, and Practice  
Results highlight the differences between content literacy and disciplinary literacy and the pitfalls of applying broad literacy strategies without deep consideration of disciplinary knowledge and requirements  ...  and provide examples of naturalistic ways to incorporate morphology instruction into science instructional conversations to enhance students' relational knowledge.  ...  Just write down the word and give yourself graph credit because you know it" and then he wrote c-a-r-n-i-. That's perfectly fine.  ... 
doi:10.1177/2381336916661531 fatcat:vdednjasjff67kcqm6oj2b3dq4
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