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The Cost of Monitoring Alone [article]

Luca Aceto, Antonis Achilleos, Adrian Francalanza, Anna Ingólfsdóttir, Karoliina Lehtinen
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Although a parallel monitor can be turned into an equivalent regular monitor, the cost of this transformation is a double-exponential blowup in the syntactic size of the monitors, and a triple-exponential  ...  We compare the succinctness of two monitoring systems for properties of infinite traces, namely parallel and regular monitors.  ...  ⊓ ⊔ The cost of the construction in the proof of Thm. 4 is due to the regularization of the monitor.  ... 
arXiv:1902.05152v1 fatcat:mqmxxadmmnhhrci2torraendly

The strain amplification sensor: A 3D-printable stand-alone strain gauge for low-cost monitoring

Mark Groden, Kaihua Zhang, Matt Collette
2018 Structural Control and Health Monitoring: The Bulletin of ACS  
Today a wide variety of sensor technologies exist, how-30 ever, the majority of the research focus to date has been on improving sensor 31 capabilities, not on reducing sensor cost. 32 Discussion on cost  ...  In many ways this 11 sensor is a simpler variant of a laboratory extensometers produced at the 12 fraction of a cost of a laboratory device.  ...  Both wireless and quick-attaching strain systems reduce the 54 cost of installing a full monitoring system.  ... 
doi:10.1002/stc.2145 fatcat:iwk3vjlmlbhbjgmdtpnbgsuida

Unobtrusive Monitoring the Daily Activity Routine of Elderly People Living Alone, with Low-Cost Binary Sensors

Ioan Susnea, Luminita Dumitriu, Mihai Talmaciu, Emilia Pecheanu, Dan Munteanu
2019 Sensors  
of the monitored persons.  ...  In this study, we propose a method to monitor the activity of the elderly living alone and detect deviations from the previous activity patterns based on the idea that the residential living environment  ...  Author Contributions: I.S. designed the experiment and wrote the original draft of the paper. E.P. performed the review of the related literature.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s19102264 fatcat:4urjq6ascndvtlxdx5qnk2vtsq

The long-term cost-effectiveness of fetal monitoring during labour: a comparison of cardiotocography complemented with ST analysis versus cardiotocography alone

E Heintz, T-H Brodtkorb, N Nelson, L-Å Levin
2008 BJOG: an International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology  
Objective To assess the cost-effectiveness of the use of cardiotocography (CTG) complemented with fetal electrocardiography and ST analysis compared with the use of CTG alone in term deliveries when a  ...  Conclusions Compared with CTG alone, ST analysis is costeffective when used in term high-risk deliveries in which there is a need for internal fetal monitoring.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors are grateful to the staff of the Division of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Linköping University Hospital for their assistance and collaboration in data collection.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1471-0528.2008.01935.x pmid:19035942 pmcid:PMC2659360 fatcat:y7sb6rblurd2vgv56c3uym4vwy

Cost-Effectiveness of Telemonitoring and Self-Monitoring of Blood Pressure for Antihypertensive Titration in Primary Care (TASMINH4)

Mark Monahan, Sue Jowett, Alecia Nickless, Marloes Franssen, Sabrina Grant, Sheila Greenfield, F. D. Richard Hobbs, James Hodgkinson, Jonathan Mant, Richard J. McManus
2019 Hypertension  
However, both the cost-effectiveness of these strategies compared with usual care, and whether the additional benefit of telemonitoring compared with self-monitoring alone could be considered value for  ...  usual care or self-monitoring alone (posting the results to the physician).  ...  Members of the data monitoring committee were Dr Martyn Lewis (chair), Dr Emma Bray, and Sarah Purdy. Sources of Funding  ... 
doi:10.1161/hypertensionaha.118.12415 pmid:31067190 pmcid:PMC6510405 fatcat:ce74t7e3pbdjdm5zd7grxtbc64

