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An Overview of the Persian EFL learners' Spelling Difficulties

Maryam Alipour, Khazriyati Salehuddin, Siti Hamin Stapa
2019 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding  
This conceptual paper reviews the differences and similarities between English and Persian spelling system, the sages of spelling difficulties among children, particularly the approach suggested by Tabrizi  ...  , Tabrizi, and Tabrizi (2013)in which the stages of learning spelling among Iranian learners are analyzed.  ...  Understanding the conventional spelling system of the English language involves knowing its phonemes and graphemes and how they are related and pronounced. With how to spell.  ... 
doi:10.18415/ijmmu.v6i6.822 fatcat:rozj5vtwsvhmrp4gotau2ucn7y

Phonological computation and missing vowels: Mapping lexical involvement in reading

Ram Frost
1995 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
The assembly of phonology in this case is a computational process that involves a set of transformations that connect minimal orthographic and minimal phonologic units (letters and phonemes in the case  ...  of alphabetic orthographies like English; letters and syllables in the case of syllabic orthographies like Japanese; graphemes and morphemes in the case of logographic orthographies like Chinese).  ...  orthography represents phonology in a complex way, and the relations between graphemes and phonemes are inconsistent and opaque (Frost & Katz, 1989; Frost, 1994) .  ... 
doi:10.1037//0278-7393.21.2.398 pmid:7738507 fatcat:x6fuxay7fve6xbrr22gpzmd3fe

Phonological computation and missing vowels: Mapping lexical involvement in reading

Ram Frost
1995 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
The assembly of phonology in this case is a computational process that involves a set of transformations that connect minimal orthographic and minimal phonologic units (letters and phonemes in the case  ...  of alphabetic orthographies like English; letters and syllables in the case of syllabic orthographies like Japanese; graphemes and morphemes in the case of logographic orthographies like Chinese).  ...  orthography represents phonology in a complex way, and the relations between graphemes and phonemes are inconsistent and opaque (Frost & Katz, 1989; Frost, 1994) .  ... 
doi:10.1037/0278-7393.21.2.398 fatcat:kdkyqx3ms5hddm5tadcvn3gc7i

Prelexical and postlexical strategies in reading: Evidence from a deep and a shallow orthography

Ram Frost
1994 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
The validity of the orthographic depth hypothesis (ODH) was examined in Hebrew by employing pointed (shallow) and unpointed (deep) print.  ...  300 ms from the onset of consonant presentation.  ...  The structure of these lateral connections was determined by the relationship between spelling and phonology in the language: simple isomorphic connections between graphemes and phonemes in the shallower  ... 
doi:10.1037//0278-7393.20.1.116 pmid:8138782 fatcat:kyffpsgaufcsnmsq2nojavju7y

Orthographic characteristics speed Hindi word naming but slow Urdu naming: evidence from Hindi/Urdu biliterates

Chaitra Rao, Jyotsna Vaid, Narayanan Srinivasan, Hsin-Chin Chen
2010 Reading and writing  
Two primed naming experiments tested the orthographic depth hypothesis in skilled biliterate readers of Hindi and Urdu.  ...  Further, the greater graphemic complexity of Urdu script relative to Hindi appears to have contributed to slower and less accurate overall single word reading for Urdu than Hindi, despite the fact that  ...  Portions of this research were previously presented at the 2008 meeting of the Psychonomics Society, Chicago.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11145-010-9256-9 fatcat:uvdiemomfzearobbuycgs2nhb4

Cross Palaeographic Traditions. Some Examples from Old Christian Arabic Sources [chapter]

Paolo La Spisa, Dmitry Bondarev, Alessandro Gori, Lameen Souag
2019 Creating Standards  
The xerox copies of these unpublished manuscripts were consulted by Nikolay Dobronravin in the Herskovits Library of African Studies of the Northwestern University, Evanston, USA.  ...  References Agha, Asif (2007) 16 This is witnessed in some manuscripts from the collection of the Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana, such as IASAR /28, ʿAbd Allāh b. al-Ḥājj al-Ḥasan's  ...  When dealing with diachronic and synchronic variation in a given orthographic system, we first outline a graphemic set for each phoneme of the language and then analyse which linguistic and extra-linguistic  ... 
doi:10.1515/9783110639063-004 fatcat:2s5tg4kjnzhttd7dd6erptosy4

Word Sense Disambiguation Focusing on POS Tag Disambiguation in Persian:

Elham Alayiaboozar, Amirsaeid Moloodi, Manouchehr Kouhestani
2019 International journal of information science and management  
In Persian, the number of homographs is high due to its orthographic structure as well as its complex derivational and inflectional morphology.  ...  The list indicates that the number of homographs in Persian corpora is high and homographs with high frequency are those that occur as a result of the identical orthographic representation of some inflectional  ...  Homographs which emerge due to the lack of a one-to-one correspondence between graphemes and phonemes in Persian. For example, the grapheme ‫>و<‬ may be pronounced as /v/, /o/ or /u/.  ... 
doaj:b47f9ef29d184f6b92d6fe5e9cbdf07a fatcat:4v2tkkiwwbhupjg7ettc5we4mq

