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SoK: Communication Across Distributed Ledgers [article]

Alexei Zamyatin, Mustafa Al-Bassam, Dionysis Zindros, Eleftherios Kokoris-Kogias, Pedro Moreno-Sanchez, Aggelos Kiayias, William J. Knottenbelt
2019 IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive  
We provide the first systematic exposition of cross-chain communication protocols.  ...  With this result in mind, we develop a framework to design new and evaluate existing CCC protocols, focusing on the inherent trust assumptions thereof, and derive a classification covering the field of  ...  competence center SBA-K1 funded by COMET; Chaincode Labs through the project SLN: Scalability for the Lightning Network; and by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) through the Meitner program (project M-2608  ... 
dblp:journals/iacr/ZamyatinAZKMKK19 fatcat:sz5jpi67wvgrbeger74mg6mv4a

Invited Paper: Failure is (literally) an Option: Atomic Commitment vs Optionality in Decentralized Finance [article]

Daniel Engel and Maurice Herlihy and Yingjie Xue
2021 arXiv   pre-print
A fault-tolerant protocol is one that ensures that the party offering the option cannot renege, and the party purchasing the option provides fair compensation (in the form of a fee) to the offering party  ...  A fault-tolerant protocol is one that responds to such failures by rolling the system back to an earlier consistent state.  ...  These protocols include Han et al. [9] , Eizinger et al. [7] , Liu [16] , the Komodo platform [19] , Eizinger et al. [7] , and the Arwen protocols [10] . Xu et al.  ... 
arXiv:2109.12167v1 fatcat:zzhqptgeavfhdgv4juwrlozg34

XChange: A Universal Mechanism for Asset Exchange between Permissioned Blockchains

Martijn de Vos, Can Umut Ileri, Johan Pouwelse
2021 World wide web (Bussum)  
We first present a four-phased protocol that coordinates an asset exchange between two traders.  ...  Our mechanism records the specifications and progression of each trade within records on a distributed log.  ...  The Arwen trading protocol is another protocol to securely trade cryptocurrencies through a centralized exchange without giving up ownership of the assets to the exchange [24] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11280-021-00870-x fatcat:lq57h4flrbcc3oxuiiignqjubq

Optimized video streaming over 802.11 by cross-layer signaling

L. Haratcherev, J. Taal, K. Langendoen, R. Lagendijk, H. Sips
2006 IEEE Communications Magazine  
The experiments were carried out by streaming a video file between arwen and quickbeam while "arwen" was moving, following a predetermined track.  ...  Each rate corresponds to a different modulation scheme with its own trade-off between data throughput and distance between the stations.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.2006.1580941 fatcat:4qqoawdt6fbstifn7egun77tse

A Game-Theoretic Analysis of Cross-Chain Atomic Swaps with HTLCs [article]

Jiahua Xu and Damien Ackerer and Alevtina Dubovitskaya
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Nonetheless, as an undesired outcome, reoccurring transaction failures prompt a critical and analytical examination of the protocol.  ...  We study the success rate of the transaction as a function of the exchange rate of the swap, the token price and its volatility, among other variables.  ...  Two important conclusions are therefore that cross-ledger atomic swap trustless protocols could benefit from the use of disciplinary mechanisms, such as collateral deposit, and that allowing agents to  ... 
arXiv:2011.11325v2 fatcat:4fexvpt4fbd2xamzoo5q47m53y

Cross-chain Deals and Adversarial Commerce [article]

Maurice Herlihy and Barbara Liskov and Liuba Shrira
2019 arXiv   pre-print
One protocol, based on synchronous communication, is fully decentralized, while the other, based on semi-synchronous communication, requires a globally shared ledger.  ...  Deals are inspired by classical atomic transactions, but are necessarily different, in important ways, to accommodate the decentralized and untrusting nature of the exchange.  ...  Arwen [26] supports multiple off-chain atomic swaps between parties and exchanges, but their protocol is specialized to currency trading and does not seem to support non-fungible assets.  ... 
arXiv:1905.09743v4 fatcat:66j2tfby7nhvpfkdrre37mgkse

Cross-chain deals and adversarial commerce

Maurice Herlihy, Barbara Liskov, Liuba Shrira
2021 The VLDB journal  
One protocol, based on synchronous communication, is fully decentralized, while the other, based on semi-synchronous communication, requires a globally shared ledger.  ...  Deals are inspired by classical atomic transactions, but are necessarily different, in important ways, to accommodate the decentralized and untrusting nature of the exchange.  ...  Arwen [30] supports multiple off-chain atomic swaps between parties and exchanges, but their protocol is specialized to currency trading and does not seem to support non-fungible assets.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00778-021-00686-1 fatcat:sbnapgocdnbibddemyicwqq64m

Moving towards shareable metadata

Sarah L. Shreeves, Jenn Riley, Liz Milewicz
2006 First Monday  
A focus of digital libraries, particularly since the advent of the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting, is aggregating from multiple collections metadata describing digital content  ...  However, the quality and interoperability of the metadata often prevents such aggregations from offering much more than very simple search and discovery services.  ...  We would also like to acknowledge the support of the Digital Library Federation and the work of everyone who has contributed to the Best Practices for  ... 
doi:10.5210/fm.v11i8.1386 fatcat:gdnwtwbxknbe5iwlqxvgyvhiju

Mitochondrial genetic variation reveals phylogeographic structure and cryptic diversity in Trioza erytreae

