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An On-Demand Service for Managing and Analyzing Arctic Sea Ice High Spatial Resolution Imagery

Dexuan Sha, Xin Miao, Mengchao Xu, Chaowei Yang, Hongjie Xie, Alberto M. Mestas-Nuñez, Yun Li, Qian Liu, Jingchao Yang
2020 Data  
Arctic researchers can search and find arctic sea ice HSR image and relevant metadata in the open data portal, obtain extracted ice parameters, and conduct visual analytics interactively.  ...  In this paper, an Arctic Cyberinfrastructure (ArcCI) module is developed that allows a reliable and efficient on-demand image batch processing on the web.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors are thankful with Timothy Wu for providing technical support on data and literature collection and online data services, Victoria Dombrowik for analyzing open-source packages  ... 
doi:10.3390/data5020039 doaj:689056ab45b24f3a80f574568f1fb491 fatcat:rr73n7t4j5gohouqdluisre5ju

Overview: Integrative and Comprehensive Understanding on Polar Environments (iCUPE) – concept and initial results

Tuukka Petäjä, Ella-Maria Duplissy, Ksenia Tabakova, Julia Schmale, Barbara Altstädter, Gerard Ancellet, Mikhail Arshinov, Yurii Balin, Urs Baltensperger, Jens Bange, Alison Beamish, Boris Belan (+60 others)
2020 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics  
We set up the ERA-PLANET Strand 4 project "iCUPE – integrative and Comprehensive Understanding on Polar Environments" to provide novel insights and observational data on global grand challenges with an  ...  , intensive campaigns, and satellites to deliver data products, metrics, and indicators to stakeholders concerning the environmental status, availability, and extraction of natural resources in the polar  ...  the Arctic Observation System and Arctic Portal, and the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) program related to the Arctic-Boreal Hub Portal.  ... 
doi:10.5194/acp-20-8551-2020 fatcat:g2smd6jovnbtne2nntccpexz6u

Managing permafrost data: Past approaches and future directions

Mark A. Parsons, Sharon L. Smith, Vladimir E. Romanovsky, Nikolai I. Shiklomanov, Hanne H. Christiansen, P. Paul Overduin, Tingjun Zhang, Megan R. Balks, Jerry Brown
2008 Zenodo  
At the same time, the IPA has struggled to maintain continual stewardship of permafrost and related data with sustained support.  ...  Notable achievements include the establishment of a Global Geocryological Data (GGD) system and the publication of the Circumpolar Active-layer Permafrost System (CAPS) compilations.  ...  National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs, the Canadian IPY programme, and the Norwegian Research Council's IPY programme.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3519368 fatcat:nodd7ngw65hhrc7nhjxotawpkm

CASEarth Poles: Big Data for the Three Poles

Xin Li, Tao Che, Xinwu Li, Lei Wang, Anmin Duan, Donghui Shangguan, Xiaoduo Pan, Miao Fang, Qing Bao
2020 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
Capsule CASEarth Poles aims to construct a big data platform to better serve polar data acquisition, curation, integration, sharing and application; improve the understanding of the polar environment and  ...  This project is supported by the "CAS Big Earth Data Science Engineering (CASEarth)," a Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant XDA19070000), and the 13th Five-year  ...  Efforts are underway to develop an interoperation with data centers or data portals of domestic and international programs on the three poles, such as GEWEX/Global Atmospheric System Studies (GASS)/"Impact  ... 
doi:10.1175/bams-d-19-0280.1 fatcat:66ioyloumvgnnhlje5elb43yw4

Recent trends and remaining challenges for optical remote sensing of Arctic tundra vegetation: A review and outlook

Alison Beamish, Martha K. Raynolds, Howard Epstein, Gerald V. Frost, Matthew J. Macander, Helena Bergstedt, Annett Bartsch, Stefan Kruse, Victoria Miles, Cemal Melih Tanis, Birgit Heim, Matthias Fuchs (+4 others)
2020 Remote Sensing of Environment  
A B S T R A C T A systematic review and inventory of recent research relating to optical remote sensing of Arctic vegetation was conducted, and thematic and geographical trends were summarized.  ...  The review concludes that the best practices for the advancement of optical remote sensing of Arctic vegetation include (1) a continued effort to share and improve in situ-validated datasets using camera  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank all participants of the 15th annual International Circumpolar Remote Sensing Symposium Arctic Vegetation Workshop for their valuable contributions, which  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rse.2020.111872 fatcat:gpprd3is7ff33fhtuh4go7nu44

