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Dichotomies between computational and mathematical models

C Anthony Hunt, Glen E P Ropella, Sunwoo Park, Jesse Engelberg
2008 Nature Biotechnology  
As the primary semantics of computational models are operational, we use the term execution instead of simulation-hence executable biology."  ...  It is in (i) the intent and approach used by the scientist, (ii) what the computer is doing when implementations of those models are executed and (iii) why the computer behaves as it does.  ...  Computational models can be used for Dichotomies between computational and mathematical models To the editor: In a timely review in the November issue entitled "Executable cell biology," Jasmin Fisher  ... 
doi:10.1038/nbt0708-737 pmid:18612289 fatcat:6ef6jxrcmje2zpdrctbndttmgm

Comprehensive evaluation of association measures for fault localization

Lucia, David Lo, Lingxiao Jiang, Aditya Budi
2010 2010 IEEE International Conference on Software Maintenance  
This paper models the problem of locating faults as associating the execution or non-execution of particular program elements with failures.  ...  Two state-of-the-art measures are Tarantula and Ochiai, which are different from many other statistical measures.  ...  The contributions of this work are as follows: 1) We model the problem of fault localization as the association between the execution or non-execution of program elements and failures. 2) We comprehensive  ... 
doi:10.1109/icsm.2010.5609542 dblp:conf/icsm/LuciaLJB10 fatcat:ybmqwlwf3rd5dh73l4ppd2fmr4

A Unified Theoretical Framework for Cognitive Sequencing

Tejas Savalia, Anuj Shukla, Raju S. Bapi
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
We show how the computational principles of model-free and model-based learning paradigms, along with a pivotal role for attention and awareness, offer a unifying framework for these two dichotomies.  ...  Information related to the order of items, their timing, chunking and hierarchical organization are important aspects in sequencing.  ...  Further work has been directed at establishing a connection between the dichotomies-the behavioral dichotomy of goaldirected vs. habitual and the computational dichotomy of modelbased vs. model-free.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01821 pmid:27917146 pmcid:PMC5114455 fatcat:vsplfs4rx5hnnbzybsv4zn3ihq

The Myth of the Dichotomy: Complementarity of Politics and Administration in the Past and Future of Public Administration

James H. Svara
2001 PAR. Public Administration Review  
A final reason for the persistence of the dichotomy is the absence of an alternative model. In the next section, I will consider the development of the dichotomy idea in the past.  ...  The idea quickly took hold that Wilson, Goodnow, and White had advocated a dichotomy model based on strict separation of spheres.  ... 
doi:10.1111/0033-3352.00020 fatcat:zfg5w3xgunhfdeq4eavnhwtewy

Europe to ban direct-to-consumer genetic tests?

Pascal Borry
2008 Nature Biotechnology  
Computational models can be used for Dichotomies between computational and mathematical models To the editor: In a timely review in the November issue entitled "Executable cell biology," Jasmin Fisher  ...  As the primary semantics of computational models are operational, we use the term execution instead of simulation-hence executable biology."  ... 
doi:10.1038/nbt0708-736 pmid:18612288 fatcat:z53pbrc4nnffjfb7dgeushqdqq

Page 880 of Management & Marketing Abstracts Vol. 19, Issue 7 [page]

1994 Management & Marketing Abstracts  
Each of these dichotomies is described and discussed, and the basic theory of the model is analysed. Five criteria are used for evaluating the usefulness of the model.  ...  The typical interdependencies and organisational barriers that affect the planning and execution of these activities are then identified and discussed.  ... 

Software complex for modeling and optimization of program implementation on parallel calculation systems

Valery Bakanov
2018 Open Computer Science  
The built-in script Lua programming language is used to increase the flexibility of modeling and optimization capabilities.  ...  The paper considers the problem of developing rational methods for the creation of a framework (a plan, execution timetable) of parallel programs for real parallel computing systems.  ...  In this regard, research in the eld of modeling and optimizing the execution of programs on parallel computing systems are relevant today.  ... 
doi:10.1515/comp-2018-0019 fatcat:nmhaxukdgjeovnuulxmgvjiuci

Structure of executive functions in young and in older persons

Otmar Bock, Mathias Haeger, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage, Antonio Verdejo-García
2019 PLoS ONE  
However, the number and definition of the purported functions differed between studies.  ...  One possible explanation for this discrepancy is that executive functions don't exhibit a clear factorial structure, i.e., there is no clear dichotomy between executive function tests which are well-correlated  ...  Uwe Drescher, Christin Janouch and Konstantin Wechsler for their substantial contributions to data registration and analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216149 pmid:31071104 pmcid:PMC6508866 fatcat:e3kjyenyfzdkbd2rs66ekbsn4q