Inusa Ajene, Gerhard Pietersen, Barbara van Asch
2020 Scientific Reports  
Trioza erytreae is the main vector for 'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus', the causative agent of African Citrus Greening disease.  ...  This study provides new baseline information on the diversity of T. erytreae, with potential implications for the epidemiology of African Citrus Greening disease.  ...  Transfer RNAs (tRNAs) were predicted with ARWEN software ( 36 , using the default composite metazoan mitochondrial code.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-65880-7 pmid:32483282 fatcat:vp3n3m36hjh5vn6xnfgc3fq26a

Game Theoretical Analysis of Cross-Chain Swaps

Marianna Belotti, Stefano Moretti, Maria Potop-Butucaru, Stefano Secci
2020 2020 IEEE 40th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (ICDCS)  
In this paper we address the distributed cross-chain swap problem in the blockchain context where multiple agents exchange assets across multiple blockchain systems (e.g. trading Bitcoins for Litecoins  ...  Furthermore, we prove that for protocols with a sequential publishing and commitment of the assets transfers, following the prescribed protocol is a sub-game perfect equilibrium.  ...  According to Arwen protocol [27] crypto-assets are swapped through centralized exchange services that in no way acquire the assets custody.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icdcs47774.2020.00060 fatcat:lmzk7c2tmve75bk6zhlyytjbbu

Gage MPC: Bypassing Residual Function Leakage for Non-Interactive MPC [article]

Ghada Almashaqbeh, Fabrice Benhamouda, Seungwook Han, Daniel Jaroslawicz, Tal Malkin, Alex Nicita, Tal Rabin, Abhishek Shah, Eran Tromer
2021 IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive  
This primitive is used to ensure completion of Gage MPC protocols on the desired inputs.  ...  We thus construct non-interactive MPC protocols with strong security guarantees (full security, no residual leakage) in the short term.  ...  Any views or opinions expressed herein are solely those of the authors, and may differ from the views and opinions expressed by JPMorgan Chase & Co. or its affiliates.  ... 
dblp:journals/iacr/AlmashaqbehBHJM21 fatcat:duq7daq7mvepvm6p63kukmbdce

Methodologic evaluation of adaptive conjoint analysis to assess patient preferences: an application in oncology

Arwen H. Pieterse, Anne M. Stiggelbout, Corrie A.M. Marijnen
2010 Health Expectations  
Adaptive conjoint analysis (ACA) is an individually tailored preferences elicitation technique that mimics actual decision-making processes by asking participants to make trade-offs between the various  ...  Results All participants completed the TTM and 66 completed the ACA questionnaire, in 15 min on average.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank all the patients for participating in this follow-up study.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1369-7625.2010.00595.x pmid:20550594 pmcid:PMC5060551 fatcat:fwdws73y2nbbxb2nfpx4auo6zm

Prevention of Oil Pollution of the Marine Environment by Ocean Vessels: Compliance and Enforcement of International Law

A. Z. M. Arman Habib
2014 IOSR Journal of Environmental Science Toxicology and Food Technology  
In the last century the world experienced some major oil spills of the time with catastrophic effects to marine environment.  ...  Regulatory international law regarding prevention of vessel-source 0il pollution is discussed within the framework.This paper examined the role of oil pollution liability conventions in the protection  ...  Protocols to the 1971 convention were adopted in 1976 and 1984, but were superseded by the 1992 Protocol. Under the 1992 Protocol (Adoption: 27 November 1992.  ... 
doi:10.9790/2402-08941121 fatcat:yi7whmsdejghjeunoi4dg3c7qi

Characterization and Comparative Analysis of Complete Mitogenomes of Three Cacatua Parrots (Psittaciformes: Cacatuidae)

Jung-Il Kim, Thinh Dinh Do, Yisoo Choi, Yonggu Yeo, Chang-Bae Kim
2021 Genes  
In this study, complete mitogenomes were sequenced for a comparative analysis among the Cacatua species, and a detailed analysis of the control region.  ...  Based on a phylogenetic analysis of 37 mitochondrial genes, the genus Cacatua formed a well-supported, monophyletic, crown group within the Cacatuidae.  ...  The samples collection was conducted with the assistance of So Young Jung, Jung Yeol An, In Hui Park, Han Sol Kim, Su Yeon Seo, Mihyun Yoo, and Hany Lee.  ... 
doi:10.3390/genes12020209 pmid:33572592 fatcat:nbraxvfp7zdenm3a52gcumytdq

Role of patient preferences in clinical practice guidelines: a multiple methods study using guidelines from oncology as a case

Fania R Gärtner, Johanneke E Portielje, Miranda Langendam, Desiree Hairwassers, Thomas Agoritsas, Brigitte Gijsen, Gerrit-Jan Liefers, Arwen H Pieterse, Anne M Stiggelbout
2019 BMJ Open  
, Development and Evaluation and its consistency with the CPG text; completeness of presentation of benefits and harms; incorporation of patient preferences; statements on the panel's benefits–harm trade-off  ...  Explanations for trade-offs made were cultural-historical preferences, compliance with daily care, presumed role of CPGs and lack of time.ConclusionsThe motivation and phrasing of CPG recommendations do  ...  JEP, ML, DH, TA, BG, G-JL and AHP have read the manuscript critically, and made improvements to the content and wording of the work.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032483 pmid:31811009 pmcid:PMC6924854 fatcat:i72bqhtlfrfavo4xidjk66d5bm
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