Changing Arctic snow cover: A review of recent developments and assessment of future needs for observations, modelling, and impacts

Stef Bokhorst, Stine Højlund Pedersen, Ludovic Brucker, Oleg Anisimov, Jarle W. Bjerke, Ross D. Brown, Dorothee Ehrich, Richard L. H. Essery, Achim Heilig, Susanne Ingvander, Cecilia Johansson, Margareta Johansson (+17 others)
2016 Ambio  
, economic stability, and improve the ability to predict manage and adapt to natural hazards in the Arctic region.  ...  Snow is a critically important and rapidly changing feature of the Arctic. However, snow-cover and snowpack conditions change through time pose challenges for measuring and prediction of snow.  ...  His research interests include the above and belowground response of Polar ecosystems to climate change, having great interest in the changes in winter climate and the impacts of extreme weather events  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13280-016-0770-0 pmid:26984258 pmcid:PMC4980315 fatcat:gtlqkhg4r5adfnbswbsm246m5i

The European Plate Observing System and the Arctic

Kuvvet Atakan, Louise W. Bjerrum, Hilmar Bungum, John F. Dehls, Amir M. Kaynia, Henk Keers, Halfdan P. Kierulf, Tormod Kværna, Tor Langeland, Conrad D. Lindholm, Valérie Maupin, Lars Ottemöller (+2 others)
2015 Arctic  
The European Plate Observing System (EPOS) aims to integrate existing infrastructures in the solid earth sciences into a single infrastructure, enabling earth scientists across Europe to combine, model  ...  The added value of such integration is not visible through individual analyses of data from each research infrastructure; it needs to be understood in a long-term perspective that includes the time when  ...  One main idea of EPOS is that from a societal perspective, one single infrastructure for solid earth sciences will have concrete advantages: • Creating a single portal for information and scientific data  ... 
doi:10.14430/arctic4446 fatcat:x6z2wyuzurgkzdlo2j6qpaydpm

Tourism and Arctic Observation Systems: exploring the relationships

Suzanne de la Barre, Patrick Maher, Jackie Dawson, Kevin Hillmer-Pegram, Edward Huijbens, Machiel Lamers, Daniela Liggett, Dieter Müller, Albina Pashkevich, Emma Stewart
2016 Polar Research  
Over the last decade, various actors have attempted to explore the options for setting up integrated and comprehensive trans-boundary systems for monitoring and observing these impacts.  ...  These Arctic Observation Systems (AOS) contribute to the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of environmental change and responsible social and economic development in the Arctic.  ...  SDLB and PM coordinated and synthesized author contributions, and developed the general and analytical sections of the article, with input from other authors.  ... 
doi:10.3402/polar.v35.24980 fatcat:4y4qxiimvbbblpozendwudshpa

Polar Data Activities In Global Data Systems

Multiple Authors
2014 Zenodo  
Highlights of the 2013 International Forum on 'Polar Data Activities in Global Data Systems' Programme & Abstracts (PDF) Selected Papers Published in Data Science Journal (PDF)  ...  We would like to thank Leah Braithwaite and other members of the PDC Management Committee for guidance; ArcticNet and other partners for funding support; and the hundreds of researchers who willingly provide  ...  their time and data for archiving and sharing.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.34187 fatcat:gbk66vr6yjhtnawfsluyx3wytq

Towards the Marine Arctic Component of the Pan-Eurasian Experiment

Timo Vihma, Petteri Uotila, Stein Sandven, Dmitry Pozdnyakov, Alexander Makshtas, Alexander Pelyasov, Roberta Pirazzini, Finn Danielsen, Sergey Chalov, Hanna K. Lappalainen, Vladimir Ivanov, Ivan Frolov (+7 others)
2018 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions  
Socio-economic activities in the coastal and marine Arctic are simultaneously changing. This calls for establishment of a marine Arctic component of the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (MA-PEEX).  ...  </strong> The Arctic marine climate system is changing rapidly, seen as warming of the ocean and atmosphere, decline of sea ice cover, increase in river discharge, acidification of the ocean, and changes  ...  The Arctic Portal is a gateway to Arctic information, providing visualization of Arctic data and links to the main Arctic data repositories.  ... 
doi:10.5194/acp-2018-524 fatcat:b3xabury7vgvralqedpdnzcvli

Observations of Inland Water Biodiversity: Progress, Needs and Priorities [chapter]