Political-Administrative Dichotomy: Its Sources, Logic and Debates

Shengyun Guo
2019 Open Journal of Social Sciences  
Since its birth in Europe in the 19 th century, the theory of political-administrative dichotomy has come into maturity via the help of Wilson and Goodnow.  ...  As the theoretical cornerstone of Public Administration, political-administrative dichotomy has a profound historical root, and yet still provoked vehement arguments and confrontations.  ...  But if we look at the US government, especially the reforms of local government, will obviously be aware of the signs of the government and the administration dichotomy, such as urban management model  ... 
doi:10.4236/jss.2019.73030 fatcat:e4l6ya6llvf3lblozhnjoh5mwa

Enhancing MapReduce Fault Recovery Through Binocular Speculation [article]

Huansong Fu, Yue Zhu, Amit Kumar Nath, Md. Muhib Khan, Weikuan Yu
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Our evaluation shows that, with these techniques, binocular speculation can increase the coordination of map and reduce phases, and enhance the efficiency of MapReduce fault recovery.  ...  But a tacit dichotomy exists in MapReduce due to its inherent two-phase (map and reduce) management scheme in which map tasks and reduce tasks have distinctly different execution behaviors, yet reduce  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work is supported in part by the National Science Foundation awards 1561041, 1564647, and 1744336.  ... 
arXiv:1901.07715v1 fatcat:bwchplbyzncgxhpn773rfhkfsq

Public administration and politics: the art of separation [chapter]

Patrick Overeem
2021 Handbook of Theories of Public Administration and Management  
With the demise of the dichotomy the subject of the relation between public administration and politics has not disappeared from the agenda, however (Campbell & Peters, 1998; Georgiou, 2014) .  ...  Politicians are elected, public administrators appointed; the former make decisions, the latter prepare and execute them -that is roughly how the government works and should work.  ...  The complementarity model, briefly summarized here, is currently the strongest alternative to the classical dichotomy model and has proven to be appealing to public sector professionals and academics alike  ... 
doi:10.4337/9781789908251.00010 fatcat:3ptkuet46vbifcyapsnvfv6gqe

The User Classes Building Process in a TEL Project [chapter]

Tania Di Mascio, Rosella Gennari, Alessandra Melonio, Pierpaolo Vittorini
2012 International Workshop on Evidence-Based Technology Enhanced Learning  
In order to design and develop the TERENCE system, we use a user centred design approach that requires an in depth study of the system's main end-users, namely, its learners and educators.  ...  This paper reports the user classes building process for learners by means of user-centred design field studies.  ...  The contents of the paper reflects only the authors' view and the EC is not liable for it.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-28801-2_13 dblp:conf/mis4tel/MascioGMV12a fatcat:p7cznrj5azexfldnhhfcvymoqm

Page 404 of Political Studies Vol. 37, Issue 3 [page]

1989 Political Studies  
Thirdly, at least in European mass parties, the simple leader—follower dichotomy assumes the viability of an organizational structure closely modelled on Weber’s ideal-type of bureaucratic organization  ...  '® Fourthly, the simple leader—-follower dichotomy cannot explain variability over time in intra-organizational relations and dynamic change of party strategies.  ... 

Lost in Transition: Governing Northern Ireland [chapter]

Michelle Rouse, Karl O'Connor
2020 The Palgrave Handbook of the Public Servant  
Concluding Remarks The analysis presented above has developed a conceptual framework for understanding the bureaucrat-politician dichotomy within Kaufman's model of bureaucratic values.  ...  or collective identity.Returning to Kaufman's model of competing bureaucratic values (neutral competence, representativeness, and executive leadership), we argue that in terms of bureaucrat role conception  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-03008-7_19-2 fatcat:p7qtsz4junhrlbrnzgez6kp4ja

Page 607 of Contemporary Psychology Vol. 31, Issue 8 [page]

1986 Contemporary Psychology  
The medical model The medical model regards mental dis- orders as diseases of the brain and ab- normal behavior as symptoms of brain disease, providing a dichotomy between illness and health.  ...  In general, while the disease model is usually uni- dimensional with a presence-or-absence dichotomy for the diagnosis, the consti- tutional model is multidimensional, pin- pointing the status of the individual  ... 
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