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The Impact of Secondary Notation on Process Model Understanding [chapter]

Matthias Schrepfer, Johannes Wolf, Jan Mendling, Hajo A. Reijers
2009 Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing  
This paper proposes a set of propositions about the effects of the secondary notation, which entails layout, on process model comprehension.  ...  Models of business processes are usually created and presented using some visual notation.  ...  We try to neutralize the impact of the notation on an experiment by using the BPMN notation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-05352-8_13 fatcat:gp7l2x2qvnayvnwkxxbput2wou

Making sense of business process descriptions: An experimental comparison of graphical and textual notations

Avner Ottensooser, Alan Fekete, Hajo A. Reijers, Jan Mendling, Con Menictas
2012 Journal of Systems and Software  
Our experiments showed significant increases by both groups in their understanding of the process from reading the textual model.  ...  We compare the success of university students in interpreting business process descriptions, for an established graphical notation (BPMN) and for an alternative textual notation (based on written use-cases  ...  For these reasons, we focus on the understandability of different process modelling notations here.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jss.2011.09.023 fatcat:nazk5rvwujh7vl5dcc77z6pxpm

The Effect of Risk Representation Using Colors and Symbols in Business Process Models on Operational Risk Management Performance

Tyge-F. Kummer, QUT Business School, Queensland University of Technology, Australia, Jan Mendling, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria
2021 Journal of the AIS  
Our results suggest that highlighting risk and controls in business process modeling and notation (BPMN) by using color improves risk understanding, control understanding, and the identification of control  ...  For practitioners, our findings are particularly relevant because colors can be easily added as a secondary notation element without disguising the factual risk situation in processes.  ...  Benefits of such secondary notation result from additional visual cues that support understanding of the process model.  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00676 fatcat:n4fakajos5gxxcw4h5u2cpause

A Study Into the Factors That Influence the Understandability of Business Process Models

Hajo A. Reijers, Jan Mendling
2011 IEEE transactions on systems, man and cybernetics. Part A. Systems and humans  
Business process models are key artifacts in the development of information systems.  ...  Our findings are that both types of investigated factors affect model understanding, while personal factors seem to be the more important of the two.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank Jorge Cardoso and Ronny Mans for their help in carrying out the survey, and all the people that participated in it.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tsmca.2010.2087017 fatcat:tv2uaarvwzfndjaoxty6jfzeru

Syntax highlighting in business process models

H.A. Reijers, Thomas Freytag, Jan Mendling, Andreas Eckleder
2011 Decision Support Systems  
A good example of the latter is 44 the adoption of the Business Process Modeling Notation 2.0 as a 45 formal OMG standard at the end of 2009. 46 What have received comparatively little attention are the  ...  standardizing the involved notations.  ...  With this work we have shown the potential of secondary notation to improve process model understanding. We have focused on the highlighting of matching operator pairs.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dss.2010.12.013 fatcat:ehv56m24bnam3em23rvcrbjuwq

The Influence of Notational Deficiencies on Process Model Comprehension

Kathrin Figl, Jan Mendling, Mark Strembeck
2013 Journal of the AIS  
In this paper, we investigate whether the basic symbol sets in visual process modeling languages influence comprehension and cognitive load of process models.  ...  Our results indicate that notational deficiencies concerning perceptual discriminability and semiotic clarity have measurable effects on comprehension, cognitive load, and the time needed to understand  ...  Furthermore, the weak discriminability of the routing elements has a direct impact on the understanding of the behavior of a process model.  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00335 fatcat:4htnfjhogvfarllz5echaw3kca

A study on the effects of routing symbol design on process model comprehension

Kathrin Figl, Jan Recker, Jan Mendling
2013 Decision Support Systems  
Our results inform important principles about notational design of process modeling grammars and the effective use of process modeling in practice.  ...  Process modeling grammars are used to create models of business processes. In this paper, we discuss how different routing symbol designs affect an individual's ability to comprehend process models.  ...  Still, the research to date has focused on the secondary notation of models as a whole as opposed to the secondary notation of specific model elementssuch as routing symbols, which is the focus of our  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dss.2012.10.037 fatcat:vcb2tl64a5f37k4itdexuc6iqi

