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RISC versus CISC

T. Jamil
1995 IEEE potentials  
Motorola started its RISC family with M88000 in 1988, and continued until 1991 with MC88 110. In 1993, three giants of the microprocessor technology, namely IBM.  ...  Deshmukh, for his able guidance and encouragement which are still continuing during my doctoral studies at the Florida Institute of Technology.  ... 
doi:10.1109/45.464688 fatcat:3wtj4jipurfaldmxt4p6udq5rm

Turning points in systems architecture

A. G. Ganek, E. H. Sussenguth
1999 IBM Systems Journal  
We have highlighted as turning points some of the key architectural constructs documented in the IBM Systems Journal that have contributed substantially to this evolution.  ...  The meaning of "architecture" as used in computer systems is normally credited to Gerritt Blaauw, who in the late 1950s, when at IBM, emphasized the desirability of a sharp distinction between a logical  ...  Sussenguth was educated at Harvard University, joined IBM in 1959, and retired at the end of 1990.  ... 
doi:10.1147/sj.382.0335 fatcat:ldcu6dmos5ak3krkw4o5wtphgm

RISC and CISC [article]

Farhat Masood
2011 arXiv   pre-print
Comparison of RISC & CISC in details, encompassing the addressing modes, evolution, definitions and characteristics. Pre - RISC design is also elaborated.  ...  Both the architectures are explained with the help of example. Analysis is made based on performance.  ...  Evolution of RISC ii 3. For these and other reasons, in the early 1980s designers started looking at simple ISAs.  ... 
arXiv:1101.5364v1 fatcat:6t6xykcynbdmvfn6ldlowqhmim

Review of IBM: The Rise and Fall and Reinvention of a Global Icon

Charles H. House, Gerardo Con Diaz
2021 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing  
(IT) evolution and its fundamental place at the core of worldwide business practices and economies.  ...  IBM developed a sales force (skilled at cultivating) typists and secretaries, making it both highly successful and useful to place the IBM logo... beyond the data processing center, such as immediately  ... 
doi:10.1109/mahc.2021.3077329 fatcat:gdkhmkv2wrclhlgsrzvmrllmo4

Burt-watching

Chris Brand
1995 Nature  
Pugh's case is 394 that IBM dominated that evolution.  ...  But his book, while a workmanlike source on the early evolution of computery, misses the futuristic revolution that swept all before it including the dominance of IBM.  ... 
doi:10.1038/377394b0 fatcat:lzusfuawuvfgppyazp6wzj6ouy

Subject index for papers in Volume 44

2000 IBM Journal of Research and Development  
Clementi 228 Reduced-instruction-set computers (RISC) POWER3: The next generation of PowerPC processors O'Connell 873 The evolution of RISC technology at IBM Cocke 48 The 801 minicomputer  ...  899 The 801 minicomputer Radin 37 Computer-aided design The evolution of RISC technology at IBM Cocke 48 Computers Irreversibility and heat generation in the computing process Landauer  ... 
doi:10.1147/rd.446.0967 fatcat:p2yjystodvaizel6qu6epwfnci

The history of the microprocessor

Michael R. Betker, John S. Fernando, Shaun P. Whalen
2002 Bell Labs technical journal  
As we trace the history of the microprocessor, we will explore its evolution and the driving forces behind this evolution.  ...  The Beginning of the RISC Argument In the early 1980s, the stage was being set in academia for the next phase of microprocessor evolution.  ... 
doi:10.1002/bltj.2082 fatcat:w2ilifumlzeotdhnncopefkxkm

From the Memory Lane!

Lizy Kurian John
2021 IEEE Micro  
These entries were solicited using a Call for Contributions on the IEEE Micro website and by announcements during a panel at the International Symposium on Computer Architecture (ISCA) 2021.  ...  any of our readers wrote passionately about their memories on topics ranging from the coolest microprocessor feature to their personal journeys through these eventful decades.  ...  I would like to add that the evolution of the processor could never happen without the innovation in fabrication technology and design automation throughout the years.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mm.2021.3121825 fatcat:tttnd2jgpvfnrekivgs7cxft3i

Microprocessor at 50: A Time to Celebrate and Energize for the Future

Lizy Kurian John, Vijaykrishnan Narayanan
2021 IEEE Micro  
Chodorek of the AGH University of Science and Technology, Krak ow, Poland, on his experience with NEC V20, Ann Marie Maynard of IBM on her personal journey with computers, and Cliff Young of Google on  ...  Bose of IBM presents a historical perspective of the IBM POWER processor family from the viewpoint of presilicon performance modeling.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mm.2021.3121865 fatcat:ypbhle3i35dcrmhrmzezdvi354