Eren Turak, David Dudgeon, Ian J. Harrison, Jörg Freyhof, Aaike De Wever, Carmen Revenga, Jaime Garcia-Moreno, Robin Abell, Joseph M. Culp, Jennifer Lento, Brice Mora, Lammert Hilarides (+1 others)
2016 The GEO Handbook on Biodiversity Observation Networks  
This chapter aims to assist biodiversity observation networks across the world in coordinating comprehensive freshwater biodiversity observations at national, regional or continental scales.  ...  More recently, a 2011 evaluation of the Adequacy of Biodiversity Observation Systems to Support the CBD 2020 Targets (GEO BON 2011) showed that some progress has been made to address the gaps identified  ...  data to report on changes towards the 2020 CBD targets for the Arctic region.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-27288-7_7 fatcat:6vrsyyfworealgfim46okslycq

The Importance of Connected Ocean Monitoring Knowledge Systems and Communities

Brooks A. Kaiser, Maia Hoeberechts, Kimberley H. Maxwell, Laura Eerkes-Medrano, Nathalie Hilmi, Alain Safa, Chris Horbel, S. Kim Juniper, Moninya Roughan, Nicholas Theux Lowen, Katherine Short, Danny Paruru
2019 Frontiers in Marine Science  
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS BK and NH acknowledge the Centre Scientifique de Monaco for travel support for collaboration.  ...  For example, the Arctic communities of Kugluktuk, Cambridge Bay, and Gjoa Haven, featured in the Canadian case study, rely on satellite internet connectivity with limited bandwidth shared by the entire  ...  When data portals are accessible in communities, there is a further challenge in that the community members and decision-makers may not be familiar with the data presentation, units of measurement, instrumentation  ... 
doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00309 fatcat:us5mc6ajnbcrhmzmmgfoe2dgne

The development of a Canadian dynamic habitat index using multi-temporal satellite estimates of canopy light absorbance

Nicholas C. Coops, Michael A. Wulder, Dennis C. Duro, Tian Han, Sandra Berry
2008 Ecological Indicators  
The index, based on the fraction of photosynthetically active radiation (fPAR) absorbed by vegetation, a variable which is analogous to green vegetation cover, is derived solely from satellite data.  ...  By comparing data from multiple years, our analysis indicates that a number of these ecozones have experienced changes in their composition over the past 6 years.  ...  Acknowledgments This research was undertaken as part of the ''BioSpace: Biodiversity monitoring with Earth Observation data'' project jointly funded by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) Government Related  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2008.01.007 fatcat:4dvwchzfxjhsdmbpl36nq3bfxm

Monitoring biodiversity change through effective global coordination

Laetitia M Navarro, Néstor Fernández, Carlos Guerra, Rob Guralnick, W Daniel Kissling, Maria Cecilia Londoño, Frank Muller-Karger, Eren Turak, Patricia Balvanera, Mark J Costello, Aurelie Delavaud, GY El Serafy (+21 others)
2017 Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability  
The Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON) aims to provide a general framework for biodiversity monitoring to support decision makers.  ...  Here, we discuss the coordinated observing system adopted by GEO BON, and review challenges and advances in its implementation, focusing on two interconnected core components -the Essential Biodiversity  ...  One such mechanism is a GEO BON Portal that enhances the accessibility of endorsed EBV datasets.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cosust.2018.02.005 fatcat:owwoagkdofgafovhwqnfwuhfrm

Overview paper: New insights into aerosol and climate in the Arctic

Jonathan P. D. Abbatt, W. Richard Leaitch, Amir A. Aliabadi, Allan K. Bertram, Jean-Pierre Blanchet, Aude Boivin-Rioux, Heiko Bozem, Julia Burkart, Rachel Y. W. Chang, Joannie Charette, Jai P. Chaubey, Robert J. Christensen (+58 others)
2019 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics  
Aircraft- and ground-based measurements were used to better establish the BC source regions that supply the Arctic via long-range transport mechanisms, with evidence for a dominant springtime contribution  ...  ;thinsp;% in the study area). (2) Evidence of widespread particle nucleation and growth in the marine boundary layer was found in the CAA in the summertime, with these events observed on 41&amp;thinsp;  ...  Figure 11 . 11 GEOS-Chem adjoint modelling results for BC sources to the Arctic.  ... 
doi:10.5194/acp-19-2527-2019 fatcat:i3qnfsdjlnfmzmxnvtngeqdiqy
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