Machine transliteration and transliterated text retrieval: a survey

Dinesh Kumar Prabhakar, Sukomal Pal
2018 Sadhana (Bangalore)  
We start with a definition and discussion of the different types of transliteration followed by various deterministic and non-deterministic approaches used to tackle transliteration-related issues in machine  ...  In this article, we survey the recent body of work in the field of transliteration.  ...  The cross-linguistic relation constructed using Text-Syllable Algorithm (TSA) and Text-Phoneme (TP) is called CTP, and the cross-linguistic relation using phoneme-syllable algorithm (PSA) and phoneme-phoneme  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12046-018-0828-8 fatcat:dg3gwugmqrfevnzu3deuk5w67i

Native Language Interference in English L2 Word Recognition and Word Integration Skills

Nazanin Biglari, Esli Struys
2021 Theory and Practice in Language Studies  
The current study was planned to investigate the interference of the native language in English word recognition and word integration skills in L1 speakers of French and Persian.  ...  The participants of the study were 48 intermediate and upper intermediate native Persian and French-speaking EFL learners studying in VUB and ULB universities in Brussels, Belgium.  ...  language of EFL Persian-speaking group and English, and orthographic differences between English and Persian, the Persian group were slower than French group in word integration task.  ... 
doi:10.17507/tpls.1101.01 fatcat:osf6odqm4zgg5jbr47kv32ldzm

A Retrospective Meta-analysis of Semantic-Spatial Comparison of Persian and English Orthographic Systems

Kazem Barzegar, English Language Department, School of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran, Somayeh Barzegar, Islamic Azad University, Yazd Branch, Yazd, Iran
2020 Advances in the Linguistic Sciences  
In this retrospective meta-analysis of the semantic-spatial comparison of the Persian and English orthographic systems, 32 Persian scholarly articles and their English equivalents were compared for number  ...  So, on the whole, the Persian orthographic system is more economic and cost-effective with respect to the number of pages, characters, and lines compared to the English writing system.  ...  This underrepresentation is, of course, a flaw of the Persian writing system because it causes some ambiguity in reading.  ... 
doi:10.22606/als.2020.22001 fatcat:hzi5sguihzdxtlny4ni2lqky3y

Automatic speech recognition system for Tunisian dialect

Abir Masmoudi, Fethi Bougares, Mariem Ellouze, Yannick Estève, Lamia Belguith
2017 Language Resources and Evaluation  
In this work, we focus on the design of speech tools and resources required for the development of an Automatic Speech Recognition system for the Tunisian dialect.  ...  The development of such a system faces the challenges of the lack of annotated resources and tools, apart from the lack of standardization at all linguistic levels (phonological, morphological, syntactic  ...  of phoneme of the short vowels "AE" or "IH" or "UH" must be only between the first phoneme "KH" and the second phoneme "R".  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10579-017-9402-y fatcat:lzajfxubqzcw5jp4vtohz3p7ba

Developing Consistency in the Absence of Standards – A Manuscript as a Melting- Pot of Languages, Religions and Writing Systems [chapter]

Branka Ivušić, Dmitry Bondarev, Alessandro Gori, Lameen Souag
2019 Creating Standards  
The paper also looks at the scribe's own innovations and the consistency of the spelling system employed in this manuscript.  ...  It is a study of the anonymous scribe's attempt to write European languages in Arabic script and it tries to answer questions about possible orthographic models, the transfer of writing conventions from  ...  The same holds for phonemes which are absent from Arabic but present in Persian and Turkish, and for which graphemes already existed.  ... 
doi:10.1515/9783110639063-007 fatcat:34pp3byktrft7ebn4efg6wvz3m

Early literacy experiences constrain L1 and L2 reading procedures

Adeetee Bhide
2015 Frontiers in Psychology  
They further theorize that everyone uses both pathways to some extent, but the division of labor between the pathways can vary.  ...  This review argues that the first language one was taught to read, and the instructional method by which one was taught, can have profound and long-lasting effects on how one reads, not only in one's first  ...  This manuscript partially fulfilled the requirements for the comprehensive exam of AB.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01446 pmid:26483714 pmcid:PMC4591480 fatcat:4ik4l37qvnbmjnfbbifx4j2acq

On the Anglocentricities of current reading research and practice: The perils of overreliance on an "outlier" orthography

David L. Share
2008 Psychological bulletin  
In this critique of current reading research and practice, the author contends that the extreme ambiguity of English spelling-sound correspondence has confined reading science to an insular, Anglocentric  ...  and remediation of reading disability, and the role of lexical-semantic and supralexical information in word recognition.  ...  In a longitudinal study of the relation between phonemic awareness and word reading accuracy in Latvian-another highly regular orthography- Sprugevica, Paunina, and Hoien (2006) found that a composite  ... 
doi:10.1037/0033-2909.134.4.584 pmid:18605821 fatcat:dxfsr37okree5ect5jn2kerejy

The contrastive value of lexical stress in visual word recognition: Evidence from Spanish

Alberto Domínguez Martínez, Fernando Cuetos Vega
2018 Psicothema  
Many pairs of words in Spanish, in particular many verbal forms, differ only in the syllable stressed, such as aNImo (I encourage) and aniMÓ (he encouraged).  ...  Consequently, word stress may acquire a lexical contrastive value that has been confirmed by Dupoux, Pallier, Sebastian, and Mehler (1997) for Spanish speakers though not for French speakers in auditory  ...  Acknowledgements This research was supported by the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, PSI2015-64174-P and PSI2013-47959-P.  ... 
doi:10.7334/psicothema2018.30 pmid:30009749 fatcat:pxfiloed35em7k5mnvemapofzq
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