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Practical valid inferences for the two-sample binomial problem

2021
*
Statistics Survey
*

This apparently simple

doi:10.1214/21-ss131
fatcat:rxltzwpn5zb35hlnyzjhwxytoy
*problem*was addressed by Fisher in*the*1930's, and has been*the*subject of many review papers since then. ... For example, we consider whether*a*p-value and its matching confidence interval are compatible, meaning that*the*p-value rejects at level α if and only if*the*1 − α confidence interval excludes all null ... Acknowledgments*The*authors thank Erica Brittain and anonymous reviewers for comments that improved*the*paper. ...##
###
Distributed Inference in the Presence of Eavesdroppers: A Survey
[article]

2015
*
arXiv
*
pre-print

*The*distributed

*inference*framework comprises of

*a*group of spatially distributed nodes which acquire observations about

*a*phenomenon of interest. ... This paper addresses

*the*

*problem*of secure communication in

*the*presence of eavesdroppers. In particular, we focus on efficient mitigation schemes to mitigate

*the*impact of eavesdropping. ... We first introduce

*a*taxonomy in Section II where we present

*a*

*survey*on

*the*state-of-

*the*-art on secrecy in distributed

*inference*networks. ...

##
###
The Residence History Inference Problem
[article]

2020
*
arXiv
*
pre-print

Here, we formalize

arXiv:2003.04155v1
fatcat:ve6pjvgex5ahtbl3k7w6onpz3q
*the*residence assignment*problem*, which seeks, under constraints associated with*the*minimum length-of-stay at*a*residence,*the*most parsimonious sequence of residence periods and places ... Prior work on this topic has skirted*the*underlying computational modeling of residence*inference*, focusing on migration patterns themselves. ... This*problem*is effectively*a*latent attribute*inference*task where*the*observational data is giving signal about where*the**The*Residence*Inference**Problem*Inputs: • Location history, H = h 1 , h 2 , . ...##
###
Inference in the Presence of Weak Instruments: A Selected Survey

2013
*
Foundations and Trends in Econometrics
*

Editorial Scope Foundations and Trends R in Econometrics publishes

doi:10.1561/0800000017
fatcat:6eg4vtxpx5fe5ajf3b2djqg5jm
*survey*and tutorial articles in*the*following topics: • Introduction This*survey*is concerned with*inference*in*the*linear simultaneous ... For example, Forchini and Hillier (2003) explore*the*relationship between weak instruments and*the*Fieller-Creasy*problem*; see Fieller (1954) ; Creasy (1954) and, for*a*modern treatment, Koschat ...##
###
The Inference Problem and Pervasive Computing

2009
*
Social Science Research Network
*

*A*potential solution to this impasse may be found in

*a*privacy condition from

*the*data mining literature known as

*the*-

*inference*

*problem*.‖

*The*

*inference*

*problem*occurs in data mining when confidential ... Privacy issues within pervasive computing systems are most acute when they involve

*a*variation of

*the*

*inference*

*problem*. ...

*THE*

*INFERENCE*

*PROBLEM*IN DATA MINING

*The*

*inference*

*problem*has been recognized as

*a*security and privacy issue for databases since

*the*1970s (Denning, 1982; Denning and Denning, 1979) . ...

##
###
Glassy Nature of the Hard Phase in Inference Problems

2019
*
Physical Review X
*

In this work we study

doi:10.1103/physrevx.9.011020
fatcat:4xuctkdrh5bpfew5ycfpomerxe
*the*metastable branch for*a*prototypical*inference**problem*,*the*low-rank matrix factorization, that presents*a*hard phase. ... An algorithmically hard phase was described in*a*range of*inference**problems*: even if*the*signal can be reconstructed with*a*small error from an information theoretic point of view, known algorithms fail ... For*a*range of*inference**problems**the*Bayesian*inference*naturally leads to statistical physics of systems with disorder, see e.g. [1] . ...##
###
COSMIC BIRTH: Efficient Bayesian Inference of the Evolving Cosmic Web from Galaxy Surveys
[article]

2020
*
arXiv
*
pre-print

galaxy

arXiv:1911.00284v2
fatcat:czbsgmmnobgubkkgjnxzdnudea
*surveys*on*the*light-cone. ... This allows us to map galaxies, observed in*a*light-cone, to*a*single high redshift and hereby provide tracers and*the*corresponding*survey*completeness in Lagrangian space including phase-space mapping ... MA thanks for*the*hospitality at*the*IAC and support from*the*Kavli IPMU fellowship. MHS acknowledges*the*residente grant at IAC. ...##
###
The Complexity of Some Topological Inference Problems

