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Simulating Conventions and Norms under Local Interactions and Imitation

Sebastian Ille
2013 Social Science Research Network  
We observe that the long-term convention is defined by a trade-off between risk and efficiency and that player population converges to the Pareto dominant though risk inferior convention for a broad range  ...  Additionally, this paper illustrates the dynamics of the setting. Focus is placed on 2 × 2 Nash coordination games on a two-dimensional lattice.  ...  We thus working*paper*sim Simulating Conventions and Norms under Local Interactions and Imitation 17 Fig. 13 .  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2275971 fatcat:szxa5fgzqnb2bcd54pjtculyda

Norm creation, spreading and emergence: A survey of simulation models of norms in multi-agent systems

Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu, Stephen Cranefield
2011 Multiagent and Grid Systems  
Norms in human societies are expectations of behaviours of the individuals. In human societies, there are several types of norms such as moral norms, social norms and legal norms (laws).  ...  We also discuss the strengths and weaknesses of each of these mechanisms.  ...  We would also like to thank Peter Whigham, Christian Müller-Schloer and Michael Winikoff for their comments. 50 B.T.R. Savarimuthu and S. Cranefield / Norm creation, spreading and emergence  ... 
doi:10.3233/mgs-2011-0167 fatcat:3ody7h3vsnctvkre5avqna6alq

The Emergence of Social Norms and Conventions

Robert X D Hawkins, Noah D Goodman, Robert L Goldstone
2018 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
At the level of individuals locally interacting in dyads, success depends on rapidly adapting pre-existing norms to the local context.  ...  At the population level, norms are influenced by intergenerational transmission and the structure of the social network.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Simon DeDeo, Edgar Jose Andrade Lotero, and Paul Smaldino for their helpful comments. The  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2018.11.003 pmid:30522867 fatcat:garbyolpszbq7czmijnpdbpz5q

The spontaneous emergence of conventions: An experimental study of cultural evolution

Damon Centola, Andrea Baronchelli
2015 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
network structure can direct the dynamics of norm formation, driving human populations with no ambition for large scale coordination to rapidly evolve shared social conventions.  ...  Here, we present experimental results - replicated at several scales - that demonstrate the spontaneous creation of universally adopted social conventions, and show how simple changes in a population's  ...  Vespignani and the MoBS Laboratory at Northeastern University for support in the early stages of the study, and acknowledges support from the Research Pump-Priming Fund of City University London.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1418838112 pmid:25646462 pmcid:PMC4343158 fatcat:64spktiddnglzoqozyz2f25oum

Imitation and the role of information in overcoming coordination failures

Carlos Alós-Ferrer, Simon Weidenholzer
2014 Games and Economic Behavior  
For a family of behavioral rules, including Imitate the Best and the Proportional Imitation Rule, we show that inefficient conventions arise independently of the interaction structure, if information is  ...  Note that in general these interaction structures will be rather local, meaning that agents will only interact with a small subset of the population, so that not everybody will interact with everybody  ...  In any local-interaction system the inefficient convention − → e min is the unique LRE under best reply learning.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.geb.2014.05.013 fatcat:m7guo2w2vjebjkjr52hoqya7i4

The evolution of authoritarian processes: Fostering cooperation in large-scale groups

Thomas Kessler, J. Christopher Cohrs
2008 Group Dynamics  
First, the evolution of social learning (particularly conformist and prestige biases) leads to the establishment of local and distinct cultural groups (conventionalism).  ...  Third, the common rules within a particular culture or group are reinforced by a tendency to reward norm compliance and punish norm deviations (authoritarian aggression).  ...  Individuals also imitate arbitrary local conventions and rules of coordination.  ... 
doi:10.1037/1089-2699.12.1.73 fatcat:ddxi4s6ncvcthcimhnmk4h2yee

Conditions for the Emergence of Shared Norms in Populations with Incompatible Preferences

Dirk Helbing, Wenjian Yu, Karl-Dieter Opp, Heiko Rauhut, Dante R. Chialvo
2014 PLoS ONE  
Our model highlights the importance of randomness, spatial interactions, non-linear dynamics, and self-organization.  ...  Nevertheless, there is a lack of dynamical models explaining how one of several possible behaviors is established as a norm and under what conditions.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank James A. Kitts, Matjaz Perc and one anonymous reviewer for useful comments. Author Contributions  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0104207 pmid:25166137 pmcid:PMC4148260 fatcat:d2vh5ol23jffhjrxyvihv5qpwi

Collective Learning for the Emergence of Social Norms in Networked Multiagent Systems

Chao Yu, Minjie Zhang, Fenghui Ren
2014 IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics  
This paper studies the emergence of social norms via learning from repeated local interactions in networked multiagent systems.  ...  A collective learning framework, which imitates the opinion aggregation process in human decision making, is proposed to study the impact of agent local collective behaviors on the emergence of social  ...  Chao Yu is supported by the China Scholarship Council-University of Wollongong Joint Postgraduate Scholarships Program. The kind assistance of Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tcyb.2014.2306919 pmid:25415942 fatcat:jhpl5ith7bba7nauisu7kv3zlq