On the Importance of Flow Direction in Business Process Models

Kathrin Figl, Mark Strembeck
2014 Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Software Engineering and Applications  
Even though the choice of flow direction changes the visual appearance of a process model significantly, this convention is barely discussed by standard documents and modeling guidelines.  ...  In this position paper, we discuss the importance of process model flow direction from a scientific viewpoint.  ...  A number of recent publications investigated the impact of different graphical symbols on process model comprehension (see, e.g., Figl et al., 2013a , Figl et al., 2013b .  ... 
doi:10.5220/0005090401320136 dblp:conf/icsoft/FiglS14 fatcat:uza3y4qxajhx7ckbychzzinn7u

Experimental study on the effectiveness of a teaching approach using barker or Bachman notation for conceptual database design

Aida Kamisalic, Marjan Hericko, Tatjana Welzer, Muhamed Turkanovic
2018 Computer Science and Information Systems  
We found that the notation used during the learning process has an impact on students' achievements.  ...  Introducing the Bachman notation and a manual transformation from a conceptual into a logical data model, could increase students' understanding of conceptual, logical and relational data model concepts  ...  We sincerely thank the student generation 2016/2017 of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (University of Maribor) for their active participation in the experimental study, and the  ... 
doi:10.2298/csis180322008k fatcat:6i3btasqyvcntf42blmkrxwbke

Dynamic analysis of the effects of mortgage-lending policies in a real estate market

Sungjoo Hwang, Moonseo Park, Hyun-Soo Lee
2013 Mathematical and computer modelling  
Consequently, a comprehensive and dynamic method is necessary for analyzing the effects of policies. This paper, therefore, develops an integrated and dynamic model for analyzing policy impacts.  ...  These policies were implemented on the expectation that they will control housing demand and stabilize house prices, focusing only on the current market status.  ...  This change in behavior and its impact on the secondary financial market should also be considered. .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.mcm.2011.06.023 fatcat:4kemcc2bgzabnfkga255plgr4q

Improving cognitive effectiveness of business process diagrams with opacity-driven graphical highlights

Gregor Jošt, Jernej Huber, Marjan Heričko, Gregor Polančič
2017 Decision Support Systems  
In this light, the low level of modeling competence in a casual modeler has been recognized as one of the main causes that process diagrams lack in quality [12] .  ...  Some of these principles are already integrated in the diagramming notations, e.g., Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) has built-in mechanisms for managing complexity in the form of Link Events  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dss.2017.09.003 fatcat:43j6fdp2jfdq7ecxnesl7ktjza

A Modelling Based Notation for the Automated Extraction and Analysis of Social Networking Data [chapter]

Samantha J. Dixon, Mark Dixon, Edward Halpin, Colin Pattinson
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper describes a research programme that will investigate developing, amending or extending a modelling notation, capable of being used by non-technical people for the development of systems to extract  ...  Open architectures provide programmatic access to most SNSs permitting the creation of applications which may leverage information, for example statistics regarding the impact of marketing campaigns or  ...  Secondary research will also be performed to understand how to formally define models; this will include an examination of the Meta-Object Facility (MOF) [14] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-04244-2_34 fatcat:qikp52krrbgjvegyvq7h4lzwpa

Factors influencing the understandability of process models: A systematic literature review

Ahmet Dikici, Oktay Turetken, Onur Demirors
2018 Information and Software Technology  
Objective: We conducted a systematic literature review (SLR) focusing on the empirical studies in the existing literature in order to better understand the state of the research on process model understandability  ...  The literature reports several factors that are considered to influence the understandability of process models. However, these studies typically focus on testing of a limited set of factors.  ...  study where a significant impact of that factor on at least one of the process model understandability indicators exists).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.infsof.2017.09.001 fatcat:2ze6a2nmbrfnfdzc6kywrvft5i

Evaluation Patterns for Analyzing the Costs of Enterprise Information Systems [chapter]

Bela Mutschler, Manfred Reichert
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Our patterns do not only simplify the design of EcoPOST evaluation models, but also improve the quality and comparability of cost evaluations.  ...  This paper extends this framework and introduces a pattern-based approach enabling the reuse of EcoPOST evaluation models.  ...  Summary and Future Work This paper extends our EcoPOST framework, a model-based methodology to systematically investigate the complex cost structures of EIS engineering projects, by introducing the notion  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-02144-2_31 fatcat:jp6ifu63ljg55d4yr7dw6fai2i

Comprehension of Procedural Visual Business Process Models

Kathrin Figl
2017 Business & Information Systems Engineering  
Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://crea, which permits unrestricted use, distribution  ...  Acknowledgements Open access funding provided by Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU).  ...  Secondary Notation Many questions in the area of secondary notation of process models remain in need of empirical investigation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12599-016-0460-2 fatcat:6thw5y3pxbbulbxs6yoaqoujgy
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