Remote Diabetic Foot Temperature Monitoring for Early Detection of Diabetic Foot Ulcers: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Elizabeth Brooks, Megan Burns, Ran Ma, Henk Jan Scholten, Shawn H Becker
2021 ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research  
To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of remote foot temperature monitoring (RFTM) (Siren's Neurofabric™ Diabetic socks) in addition to standard of care (SoC) versus SoC alone for early detection of DFU with  ...  RFTM plus SoC was associated with cost savings of $38,593 per additional ulcer avoided versus SoC alone, and $8027 per patient per year on average compared to SoC alone.  ...  The average monthly cost of an ulcer and average cost of amputation had a range of plus or minus 20%. The cost range used in the model is between $1250 and $1500.  ... 
doi:10.2147/ceor.s322424 pmid:34675567 pmcid:PMC8504713 fatcat:s4bcrnrpubf3pawubxupkudpjy

Cost‐Effectiveness of Laboratory Monitoring in Sub‐Saharan Africa: A Review of the Current Literature

Rochelle P. Walensky, Andrea L. Ciaranello, Ji‐Eun Park, Kenneth A. Freedberg
2010 Clinical Infectious Diseases  
We describe the use of cost-effectiveness analysis in resource-limited settings and review the cost-effectiveness literature with regard to monitoring the CD4 cell count and HIV RNA level in Africa, highlighting  ...  Cost-effectiveness analysis can be used to evaluate the value for money of strategies for HIV care, including alternative approaches to laboratory monitoring.  ...  National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (R01 AI058736, K24 AI062476, P30 AI060354, K01 AI078754), the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation (Clinical Scientist Development Award), and the Elizabeth  ... 
doi:10.1086/653119 pmid:20482371 pmcid:PMC2880656 fatcat:cvqd4zjfujdc3at5tbrrsej7d4

Monitoring of HIV viral load, CD4 cell count, and clinical assessment versus clinical monitoring alone for antiretroviral therapy in low-resource settings (Stratall ANRS 12110/ESTHER): a cost-effectiveness analysis

Sylvie Boyer, Laura March, Charles Kouanfack, Gabrièle Laborde-Balen, Patricia Marino, Avelin Fobang Aghokeng, Eitel Mpoudi-Ngole, Sinata Koulla-Shiro, Eric Delaporte, Maria Patrizia Carrieri, Bruno Spire, Christian Laurent (+1 others)
2013 Lancet. Infectious Diseases (Print)  
The Stratall trial did not show that clinical monitoring alone was non-inferior to laboratory and clinical monitoring in terms of immunological recovery.  ...  We aimed to evaluate the costs and cost-eff ectiveness of the ART monitoring approaches assessed in the Stratall trial.  ...  the English revision and editing of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1473-3099(13)70073-2 pmid:23602084 fatcat:loeurgskf5h5ziy366qhm6iehm

An Experimenter's Influence on Motor Enhancements: The Effects of Letter Congruency and Sensory Switch-Costs on Multisensory Integration

Ayla Barutchu, Charles Spence
2020 Frontiers in Psychology  
Those participants who completed the study while alone exhibited increased RT variability.  ...  These incidental findings therefore suggest that the effects of letter congruence and sensory switching on multisensory integration are partly modulated by the presence of an experimenter.  ...  CS contributed to data analysis, interpretation, and the write-up of the manuscript. Both authors contributed to the article and approved the submitted version.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.588343 pmid:33335500 pmcid:PMC7736551 fatcat:4qpsgoqeijandjx56nsds6wxr4

The Cost-effectiveness of a Point-of-Care Paper Transaminase Test for Monitoring Treatment of HIV/TB Co-Infected Persons

Radha Rajasingham, Nira R Pollock, Benjamin P Linas
2017 Open Forum Infectious Diseases  
Use of the paper-based test with the bin placement strategy was cost-effective compared with clinical monitoring alone. Conclusion.  ...  The outcome measures were discounted quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), costs, and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs). Results. The ICER of automated testing was $5180/QALY.  ...  Conflicts that the editors consider relevant to the content of the manuscript have been disclosed.  ... 
doi:10.1093/ofid/ofx194 pmid:30364559 pmcid:PMC6197379 fatcat:aoglxfawyjgepahbgxz3c4sdwq

