Filters








1,035 Hits in 6.1 sec

The MAGICAL Benchmark for Robust Imitation [article]

Sam Toyer, Rohin Shah, Andrew Critch, Stuart Russell
<span title="2020-11-01">2020</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Code and data for the MAGICAL suite is available at https://github.com/qxcv/magical/.  ...  This paper presents the MAGICAL benchmark suite, which permits systematic evaluation of generalisation by quantifying robustness to different kinds of distribution shift that an IL algorithm is likely  ...  Acknowledgments and Disclosure of Funding We would like to thank reviewers for helping to improve the presentation of the paper (in particular, clarifying the distinction between traditional IL and robust  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.00401v1">arXiv:2011.00401v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/lqateel4dfbdhiu54ufzehaca4">fatcat:lqateel4dfbdhiu54ufzehaca4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201105183340/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2011.00401v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e0/ac/e0acae87ae6d1d14bb2852aad7d645fceee87eb2.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.00401v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

XIRL: Cross-embodiment Inverse Reinforcement Learning [article]

Kevin Zakka, Andy Zeng, Pete Florence, Jonathan Tompson, Jeannette Bohg, Debidatta Dwibedi
<span title="2021-12-13">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
We investigate the visual cross-embodiment imitation setting, in which agents learn policies from videos of other agents (such as humans) demonstrating the same task, but with stark differences in their  ...  for training policies with reinforcement learning.  ...  help with setting up the simulated benchmark.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2106.03911v3">arXiv:2106.03911v3</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/az5ipr6dwvavbevjzcrr2qhrby">fatcat:az5ipr6dwvavbevjzcrr2qhrby</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211215183125/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2106.03911v3.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/61/ff/61ff6872fa07788acdbe85b1319554a5fb9ce0db.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2106.03911v3" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

An Empirical Investigation of Representation Learning for Imitation [article]

Xin Chen, Sam Toyer, Cody Wild, Scott Emmons, Ian Fischer, Kuang-Huei Lee, Neel Alex, Steven H Wang, Ping Luo, Stuart Russell, Pieter Abbeel, Rohin Shah
<span title="2022-05-16">2022</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
We propose a modular framework for constructing representation learning algorithms, then use our framework to evaluate the utility of representation learning for imitation across several environment suites  ...  Our Empirical Investigation of Representation Learning for Imitation (EIRLI) investigates whether similar benefits apply to imitation learning.  ...  Acknowledgments and Disclosure of Funding The authors would like to thank Michael Chang, Ben Eysenbach, Aravind Srinivas, and Olivia Watkins for feedback on earlier versions of this work.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2205.07886v1">arXiv:2205.07886v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/xkamtjwjqvdmnm52efcznaotgm">fatcat:xkamtjwjqvdmnm52efcznaotgm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220520175808/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2205.07886v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/5f/cd/5fcde0db70cff3e1884162e2339dc071825635e1.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2205.07886v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

The Medkit-Learn(ing) Environment: Medical Decision Modelling through Simulation [article]

Alex J. Chan, Ioana Bica, Alihan Huyuk, Daniel Jarrett, Mihaela van der Schaar
<span title="2022-03-14">2022</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
We therefore present a new benchmarking suite designed specifically for medical sequential decision making: the Medkit-Learn(ing) Environment, a publicly available Python package providing simple and easy  ...  , thus enabling systematic evaluation of algorithms' robustness against specific challenges prevalent in healthcare.  ...  We would like to thank all of the anonymous reviewers on OpenReview, alongside the many members of the van der Schaar lab, for their input, comments, and suggestions at various stages that have ultimately  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2106.04240v2">arXiv:2106.04240v2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/g2qmehnnw5fxxjx7qzcm5l4yei">fatcat:g2qmehnnw5fxxjx7qzcm5l4yei</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220316020632/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2106.04240v2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/0e/be/0ebe825d64a91685a716f0142e2643fa254729e4.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2106.04240v2" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Public policies and the art of catching up: matching the historical evidence with a multicountry agent-based model

