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The architectural costs of streaming I/O: A comparison of workstations, clusters, and SMPs

R.H. Arpaci-Dusseau, A.C. Arpaci-Dusseau, D.E. Culler, J.M. Hellerstein, D.A. Patterson
Proceedings 1998 Fourth International Symposium on High-Performance Computer Architecture  
We investigate resource usage while performing streaming I/O by contrasting three architectures, a single workstation, a cluster, and an SMP, under various I/O benchmarks.  ...  As a result, the clustered workstations provide higher absolute performance for streaming I/O workloads.  ...  We'd also like to thank Ashok Singhal of Sun for help with performance counters, Katherine Hartsell of Sun for information on Sun Enterprise Servers, and Sharad Mehrotra of Sun for help with a generous  ... 
doi:10.1109/hpca.1998.650549 dblp:conf/hpca/Arpaci-DusseauACHP98 fatcat:s54pzb4c5fafhcgfiero6hywv4

Armada: a parallel I/O framework for computational grids

Ron Oldfield, David Kotz
2002 Future generations computer systems  
The framework allows applications and dataset providers to flexibly compose graphs of processing modules that describe the distribution, application interfaces, and processing required of the dataset before  ...  One of the great challenges for this environment is to provide efficient access to data that is distributed across remote data servers in a grid.  ...  Systems that optimize data paths to improve I/O One goal of the armada system is to improve I/O performance by restructuring the data-flow paths between the storage server and the clients.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0167-739x(01)00076-0 fatcat:nhvl2rdebbgsnbg3boo6jylpj4

GASS

Joseph Bester, Ian Foster, Carl Kesselman, Jean Tedesco, Steven Tuecke
1999 Proceedings of the sixth workshop on I/O in parallel and distributed systems - IOPADS '99  
This service defines a global name space via Uniform Resource Locators and allows applications to access remote files via standard I/O interfaces.  ...  GASS forms part of the Globus toolkit, a set of services for high-performance distributed computing.  ...  This work was supported in part by the Mathematical, Information, and Computational Sciences Division subprogram of the Office of Computational and Technology Research, U.S.  ... 
doi:10.1145/301816.301839 dblp:conf/iopads/BesterFKTT99 fatcat:6nfbny3ggzeivhu25twmfthloa

Memory hierarchy considerations for cost-effective cluster computing

Xing Du, Xiaodong Zhang, Zhichun Zhu
2000 IEEE transactions on computers  
The model covers the memory hierarchy of a single SMP, a cluster of workstations/PCs, or a cluster of SMPs by changing various architectural parameters.  ...  AbstractÐUsing off-the-shelf commodity workstations and PCs to build a cluster for parallel computing has become a common practice.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We appreciate the discussions with J. Ding of Intel on the Pentium processor architecture.  ... 
doi:10.1109/12.869323 fatcat:izc5732aqfg43bgcjxusnyieji

Green Supercomputing in a Desktop Box

Wu-chun Feng, Avery Ching, Chung-Hsing Hsu
2007 2007 IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium  
The advent of the Beowulf cluster in 1994 provided dedicated compute cycles, i.e., supercomputing for the masses, as a cost-effective alternative to large supercomputers, i.e., supercomputing for the few  ...  However, as the cluster movement matured, these clusters became like their large-scale supercomputing brethren -a shared (and power-hungry) datacenter resource that must reside in a actively-cooled machine  ...  I/O Performance In order to test sequential I/O performance, we used bonnie [2]. Bonnie performs a series of tests on a file of unknown size.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ipdps.2007.370542 dblp:conf/ipps/FengCH07 fatcat:xwrkmghmxbgrlnfkztw2ahknpu

Hierarchical Models and Software Tools for Parallel Programming [chapter]

Massimo Coppola, Martin Schmollinger
2003 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
While memory hierarchies have been recognized for a long-time, only in the last years hierarchical parallel structures have gained importance, mainly as a result of the trend towards cluster architectures  ...  A second goal is to investigate if software support has been realized, and what is still missing, in order to exploit the full performance of modern highperformance cluster architectures.  ...  discussion which contributed to improve the quality of the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-36574-5_15 fatcat:mgkm5xi34vanfjx2fkryqfoq4i

High-performance sorting on networks of workstations

Andrea C. Arpaci-Dusseau, Remzi H. Arpaci-Dusseau, David E. Culler, Joseph M. Hellerstein, David A. Patterson
1997 Proceedings of the 1997 ACM SIGMOD international conference on Management of data - SIGMOD '97  
Due to aggregate communication and disk bandwidth requirements, the bottleneck of our system is the workstation I/O bus.  ...  We report the performance of NOW-Sort, a collection of sorting implementations on a Network of Workstations (NOW).  ...  We thank the members of the Tertiary Disk group for lending us the Barracuda disks, and Ken Lutz and Eric Fraser for making both clusters a working reality.  ... 
doi:10.1145/253260.253322 dblp:conf/sigmod/Arpaci-DusseauACHP97 fatcat:yvubd3jhq5cahomsxmzv6mikaq

