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TREC CAsT 2019: The Conversational Assistance Track Overview [article]

Jeffrey Dalton, Chenyan Xiong, Jamie Callan
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The Conversational Assistance Track (CAsT) is a new track for TREC 2019 to facilitate Conversational Information Seeking (CIS) research and to create a large-scale reusable test collection for conversational  ...  The results show a gap between automatic systems and those using the manually resolved utterances, with a 35% relative improvement of manual rewrites over the best automatic system.  ...  The TREC Conversational Assistance Track (CAsT) is a new initiative to facilitate Conversational Information Seeking (CIS) research and to create a large-scale reusable test collection for conversational  ... 
arXiv:2003.13624v1 fatcat:ful7udqmmvfcfom65oxc76dq24

Developing and testing an automated qualitative assistant (AQUA) to support qualitative analysis

Robert P Lennon, Robbie Fraleigh, Lauren J Van Scoy, Aparna Keshaviah, Xindi C Hu, Bethany L Snyder, Erin L Miller, William A Calo, Aleksandra E Zgierska, Christopher Griffin
2021 Family Medicine and Community Health  
Artificial intelligence (AI) has been suggested as a means to reduce those burdens, and has been used in exploratory studies to reduce the burden of coding.  ...  and accurately code large text datasets.  ...  Acknowledgements Without the assistance of the following individuals and groups, the scope and scale of this project would not have been possible.  ... 
doi:10.1136/fmch-2021-001287 pmid:34824135 pmcid:PMC8627418 fatcat:zuat2bjkh5dclkdzlagab5azey

Exploring the Function and Use of Common Spaces in Assisted Living for Older Persons

Morgan Andersson, Nina Ryd, Inga Malmqvist
2014 Health Environments Research & Design Journal  
It is important to make the waiting time before an appointment with the surgeon more pleasant and to reduce patient's anxiety.  ...  Waiting for an appointment with a plastic surgeon can increase patients' anxiety.  ...  Though patients may prefer abstract art to nature art, or vice versa, viewing a carefully curated collection and reading didactic labels provide a unique experience in the hospital.  ... 
doi:10.1177/193758671400700308 pmid:24782239 fatcat:etb5fa4v4rhwna4kys6i7lbn44

CARS 2021: Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery Proceedings of the 35th International Congress and Exhibition Munich, Germany, June 21–25, 2021

2021 International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery  
The University Rovira i Virgili also supports this work with project 2019PFR-B2-61. References  ...  Acknowledgements This work has been funded by the research project PI18/00169 from Instituto de Salud Carlos III & FEDER funds.  ...  The capacity of collecting and curating large amount of data of each individual person can significantly empower the patients in their participation and awareness of their health status and assist them  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11548-021-02375-4 pmid:34085172 fatcat:6d564hsv2fbybkhw4wvc7uuxcy

Telling Stories from Computational Notebooks: AI-Assisted Presentation Slides Creation for Presenting Data Science Work [article]

Chengbo Zheng, Dakuo Wang, April Yi Wang, Xiaojuan Ma
2022 arXiv   pre-print
., audience background) to structure the slides. NB2Slides also provides an interactive visualization that links the slides with the notebook to help users further edit the slides.  ...  A follow-up user evaluation with 12 data scientists shows that participants believed NB2Slides can improve efficiency and reduces the complexity of creating slides.  ...  This work is supported by the Hong Kong General Research Fund (GRF) with grant No. 16203421.  ... 
arXiv:2203.11085v1 fatcat:2uykwwgmaje4lc2ux5y4ugp6j4

A domain-specific language for describing machine learning datasets [article]

Joan Giner-Miguelez, Abel Gómez, Jordi Cabot
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We believe this DSL will facilitate any ML initiative to leverage and benefit from this data-centric shift in ML (e.g., selecting the most appropriate dataset for a new project or better replicating other  ...  To overcome this situation, the ML community is proposing a data-centric cultural shift where data issues are given the attention they deserve, and more standard practices around the gathering and processing  ...  Indeed, data collection and curation are a time-intensive task.  ... 
arXiv:2207.02848v2 fatcat:erwbyxg57jdhrotrlqabnykg5i

An archaeology of dementia

Nyree Finlay
2022 Antiquity  
Through a case study of a 'dementia assemblage' curated by an avocational archaeologist, the author documents the embodied and material traces of the collector's earlier archaeological practices, their  ...  The results contribute to a wider understanding of the important role of materiality for those living with dementia.  ...  Acknowledgements Thanks to Barbara Murray for legal consent and practical support, and to John Faithfull and Neil Clarke (Hunterian Museum) for assistance with lithic identifications.  ... 
doi:10.15184/aqy.2021.186 fatcat:tcdph5rm7bcnvgubs2uqurpkn4

Healthy or Not Healthy? A Mixed-Methods Approach to Evaluate Front-of-Pack Nutrition Labels as a Tool to Guide Consumers

Melvi Todd, Timothy Guetterman, Jako Volschenk, Martin Kidd, Elizabeth Joubert
2022 Nutrients  
The exploratory sequential mixed-methods design used qualitative interviews (n = 49) to gain insight into labeling challenges and select FOP nutrition labels for consumer testing.  ...  A mixed-model analysis of variance was used to compare the differences in health ratings for the different FOP nutrition labels.  ...  Participants rated the cereal product with the warning FOP label (Product G) as the least healthy compared with the control (p < 0.01), with a very large effect size.  ... 
doi:10.3390/nu14142801 pmid:35889758 pmcid:PMC9318739 fatcat:vnf7nw7bovdh5cwjnym3tjul5y

