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The CO2 Human Emissions (CHE) Project: First Steps Towards a European Operational Capacity to Monitor Anthropogenic CO2 Emissions

Gianpaolo Balsamo, Richard Engelen, Daniel Thiemert, Anna Agusti-Panareda, Nicolas Bousserez, Grégoire Broquet, Dominik Brunner, Michael Buchwitz, Frédéric Chevallier, Margarita Choulga, Hugo Denier Van Der Gon, Liesbeth Florentie (+12 others)
2021 Frontiers in Remote Sensing  
of synthetic satellite observations simulating the contribution of a future dedicated Copernicus CO2 Monitoring Mission (CO2M).  ...  To support this process, the European Commission initiated the design and development of a new Copernicus service element that will use Earth observations mainly to monitor anthropogenic carbon dioxide  ...  The CHE and CoCO2 projects have received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 776186 for CHE, and N. 958927 for CoCO2, respectively.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frsen.2021.707247 fatcat:hhtv7bfqk5bkpdhf5ezghhkaju

Towards an operational anthropogenic CO2 emissions monitoring and verification support capacity

G. Janssens-Maenhout, B. Pinty, M. Dowell, H. Zunker, E. Andersson, G. Balsamo, J.-L. Bézy, T. Brunhes, H. Bösch, B. Bojkov, D. Brunner, M. Buchwitz (+30 others)
2020 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
experts, are joining forces to develop such an operational capacity for monitoring anthropogenic CO2 emissions as a new CO2 service under EC's Copernicus Programme.  ...  The European Commission (EC), the European Space Agency, the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites and international  ...  Studies are conducted in preparation for a European capacity to monitor CO 2 anthropogenic emissions under the Coordination and Support Action H2020-EO-3-2017 with project CHE (CO 2 Human Emissions) and  ... 
doi:10.1175/bams-d-19-0017.1 fatcat:e2ywzurs4ncazebutamndk47si

The European CO2 Monitoring Mission: observing anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions from space

Bernd Sierk, Jean-Loup Bezy, Armin Löscher, Yasjka Meijer, Nikos Karafolas, Zoran Sodnik, Bruno Cugny
2019 International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2018  
The presentation will introduce the different elements of the candidate Copernicus mission, in view of the ambitious mission goals.  ...  High priority is given to a constellation of LEO satellites in Sunsynchronous orbit with the purpose of observing anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions [European Commission, 2017].  ...  instruments optimized for anthropogenic CO2 monitoring.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2535941 fatcat:4whwd4aznbbknpertip2ckkzn4

CURE Newsletter Issue 1 [article]

CURE H2020 Project
2020 Zenodo  
The first issue of the CURE newsletter includes content about the CURE overview, methodology, system/applications and activities, as well as the Copernicus Core Services.  ...  The early warning and monitoring component of the Copernicus EMS consists of three different systems: The European Flood Awareness System (EFAS), the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) and  ...  In this CURE application, the CO2 emissions are partitioned into an anthropogenic (traffic, heating/cooling) and a biogenic component (urban green space).  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4725535 fatcat:hvfhrde43veuxcnfdku55cpl5e

CURE Newsletter Issue 3 [article]

CURE H2020 Project
2021 Zenodo  
The third issue of the CURE newsletter includes content about CURE activities, as well as its applications concerning: urban heat emissions monitoring, urban CO2 emissions monitoring, and urban subsidence  ...  controls from the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS), the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) and local (non-Copernicus) data.  ...  satellite missions and in-situ observations.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5016663 fatcat:krt77zh6yzbyzczf4ospu5exti

The Copernicus Polar Ice and Snow Topography Altimeter (CRISTAL) high-priority candidate mission