Entrepreneurship of an institutional field: the emergence of coworking spaces for digital business models

Ricarda B. Bouncken, Sascha Kraus, Juan F. Martínez-Pérez
2020 The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal  
We argue that the sense of community, emotional activation, the local communities together with the digital linkages and the open office allowed coworking spaces to evolve as a real space for entrepreneurship  ...  The common lifestyle and the high digital identity of the users further explain the emergence of this entrepreneurship field that shows high convergent forms of coworking spaces.  ...  Locally shared frames of reference emerge and are activated primarily from the local interaction among users of the specific coworking space and less from the employees of coworking-providers because they  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11365-020-00689-4 fatcat:q3sky6h45vex7e7o7pzs6rnsn4

How groups can foster consensus: The case of local cultures [article]

Patrick Groeber, Frank Schweitzer, Kerstin Press
2009 arXiv   pre-print
Similar to social norms or conventions, it is an emergent feature resulting from the firms' interaction in an economic network.  ...  A local culture denotes a commonly shared behaviour within a cluster of firms.  ...  Local cultures as norms or conventions Once established, local cultures fulfill the function of social norms or conventions insofar as they solve co-operation or co-ordination problems.  ... 
arXiv:0904.0761v1 fatcat:wgv45sgffjfpfllz7oqfknpiim

Coordination Games and Local Interactions: A Survey of the Game Theoretic Literature

Simon Weidenholzer
2010 Games  
The second model dynamic is imitative, as e.g., in KMR, [12], Eshel, Samuelson, and Shaked [13], 15] . Under imitation rules players merely mimic the most successful behavior they observe.  ...  main technical tools employed, the main forces at work, and the most prominent results of the game theoretic literature on coordination games under local interactions.  ...  Financial support from the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) under project fund P18141-G09 and from the Vienna Science and Technology Fund (WWTF) under project fund MA 09-017 is gratefully acknowledged.  ... 
doi:10.3390/g1040551 fatcat:3d7zmcycx5bjzoc3fbdgkbpwqq

Hierarchical Heuristic Learning towards Effcient Norm Emergence [article]

Tianpei Yang, Jianye Hao, Zhaopeng Meng, Sandip Sen, Sheng Jin
2018 arXiv   pre-print
One important research question is how a norm can rapidly emerge through repeated local interaction within an agent society under different environments when their coordination space becomes large.  ...  Extensive experiment evaluations show that HHLS can support the emergence of desirable social norms more efficiently and is applicable in a much wider range of multiagent interaction scenarios compared  ...  the optimal norm may vary frequently as the environment dynamically changes and therefore, the bottom-up approach of emergent norms via local interactions promises to be more suitable for such kinds of  ... 
arXiv:1803.03059v1 fatcat:mkrrwjb6gjdjjjsba7mh2hm42m

Spite is contagious in dynamic networks

Zachary Fulker, Patrick Forber, Rory Smead, Christoph Riedl
2021 Nature Communications  
In dynamic networks spite evolves due to transient and partial anti-correlated interaction, even when other behaviors are positively correlated and average degree of correlated interaction in the population  ...  We show that dynamically evolving interaction networks provide a novel explanation for the evolution of costly harm.  ...  Received: 9 April 2020; Accepted: 1 December 2020; Acknowledgements We would like to thank Michael Foley who originally created much of the code used in our simulations and provided advice throughout  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41467-020-20436-1 pmid:33431873 fatcat:k72qorqzlnee7bmqzgxjgykxju

Pairwise imitation and evolution of the social contract

Nicola Campigotto
2020 Journal of evolutionary economics  
The results of two imitative decision rules are compared with each other and with those obtained when agents myopically best respond to the distribution of play.  ...  In contrast, pairwise imitation favours the emergence of the Pareto-inferior equilibrium. This result is robust to assuming assortative matching and some heterogeneity in decision rules.  ...  Compliance with Ethical Standards Conflict of interests The author declares he has no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00191-020-00714-3 fatcat:53c7iejrarhrtmfmeptrccwcte

Modelling Adaptive Learning Behaviours for Consensus Formation in Human Societies

Chao Yu, Guozhen Tan, Hongtao Lv, Zhen Wang, Jun Meng, Jianye Hao, Fenghui Ren
2016 Scientific Reports  
The focus is on investigating macroscopic phenomenon achieved through local dynamics that are based on simple social learning rules, such as local majority and conformity 8,24 , imitating a neighbor 23,25  ...  , providing us a comprehensive understanding of the dynamics of evolution and formation of opinions 8-10 , social conventions and rules 11,12 , as well as languages 13,14 in human societies.  ...  In this paper, we try to investigate the impact of learning from local interactions on the dynamics of opinion formation in a population of networked agents.  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep27626 pmid:27282089 pmcid:PMC4901282 fatcat:66bhzatayjeohjtm3rvkarj73a
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