Designing And Supporting Technology Assisted Inclusive Learning For Disaster Preparedness: A Case Study Of Bangladesh

Syed Ali Tarek, C Jones, J Enriquez-Gibson
2017 Zenodo  
The findings also assisted in determining how teaching functions interacted with both the technological artefact and technologically disadvantaged people within a social learning setting to deliver a training  ...  'Rapid ethnography' and 'Participatory action research' were the key research strategies that were used in the fieldwork and interview and observation methods were used to collect the data.  ...  Without losing the functionalities of a smartphone we have another variant with a large screen which is labelled a 'tablet' device.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1162788 fatcat:lbipr4geafg3rhccu5xfh75bsq

Search and visualization of gene-drug-disease interactions for pharmacogenomics and precision medicine research using GeneDive

Mike Wong, Paul Previde, Jack Cole, Brook Thomas, Nayana Laxmeshwar, Emily Mallory, Jake Lever, Dragutin Petkovic, Russ B. Altman, Anagha Kulkarni
2021 Journal of Biomedical Informatics  
The former generates small amounts of high-quality data, and the later offers large volumes of mixed quality data.  ...  The ability to utilize user's data either in combination with the GeneDive native datasets or in isolation promotes richer data-driven exploration and discovery.  ...  Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funding agency.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jbi.2021.103732 pmid:33737208 pmcid:PMC9042200 fatcat:cks2iys2nvefni3kusw7avn56a

Sir Arthur Keith's Legacy: Re-discovering a lost collection of human fossils

Isabelle De Groote, Silvia M. Bello, Robert Kruszynski, Tim Compton, Chris Stringer
2014 Quaternary International  
We thank also the Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford University, the Musée des Antiquités Nationales, France, and the Natural History Museum, London for permissions to reproduce photos and archives.  ...  Acknowledgements: For financial support we would like to thank the Palaeontology Investment Nelson at Amherst Library, Colorado University, Barbara Dey at History Colorado Library, and Emily Weiss at the  ...  During initial excavation of exploratory trenches in both the terrace and inside the cave, an archaeological unit containing Upper Paleolithic tools specimens are marked WAD B, suggesting the Keith Collection  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2014.04.047 fatcat:4jlq67abtnharpbeom3kg7gwaa

Simulated speaking environments for language learning: insights from three cases

Tetyana Sydorenko, Tom F. H. Smits, Keelan Evanini, Vikram Ramanarayanan
2018 Computer Assisted Language Learning  
A grounded mixed-method approach was adopted, in which both qualitative and quantitative data were collected.  ...  It aimed at helping undergraduate students to gain more confidence in their ability to speak English and offered possibilities for the learning of oral skills outside the traditional classroom with the  ...  The qualitative, exploratory phase reported on here identified sources for collecting and using digital data to support language learning and teaching, as well as factors affecting this collection and  ... 
doi:10.1080/09588221.2018.1466811 fatcat:56weegbwy5djzk7a4toj7bzqiy

Perspectives on Collector Collaboration

Matthew J. Rowe, E. Charles Adams, Dan Clark, Ricky Cundiff, Kassi Sue Bailey, Danielle R. Soza
2022 Advances in Archaeological Practice  
We also find that private collections are endangered, and preserving this portion of the archaeological record requires documentation and long-term curation.  ...  Ultimately, the project must move toward a community-based participatory research design to seek equitable and culturally appropriate curation plans for local legacy collections.  ...  We also extend great appreciation to Kenn Evans II and Homol'ovi State Park for their assistance with the public archaeology event.  ... 
doi:10.1017/aap.2021.44 fatcat:5ajirxjavvadvivrxwc47pgidq

Designing Libraries for Research Collaboration in the Network World: An Exploratory Study

Sheila Corrall
2014 Liber Quarterly: The Journal of European Research Libraries  
The findings confirm and extend prior work and are being used to design a large scale international survey.  ...  The results show a trend away from integrated library and computing service organizations; variety in institutional reporting lines, but predominantly in large professional service groups; consistency  ...  Evidence was captured and recorded electronically as raw data (document extracts or whole documents), notes and initial codes.  ... 
doi:10.18352/lq.9525 fatcat:5lcujxw3rncqho7w5xuwmykmm4

Estimating the effect of calorie menu labeling on calories purchased in a large restaurant franchise in the southern United States: quasi-experimental study

Joshua Petimar, Fang Zhang, Lauren P Cleveland, Denise Simon, Steven L Gortmaker, Michele Polacsek, Sara N Bleich, Eric B Rimm, Christina A Roberto, Jason P Block
2019 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
compared with the counterfactual (ie, assumption that the pre-intervention trend would have persisted had the intervention not occurred) using interrupted time series analyses with linear mixed models  ...  restaurants with calorie information added to in-store and drive-thru menus in April 2017 and with weekly aggregated sales data during the pre-labeling (April 2015 to April 2017) and post-labeling (April  ...  began requiring compliance with the menu labeling provision of the 2010 Affordable Care Act. 3 This rule requires large chain food establishments (≥20 locations nationwide) to label their menus with  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.l5837 pmid:31666218 pmcid:PMC6818731 fatcat:exksgm53kvc3bpiuu4bwewpora
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