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Stripped mirroring RAID architecture

Hai Jin, Kai Hwang
2000 Journal of systems architecture  
Redundant arrays of independent disks (RAID) provide an ecient stable storage system for parallel access and fault tolerance. The most common fault tolerant RAID architecture is RAID-1 or RAID-5.  ...  The reliability of the system is as good as RAID-1, but with a high throughput approaching that of RAID-0.  ...  Data loss on a single failure is possible in these systems unless fault-tolerant caches are used [17] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1383-7621(99)00027-2 fatcat:qi4fne6nfngn5ep2z7epzlgbqi

Architectural Techniques to Enable Reliable and Scalable Memory Systems [article]

Prashant J. Nair
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Ideally, we would like memory systems to remain robust, scalable, and implementable while keeping the overheads to a minimum.  ...  To ensure even a bare-minimum level of reliability, present-day solutions tend to have high performance, power and area overheads.  ...  With a RAID-Group of 1024 lines, the RAID-4 based correction would incur a storage overhead of 64KB for a cache of 64MB (the 64MB cache has 1K groups of 1024 lines).  ... 
arXiv:1704.03991v1 fatcat:e4i5pbtuujagnprene3wwv3un4

CacheRAID: An Efficient Adaptive Write Cache Policy to Conserve RAID Disk Array Energy

Tseng-Yi Chen, Tsung-Tai Yeh, Hsin-Wen Wei, Yu-Xun Fang, Wei-Kuan Shih, Tsan-sheng Hsu
2012 2012 IEEE Fifth International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing  
Hence, we present an adaptive write cache mechanism -CacheRAID. Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disk (RAID) is widely used in modern distributed storage systems.  ...  Cloud storage is a hot topic at the moment with Google's Google Storage, Microsoft's SkyDrive, iCloud, Dropbox, Mozy and dozens of others.  ...  Research Institute of Taiwan under grant 101A0132SB.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ucc.2012.26 dblp:conf/ucc/ChenYWFSH12 fatcat:hbrju5pxg5drtm3fmimouc5zoy

Orthogonal striping and mirroring in distributed RAID for I/O-centric cluster computing

Kai Hwang, Hai Jin, R.S.C. Ho
2002 IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems  
The optimal choice among them depends on parallel read/write performance desired, the level of fault tolerance required, and the cost-effectiveness in specific I/O processing applications.  ...  We report the new RAID-x design and its benchmark performance results. The advantage of RAID-x comes mainly from its orthogonal striping and mirroring (OSM) architecture.  ...  Hai Jin would like to acknowledge the support from the Area-of-Excellence Program in Information Technology at the University of Hong Kong.  ... 
doi:10.1109/71.980025 fatcat:obzxygcoh5aj7d57bs3scycn5q

Page 226 of IEEE Transactions on Computers Vol. 52, Issue 2 [page]

2003 IEEE Transactions on Computers  
Remote Cache Controller (RCC) interconnecting the node to the network, and 6. a set of miscellaneous devices, such as local and Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) buses, etc AY 3.1.2 Fault Tolerance  ...  Nevertheless, if a node or its interconnection controller fails, the RAID can be used by the other node Fig. 3 shows that each node’ has: 1.  ... 

On the Use of GPUs in Realizing Cost-Effective Distributed RAID

Aleksandr Khasymski, M. Mustafa Rafique, Ali R. Butt, Sudharshan S. Vazhkudai, Dimitrios S. Nikolopoulos
2012 2012 IEEE 20th International Symposium on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Computer and Telecommunication Systems  
In contrast to hardware-based approaches, we provide full control over the size, length and location of a RAID array on a per file basis, end-to-end data integrity checking, and parallelization of RAID  ...  The exponential growth in user and application data entails new means for providing fault tolerance and protection against data loss.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This paper is based upon work supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Grants CCF-0746832, CNS-1016793, and CNS-1016408.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mascots.2012.59 dblp:conf/mascots/KhasymskiRBVN12 fatcat:6d6mme7djzfg7jcrsnbr6jxwhq

RAIDb: Redundant Array of Inexpensive Databases [chapter]

Emmanuel Cecchet
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Like RAID, we define different RAIDb levels that provide various cost/performance/fault tolerance tradeoffs.  ...  We propose the concept of Redundant Array of Inexpensive Databases (RAIDb). RAIDb is to databases what RAID is to disks.  ...  Figure 1 gives an overview of the RAIDb architecture. As for RAID, a controller sits in front of the underlying resources.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-30566-8_17 fatcat:ktj74wrtgzh5jkrgbu67geedje

Performance Parameters in File-Based Workflows

Karl Paulsen
2013 SMPTE Motion Imaging Journal  
Long before the introduction of higher capacity drives in excess of 1 TB, cost-advantageous solutions included double-protected, multiple-fault-tolerant drive architectures known as nested RAID.  ...  (a) A RAID 5S array configuration with single-drive failure fault tolerance. The 5-drive set will provide better bandwidth (more spindles) than the 4-drive set.  ... 
doi:10.5594/j18358xy fatcat:bkbeffu3vbebdacu2fivver4t4