2013
*
Foundations of Computational Mathematics
*

In recent years, there has been

doi:10.1007/s10208-013-9152-1
fatcat:xk65try6knbbbkyv3gwdoh7sye
*a*growing amount of work, with*a*number of notable successes (see, e.g.,*the**surveys*[6, 14, 19 ] and*the*book [38] for an overview, and*the*recent paper [29] for an outstanding ... We give some lower bounds on*the*description, sample, and computational complexities of*the**problems*of computing dimension, homology, and topological type of*a*manifold, and detecting singularities for ... As noted above, it is*a*consequence of*the*known positive results on*the*topological*inference**problem*(e.g., [3, 11, 17, 28] ) that*the*embedded data analysis*problem*has only an exp(V ) growth, not*the*...##
###
The syntactic inference problem for dol-sequences
[chapter]

1974
*
Lecture Notes in Computer Science
*

*The*syntactic

*inference*

*problem*consists of deciding, for

*a*given set of words~ whether there exists

*a*grammar such that its language includes these given words; and also of actually finding any such grammars ... In this paper,

*the*

*problem*is considered for DOL-systems.

*The*stress is on

*the*second, constructive, part of

*the*

*problem*.

*The*initial information may have various forms. ... basic

*inference*

*problem*from section 3). 7. ...

##
###
Context in problem solving: a survey

1999
*
Knowledge engineering review (Print)
*

We present in this paper

doi:10.1017/s0269888999141018
fatcat:mt2pv42kobb3xjwxjcz4piyzne
*a**survey*of*the*literature dealing directly and explicitly with context whatever*the*domain is. This permits us to have*a*clear view of*the*context in AI. ... One of*the*conclusions of this*survey*is to point out*the*existence of different types of context along knowledge representation,*the*mechanisms of reasoning on*the*knowledge, and*the*interaction of*the*...*The*context of our*survey*on context is for*the*cooperative*problem*solving by*a*human and*a*machine. ...##
###
On a Classification of the Problems of Statistical Inference

1942
*
Journal of the American Statistical Association
*

*the*

*problems*of statistical

*inference*. ... -On CLASSIFICATION OF

*PROBLEMS*OF STATISTICAL

*INFERENCE*175 An experiment or

*survey*(such as

*a*census) should be designed to provide evidence on which to evaluate

*the*degree of belief in

*the*pre- dictions ...

##
###
On a Classification of the Problems of Statistical Inference

1942
*
Journal of the American Statistical Association
*

*the*

*problems*of statistical

*inference*. ... JOURNAL OF

*THE*AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION Number 218 JUNE, 1942 Volume 37 ON

*A*CLASSIFICATION OF

*THE*

*PROBLEMS*OF STATISTICAL

*INFERENCE*By W. ...

##
###
From one environment to many: The problem of replicability of statistical inferences
[article]

2020
*
arXiv
*
pre-print

Our framework is that of an initial experiment that generates

arXiv:1904.10036v3
fatcat:uz5d4dyt25bq5l5hhx2nkkhj24
*the*data and*a*follow-up experiment that is done*the*same way except for*a*change in*the*research environment. ... We assume that*the*initial experiment satisfies*the*assumptions of*the*two-sample t-statistic and that*the*follow-up experiment is described by*a*mixed model which includes environmental parameters. ...*problems*(Chawla 2017) . ...##
###
Publication Bias (The "File-Drawer Problem") in Scientific Inference
[article]

1999
*
arXiv
*
pre-print

Such certainty is virtually impossible to achieve in literature

arXiv:physics/9909033v1
fatcat:afbmwuymk5dhbfli67r7zp23yu
*surveys*. ... Publication bias arises whenever*the*probability that*a*study is published depends on*the*statistical significance of its results. ... Applied Scientific*Inference*. Journal of Scientific Exploration, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 491-508. This manuscript was prepared with*the*AAS L*A*T E X macros v4.0. ...##
###
Distributed Constraint Optimization Problems and Applications: A Survey

2018
*
The Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research
*

structure of

doi:10.1613/jair.5565
fatcat:zeou5gji5fas3h27ab4jxvtwkq
*the*specific*problem*. ... This*survey*provides an overview of*the*DCOP model, offering*a*classification of its multiple extensions and addressing both resolution methods and applications that find*a*natural mapping within each ... Acknowledgments*The*authors would like to thank*the*anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions to improve*the*quality of*the*paper. ...
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