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Timing, working memory and expectancy: a review of interference studies

Claudette Fortin, Richard Schweickert
2016 Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences  
We underscore the similarity between this pattern and results observed in research on complex span, a measure of working memory capacity.  ...  In studies reviewed, consistent interference between timing in the range of seconds and concurrent memory search was found, but no interference with visual search, switching or activation from long-term  ...  Dzhafarov from the U. S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cobeha.2016.01.016 fatcat:6k22gkls5zboxn5mp6kvmhq52a

Directly Evaluating the Cognitive Impact of Search User Interfaces: a Two-Pronged Approach with fNIRS

Horia A. Maior, Matthew Pike, Max L. Wilson, Sarah C. Sharples
2013 European Workshop on Human-Computer Interaction and Information Retrieval  
This paper describes our two pronged approach focusing on a) moving fNIRS research beyond simple psychological tests towards actual interactive IR tasks and b) evaluating real search user interfaces.  ...  Recent research has pointed towards further understanding the cognitive processes involved in interactive information retrieval, with most papers using secondary measures of cognition to do so.  ...  Using a secondary measure, the Stroop task, Gwizdka [10] mapped varying levels of workload at multiple stages of search.  ... 
dblp:conf/eurohcir/MaiorPWS13 fatcat:i6yzjckegvhitcy4qimkx4me6a

Visual search for category sets: Tradeoffs between exploration and memory

M. M. Kibbe, E. Kowler
2011 Journal of Vision  
Limitations of working memory force a reliance on motor exploration to retrieve forgotten features of the visual array.  ...  As the complexity of the category rule increased, search favored exploration, with more visits and revisits needed to find the set.  ...  The cognitive demands of the search task were manipulated by varying the complexity of the rule that defined the set of target objects.  ... 
doi:10.1167/11.3.14 pmid:21421747 pmcid:PMC3519289 fatcat:w42dxruek5e2neg5cxvtykb3ye

The effect of cognitive abilities on information search for tasks of varying levels of complexity

Kathy Brennan, Diane Kelly, Jaime Arguello
2014 Proceedings of the 5th Information Interaction in Context Symposium on - IIiX '14  
We describe a study in which we explore how people's cognitive abilities affect their search behaviors and perceptions of workload while conducting search tasks with different levels of complexity.  ...  To evaluate the relationship between cognitive ability, task complexity and workload, we conducted three separate mixed factor ANOVAs corresponding to each of the abilities.  ...  Associative Memory While working (short-term) memory is of central importance in search tasks, intermediate memory comes into play as search tasks become more complex.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2637002.2637022 dblp:conf/iiix/BrennanKA14 fatcat:safsv6qsyndppomjumf6euyu34

Indirect assessment of visual working memory for simple and complex objects

Tal Makovski, Yuhong V. Jiang
2008 Memory & Cognition  
Makovski, Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, N218 Elliott Hall, 75 East River Road, Minneapolis,.  ...  with everyday vision tasks, where working memory is often used dynamically.  ...  To validate the use of the congruity effect as a means of assessing VWM, we first varied the number of objects held in VWM and tested whether the congruity effect diminished with increasing memory load  ... 
doi:10.3758/mc.36.6.1132 pmid:18927031 fatcat:t3pttsyptzculh7o3moel6hyuy

Searchers switch tactics under increased mental load

Jacek Gwizdka
2013 Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
Effects of mental demands on searchers were examined by controlling tasks complexity and by assessing searchers' working memory span (WM). The searchers were divided into low and high WM group.  ...  Low-WM searchers performed about the same number of searches and switched their tactic by visiting significantly fewer search results.  ...  In our study, we controlled search user interface, mental demands imposed by a task (by varying its level of complexity) and we assessed participants' mental capacity by testing their working memory span  ... 
doi:10.1002/meet.14505001145 fatcat:uf2pi3jn5zfwzfvjsnxm5cuqii

On the utility of P3 amplitude as a measure of processing capacity

2001 Psychophysiology  
by the joint operation of attention and working memory.  ...  The major factor that prompts this conclusion is that the two principal task variables that have been used to manipulate capacity allocation, namely task difficulty and task emphasis, have opposite effects  ...  Consistent with the study of Hoffman, Kramer further showed that effects of memory load on P3 amplitude were much smaller during the consistent mapping than during the varied mapping condition.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0048577201990559 pmid:11352145 fatcat:guaq2kas5nftneiitjkedbfw6m