Computers: Putting back the clock

Bill Johnstone
1985 Nature  
Berkeley's research has been matched by that of others at Stanford University , IBM at Yorktown Heights and now at Hewlett Packard.  ...  The RISC microchip made at Berkeley, the hub of the new machine , now has over 41,000 transistors and 6u 32-bit registers .  ... 
doi:10.1038/318502c0 fatcat:h37ffunpxjaubldfzi75ansuuu

QA

Leah Hoffmann
2014 Communications of the ACM  
Q&a Risc and Reward Having helped develop Reduced Instruction Set Computing and Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks, David Patterson has set his sights on interdisciplinary research.  ...  [Continued on P. 111] for more of David Patterson's thoughts on research challenges, see "how to Build a Bad Research center," on page 33.  ...  The Reduced Instruction Set Computer, or RISC, project that he led at Berkeley inspired the Oracle SPARC architecture, as well as the ARM architecture (the "R" in each stands for RISC) that powers most  ... 
doi:10.1145/2568484 fatcat:yl5v6t6duva2lnlvuybk7bdgyq

Author index for papers in Volume 44

2000 IBM Journal of Research and Development  
Markstein 48 The evolution of RISC technology at IBM Copel, M. 571 Medium-energy ion scattering for analysis of microelectronic materials Coppersmith, D. 246 Cryptography Corning, J. J.  ...  Haanstra 6 The Random-Access Memory Accounting Machine I. System organization of the IBM 305  ...  D. 369 The future of CMOS technology Ito, H. 119 Chemical amplification resists: History and development within IBM Jefferson, C. M. 341 see Ashley, J.  ... 
doi:10.1147/rd.446.0963 fatcat:e5glt3rjdncgnajtwxhb5ectta

Strange bedfellows in the personal computer industry: technology alliances between IBM and Apple

John Hagedoorn, Elias Carayannis, Jeffrey Alexander
2001 Research Policy  
This paper analyzes the technology alliances between these companies in the context of recent technological changes, focusing on the timing and the objectives of these alliances.  ...  Technology partnering between these proponents of competing basic designs are found to only materialize several years after the DOS-based design of IBM and Microsoft had become dominant.  ...  Examples are found in the IBM licensing of RISC technology to Apple or the standardization agreement between Apple, IBM, Siemens and AT&T on telecom protocols.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0048-7333(00)00125-6 fatcat:ery2r2gshzdbhdmplovsdn25je

RedMulE: A Compact FP16 Matrix-Multiplication Accelerator for Adaptive Deep Learning on RISC-V-Based Ultra-Low-Power SoCs [article]

Yvan Tortorella, Luca Bertaccini, Davide Rossi, Luca Benini, Francesco Conti
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In 22 nm technology, a 32-FMA RedMulE instance occupies just 0.07 mm^2 (14% of an 8-core RISC-V cluster) and achieves up to 666 MHz maximum operating frequency, for a throughput of 31.6 MAC/cycle (98.8%  ...  - conceived for tight integration within a cluster of tiny RISC-V cores based on the PULP (Parallel Ultra-Low-Power) architecture.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This work was supported in part by the EU H2020 "WiPLASH" (g.a. 863337), by the ECSEL H2020 "AI4DI" (g.a. 826060), and by Thales Alenia Space.  ... 
arXiv:2204.11192v1 fatcat:lniq2spk2neklnvzduj7yxu7m4

Past and future of hardware and architecture

David Patterson
2015 SOSP History Day 2015 on - SOSP '15  
Disks • Fast DRAM • Crosspoint NVRAM Open ISA & RISC-V • Case for Open ISAs • Tour of RISC-V ISA • RISC-V Software Stack • RISC-V Chips 2 3 By early 1960's, IBM had 4 incompatible lines of  ...  Chips 12 RISC--I (1982) Contains 44,420 transistors, fabbed in 5 µm NMOS, with a die area of 77 mm 2 , ran at 1 MHz.  ...  Four 28nm & Six 45nm RISC-V Chips taped out so far  ... 
doi:10.1145/2830903.2830910 dblp:conf/sosp/Patterson15 fatcat:qryf43q6cbdkzj3u5lonkuggnu
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