Evaluating Reliability of SSD-Based I/O Caches in Enterprise Storage Systems [article]

Saba Ahmadian, Farhad Taheri, Hossein Asadi
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present a comprehensive analysis investigating the reliability of SSD-based I/O caching architectures used in enterprise storage systems under power failure and high-operating temperature  ...  To this end, we first develop a physical fault injection and failure detection platform and then investigate the impact of workload dependent parameters on the reliability of I/O cache in the presence  ...  In such architecture, multiple SSDs are typically configured as RAID-1 1 in the cache layer of enterprise storage systems (Fig. 1 ).  ... 
arXiv:1912.01555v1 fatcat:tmixr5bbmjgjfphp43g7zqcqvm

Flexible Architecture of Disk Array

Hai JIN, Jiangling ZRANG
1997 Journal of the Magnetics Society of Japan  
It is very convenient for the ditlerent users to detine and construct a kind of RAID architecture according to its application environment.  ...  This paper describes a novel RAID architecture, called FlexArch, which can meet ditferent requirements in ditlerent application environments.  ...  RELATED WORK OVERVIEW According to the different fault tolerant methods and data distributed methods, there are six different RAID architecture.  ... 
doi:10.3379/jmsjmag.21.s2_351 fatcat:4rb73lkl7nbwxpt27fvmvwqts4

Fault-tolerant distributed mass storage for LHC computing

A. Wiebalck, P.T. Breuer, V. Lindenstruth, T.M. Stinbeck
2003 CCGrid 2003. 3rd IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Cluster Computing and the Grid, 2003. Proceedings.  
In this paper we present the concept and first prototyping results from a fault-tolerant distributed mass storage architecture for Linux PC clusters as for example deployed by the upcoming particle physics  ...  The device masquerading technique using the Enhanced Network Block Device enables local RAID over remote disks as the key concept of the ClusterRAID architecture.  ...  A possible solution is to expand the fault-tolerant encoding, typically implemented on the disk level as RAID [11] to the Cluster, a distributed RAID as discussed first by [12] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/ccgrid.2003.1199377 dblp:conf/ccgrid/WiebalckBLS03 fatcat:u5secjpihjd3jc26f23j2ghsda

SPEK: A Storage Performance Evaluation Kernel Module for Block-Level Storage Systems under Faulty Conditions

Xubin He, Ming Zhang, Qing Yang
2005 IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication  
Each SPEK consists of a controller, several workers, one or more probers, and several fault injection modules.  ...  This paper introduces a new benchmark tool, SPEK (Storage Performance Evaluation Kernel module), for evaluating the performance of block-level storage systems in the presence of faults as well as under  ...  The first author's research is partially supported by the Research Office under a Faculty Research Grant and the Center for Manufacturing Research at Tennessee Technological University.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tdsc.2005.27 fatcat:ecw6kesc5bhlnk6ded3t3t772i

TPT-RAID: a High Performance Box-Fault Tolerant Storage System

Yitzhak Birk, Erez Zilber
2007 24th IEEE Conference on Mass Storage Systems and Technologies (MSST 2007)  
TPT-RAID, whose controller can be a software module within an out-of-band SAN controller, moreover conforms to a conventional switched network architecture, whereas an in-band RAID controller would either  ...  It extends the idea of an out-of-band SAN controller into the RAID: data is sent directly between hosts and targets and among targets, and the RAID controller supervises ECC calculation by the targets.  ...  The measurements were assisted by a project carried out by Yevgenia Alperin and Michael Lyulko in the Parallel Systems Lab, EE Department, Technion.  ... 
doi:10.1109/msst.2007.4367975 fatcat:jqvg34jgsbaxraxovjeuk2hyu4

SafetyNet

Daniel J. Sorin, Milo M. K. Martin, Mark D. Hill, David A. Wood
2002 SIGARCH Computer Architecture News  
recovers to a pre-fault checkpoint of the system and re-executes if a fault is detected.  ...  , and (b) avoids a crash when tolerated faults occur.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank the Wisconsin Multifacet group, Virtutech AB, the Wisconsin Condor group, Jim Goodman, Peter Hsu, Alain Kagi, Mikko Lipasti, Mark Oskin, Ravi Rajwar, Kewal Saluja  ... 
doi:10.1145/545214.545229 fatcat:v36napeoavbmnlga7rjyapyopa

Citadel: Efficiently Protecting Stacked Memory from Large Granularity Failures

Prashant J. Nair, David A. Roberts, Moinuddin K. Qureshi
2014 2014 47th Annual IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Microarchitecture  
This paper proposes Citadel, a robust memory architecture that allows the memory system to retain each cache line within one bank, thus allowing high performance, lower power and efficiently protects the  ...  To avoid data loss from large-granularity failures, the memory system may use symbol-based codes that stripe the data for a cache line across several banks (or channels).  ...  This work was supported in part by Center for Future Architectures Research (C-FAR), one of the six SRC STARnet Centers, sponsored by MARCO and DARPA.  ... 
doi:10.1109/micro.2014.57 dblp:conf/micro/NairRQ14 fatcat:jz7wfqb34vblflr46pg57rlz3y
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