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Game Theory of Mind

Wako Yoshida, Ray J. Dolan, Karl J. Friston, Tim Behrens
2008 PLoS Computational Biology  
We draw on ideas from optimum control and game theory to provide a 'game theory of mind'.  ...  This paper introduces a model of 'theory of mind', namely, how we represent the intentions and goals of others to optimise our mutual interactions.  ...  We also acknowledge the substantial guidance and suggestions of our three reviewers.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000254 pmid:19112488 pmcid:PMC2596313 fatcat:7kszgzxr2bgi7blrcsfzhlrx2y

Page 558 of MIND Vol. 14, Issue 56 [page]

1889 MIND  
It is, however, to be understood that the equilibrium is not a state of rest, but a mobile equilibrium in which all the parts are shifting, and, moreover, ‘‘ the equilibrium is a balance of the parts with  ...  Alexander’s own criticism of competing theories. The next ‘Mr.  ... 

Mind, rationality, and cognition: An interdisciplinary debate

Nick Chater, Teppo Felin, David C. Funder, Gerd Gigerenzer, Jan J. Koenderink, Joachim I. Krueger, Denis Noble, Samuel A. Nordli, Mike Oaksford, Barry Schwartz, Keith E. Stanovich, Peter M. Todd
2017 Psychonomic Bulletin & Review  
This article features an interdisciplinary debate and dialogue about the nature of mind, perception, and rationality.  ...  ; and (3) equilibria, $500 bills, and the axioms of rationality. henceforth "Felin et al.") argue that much of this work-which has challenged the assumption of agent omniscience-builds on a theoretically  ...  In the same way, in finance theory, each stock and bond price is presumed to reflect the same balance between risk and return (Sharpe, 1964) .  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13423-017-1333-5 pmid:28744767 pmcid:PMC5902517 fatcat:s3asr573ujg3jgllnnzfkhr3x4

Corporate Criminal Minds

Mihailis Evangelos Diamantis
2015 Social Science Research Network  
As a result, they saddle themselves with unjustifiable theories of mental state attribution, like respondeat superior, that produce results wholly at odds with all the major theories of the objectives  ...  Then, factfinders could do just what they do for natural people-in light of surrounding circumstances and other corporate acts, infer what mental state most likely accompanied the act at issue.  ...  (2013); THEORIES OF THEORIES OF MIND (Peter Carruthers & Peter K.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2633627 fatcat:wggd4potxnb7pisnv4kflq56ry

Evolving an Integral Ecology of Mind

Chris Lucas
2005 Cortex  
A deliberation upon the possibility of generating a comprehensive view of 'mind as a whole' by integrating biology, psychology and sociology, and considering 'Mind' as a dynamical interplay between values  ...  This view of mind as a coevolutionary whole is related to similar ecological viewpoints being developed in the fields of artificial life and multi-agent systems.  ...  I must acknowledge the anonymous reviewers and the editors, whose comments and encouragement have enabled this paper to expand and to grow in stature, becoming far more than the sum of its initial parts  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0010-9452(08)70288-0 pmid:16209334 fatcat:sqtyv7kknvdpvaq7dbf4c5ifpm

Leaving the ``gothic cathedral'' of economics

Massimiliano Ugolini
2005 Mind & Society  
The main limitations and weak-points of orthodox theory necessitate the use in their stead of other multi-disciplinary approaches, like complexity science, agent-based simulations and artificial life simulations  ...  An example of an artificial life simulation applied in the economics field concerning the exchange process shows the benefits of such new conceptual and methodological instruments.  ...  The development of economics theories to this point has ignored some important items: the mind and body of the agent, the complexity of interactions between subject and object, the representation and interpretation  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11299-005-0015-6 fatcat:qcxxamzg7nc2no256xojspoc5i

V.—CRITICAL NOTICES

ANDREW SETH
1889 Mind  
It is, however, to be understood that the equilibrium is not a state of rest, but a mobile equilibrium in which all the parts are shifting, and, moreover, " the equilibrium is a balance of the parts with  ...  The Platonic theory of the virtues, notably of justice or virtue par excellence, is, to say the least, a very close anticipation of the modern notions of equilibrium, function, social health, &c.  ... 
doi:10.1093/mind/xiv.56.554 fatcat:skn262dux5d5dcrjhmzljfjiqi

The economic approach to 'theory of mind'