The Role of Working Memory Representations in the Control of Attention

G. F. Woodman, S. J. Luck, J. D. Schall
2007 Cerebral Cortex  
To test this hypothesis, we asked subjects to perform a visual search task during the delay interval of a visual working memory task.  ...  Thus, a search template is stored in visual working memory only when the target varies from trial to trial.  ...  Notes We would like to thank Gordon Logan, Andrew Rossi, Shaun Vecera, and Edward Vogel for valuable discussions regarding this work and the anonymous reviewers for their comments.  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bhm065 pmid:17725994 pmcid:PMC2094040 fatcat:hmu767l2yzc7fpdeg6tqgj4qre

Taking the Load Off a Learner's Mind: Instructional Design for Complex Learning

Jeroen J. G. van Merrienboer, Paul A. Kirschner, Liesbeth Kester
2003 Educational Psychologist  
., 2001; Miller, 1956) and is thus easily retrievable from long-term memory and accessible in working memory during subsequent work on the learning tasks.  ...  Versions of the task with an intermediate complexity can be constructed by varying one or more of the simplifying conditions.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15326985ep3801_2 fatcat:jvaxiqrhjbagbaj4vgsbe2agra

The ticking time bomb: Using eye-tracking methodology to capture attentional processing during gradual time constraints

Ana M. Franco-Watkins, Matthew E. Davis, Joseph G. Johnson
2016 Attention, Perception & Psychophysics  
We examined how different experiences of time constraints affected decision strategies on a probabilistic inference task and whether individual differences in working memory accounted for complex strategy  ...  Our results indicate that although participants change search strategies during the most restricted times, the occurrence of the shift in strategies depends both on how the constraints are applied as well  ...  The research was supported in part by grant SES-0851990 from the National Science Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13414-016-1173-9 pmid:27506427 fatcat:vt6lbrjy2reyljchd5yhw3lxge

The involvement of working memory and inhibition functions in the different phases of insight problem solving

Kai Lv
2015 Memory & Cognition  
In Experiment 1, 87 subjects were administered a series of working memory span tasks and inhibition tasks, as well as a verbal insight problem.  ...  Second, executive functions, as measured by working memory capacity, influence mainly the initial searching phase, rather than the restructuring phase.  ...  Tasks Working memory span tasks and inhibition tasks The working memory span tasks included the reading working memory span task, operation working memory span task, rotation working memory span task,  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13421-014-0498-7 pmid:25604643 fatcat:ocazwhcs6vdofcldpwd53twm2e

Enhancing Cognition with Video Games: A Multiple Game Training Study

Adam C. Oei, Michael D. Patterson, Joy J. Geng
2013 PLoS ONE  
Match-3, spatial memory and hidden object games improved visual search performance while the latter two also improved spatial working memory.  ...  Tasks included an attentional blink task, a spatial memory and visual search dual task, a visual filter memory task to assess for multiple object tracking and cognitive control, as well as a complex verbal  ...  The task included three measures -a visual search task, a spatial working task as well as a dual task of visual search and spatial working memory.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058546 pmid:23516504 pmcid:PMC3596277 fatcat:nt4pgs7uwzexja55vpthulsosu

The Development of Nonverbal Working Memory and Executive Control Processes in Adolescents

Monica Luciana, Heather M. Conklin, Catalina J. Hooper, Rebecca S. Yarger
2005 Child Development  
To test this hypothesis, adolescents (9 to 20 years old) completed nonverbal working memory tasks with varying levels of executive demands.  ...  Consistent with these events, prefrontal functions that demand high levels of executive control may mature later than those that require working memory but decreased control.  ...  Search complexity varied in this study from searches of three locations to searches of eight locations.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2005.00872.x pmid:15892787 fatcat:yqhdjkhodfbkbkko4hp7ebfoly

Page 823 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 93, Issue 3 [page]

2006 Psychological Abstracts  
Here we show that attentional capture by an irrelevant color singleton during shape search critically depends on availability of working memory to the search task: When working memory is loaded in a concurrent  ...  These results suggest that the effect of attention on a nontarget object is more complex than was previously under- stood.—Journal abstract. 6606.  ... 

Eye movements as a gatekeeper for memorization: evidence for the persistence of attentional sets in visual memory search

Lynn Huestegge, Iring Koch
2011 Psychological Research  
Here, we study the role of overt attention (i.e., eye movements) as a gatekeeper for memorization processes (selection for memorization).  ...  in highly complex environments.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Jane Raymond, Werner Schneider, and an anonymous reviewer for helpful comments on a previous draft of the manuscript, and those who kindly volunteered to participate in the study  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00426-011-0345-4 pmid:21626128 fatcat:5foj7npktfexjez5summdptvei
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