Giovanni Dosi, Andrea Roventini, Emanuele Russo
<span title="2020-12-17">2020</span> <i title="Oxford University Press (OUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/r4ygn7fvmrhwnpxjqamxmeqmmu" style="color: black;">Industrial and Corporate Change</a> </i> &nbsp;
We find that markets cannot do the magic: in absence of government interventions, laggards will continue to fall behind.  ...  Interactions among countries take place via trade flows and international technological imitation.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Angelo Cuzzola, Francesco Lamperti, Mauro Napoletano, Pietro Santoleri, Tania Treibich and Maria Enrica Virgillito for providing useful comments and discussions.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/icc/dtaa057">doi:10.1093/icc/dtaa057</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/bu2gsnn7lzclfjbe2xfjyhukde">fatcat:bu2gsnn7lzclfjbe2xfjyhukde</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210428040921/https://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/3s3jn8tt5h9mab7fo128gecbhj/resources/2020-dosi-public-policies-and-the-art-of-catching-up.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/50/ae/50ae213a2672d2d307aa3f20e359bf9b9d882a5b.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/icc/dtaa057"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> oup.com </button> </a>

Benchmarks for Deep Off-Policy Evaluation [article]

Justin Fu, Mohammad Norouzi, Ofir Nachum, George Tucker, Ziyu Wang, Alexander Novikov, Mengjiao Yang, Michael R. Zhang, Yutian Chen, Aviral Kumar, Cosmin Paduraru, Sergey Levine (+1 others)
<span title="2021-03-30">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Off-policy evaluation (OPE) holds the promise of being able to leverage large, offline datasets for both evaluating and selecting complex policies for decision making.  ...  The goal of our benchmark is to provide a standardized measure of progress that is motivated from a set of principles designed to challenge and test the limits of existing OPE methods.  ...  order for the benchmark to be accessible and easy to evaluate.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2103.16596v1">arXiv:2103.16596v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/cyedqya5irf4rejzierrvxdy2y">fatcat:cyedqya5irf4rejzierrvxdy2y</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210404073814/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2103.16596v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d8/6d/d86dfdbb8eab91cf23b81c541b4f741f88b7d756.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2103.16596v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Private Codes and Public Structures [chapter]

Colin Allen
<span title="">2012</span> <i title="Palgrave Macmillan UK"> The Complex Mind </i> &nbsp;
This is taken as evidence that they have developed the capacity to attribute false beliefs to others --a benchmark for theory of mind.  ...  It is also clear that human development provides the benchmarks.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230354456_11">doi:10.1057/9780230354456_11</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/y23jjxwo7fahnbtrsovyibkhle">fatcat:y23jjxwo7fahnbtrsovyibkhle</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20140408041022/http://colinallen.dnsalias.org/Papers/PrePrints/allen.McG.submitted.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/11/3f/113fce5fad4a4916e9a178b15d6166752a005d70.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230354456_11"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

On Machine Learning and Structure for Mobile Robots [article]

Markus Wulfmeier
<span title="2018-06-15">2018</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Due to recent advances - compute, data, models - the role of learning in autonomous systems has expanded significantly, rendering new applications possible for the first time.  ...  While some of the most significant benefits are obtained in the perception modules of the software stack, other aspects continue to rely on known manual procedures based on prior knowledge on geometry,  ...  With respect to this review, I'm particularly thankful to Alex Bewley and Ankur Handa for thorough reading and feedback on earlier drafts.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1806.06003v1">arXiv:1806.06003v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mkekvhmkibdxhdjii4jzu7nkyu">fatcat:mkekvhmkibdxhdjii4jzu7nkyu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200929165828/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1806.06003v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/fc/95/fc95fb89ec5eba9669af1393830db86e756ff294.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1806.06003v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

An Improved Bat Algorithm with Grey Wolf Optimizer for Solving Continuous Optimization Problems