Michael Kern, Robert Cullen, Bruno Berruti, Jerome Bouffard, Tania Casal, Mark R. Drinkwater, Antonio Gabriele, Arnaud Lecuyot, Michael Ludwig, Rolv Midthassel, Ignacio Navas Traver, Tommaso Parrinello (+14 others)
2020 The Cryosphere  
anthropogenic CO2 emissions, polar environments, and land surfaces.  ...  The Copernicus Polar Ice and Snow Topography Altimeter (CRISTAL) mission is one of six high-priority candidate missions (HPCMs) under consideration by the European Commission to enlarge the Copernicus  ...  The authors would like to acknowledge the industrial and scientific teams involved in the Phase A and B1 study of the CRISTAL mission, significantly contributing to the success of the mission preparation  ... 
doi:10.5194/tc-14-2235-2020 fatcat:apns5q7wv5cejaxqfed7umqxsm

Guidelines on the improvement of future missions support for thematic applications v1

Antonella Catucci
2019 Zenodo  
of the current EO missions relevant for the agriculture applications 2.Analysis of future already planned EO missions inthe Copernicus framework and analysis on how they can improve capabilities in the  ...  time and spatial resolution) that affect EO applications in the agriculture domain.Considering thisinformation,a detailedsurvey of existing and planned EO missions at institutional (Copernicus) and Commercial  ...  The three priorities identified are: Greenhouse gas monitoring: anthropogenic CO2 emissions for which currently no European satellite Observation are available Monitoring polar Regions: polar/Artic observations  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4248836 fatcat:ziydfgzobzerlk3kl363effvqa

Detector development activities supported by the European Space Agency

Heidrun Weber, Nick Nelms, Kyriaki Minoglou, Alessandra Ciapponi, Sarah Wittig, Bruno Leone, Nikos Karafolas, Zoran Sodnik, Bruno Cugny
2019 International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2018  
Therefore, the European Space Agency has a strong interest in the performance enhancement of detector arrays in those spectral ranges.  ...  The Agency follows a continuous development strategy to enhance the capabilities for future Earth observation and astronomy missions.  ...  Figure 13 Schematic detector layout of CHIME detector pre-development CO2M detector pre-development The Anthropogenic CO2 monitoring (CO2M) mission aims to analyse through the use of CO2 satellite imagers  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2536054 fatcat:3nopserdlbhjhkv2cdhulkngju

Guidelines on the improvement of future missions support for thematic applicationsv2

Antonella Catucci
2020 Zenodo  
of the current EO missions relevant for the agriculture applications 2.Analysis of futurealready planned EO missions in the Copernicus framework and analysis on how they can improve capabilities in the  ...  The main objective of the task 3.4 "Future missions support for thematic applications"is to analyse the opportunities for technologies not currently being deployed within the Sentinels fleet andat proposals  ...  The three priorities identified are:• Priority 1 o Greenhouse gas monitoring: anthropogenic CO2 emissions for which currently no European Satellite Observation are available ▪ Priority 2 o Monitoring polar  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4248862 fatcat:5mlzvzuxhfcrzfnzi54jtxz3em

The Multi Angle Polarimeter (MAP) on board ESA's Copernicus Carbon Dioxide Monitoring mission (CO2M)

David Spilling, Andrew Thales, Zoran Sodnik, Bruno Cugny, Nikos Karafolas
2021 International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2020  
The CO2M mission, part of the Copernicus Expansion programme, will measure anthropogenic CO2.  ...  Due to the accuracy requirements of this measurement, it is important to measure and characterise the aerosol population within the CO2 instrument footprint.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The development of this instrument has been entirely funded under ESA contract.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2599174 fatcat:vztxto2blvflzonnvqnfwgerni

XCO2 observations using satellite measurements with moderate spectral resolution: Investigation using GOSAT and OCO-2 measurements

