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Of adding oranges and apples: how non-abstract representations may foster abstract numerical cognition

Andrea Bender, Sieghard Beller
2013 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Citation: Bender A and Beller S (2013) Of adding oranges and apples: how non-abstract representations may foster abstract numerical cognition. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 7:903.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was supported by a Heisenberg Fellowship from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG to Andrea Bender (Be 2451/8-2). We are indebted to Martin Silverman for inspiration.  ...  SPECIFIC COUNTING SYSTEMS IN OCEANIC LANGUAGES In a large number of Oceanic languages, two types of verbal systems co-exist: regular systems for general counting and systems restricted to counting specific  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2013.00903 pmid:24399959 pmcid:PMC3872042 fatcat:hvw4bz36y5e4jinlr6bjntjcrq

Mangarevan invention of binary steps for easier calculation

A. Bender, S. Beller
2013 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
role of culture for the evolution of and diversity in numerical cognition. mathematical cognition | binary numeration systems | cognitive tools | cultural representations | mental arithmetic A t the onset  ...  Although the majority of verbal number systems have base 10, followed by 20 and 5 (2)-arguably motivated by body-based counting practices (3-6)-other bases are also observed, albeit rarely (7, 8).  ...  Spengler for valuable comments on earlier versions of this paper. This work was supported by a Heisenberg Fellowship from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG (Be 2451/8-2) (to A.B.).  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1309160110 pmid:24344278 pmcid:PMC3910603 fatcat:lgz4wnaz75emlaa75antengiee

An Effective End-User Development Approach Through Domain-Specific Mashups for Research Impact Evaluation [article]

Muhammad Imran
2014 arXiv   pre-print
That is, we introduce a domain-specific approach to mashups that "speaks the language of users"., i.e., that is aware of the terminology, concepts, rules, and conventions (the domain) the user is comfortable  ...  Taking data from these diverse sources, performing the analysis and visualizing results in different ways is not a trivial and straight forward task.  ...  We apply the methodology in the context of a mashup platform that supports the development of domain-specific mashup tools.  ... 
arXiv:1312.7520v3 fatcat:ruw34tuqo5b47nwi62zs6ffw7y

Searching for the Critical p of Macphail's Null Hypothesis: The Contribution of Numerical Abilities of Fish

Maria Elena Miletto Petrazzini, Alessandra Pecunioso, Marco Dadda, Christian Agrillo
2020 Frontiers in Psychology  
In 1985, Macphail argued that there are no differences among the intellects of non-human vertebrates and that humans display unique cognitive skills because of language.  ...  Taken together, we believe that the recent evidence of numerical abilities in fish call for a deeper reflection of Macphail's hypothesis.  ...  The present work was carried out within the scope of the research program Dipartimenti di Eccellenza (art.1, commi 314-337 legge 232/2016), which was supported by a grant from MIUR to the Department of  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00055 pmid:32116895 pmcid:PMC7025564 fatcat:3l4jt43guneujo3j7j6uphu77m

Domain-Specific Knowledge as the "Dark Matter" of Adult Intelligence: Gf/Gc, Personality and Interest Correlates

P. L. Ackerman
2000 The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences  
A reassessment of the nature of intelligence in adulthood is provided, in the context of a lifelong learning and investment model, called PPIK, for intelligence-as-Process, Personality, Interests, and  ...  The results indicate that middle-aged adults are more knowledgeable in many domains, compared with younger adults. A coherent pattern of ability, personality, and interest relations is found.  ...  I also gratefully acknowledge the assistance of the Kanfer-Ackerman Laboratory staff for assisting in item creation, experiment running and data coding, especially the efforts of Eric Rolfhus in coordinating  ... 
doi:10.1093/geronb/55.2.p69 pmid:10794186 fatcat:jutouquev5b3zifmgwxfuweggq

An association between understanding cardinality and analog magnitude representations in preschoolers

Jennifer B. Wagner, Susan C. Johnson
2011 Cognition  
The preschool years are a time of great advances in children's numerical thinking, most notably as they master verbal counting.  ...  Study 2 aimed to look for evidence of the analog magnitude system in mappings to the words in preschoolers' verbal counting list.  ...  Based on past work, lower COV values in the present analysis can be taken as a proxy for higher precision in the mappings of the analog magnitude system to the verbal count list.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2010.11.014 pmid:21288508 fatcat:sgy2hwgjzvdofiwe25c6yw5l4a

Complexity in the Specification of the History Curriculum

Rob Siebörger
2017 Public History Weekly  
drought) and the response of humans'with tenuous links to the previous sub-topics; and 'Oceans as a major source of moisture and oxygen for the ocean, protein food and energy supply'.  ...  -The teaching of language structures should be integrated as part of the teaching plan. • The CAPS documents require a thorough edit, as many of the subject evaluation teams reported that there are numerous  ...  in each curriculum, and the degree of cognitive complexity (depth) at which each topic is dealt with in the NCS and the CAPS.  ... 
doi:10.1515/phw-2017-9662 fatcat:u54pqn6frvanthte3a5fpisoqq

Hyper-Image Network? An Investigation Into The Role Of Text And Image In The Design Of Hypertext Networks With Specific Consideration Of The World Wide Web

