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Social explanation and computational simulation

R. Keith Sawyer
2004 Philosophical Explorations  
I explore a type of computational social simulation known as artificial societies. Artificial society simulations are dynamic models of real-world social phenomena.  ...  Simulation and Explanation In this paper, I explore the role of computer simulations in social explanation.  ...  I explore a type of computational social simulation known as artificial societies. Artificial society simulations are dynamic models of real-world social phenomena.  ... 
doi:10.1080/1386979042000258321 fatcat:x7p5ixkpibagvoqzjrnjcahlyi

Human Simulation and Sustainability: Ontological, Epistemological, and Ethical Reflections

F. LeRon Shults, Wesley J. Wildman
2020 Sustainability  
Finally, the article offers philosophical reflections on some of the ontological, epistemological, and ethical issues raised at the intersection of sustainability research and social simulation, considered  ...  societies.  ...  of artificial societies [11, 108] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/su122310039 fatcat:levegbpl4fgr5kframn7y2v3ye

Asset Pricing Under Endogenous Expectations in an Artificial Stock Market

W. Brian Arthur, John H. Holland, Blake D. LeBaron, Richard G. Palmer, Paul Tayler
1997 Social Science Research Network  
Fioretti, G. (2001), 'Information structure and behaviour of a textile industrial district', Journal of Artifi cial Societies and Social Simulation, 4 (4), available online at: http://www.soc.surrey.ac.uk  ...  Foray (2002), 'An introduction to the economy of the knowledge society', International Social Science Journal, 54 (171), 9-23. Demsetz, H. (1991), 'The theory of the fi rm revisited', in O.E.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2252 fatcat:2synhbj6ejbypitxe6xqda7pnu

Is Social Simulation a Social Science Outstation? A Bibliometric Analysis of the Impact of JASSS

Flaminio Squazzoni, Niccolò Casnici
2013 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
Given the prestige of JASSS, this analysis can measure the growth and dynamics of social simulation and give us an indication of the direction in which social simulation is moving.  ...  On the one hand, this would confirm that social simulation is not yet recognised in the social science mainstream.  ...  We would like to thank the Forum editor for remarks and comments on a preliminary version of the paper.  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.2192 fatcat:nrhag74a5rav7dncmeqhyl5rwq

Simulating Secularities: Challenges and Opportunities in the Computational Science of (Non)Religion

F. LeRon Shults
2021 Secularism and Nonreligion  
Finally, the article addresses some of the significant philosophical issues surrounding the use of computer modeling and simulation, focusing on the ethical and epistemological concerns that these tools  ...  This article provides scholars of nonreligion and secularism with an introduction to some of the major opportunities and challenges associated with the growing application of computational methods to the  ...  In fact, the Journal of Cognition and Culture hosted a special issue on computer models of religion (Lane and Shults, 2018) and social simulation was included in a special issue on methodology in the  ... 
doi:10.5334/snr.154 fatcat:zd4fjckgjzepndhfsz5e2f2clu

A Social Choice Force Model for Estimating Collective Action Manipulation

Jie Zhang, Shuai Zeng, Wenli Liu, Tao Wang, Fei-Yue Wang, C. L. Philip Chen
2014 IFAC Proceedings Volumes  
We apply the Artificial societies, Computational experiments, and Parallel execution (ACP) approach to investigate the short-term efforts of collective action manipulation.  ...  Experimental results show that the proposed agent model and algorithm outperform the baseline prediction algorithm and illustrate the effect of collective action manipulation in a group buying directory  ...  Artificial Societies We build artificial societies to simulate vendors' promotion strategies and customers' clicking behaviors.  ... 
doi:10.3182/20140824-6-za-1003.01151 fatcat:ns2huvwgmnh63plndye5gautim

Introduction [chapter]

2017 Theory and Method of Evolutionary Political Economy  
This volume is extremely useful for social scientists in the fields of economics, politics, and sociology who are interested to learn what evolutionary political economy is, how it proceeds and what it  ...  The latter allows for a long-run view, which makes it possible to discuss the emergence and exit of social institutions.  ...  O. (2014) Social Policy, Welfare State, and Civil Society in Sweden, Volume II: The Lost World of Social Democracy 1988-2015. Lund: Arkiv. Moeller, S. B., Schlingemann, F. P., & Stulz, R.  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781315470214-8 fatcat:dv3tqw6zkver7c53n5xd4667sq

Artificial Human Optimization – An Overview

Satish Gajawada, Hassan M. H. Mustafa
2018 Transactions on Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence  
This is latest work under AHO Field 9) To show contribution of Satish Gajawada and co-authors to this new Field 10) To show surprising results obtained after implementing AHO algorithms 11) To show you  ...  The main idea to author this article is to "Popularize Artificial Human Optimization Field like never before by showing an Overview of this new field".  ...  Transactions on Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, Volume 4 No 6 December (2016); pp: 64-70. 2) CEO: Different Reviews on PhD in Artificial Intelligence, Global Journal of Advanced Research,  ... 
doi:10.14738/tmlai.64.4956 fatcat:njt2a7df5zffxiplwfdztjjaoi

