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Social Construction and White Attitudes toward Equal Opportunity and Multiculturalism

Michael W. Link, Robert W. Oldendick
1996 Journal of Politics  
In effect, negative constructions of racial groups lower one's support for policies aimed at these groups.  ...  The analysis shows that differences in the cognitive images whites hold of minority groups in comparison to their own race have a significant impact in determining white attitudes toward group-based issues  ...  The findings indicate that social construction differentials have a significant impact in determining white attitudes on these issues-an impact independent of political orientation, socioeconomic status  ... 
doi:10.2307/2960353 fatcat:xkmv3kwouzbbplc4rngezqsooq

'Race' and Prostate Cancer Mortality in Equal-access Healthcare Systems

Tisheeka Graham-Steed, Edward Uchio, Carolyn K. Wells, Mihaela Aslan, John Ko, John Concato
2013 American Journal of Medicine  
We searched the literature to find contemporary articles focusing on mortality among black and white men with prostate cancer in equal-access healthcare systems.  ...  Among 5 reports providing quantitative results for the association of race and mortality among men with prostate cancer in equal-access systems, outcomes were similar for black and white men.  ...  Acknowledgments Funding: TG-S was supported by a T32 fellowship training grant (T32AG1934) from the National Institute on Aging; CKW, MA, JK, and JC were supported by the Cooperative Studies Program, Office  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2013.08.012 pmid:24262722 pmcid:PMC4100601 fatcat:eyublbpl3bhwzkc47wyfglrwva

The Contemporary United States Workplace: An Analysis of Racial Segregation Perceptions

Richard Lewis Jr., Joanne Ford-Robertson, Chandler Greenfield
2018 OALib  
None of the other independent variables impacted the perceptions of black respondent. Three of the research hypotheses were supported by the research findings.  ...  A variety of variables including age, gender, race, educational attainment, personal income, and work status were utilized as control variables.  ...  Conflicts of Interest The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.4236/oalib.1104965 fatcat:qpcij3owonfm3dkio2pmkr5ksi

The Challenge of Merging: Merger Patterns, Premerger Status, and Merger Support

Steffen R. Giessner, G. Tendayi Viki, Sabine Otten, Deborah J. Terry, Susanne Täuber
2006 Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin  
Employees of merging organizations often show resistance to the merger. The employees' support depends on the companies' premerger status and on the merger pattern.  ...  Perceived threat mediated the effects. Legitimacy was a stronger mediator for effects of the low-status group.  ...  If unequal status groups merge, two merger patterns might be differentiated that match the definition of an integration pattern. One possibility is integration according to an equality rule.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0146167205282151 pmid:16455861 fatcat:4pwsclofhfcu3aruutcdzje3wm

The Duality of Race and Gender for Managerial African American Women: Implications of Informal Social Networks on Career Advancement

Gwendolyn M. Combs
2003 Human Resource Development Review  
Due to the duality of race and gender, African American women in managerial and executive positions may be forced into out-group status in terms of informal social networks.  ...  The literature on workplace social networks indicates that informal more than formal socialization systems are salient in advancing careers.  ...  The duality of being both African American and female may impact the ability and, to some degree, the desire to become a full participant of in-group social systems.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1534484303257949 fatcat:rmtqrbq7dbcyxn7fnkdfqce7dy

Group decision support systems: the cultural factor

T. H. Ho, K. S. Raman, R. T. Watson
1989 Proceedings of the tenth international conference on Information Systems - ICIS '89  
This paper reports an empirical study of group decision support systems (GDSS) conducted in Singapore.  ...  This cross-cultural analysis of GDSS research findings is based on two studies carried out in the USA and Singapore.  ...  supported by structurethat was equivalent to the the impact of a GDSS on equality of participation and GDSS support (Lewis 1987; Watson 1987) .  ... 
doi:10.1145/75034.75045 dblp:conf/icis/HoRW89 fatcat:suby7lsrmzcoljsbkebpscedxa

Disadvantage and discrimination: the emerging jurisprudence of the South African Constitutional Court

Evadné Grant, Joan G Small
2020 Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly  
impact on the way in which the group is treated.  ...  women prisoners with regard to early release. 30 In this conception, discrimination becomes a legal status born from a factual situation of differentiation based on one of the stated categories.  ... 
doi:10.53386/nilq.v51i2.617 fatcat:tvkzajjoyjg5jig4fj3vrbh24u

Indigeneity and the Likelihood of Imprisonment in Queensland's Adult and Children's Courts

Christine E.W. Bond, Samantha Jeffries
2012 Psychiatry, Psychology and Law  
We found no significant differences in the likelihood of a sentence of incarceration in the higher courts (adult and children's).  ...  In this paper, we examine whether Indigeneity has a direct impact on the judicial decision to incarcerate for three courts (adult higher, adult lower, children's higher court) in Queensland.  ...  We acknowledge the support of the Queensland Department of the Premier and the Cabinet, as well as all those who assisted in our accessing and collecting of data.  ... 
doi:10.1080/13218719.2010.543757 fatcat:2l3y7lub7zfepegwkecmyg7zzm