N. Robalino, A. Robson
2012 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
Theory of mind (ToM ) is a great evolutionary achievement. It is a special intelligence that can assess not only one's own desires and beliefs, but also those of others.  ...  We then contrast this economic ToM with the theoretical approaches of neuroscience and with empirical data in general.  ...  Thus far, we have generated fullfledged theories of mind using compact representations and used one of these to derive an equilibrium prediction for the incomplete information game Two questions remain  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2012.0124 pmid:22734065 pmcid:PMC3385689 fatcat:mgxroj256zcareb3ylatcs64tu

Theory of Minds: Understanding Behavior in Groups through Inverse Planning

Michael Shum, Max Kleiman-Weiner, Michael L. Littman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum
2019 PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRTIETH AAAI CONFERENCE ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE TWENTY-EIGHTH INNOVATIVE APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CONFERENCE  
This representation is grounded in the formalism of stochastic games and multi-agent reinforcement learning.  ...  The patterns of inference made by this algorithm closely correspond with human judgments and the algorithm makes the same rapid generalizations that people do.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by a Hertz Foundation Fellowship, the Center for Brains, Minds and Machines (CBMM), NSF 1637614, and DARPA Ground Truth.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aaai.v33i01.33016163 fatcat:ljsqi5pl2nhuvlgthneubnrfjy

Theory of Minds: Understanding Behavior in Groups Through Inverse Planning [article]

Michael Shum, Max Kleiman-Weiner, Michael L. Littman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum
2019 arXiv   pre-print
This representation is grounded in the formalism of stochastic games and multi-agent reinforcement learning.  ...  The patterns of inference made by this algorithm closely correspond with human judgments and the algorithm makes the same rapid generalizations that people do.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by a Hertz Foundation Fellowship, the Center for Brains, Minds and Machines (CBMM), NSF 1637614, and DARPA Ground Truth.  ... 
arXiv:1901.06085v1 fatcat:ci7hsk6aovg2jldwawutqnqq6e

II.—FREEDOM, RESPONSIBILITY AND PUNISHMENT

JAMES H. HYSLOP
1894 Mind  
The former will not be allowed and the latter would stop all action of any kind, whether good or evil, and amounts practically to extinction.  ...  impression for the occasion to act, and the immediate nexus between this and the volition, is so close that it is, at least, very difficult to determine whether we should attribute more to the mind than  ... 
doi:10.1093/mind/iii.10.167 fatcat:er527ilg5vbgnezcucl7x5hpge

WHAT IS IN THE MIND OF MAN!?

Corneliu Augustin Sofronie
2022 International Journal of Engineering Science Technologies  
Mankind is in the state of AND-And. A bivalent state. It can mean complementarity and cooperation, but also opposition and competition between the two parties.  ...  In the latter case we are talking about the state of that AND which does not imply dynamic balance, complementarity but, on the contrary, instability, has pathological potential.  ...  That space of uncertainty between thought and word ... What Is in The Mind of Man!?  ... 
doi:10.29121/ijoest.v6.i2.2022.300 fatcat:yqji6klkgfheleubbhcd2i3oo4

Group Minds and the Case of Wikipedia

Simon DeDeo
2014 Human Computation  
We show the limitations of methodological individualism, and the substantial benefits that come from being able to refer to collective intentions, and attributions of cognitive states of the form "what  ...  the group believes" and "what the group values".  ...  We build intuition for the problem by reference to a finite-state model of behavior among a large group of heterogenous agents, and find the Nash Equilibrium explicitly.  ... 
doi:10.15346/hc.v1i1.2 dblp:journals/hc/DeDeo14 fatcat:flc5omqdefhjbeohbjhhcjgywa

Are You Thinking What I'm Thinking? An Evaluation of a Simplified Theory of Mind [chapter]

David V. Pynadath, Ning Wang, Stacy C. Marsella
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We observe significant overlap between the players' behavior and the agents' idealized expectations, but we also observe significant deviations.  ...  We observe that many classes of inaccuracy in the agent's theory of mind did not hurt the agent's performance and, in fact, some of them played to the agent's benefit.  ...  The content does not necessarily reflect the position or the policy of the Government. No official endorsement should be inferred.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-40415-3_4 fatcat:pyihm3wwirgu7eh7hhytcm52o4

Minding morality: ethical artificial societies for public policy modeling

Saikou Y. Diallo, F. LeRon Shults, Wesley J. Wildman
2020 AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence  
rendering the cultural dynamics of the target society.  ...  In this paper, we supply evidence that incorporating morally salient dimensions of a culture is critically important for producing relevant and accurate evaluations of social policy when using multi-agent  ...  We use this model here to study the policy effects of norms governing the number and types of interactions between agents.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00146-020-01028-5 pmid:32836907 pmcid:PMC7411344 fatcat:mqwimbexi5dw7em7bhp4wsf2om
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