"Artificial Societies" and the Social Sciences

J. Stephen Lansing
2002 Artificial Life  
My research utilizing simulation modeling was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation, #BCS-0083524 and #SBR 962990. The views expressed in this article are (perhaps uniquely) my own.  ...  Acknowledgments I thank Thérèse de Vet, Christopher Langton, Jennifer Gulick, James Greenberg and John Murphy for helpful comments.  ...  to social simulations, emphasizing the evolution of strategies, agents or societies.  ... 
doi:10.1162/106454602320991864 pmid:12537687 fatcat:uo6yqb7luvbz5khqbbzqgrwpji

School Bullying with a Severe Consequence. Case Report and Literature Review

Ana FULGA, Dunarea de Jos University of Galati, Romania, Bogdan Alexandru CIUBARA, Anamaria CIUBARA, Dunarea de Jos University of Galati, Romania, Dunarea de Jos University of Galati, Romania
2020 Brain: Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience  
The authors present judicial, social, clinical, morphological, somatic and mental medical data.  ...  The data from specialized literature of high scientific quality is analyzed, the aim being to improve the prediction and prophylaxis of the phenomenon.  ...  During the last meetings, the student warned him June, 2020 Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience Volume 11, Issue 1, Sup.2 that if he did not leave him alone, he would resort to radical measures.  ... 
doi:10.18662/brain/11.1sup2/34 fatcat:7yxqiv4gjnbkdj2ynsto6y3cae

Imperfect Evolutionary Systems

Graham Kendall, Yan Su
2007 IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation  
Parameter sensitivity of the ISP framework is also studied by employing different levels of individual and social learning.  ...  Through experimentation, we demonstrate the absorption of new information from an imperfect environment by artificial stock traders and the dissemination of new knowledge within an imperfect evolutionary  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments, which has led to a much improved paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tevc.2006.887348 fatcat:7yc5o6bahvhr5ohfvx4nv2hwmm

Assessments of regional carbon circulation from multiple aspects by a biogeochemical model: A case study of forests in Toyota, Japan

Makoto OOBA, Kiichiro HAYASHI, Takashi MACHIMURA, Takanori MATSUI
2014 Journal of Agricultural Meteorology  
Finally, increased production of wood biomass that considers ecological and economic effects can be sufficient to satisfy the demand for wood biomass for the activities of human society.  ...  A biogeochemical forest model that had been developed for the evaluation of ecosystem services (carbon sequestration, nitrogen leaching, water runoff, and wood biomass provisioning) was used for simulation  ...  Development of BGE-ES model was supported by a Grantin-Aid from special coordination funds for promoting science and technology (MEXT). The authors thank T. Fujita, M.  ... 
doi:10.2480/agrmet.d-13-00006 fatcat:ax6g6z6n2na63jam5v4jdhlwrq

Modeling and Analysis of Effects on Financial Markets from Influence Relationships in Social Media

Koichiro Tamura, Yutaka Matsuo
2020 Transactions of the Japanese society for artificial intelligence  
By simulating the effect within the social media, we show that the method that models the effect of social media on financial markets can observe and predict the price fluctuations of cryptocurrencies  ...  The data of social media has received much attention to observe and predict real-world events. For example, It is used to predict financial markets, products demand, and voter turnout.  ...  Society (2010) [Bollen 11] Bollen, J., Mao, H., and Zeng, X.: Twitter mood predicts the stock market, Journal of Computational Science, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 1-8 (2011) [Bourigault 16] Bourigault, S., Lamprier  ... 
doi:10.1527/tjsai.35-6_a-k61 fatcat:qwckv627gbh7njxeyme5ppj3ya

The Large Scale Machine Learning in an Artificial Society: Prediction of the Ebola Outbreak in Beijing

Peng Zhang, Bin Chen, Liang Ma, Zhen Li, Zhichao Song, Wei Duan, Xiaogang Qiu
2015 Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience  
Therefore, the rationality of artificial society is the key to the accuracy and reliability of experiment results.  ...  Luckily, in recent years, computational experiments based on artificial society appeared, providing a new approach to study the propagation of EVD and analyze the corresponding interventions.  ...  Conflict of Interests The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2015/531650 pmid:26457078 pmcid:PMC4592709 fatcat:fviho5lxujdvtporamol3itiru

The Past, Present, and Future of Artificial Life

Wendy Aguilar, Guillermo Santamaría-Bonfil, Tom Froese, Carlos Gershenson
2014 Frontiers in Robotics and AI  
This review provides a summary of the advances that led to the development of artificial life, its current research topics, and open problems and opportunities.  ...  We classify artificial life research into 14 themes: origins of life, autonomy, self-organization, adaptation (including evolution, development, and learning), ecology, artificial societies, behavior,  ...  in the Artificial Life journal.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frobt.2014.00008 fatcat:emlu6em64ben7pq5rtsfkp6t4m
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