Group-Based Dominance and Opposition to Equality as Independent Predictors of Self-Esteem, Ethnocentrism, and Social Policy Attitudes among African Americans and European Americans

John T. Jost, Erik P. Thompson
2000 Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  
Sidanius, Stallworth, & Malle. 1994), we argue for the existence of two related ideological factors, one that measttres general opposition to equality (OEQ) and another that measures support for group-based  ...  Because of status differences between European and African Americans. it was hypothesiced that the two factors would be differentially related to each other and to variables of psychological well-being  ...  In Study 4, we added a measure of neuroticism to capture yet another way in which the fear of equality might impact negatively on the psychological functioning of low-status group members.  ... 
doi:10.1006/jesp.1999.1403 fatcat:5bjhh2zplje2bhcp5ygmbyxarm

Population strategies for prevention? If only it were that simple!

J. Moller
1997 Injury Prevention  
For a planned intervention to be effective, the people in these groups, or their carers, will need sufficient information to understand the need for, and to agree to, any action.  ...  The challenge for professionals is to communicate the process of implementation of specially targeted interventions designed to reduce the risk of injury to themselves or to others in the community. aGWn  ...  not impact equally on them.  ... 
doi:10.1136/ip.3.3.162 pmid:9338826 pmcid:PMC1067812 fatcat:46bnfgycabgnbiry2b2sozisaq

Geospatial Analysis and Research on Social and Spatial Inequality of Compulsory Education: A Case Study of Hangzhou, China

Ge He, Qinshi Huang, Jing-Hu Pan
2021 Complexity  
The research on Hangzhou, a regional central city, provides a theoretical basis and technical support for the humanistic shift in the allocation of educational resources.  ...  Traditional research conducted on the basis of fixed search range ignores the special institutional background of Chinese school district system.  ...  Acknowledgments is work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41771184).  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/6265751 fatcat:ytqckaeoxzewfcco4ui3xnsmvm

Differences in Black and White Perceptions regarding Addressing Racial Inequality in the Workplace

Richard Lewis
2017 OALib  
Whites, on the other hand, illustrated the opposite viewpoint by overwhelmingly not supporting preferential treatment as an organizational tool for dealing with workplace racial inequality.  ...  The data used to examine perceptions of racial inequality were obtained from the 2016 General Social Survey.  ...  The ideal is that every individual enjoys racial equality as reflected in the American value system.  ... 
doi:10.4236/oalib.1104199 fatcat:3bmjzsqymffadgptc4coocthsa

The Impact of Indigenous Status on Adult Sentencing: A Review of the Statistical Research Literature From the United States, Canada, and Australia

Samantha Jeffries, Christine E.W. Bond
2012 Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice  
Overall, this prior research shows strong support for the differential involvement thesis, and some support for the discrimination theses (positive and negative).  ...  The gross over-representation of Indigenous peoples in prison populations suggests sentencing may be a discriminatory process.  ...  ' of Indigenous peoples as a colonised group within the criminal justice system.  ... 
doi:10.1080/15377938.2012.700830 fatcat:yenes4i7m5fvllscvqmpjke5rm

The impacts of individualization on equity educational policies

Guadalupe Francia
2013 Journal of New Approaches in Educational Research  
Even though the present study focuses on the Swedish experience, it can lead to a better understanding of the impacts caused by individualization strategies on equity in other European countries.  ...  This article claims that individualization strategies based on differentiated curricula for students run the risk of increasing the discrimination of students for reasons of language or ethnic background  ...  This contribution discusses individualization ideology impacts on equity with a particular focus on the reduced and differentiated curricula for students of foreign origin.  ... 
doi:10.7821/naer.2.1.17-22 fatcat:dxekcl3h25bhblrgxoeszdxzby

The impact of vitamin A supplementation on mortality inequalities among children in Nepal

David Bishai, K C Samir Kumar, Hugh Waters, Michael Koenig, Joanne Katz, Subarna K Khatry, Keith P West
2005 Health Policy and Planning  
Objective: This paper examines gender, caste and economic differentials in child mortality in the context of a cluster-randomized trial of vitamin A distribution, in order to determine whether or not the  ...  Vitamin A supplementation also narrowed mortality differentials among Hindu castes, but did not lower the concentration of mortality across quintiles of asset ownership.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors (DB, MK, SK) wish to thank the Global Forum for Health Research for supporting this research. The vitamin A trial in Nepal was supported by cooperative agreement no.  ... 
doi:10.1093/heapol/czi007 pmid:15689431 fatcat:voujtwrbynek7h7uwlmue36cna
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