Mobile Cardiac Outpatient Telemetry Patch vs Implantable Loop Recorder in Cryptogenic Stroke Patients in the US – Cost-Minimization Model

Goran Medic, Nikos Kotsopoulos, Mark P Connolly, Jennifer Lavelle, Vincent Norlock, Manish Wadhwa, Belinda A Mohr, Wayne M Derkac
2021 Medical Devices : Evidence and Research  
The model assessed direct costs for one year attributed to MCOT patch followed by ILR or ILR alone using a monitoring duration of 30 days post-cryptogenic stroke.  ...  Using MCOT patch followed by ILR in half of the patients initially undiagnosed with AF leads to significant cost savings of US$4,083,214 compared to ILR alone in a cohort of 1000 patients.  ...  The current model assesses the costs accrued with MCOT patch followed by ILR or ILR alone using a monitoring time of 30 days and a time horizon of one year post-cryptogenic stroke.  ... 
doi:10.2147/mder.s337142 pmid:34955658 pmcid:PMC8694406 fatcat:i7acoew44bdrxbslv2kytqkuhy

Continuous glucose monitoring for patients with diabetes: an evidence-based analysis

Medical Advisory Secretariat
2011 Ontario health technology assessment series  
To determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of continuous glucose monitoring combined with self-monitoring of blood glucose compared with self-monitoring of blood glucose alone in the management  ...  What is the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of CGM combined with SMBG compared with SMBG alone in the management of diabetes?  ...  more effective than self monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) alone in the reduction of HbA1c using insulin infusion pumps for Type 1 diabetes. 2. is not more effective than SMBG alone in the reduction  ... 
pmid:23074416 pmcid:PMC3377575 fatcat:2ciaijajifct7jdebypd53u4fy

Market Discipline in Conglomerate Banks: Is an Internal Allocation of Cost of Capital Necessary As Incentive Device?

Anjolein B. Schmeits, Arnoud W. A. Boot
1996 Social Science Research Network  
effective in a conglomerate, even if outsiders can detect monitoring choices of each division as easily in the conglomerate as in the stand-alone case.  ...  We start with division A In the presence of market discipline the manager of a stand-alone division A solves the following optimization problem: With complete selffinancing the first best level of monitoring  ...  Then it can completes the proof. u 14 In this analysis we ignore the potential divergence private and social optimality rootes in the private costs V(m).  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.914 fatcat:2peiafdxpfbxtfgb2lmgezf7fq

Optimal control of an invasive species with imperfect information about the level of infestation

Robert G. Haight, Stephen Polasky
2010 Resource and Energy Economics  
For a case with positive monitoring and treatment costs, we find that the optimal policy involves choosing no action when there is a sufficiently large probability of no infestation, monitoring alone with  ...  With costless and perfect monitoring, expected costs are 20-30% lower across the range of belief states relative to the expected costs without monitoring. Published by Elsevier B.V.  ...  We also thank two anonymous referees and the editor for their helpful comments. This research was supported by the U.S. Forest Service Northern Research Station.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.reseneeco.2010.04.005 fatcat:tfflxhwdvvc63lg4jj5tb3ph6e

Alternative antiretroviral monitoring strategies for HIV-infected patients in east Africa: opportunities to save more lives?

R Scott Braithwaite, Kimberly A Nucifora, Constantin T Yiannoutsos, Beverly Musick, Sylvester Kimaiyo, Lameck Diero, Melanie C Bacon, Kara Wools-Kaloustian
2011 Journal of the International AIDS Society  
We estimated the incremental benefit and cost effectiveness of alternative monitoring strategies for east Africans with known HIV infection.  ...  Monitoring strategies employing routine virologic testing alone only maximized health benefits at willingness-to-pay levels (> $4400/QALY) that greatly exceeded the ICER of earlier cART initiation.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge Amy C Justice, MD, PhD, and Joyce CH Chang, PhD, for data from the Veterans Aging Cohort Study.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1758-2652-14-38 pmid:21801434 pmcid:PMC3163507 fatcat:jdzwdb2m6bgplbr3wwnnnuapcy
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