Lianghai Wu, Joost aan de Brugh, Yasjka Meijer, Bernd Sierk, Otto Hasekamp, Andre Butz, Jochen Landgraf
2019 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions  
The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) mission covers these bands with fine spectral resolution but limited spatial coverage, which hampers the monitoring of localized anthropogenic CO<sub>2</sub> emission  ...  The future European CO<sub>2</sub> monitoring constellation, currently undergoing feasibility studies at the European Space Agency (ESA), is targeting a moderate spectral resolution of 0.1, 0.3 and 0.3&  ...  -L., Loscher, A., and Meijer, Y.: The European CO2 Monitoring Mission: Observing anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions from space, International Conference on Space Optics, 2018. Taylor, T.  ... 
doi:10.5194/amt-2019-232 fatcat:dtozutncpjerffugb2iwnmxgwi

Copernicus Core Services Interface and Relevant Data Portfolio Guide (CURE Deliverable D2.1)

Katerina Jupova, Michal Opletal, Tomas Soukup
2020 Zenodo  
This document presents a consolidated summary of CURE cross-cutting applications data needs and describes the CURE Interface concept to be implemented as part of the CURE services automation.  ...  Copernicus is the European system for monitoring the Earth and is coordinated and managed by the European Commission.  ...  The Copernicus programme is the unique European operational asset for monitoring the Earth, coordinated and managed by the European Commission.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4738952 fatcat:moid7wl4svenrcqb7u76idcoeu

Detectability of CO2 emission plumes of cities and power plants with the Copernicus Anthropogenic CO2 Monitoring (CO2M) mission

Gerrit Kuhlmann, Grégoire Broquet, Julia Marshall, Valentin Clément, Armin Löscher, Yasjka Meijer, Dominik Brunner
2019 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions  
with the Copernicus Anthropogenic Carbon Dioxide Monitoring (CO2M) mission, which is a proposed constellation of CO<sub>2</sub> satellites with imaging capabilities.  ...  A CO instrument with specifications similar to the Sentinel-5 mission performed worse than the CO<sub>2</sub> instrument, while the number of detectable plumes could be significantly increased to about  ...  This study was conducted in the context of the project SMARTCARB funded by the European Space Agency (ESA) under contract no. 4000119599/16/NL/FF/mg.  ... 
doi:10.5194/amt-2019-180 fatcat:fstg7kwooza2fouggcc5i7ymlm

Monitoring Greenhouse Gases from Space

Hartmut Boesch, Yi Liu, Johanna Tamminen, Dongxu Yang, Paul I. Palmer, Hannakaisa Lindqvist, Zhaonan Cai, Ke Che, Antonio Di Noia, Liang Feng, Janne Hakkarainen, Iolanda Ialongo (+10 others)
2021 Remote Sensing  
They also give us a first glimpse into CO2 and CH4 enhancements related to anthropogenic emission, which helps to pave the way towards the future missions aimed at a Monitoring & Verification Support (  ...  Over the last 10 years, a series of projects on mitigation of carbon emission has been started in China, including the development of the first Chinese greenhouse gas monitoring satellite mission, TanSat  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 2700  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs13142700 fatcat:z253gyegerb7tgw7nu73hnbgia

Towards monitoring localized CO2 emissions from space: co-located regional CO2 and NO2 enhancements observed by the OCO-2 and S5P satellites

Maximilian Reuter, Michael Buchwitz, Oliver Schneising, Sven Krautwurst, Christopher W. O'Dell, Andreas Richter, Heinrich Bovensmann, John P. Burrows
2019 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics  
The flux uncertainties are expected to be reduced by the planned European Copernicus anthropogenic <span class="inline-formula">CO<sub>2</sub></span> monitoring mission (CO2M), which will provide not only  ...  </strong> Despite its key role in climate change, large uncertainties persist in our knowledge of the anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide (<span class="inline-formula">CO<sub>2</sub></span>) and  ...  This publication contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data (2018). S5P is an ESA mission implemented on behalf of the European Commission.  ... 
doi:10.5194/acp-19-9371-2019 fatcat:blg3h3oimndm3ew7qwi5pxtd7m
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