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The Biology of Linguistic Expression Impacts Neural Correlates for Spatial Language

Karen Emmorey, Stephen McCullough, Sonya Mehta, Laura L. B. Ponto, Thomas J. Grabowski
2013 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
PET was used to investigate the neural substrates supporting the production of spatial language in American Sign Language as expressed by classifier constructions, in which handshape indicates object type  ...  ■ Biological differences between signed and spoken languages may be most evident in the expression of spatial information.  ...  We would like to thank Joel Bruss, Jocelyn Cole, Franco Korpics, Erica Parker, Jill Weisberg, and the University of Iowa PET Center nurses and staff for their assistance with the study.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00339 pmid:23249348 pmcid:PMC3715382 fatcat:ac3yrqpkazhbde3oqmgvov26sy

Towards a New Neurobiology of Language

D. Poeppel, K. Emmorey, G. Hickok, L. Pylkkanen
2012 Journal of Neuroscience  
of the neural basis of speech and language processing.  ...  This paper summarizes in brief some of the issues that constitute the background for talks presented in a symposium at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience.  ...  These differences between spoken and signed languages arise from differences in the biology of linguistic expression.  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.3244-12.2012 pmid:23055482 pmcid:PMC3495005 fatcat:gmrijyeyevclbcbbmszv4ni4wi

New Perspectives on the Neurobiology of Sign Languages

Karen Emmorey
2021 Frontiers in Communication  
In addition, the review includes aspects of language that are unique to sign languages, such as pervasive lexical iconicity, fingerspelling, linguistic facial expressions, and depictive classifier constructions  ...  Production and comprehension processes are addressed separately in order to capture whether and how output and input differences between sign and speech impact the neural substrates supporting language  ...  The Biology of Linguistic Expression Impacts Neural Correlates for Spatial Language. J. Cogn.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fcomm.2021.748430 fatcat:qibvblk4vbgf7lntsi3irvxl4e

Neurobiological basis for emergence of notions [chapter]

Konrad Rudnicki
2015 Cognition, Meaning and Action. Lodz-Lund Studies in Cognitive Science  
The theory proposed there for development of linguistic competence and ontogenesis of notions, has significant impact on foundations of semantics.  ...  Its cells are sensitive to the most basic kinds of stimuli, for instance straight lines or dots, with respect to their spatial orientation.  ... 
doi:10.18778/7969-759-5.04 fatcat:tmugamrcp5e3fehh6jgbdlo72y

Page 488 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 89, Issue 2 [page]

2002 Psychological Abstracts  
Sign language paraphasia illustrates the linguistic specificity of impairment.  ...  (Massachusetts General Hosp East, Lab for Oxi- dation Biology, Genetics & Aging Unit, Charlestown, MA) Therapeutic targets in the biology of Alzheimer’s disease.  ... 

The neurobiology of language: Relevance to linguistics

E. Susan Duncan, Sarah Tune, Steven L. Small
2016 Yearbook of the Poznan Linguistic Meeting  
The study of language is shared by a number of fields, including linguistics, psychology, and neurobiology.  ...  For those linguists interested in studying language with consideration of the system that implements it, theories and concepts may now be meaningfully informed by neurobiology.  ...  Role of the neurobiology of language in linguistic theory Above we have highlighted the importance of interdisciplinary teamwork, including linguistic expertise, for a comprehensive neurobiology of language  ... 
doi:10.1515/yplm-2016-0003 fatcat:s4dw6rp6b5fvhew44fatloaxdq

Page 424 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 92, Issue 2 [page]

2005 Psychological Abstracts  
Functional MRI, with its high spatial resolution, provides investigators with a method to local- ize the neuronal correlates of many sensory and cognitive processes.  ...  —The development of neuroimaging methods has had a significant impact on the study of the human brain.  ... 