Douglas C. Montgomery
<span title="2019-01-19">2019</span> <i title="Zenodo"> Zenodo </i> &nbsp;
Thereby, better new solutions are introduced into the bat algorithm at each step. In this paper, using 20 mathematic benchmark functions, the proposed method was evaluated and compared.  ...  Metaheuristic algorithms that are used for solving NP-hard optimization problems include two main exploitation and exploration components, and try to disturb a balance between exploitation and exploration  ...  problems along the way magically  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3774833">doi:10.5281/zenodo.3774833</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ow6noalktzdsxox3xuw2nx4v7a">fatcat:ow6noalktzdsxox3xuw2nx4v7a</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200502013244/https://zenodo.org/record/3774833/files/An-Improved-Bat-Algorithm-with-Grey-Wolf-Optimizer-for-Solving-Continuous-Optimization-Problems.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b7/9c/b79cb68ad3d8987115e81226c8e2d3c892877153.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3774833"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> zenodo.org </button> </a>

24. Pricing in Bertrand competition with increasing marginal costs

Klaus Abbink, Jordi Brandts
<span title="">2008</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/gjdubbzq4zd3bgbmuwnb2p7neq" style="color: black;">Games and Economic Behavior</a> </i> &nbsp;
For the long run, the model predicts that prices converge to the Walrasian outcome, but for the intermediate term the modal price is 24.  ...  With more than two firms, the predominant market price is 24. A simple imitation model captures this phenomenon.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank David Rodríguez for very skilful research assistance and for help in running the experiments and Antonio Cabrales, Enrique Fatás and seminar participants in Barcelona  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geb.2007.09.007">doi:10.1016/j.geb.2007.09.007</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mxvajyudnjeq5ezkkbtbciqnga">fatcat:mxvajyudnjeq5ezkkbtbciqnga</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171129041026/https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/36014173.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/60/b5/60b5b655acf1227f84c4eb6c3e76913993218df5.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geb.2007.09.007"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

FAIL*: An Open and Versatile Fault-Injection Framework for the Assessment of Software-Implemented Hardware Fault Tolerance

Horst Schirmeier, Martin Hoffmann, Christian Dietrich, Michael Lenz, Daniel Lohmann, Olaf Spinczyk
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5w6d3pcht5epbjxlqokb4rwyta" style="color: black;">2015 11th European Dependable Computing Conference (EDCC)</a> </i> &nbsp;
We present FAIL*, an open and versatile architecture-level fault-injection (FI) framework for the continuous assessment and quantification of fault tolerance in an iterative software development process  ...  for several hardware and simulator platforms, and scalability of FI campaigns by providing massive parallelization.  ...  Kudos also go to Björn Bönninghoff for suggestions improving the readability of this paper.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/edcc.2015.28">doi:10.1109/edcc.2015.28</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/edcc/SchirmeierH0LLS15.html">dblp:conf/edcc/SchirmeierH0LLS15</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2pyg67egxfffdeiwfbavbolkwe">fatcat:2pyg67egxfffdeiwfbavbolkwe</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170830032659/http://www.danceos.org/publications/EDCC-2015-Schirmeier.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/1c/b1/1cb183c03ddbb2a612c6f54c93daddded9632d75.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/edcc.2015.28"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

The future of biologically-inspired security

Anil Somayaji, Michael Locasto, Jan Feyereisl
<span title="">2008</span> <i title="ACM Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/osnbukkdqjedvkk44xndonptme" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 2007 Workshop on New Security Paradigms - NSPW &#39;07</a> </i> &nbsp;
This panel was convened to address the issue of biologically-inspired security by raising the question of whether there is anything left to learn.  ...  The discussion at NSPW touched on many issues, ranging from the nature of evolved and intelligent systems to whether anything in security works.  ...  benchmarks.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1600176.1600185">doi:10.1145/1600176.1600185</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/nspw/SomayajiLF07.html">dblp:conf/nspw/SomayajiLF07</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/gnpqa2fk6zarhf7s7yesz63vfa">fatcat:gnpqa2fk6zarhf7s7yesz63vfa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20080419001756/http://www.scs.carleton.ca/~soma/pubs/nspw-2007-biopanel.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/31/6b/316b096429ef89679b2c23061c775a754d52e8c2.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1600176.1600185"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights

Stanley Watt
<span title="">2007</span> <i title="International Monetary Fund (IMF)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/u2exkadp6bg6nn24edo5uhacpq" style="color: black;">IMF Working Papers</a> </i> &nbsp;
In weak intellectual property rights (IPR) environments, the imitation and stealing of proprietary technology by domestic firms has proved to be a deterrent for multinational foreign investment.  ...  When the act of imitation is costly such that firms with very high levels of technology are immune to imitation, the model can generate a non-monotonic relationship between a firm's level of technology  ...  Yang and Maskus (2001) do the same analysis for licensing of technology from US firms, and Smith (2001) shows that these findings are robust to exports, licenses, and affiliate sales.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5089/9781451867251.001">doi:10.5089/9781451867251.001</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/htp6l2sfardbxeodqmerkla27m">fatcat:htp6l2sfardbxeodqmerkla27m</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20060505085528/http://kuznets.fas.harvard.edu:80/~swatt/IPR_combined_121705.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b3/40/b340238e264239454e8691077ef44ba6bb39b171.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5089/9781451867251.001"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

A survey of few-shot learning in smart agriculture: developments, applications, and challenges

Jiachen Yang, Xiaolan Guo, Yang Li, Francesco Marinello, Sezai Ercisli, Zhuo Zhang
<span title="2022-03-05">2022</span> <i title="Springer Science and Business Media LLC"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/r7g2xzafrze7jhzts3tizvsi7e" style="color: black;">Plant Methods</a> </i> &nbsp;
It imitates the ability of humans' rapid learning and can learn a new task with only a small number of labeled samples, which greatly reduces the time cost and financial resources.  ...  This review comprehensively expounds on few-shot learning in smart agriculture, introduces the definition of few-shot learning, four kinds of learning methods, the publicly available datasets for few-shot  ...  Acknowledgements Appreciations are given to the editors and reviewers of Plant Methods.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1186/s13007-022-00866-2">doi:10.1186/s13007-022-00866-2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35248105">pmid:35248105</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC8897954/">pmcid:PMC8897954</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/oeip3xmdk5d3bdoki6otzpvsha">fatcat:oeip3xmdk5d3bdoki6otzpvsha</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220307102318/https://plantmethods.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s13007-022-00866-2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/6e/12/6e12444b171b545013bb7a0bee0cf3124328b971.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1186/s13007-022-00866-2"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> springer.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8897954" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Patents and intellectual property in orthopaedics and arthroplasty

Chika Edward Uzoigwe, Ahmed Shoaib
<span title="2020-01-18">2020</span> <i title="Baishideng Publishing Group Inc."> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/nnskpqzomfgsrhqdtlx2izl3eq" style="color: black;">World Journal of Orthopaedics</a> </i> &nbsp;
The last decade has seen the emergence of undesirable practices in the medical industry such as "patent trolling". Here we explore patents and their repercussions for musculoskeletal care.  ...  The expiration of drug patents, with the subsequent use of generic drugs saves £7.1 billion annually in the United Kingdom and $254 billion in the USA.  ...  95% benchmark.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5312/wjo.v11.i1.1">doi:10.5312/wjo.v11.i1.1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31966964">pmid:31966964</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC6960299/">pmcid:PMC6960299</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/sjmln27pjvbitg736le256xsii">fatcat:sjmln27pjvbitg736le256xsii</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200430024654/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC6960299&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/32/aa/32aaabf6d4087130b82e61f92d0e4acf46738874.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5312/wjo.v11.i1.1"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6960299" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>
&laquo; Previous Showing results 1 &mdash; 15 out of 1,035 results