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Can the Crowd Judge Truthfulness? A Longitudinal Study on Recent Misinformation about COVID-19 [article]

Kevin Roitero and Michael Soprano and Beatrice Portelli and Massimiliano De Luise and Damiano Spina and Vincenzo Della Mea and Giuseppe Serra and Stefano Mizzaro and Gianluca Demartini
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Our results show that: workers are able to detect and objectively categorize online (mis)information related to COVID-19; both crowdsourced and expert judgments can be transformed and aggregated to improve  ...  Recently, the misinformation problem has been addressed with a crowdsourcing-based approach: to assess the truthfulness of a statement, instead of relying on a few experts, a crowd of non-expert is exploited  ...  We thank the reviewers which provided insightful and detailed remarks that helped to improve the quality of the paper.  ... 
arXiv:2107.11755v1 fatcat:pxyasrohpvdevcnbfx42utklfy

The COVID-19 Infodemic: Can the Crowd Judge Recent Misinformation Objectively? [article]

Kevin Roitero, Michael Soprano, Beatrice Portelli, Damiano Spina, Vincenzo Della Mea, Giuseppe Serra, Stefano Mizzaro, Gianluca Demartini
2020 pre-print
We specifically target statements related to the COVID-19 health emergency, that is still ongoing at the time of the study and has arguably caused an increase of the amount of misinformation that is spreading  ...  online (a phenomenon for which the term "infodemic" has been used).  ...  To the best of our knowledge, we are the first to report on crowd assessment of COVID-19 related misinformation.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3340531.3412048 arXiv:2008.05701v1 fatcat:rq47sp2qgnczzkemdbovzuqlqq

Fighting the COVID-19 Infodemic in Social Media: A Holistic Perspective and a Call to Arms [article]

Firoj Alam, Fahim Dalvi, Shaden Shaar, Nadir Durrani, Hamdy Mubarak, Alex Nikolov, Giovanni Da San Martino, Ahmed Abdelali, Hassan Sajjad, Kareem Darwish, Preslav Nakov
2021 arXiv   pre-print
With the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, people turned to social media to read and to share timely information including statistics, warnings, advice, and inspirational stories.  ...  Unfortunately, alongside all this useful information, there was also a new blending of medical and political misinformation and disinformation, which gave rise to the first global infodemic.  ...  Acknowledgments This research is part of the Tanbih project, 4 which aims to limit the impact of disinformation, "fake news," propaganda and media bias by making users aware of what they are reading.  ... 
arXiv:2007.07996v2 fatcat:fcg2ohfeurbz7e7w6dplhrou7u

Fighting the COVID-19 Infodemic: Modeling the Perspective of Journalists, Fact-Checkers, Social Media Platforms, Policy Makers, and the Society [article]

Firoj Alam, Shaden Shaar, Fahim Dalvi, Hassan Sajjad, Alex Nikolov, Hamdy Mubarak, Giovanni Da San Martino, Ahmed Abdelali, Nadir Durrani, Kareem Darwish, Abdulaziz Al-Homaid, Wajdi Zaghouani (+5 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
With the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, the political and the medical aspects of disinformation merged as the problem got elevated to a whole new level to become the first global infodemic.  ...  To address this gap, we release a large dataset of 16K manually annotated tweets for fine-grained disinformation analysis that (i) focuses on COVID-19, (ii) combines the perspectives and the interests  ...  This publication was also partially made possible by the innovation grant No. 21 -Misinformation and Social Networks Analysis in Qatar from Hamad Bin Khalifa University's (HBKU) Innovation Center.  ... 
arXiv:2005.00033v5 fatcat:pqmx6nl22jay7kvoiuunq4hrp4