Human Language and Our Reptilian Brain: The Subcortical Bases of Speech, Syntax, and Thought

Philip Lieberman
2001 Perspectives in biology and medicine  
Paraphrasing Dobzhansky, "Nothing in the biology of language makes sense except in the light of evolution."  ...  There is no reason to believe that the basic operations of the human brain differ for motor control and language.  ...  Functional Neural Systems The traditional view of the neural bases of human language derives from 19thcentury phrenology.  ... 
doi:10.1353/pbm.2001.0011 fatcat:nx4nejpglnb4nhlcoeuwmmn3xm

Modeling the cultural evolution of language

Luc Steels
2011 Physics of Life Reviews  
The key challenges for evolutionary theories of language are outlined and some example results are discussed, highlighting models explaining how linguistic conventions get shared, how conceptual frameworks  ...  The paper surveys recent research on language evolution, focusing in particular on models of cultural evolution and how they are being developed and tested using agent-based computational simulations and  ...  Some researchers have taken these correlations as a way to investigate the genetic basis of specialized features of language, and argued, for example, for a genetic bias for the use of tones by speakers  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.plrev.2011.10.014 pmid:22071322 fatcat:nqwhj3ongfct3bnvdjd5dwtewy

Geometric multimodal representation learning [article]

Yasha Ektefaie, George Dasoulas, Ayush Noori, Maha Farhat, Marinka Zitnik
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The increasing heterogeneity of data calls for graph neural architectures that can combine multiple inductive biases.  ...  This effort can pave the way for standardizing the design of sophisticated multimodal architectures for highly complex real-world problems.  ...  for exploiting correlations among the different modalities.  ... 
arXiv:2209.03299v1 fatcat:zqsfe25a65dlbfzpkxhuro4qju

On Revisiting the Sex Differences in Language Acquisition: An Etiological Perspective

Nima Shakouri, Parviz Maftoon, Parviz Birjandi
2016 International Journal of English Linguistics  
The purpose of the study is to investigate the issue of sexual brains in language acquisition from an etiological perspective.  ...  To achieve the aforementioned aim, the current work taking a conservative approach holds that male-female interactional differences have primarily a nature-based origins in language acquisition, for "individuals  ...  Sex Hereditary Impact on Language Acquisition A body of evidence suggests that sex also has a hereditary impact on language acquisition.  ... 
doi:10.5539/ijel.v6n4p87 fatcat:hij3qvwypfbazld3qqhdp6wjla

Culture in social neuroscience: A review

Nicholas O. Rule, Jonathan B. Freeman, Nalini Ambady
2013 Social Neuroscience  
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors thank Brittany Bannon, Maryanne Wolf, and Reginald Adams for their insights.  ...  In addition, different orthographies (i.e., written language forms) can influence the neural representations of language (Paulesu et al., 2001) and the very existence of brain regions localized for written  ...  These effects appear to have correlates at the neural level, as Varnum, Na, Murata, and Kitayama (2011) recently showed that individuals with less-educated parents expressed a reduced N400 EEG waveform  ... 
doi:10.1080/17470919.2012.695293 pmid:22670876 fatcat:yjoyczoqgbc5zhe46vaiyl6e6u

What is cognitive science?

1993 ChoiceReviews  
Having constantly used the hyphenated expression brain-mind, and having always insisted that linguistics is part of the natural sciences (verbatim: part of biology "at a suitably abstract level"), he is  ...  For the impact of these theories on early linguistic models see (Bar-Hillel, 1953a , 1953b Barton, Berwick & Ristad, 1987; Chomsky, 1956) "thought is a term for the conscious working of a highly complex  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.31-0609 fatcat:pejvptevqna4vc6iaiweocvmzy

What is cognitive science?

2000 ChoiceReviews  
Having constantly used the hyphenated expression brain-mind, and having always insisted that linguistics is part of the natural sciences (verbatim: part of biology "at a suitably abstract level"), he is  ...  For the impact of these theories on early linguistic models see (Bar-Hillel, 1953a , 1953b Barton, Berwick & Ristad, 1987; Chomsky, 1956) "thought is a term for the conscious working of a highly complex  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.37-3621 fatcat:k2nzzmegl5cwpbs6aqiiawadvy

The theory of multiple intelligences

Howard Gardner
1987 Annals of Dyslexia  
impact of MI.  ...  The biological basis of the theory-its neural and genetic correlates-should be clarified in the coming years.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02648057 pmid:24234985 fatcat:jtg7q5vlubeyzfeuio3nk6vovi
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