Vogelsang, Axel (Autor/in)
2007 Zenodo  
It will be demonstrated that hypertext and specifically the Web to the contrary are still very much text-based environments, strongly built on both the diachronic and synchronic qualities of language and  ...  A new understanding of the role of the designer in the context of digital writing will be proposed because, as it will be demonstrated, notions of [...]  ...  And as soon as the sign represents a specific word in order to suspend the confusion, it inevitably turns into an annotation system for spoken language where the visual representation becomes secondary  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.44490 fatcat:osyyga7shrecneu2qfd2exdgly

An automated method to analyze language use in patients with schizophrenia and their first-degree relatives

Brita Elvevåg, Peter W. Foltz, Mark Rosenstein, Lynn E. DeLisi
2010 Journal of Neurolinguistics  
Although these findings should be regarded as preliminary due to the limitations of the data at our disposal, we present a brief analysis of the models that best differentiate these groups in order to  ...  Communication disturbances are prevalent in schizophrenia, and since it is a heritable illness these are likely present -albeit in a muted form -in the relatives of patients.  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported in part by the NIMH Intramural Research Program.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jneuroling.2009.05.002 pmid:20383310 pmcid:PMC2850213 fatcat:xudiudjjereinhpyu6tp4wkr2q

Monster Analogies

Robert R. Hoffman
1995 The AI Magazine  
Some of the Many Salient Analogies in the History of Some Sciences.  ...  Sound moves in waves, like water. Vitruvius The Earth is a magnet. Gilbert The Earth is like a sailing ship. Galileo Light is like sound (that is, waves).  ...  A system can certainly contain numerous canned-in meaning primitives, as in Russell's (1976 Russell's ( , 1986) ) model.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v16i3.1145 dblp:journals/aim/Hoffman95 fatcat:ykop6tjokzd5zc6beazwfaxrxm

Abstracts Presented at the International Neuropsychological Society, the Swiss Neuropshchological Society (SVNP), and the German Neuropsychological Society (GNP) Meeting, July 26–30, 2006, Zurich, Switzerland

2006 Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society  
However, the breakdown of verbal STM as a function of the multiple cognitive processes intervening in verbal STM tasks could be a more fruitful strategy when trying to link a specific cognitive function  ...  Email: j.zoellig@psychologie.unizh We examined the influence of numerical procedures and of magnitude and verbal number representations on fMRI signal in a parametric rapid event-related fMRI study.  ...  This was interpreted as a stuck-in -set perseveration, specifically a failure to inhibit counting in thousands at the very last step (where in fact a change in the hundreds is required).  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1355617706069955 fatcat:weo5fxgnqja2tlehcvrqmenrqe

Semantic and Perceptual Processing of Number Symbols: Evidence from a Cross-linguistic fMRI Adaptation Study

Ian D. Holloway, Christian Battista, Stephan E. Vogel, Daniel Ansari
2013 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Humans have used this quantitative sense as the foundation for symbolic systems for the representation of numerical magnitude.  ...  Specifically, we used an fMRI adaptation paradigm to examine the neural response to Hindu-Arabic numerals and Chinese numerical ideographs in a group of Chinese readers who could read both symbol types  ...  The theoretical foundation (Dehaene, 1997) guiding the study of numerical cognition posits that symbolic numerical processing is scaffolded by a system of nonsymbolic numerical representation-one that  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00323 pmid:23163414 fatcat:pj64xhc5p5d6ri5p5ngvxtshfq

Positional Value and Linguistic Recursion

John Kadvany
2007 Journal of Indian Philosophy  
Acknowledgements I am grateful to the International Institute for Asian Studies for sponsoring my participation in the 2006 workshop ''The Generosity of Artificial Languages in an Asian Perspective,''  ...  Jens Høyrup's extensive critique of an early draft provided invaluable direction and stimulation.  ...  Such choices make it easier to find a euphonious and compact representation for any numeric value, which again is a primary motivation for the system.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10781-007-9025-5 fatcat:rez37jakzne2zlpn5celg3bqk4

Determination of a site-specific reference dose for methylmercury for fish-eating populations

Annette M. Shipp, P. Robinan Gentry, Greg Lawrence, Cynthia Van Landingham, Tammie Covington, Harvey J. Clewell, Kirk Gribben, Kenny Crump
2000 Toxicology and industrial health  
As a part of this assessment, Alcoa pursued the development of a site -specific RfD for methylmercury to specifically address the potential human health effects associated with the ingestion of contaminated  ...  Based on a review of the available literature on the effects of methylmercury, a study conducted with a population in the Seychelles Islands was selected as the critical study for this analysis.  ...  An alternative approach is to perform a simple correlation analysis of the model outputs and the input parameters. Both methods have specific advantages.  ... 
doi:10.1177/074823370001600901 pmid:11762928 fatcat:wycbdk5nfzbjjm7amw4lsgg4ki

The origins of narrative: In search of the transactional format of narratives in humans and other social animals

Kerstin Dautenhahn
2002 International Journal of Cognition and Technology  
Assuming an evolutionary and developmental continuity of mental experiences, we propose a grounding of human narrative capacities in non-verbal narrative transactions in non-human animals, and in pre-verbal  ...  This article presents work in progress towards a better understanding of the origins of narrative.  ...  In the wild, the extent to which animals use a communication system as complex as human language is still controversial.  ... 
doi:10.1075/ijct.1.1.07dau fatcat:pilie5zrfvdapi7fcym5yibweu
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