Communication strategies in the infodemic era

Serena Camilla Crocchi
2020 Quaderni di Linguistica e Studi Orientali  
The disruptive revolution brought by internet and social media platforms in the last two decades have had major repercussion in the conceptualization of the world of information and many of its dynamics  ...  We also try to demonstrate that structural changes in communication, made possible by the very nature of the digital dimension of social media, and the narrative-subjective approach to the facts have undermined  ...  Infodemic and media consumption during COVID-19 Dealing with the infodemic The term infodemic was coined in 2003 by journalist and political scientist David Rothkopf in a Washington Post column, when  ... 
doi:10.13128/qulso-2421-7220-9707 doaj:c256bf3bbb1c4a9eace836e1d7753dfb fatcat:ejbhqhawp5czjemh7hfy6kb2fy

COVID-19: Communication Strategies during the Pandemic

Serena Camilla Crocchi, University of Florence, Italy
2021 KnowEx Social Sciences  
Keywords: communication, COVID-19, fake news, infodemic, post-truth  ...  We will also analyze the use of the war metaphor made by many politicians referring to COVID-19 in order to shape public understanding.  ...  The opinions of the common man have the same epistemological weight and communicative value of the scientist. .Infodemic and media consumption during COVID-19 Dealing with the infodemic The term infodemic  ... 
doi:10.17501/27059901.2020.1102 fatcat:wywlkixmbzah5hm3bk6ep6bo5y

Bayesian Model for Covid-19 to Achieve Immunity by Parsimony of Exponential Functions Minimizing the Inoculum

Lamothe N, Lamothe M, Lamothe D, Sierra C, Gonzalez- Tellez-Giron CH, Rodas VH, Lamothe A, Sanchez-Montiel J, Lamothe C, Galicia H, Perez-Avalos JL, Rojas O (+4 others)
2021 Journal of Emerging Diseases and Virology  
The latter is the battlefield, and the subject's obsession is the rise of the neurotransmitter dopamine [3,4].  ...  by minimizing the inoculum.  ...  The challenge there is threefold, on the one hand, to detect incorrect information that occurs frequently in many cases (it also happens in Covid), the second is to estimate the information that could  ... 
doi:10.16966/2473-1846.160 fatcat:uubi3ialw5cqlg2wfarvwvyjsy

Fighting the COVID-19 Infodemic: Modeling the Perspective of Journalists, Fact-Checkers, Social Media Platforms, Policy Makers, and the Society

Firoj Alam, Shaden Shaar, Fahim Dalvi, Hassan Sajjad, Alex Nikolov, Hamdy Mubarak, Giovanni Da San Martino, Ahmed Abdelali, Nadir Durrani, Kareem Darwish, Abdulaziz Al-Homaid, Wajdi Zaghouani (+5 others)
2021 Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2021   unpublished
Can the crowd identify misinformation Preslav Nakov, Alberto Barrón-Cedeño, Tamer El- objectively?  ...  poste- of COVID-19 tweets, aiming to help in the fight riors from the BERT classifier, which we combined against the COVID-19 infodemic.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2021.findings-emnlp.56 fatcat:fpkwoxgneng7zo6fzwd3tipysi

Raising the Flag: Monitoring User Perceived Disinformation on Reddit

Vlad Achimescu, Pavel Dimitrov Chachev
2020 Information  
Using this method can help researchers understand how truth and falsehood are perceived in the subreddit communities, and to identify new false narratives before they spread through the larger population  ...  This paper offers a descriptive analysis of which topics, venues, and time periods were linked to perceived misinformation in the first half of 2020, and compares user flagged sources with an external  ...  of the research process.  ... 
doi:10.3390/info12010004 fatcat:djnvrrzb5ngrjgyq543euttb4a

A Survey on Echo Chambers on Social Media: Description, Detection and Mitigation [article]