High-performance sorting on networks of workstations

Andrea C. Arpaci-Dusseau, Remzi H. Arpaci-Dusseau, David E. Culler, Joseph M. Hellerstein, David A. Patterson
1997 SIGMOD record  
Due to aggregate communication and disk bandwidth requirements, the bottleneck of our system is the workstation I/O bus.  ...  We report the performance of NOW-Sort, a collection of sorting implementations on a Network of Workstations (NOW).  ...  We thank the members of the Tertiary Disk group for lending us the Barracuda disks, and Ken Lutz and Eric Fraser for making both clusters a working reality.  ... 
doi:10.1145/253262.253322 fatcat:izai3ftdlfg7reetm6aoaep73e

Performance Modeling of Parallel Computers NOW and Grid

Peter Hanuliak
2013 American Journal of Networks and Communications  
At first the paper describes very shortly the developing steps of parallel computer architecture and then he summarized the basic concepts for performance modeling of mentioned parallel computers.  ...  (Cluster, NOW, Grid).  ...  Acknowledgements This work was done within the project "Modeling, optimization and prediction of parallel computers and algorithms" at University of Zilina.  ... 
doi:10.11648/j.ajnc.20130205.11 fatcat:nnutdf6canf3hpxqubxakqeztm

Scalable, parallel computers: Alternatives, issues, and challenges

Gordon Bell
1994 International journal of parallel programming  
Evolvability requires that all rate and size metrics such as processing, memory and I/O bandwidth, memory size, and especially interconnection bandwidth must increase proportionally from generation to  ...  A taxonomy and evolutionary time line outlines the next decade of computer evolution, included distributed workstations, based on scalability and parallelism. Workstations can be the best scalables.  ...  Furthermore, their CRTs solve a significant part of the I/O problem.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02577791 fatcat:jnvgpsftabcnnabkmpcm5kifqq

Modeling of Single Computing Nodes of Parallel Computers

Peter Hanuliak
2014 American Journal of Networks and Communications  
At first the paper describes very shortly the developing steps of parallel computer architectures and then he summarized the basic concepts for performance evaluation.  ...  The suggested analytical models consider for single computing node based on processor or core and SMP modeling of own computer node´s activities and node´s communication channels of performed data communications  ...  The author American Journal of Networks and Communications 2014; 3(5-1): 57-69  ... 
doi:10.11648/j.ajnc.s.2014030501.15 fatcat:paknkcosrbgwjia7gzkefbzoje

Modeling of Parallel Computers Based on Network of Computing

Michal Hanuliak
2014 American Journal of Networks and Communications  
The first problem, in comparison to a single node case, is existence of traffic dependency in any real network of computing nodes.  ...  Likewise they were tested under various ranges of parameters, which influence the architecture of the parallel computers and its communication networks too.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was done within the project "Complex modeling, optimization and prediction of parallel computers and algorithms" at University of Zilina, Slovakia.  ... 
doi:10.11648/j.ajnc.s.2014030501.14 fatcat:l7pe56saafganjctv25n5ot7si

The SGI Origin

James Laudon, Daniel Lenoski
1997 Proceedings of the 24th annual international symposium on Computer architecture - ISCA '97  
The Origin system was designed from the ground up as a multiprocessor capable of scaling to both small and large processor counts without any bandwidth, latency, or cost cliffs.The Origin system consists  ...  Each node consists of one or two RlOOOO processors, up to 4 GB of coherent memory, and a connection to a portion of the X I 0 1 0 subsystem.  ...  Acknowledgments The Origin system design resulted from the very hard work of a top-notch team of chip, board, and system engineers.  ... 
doi:10.1145/264107.264206 dblp:conf/isca/LaudonL97 fatcat:znqulcfe4rafzetvq46e76x3ji

Simple: A Methodology for Programming High Performance Algorithms on Clusters of Symmetric Multiprocessors (SMPs)

David A. Bader, Joseph JáJá
1999 Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing  
The SMP cluster programming methodology is based on a small prototype kernel (SIMPLE) of collective communication primitives that make efficient use of the hybrid shared and message passing environment  ...  We describe a methodology for developing high performance programs running on clusters of SMP nodes.  ...  It can be argued that 1) many future workstations will be SMPs with more than one processor, and 2) SMP nodes will be the basis of workstation clusters.  ... 
doi:10.1006/jpdc.1999.1541 fatcat:l6rspgbrjfckbbezpjvwrh5eca

Cluster Computing in the Classroom and Integration With Computing Curricula 2001

A. Apon, J. Mache, R. Buyya, H. Jin
2004 IEEE Transactions on Education  
Combining experiences in teaching cluster computing at universities in the USA and Australia, the authors present prospective topics in cluster computing and a wide variety of information sources from  ...  The course material is described in relation to the knowledge units of the Joint IEEE Computer Society and ACM Computing Curricula 2001 and includes system architecture, parallel programming, algorithms  ...  A generic architecture of a cluster computer is shown in Fig. 1 . A node of the cluster can be a single or multiprocessor computer, such as a PC, workstation, or symmetric multiprocessor (SMP).  ... 
doi:10.1109/te.2004.824842 fatcat:jl5wbr7zlzddvfr54jlxylhst4
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