Faisal Alatawi, Lu Cheng, Anique Tahir, Mansooreh Karami, Bohan Jiang, Tyler Black, Huan Liu
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Echo chambers on social media are a significant problem that can elicit a number of negative consequences, most recently affecting the response to COVID-19.  ...  Moreover, the problem of echo chambers is connected to other pertinent issues like political polarization and the spread of misinformation.  ...  However, the COVID-19 vaccine- to propagate misinformation (Törnberg 2018).  ... 
arXiv:2112.05084v1 fatcat:hr5l4tnsyjeuvnzlexfb67m4xu

Positionality in a Postdigital Context [chapter]

2021 Postdigital Positionality  
During the Covid-19 crisis, moral judgements have intermingled with public health advice and misinformation 'infodemics' (Peters, Jandrić & McLaren, 2020 , Gregory, 2020 , Peters & Besley, 2020 .  ...  Covid-19 global crisis.  ... 
doi:10.1163/9789004466029_003 fatcat:utinsfxmdfdabmwjwgoj72khem

Tailoring heuristics and timing AI interventions for supporting news veracity assessments

Benjamin D. Horne, Dorit Nevo, Sibel Adali, Lydia Manikonda, Clare Arrington
2020 Computers in Human Behavior Reports  
We link our findings to prior literature on confirmation bias and we provide insights for news providers and AI tool designers to help mitigate the negative consequences of misinformation.  ...  In this work, we seek to fill part of this gap by exploring two important elements of tools' design: the timing of news veracity interventions and the format of the presented interventions.  ...  Soon after this announcement, the WHO described information on COVID-19 as an 'infodemic' due to "an over-abundance of information -some accurate and some not". 1 Due to the high frequency of new, evolving  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.chbr.2020.100043 fatcat:k3j2lt74lnblllevknm2m3zs4q

Transnational Social Implications of the Use of the "War metaphor" Concerning Coronavirus: A Bird's Eye View

Emilia Martinez-Brawley, Estrella Gualda, Universita' Degli Studi Di Salerno
This paper reflects on the force of the war metaphor primarily in Spain and the U.S. Examples from other countries are included.  ...  The situation of immigrants during the pandemic is discussed. The paper includes manifestations of those differences in celebrations, and mourning relating to the pandemic.  ...  This is directly related to recent research results on the dissemination of news about COVID-19.  ... 
doi:10.14273/unisa-2963 fatcat:o24uywsjnjbqvovnsnvp24mfdq

Viral Information: How States and Platforms Deal with Covid-19-Related Disinformation; an Exploratory Study of 20 Countries

Martin Fertmann, Matthias C. Kettemann
This study explores the spread of disinformation relating to the Covid-19 pandemic on the internet, dubbed by some as the pandemic's accompanying "infodemic," and the societal reactions to this development  ...  This can also provide incentives for further rigorous studies of disinformation governance standards and their impact across different socio-cultural environments.  ...  That way platform users who are committed to combatting misinformation can trust the system and effectively form part of a "crowd sourced" body of fact checkers and people who will not re-share dubious  ... 
doi:10.21241/ssoar.75124 fatcat:lmz4p6k34neidnio2m4c22q6xm

A health promotion approach to emergency management: effective community engagement strategies from five cases

J Hope Corbin, Ukam Ebe Oyene, Erma Manoncourt, Hans Onya, Metrine Kwamboka, Mary Amuyunzu-Nyamongo, Kristine Sørensen, Oliver Mweemba, Margaret M Barry, Davison Munodawafa, Yolanda V Bayugo, Qudsia Huda (+4 others)
The COVID-19 pandemic has reconfirmed the need to elevate community engagement to build equity, trust and sustained action in future health promotion preparedness strategies.  ...  This paper presents five case studies from the United States, Singapore, Sierra Leone, Kenya and South Africa that demonstrate the potential strengths that can be nurtured to build resilience in local  ...  This was motivated by the high number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 among migrant workers residing in crowded dormitories.  ... 
doi:10.1093/heapro/daab152 pmid:34897448 pmcid:PMC8667549 fatcat:wprppchi3vfmnab2b5qn34glam
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