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The 'when' and 'where' of perceiving signals of threat versus non-threat

Leanne M. Williams, Donna Palmer, Belinda J. Liddell, Le Song, Evian Gordon
<span title="">2006</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/sa477uo7lveh7hchpikpixop5u" style="color: black;">NeuroImage</a> </i> &nbsp;
We tested the proposal that signals of potential threat are given precedence over positive and neutral signals, reflected in earlier and more pronounced changes in neural activity.  ...  By contrast, expressions of happiness produced a discrete enhancement of negativity, later in the time course (230 -350 ms) and localized to the fusiform region of the temporal cortex.  ...  Discussion Signals of threat versus non-threat were distinguished by the profile of when neural activity was elicited, and where the sources of this activity were identified in the brain.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.12.009">doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.12.009</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16460966">pmid:16460966</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/qh6ix4ubjrhl5iarzdvkbxqj7i">fatcat:qh6ix4ubjrhl5iarzdvkbxqj7i</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20060830124414/http://www.brain-dynamics.net/publications/pub_files/williams_neuroimage_erp_2006.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/37/fa/37faf5cb2af450bcbf204ee929787ba32f98fc7b.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.12.009"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Defining and documenting threats in the context of ill-treatment and torture

Pau Pérez-Sales
<span title="2021-05-11">2021</span> <i title="Det Kgl. Bibliotek/Royal Danish Library"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/fikkxygcn5eilglxe2kbhra6lq" style="color: black;">Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture</a> </i> &nbsp;
There is an important lack of theoretical reflection on what threats are, what types exist and how they impact the survivor.  ...  Threats are a common feature of detention and interrogation settings and have long been regarded as a routine procedure.  ...  Acknowledgments Ergün Cakal, Marie Brasholt and Elna Søndergaard for their inputs to previous drafts and their invaluable help in trying to get order from chaos.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.7146/torture.v31i1.125777">doi:10.7146/torture.v31i1.125777</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34606474">pmid:34606474</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/dclyzkvwmzevvis6kkgvknv5p4">fatcat:dclyzkvwmzevvis6kkgvknv5p4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210512234327/https://tidsskrift.dk/torture-journal/article/download/125777/172522" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/1d/32/1d322ef8e0d956131b99566b8c42f9f479fde677.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.7146/torture.v31i1.125777"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

When threat matters: Self-regulation, threat salience, and stereotyping

Steven J. Stroessner, Abigail A. Scholer, David M. Marx, Bradley M. Weisz
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/cvvjzss57ffxhopr4qzq3yiieq" style="color: black;">Journal of Experimental Social Psychology</a> </i> &nbsp;
threat was perceived to be high rather than low.  ...  Implications for models of stereotyping, self-regulation, and responding to threat are discussed.  ...  Johnson for providing comments on an earlier draft of the manuscript. WHEN THREAT MATTERS  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2015.03.003">doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2015.03.003</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/yddb4syqbnbtlkaoyj4275mtci">fatcat:yddb4syqbnbtlkaoyj4275mtci</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180721040128/https://uwspace.uwaterloo.ca/bitstream/handle/10012/12983/StroessnerScholerMarxWeisz2015.pdf;jsessionid=A06FC9D7395EB3B255491BD1C2278102?sequence=1" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e5/f0/e5f006f01985142ed166e5783ae56adeed5580a4.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2015.03.003"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Threat advantage: Perception of angry and happy dynamic faces across cultures

Claudia Marinetti, Batja Mesquita, Michelle Yik, Caroline Cragwall, Ashleigh H. Gallagher
<span title="">2012</span> <i title="Informa UK Limited"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2ycesocdzjbgzj3hwowsipdrs4" style="color: black;">Cognition &amp; Emotion</a> </i> &nbsp;
Participants were asked to stop the movie at the point where they ceased seeing the initial emotion. As expected, participants cross-culturally continued to perceive anger longer than happiness.  ...  Thirty Chinese and 30 European-American participants saw movies that morphed an anger expression into a happy expression of the same stimulus person, or vice versa.  ...  If anger is primarily a signal of social threat, the sensitivity to anger expressions might be higher when it is perceived in in-group rather than in out-group members.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2011.644976">doi:10.1080/02699931.2011.644976</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22414192">pmid:22414192</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/rqy5lfkqijdpvmwfv6paspqxsi">fatcat:rqy5lfkqijdpvmwfv6paspqxsi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170829232203/https://ppw.kuleuven.be/home/english/research/cscp/documents/mesquita/marinetti-et-al.2012-threat-advantage-perception-of-angry-and.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/33/de/33de2b3c3592f69ab74c3ca1e9d7ed98c498c8ea.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2011.644976"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> tandfonline.com </button> </a>

The manageability of empathic (in)accuracy during couples' conflict: Relationship-protection or self-protection?

C. Hinnekens, T. Loeys, M. De Schryver, L. L. Verhofstadt
<span title="2018-03-31">2018</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/zbho44ff65chbab6arbrudeap4" style="color: black;">Motivation and Emotion</a> </i> &nbsp;
More specifically, the model assumes that (a) the perception of threat in the thoughts/feelings of an interaction partner can result in a lower level of empathic accuracy, and (b) empathic accuracy can  ...  A shift in participants' motivation to be accurate to a motivation to be inaccurate in response to perceived threat could not be detected.  ...  However, this does not imply that motivated perceivers will show perfect empathic accuracy because each individual differs in their ability to perceive and to interpret (non) verbal signals conveyed by  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-018-9689-z">doi:10.1007/s11031-018-9689-z</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/xhkmhh5zrna7dftzwctuvb435a">fatcat:xhkmhh5zrna7dftzwctuvb435a</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190429113745/https://biblio.ugent.be/publication/8566397/file/8566398.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8a/b8/8ab8334d094e6b440469bee4002bb510bcbbfe81.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-018-9689-z"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Signaling and perception in international crises: Two approaches

Shuhei Kurizaki
<span title="2016-06-23">2016</span> <i title="SAGE Publications"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/vbnmb3d32fhgdhe3zlx36blrvi" style="color: black;">Journal of Theoretical Politics</a> </i> &nbsp;
Building on the psychological insights on misperception, it presents a simple game-theoretic model of crisis bargaining, where signals are subject to perceptual errors and thereby multiple interpretations  ...  The model allows us to analyze the interplay between the problem of misrepresentation in sending signals and the problem of misperception in forming beliefs.  ...  a threat; and (2) D correctly perceives a threat, with probability (1 − p)θ, when the irresolute-type makes a (non-credible) threat.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1177/0951629815603492">doi:10.1177/0951629815603492</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/wtrncke3sjgpnglnfojoo5yxii">fatcat:wtrncke3sjgpnglnfojoo5yxii</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160716220627/http://www.f.waseda.jp:80/kurizaki/psw.jtp.final.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e0/31/e03165cd2d5a8cf8c8f4996a769472ae7864f148.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1177/0951629815603492"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> sagepub.com </button> </a>

When a Bad Bias Can Be Good: Anxiety-Linked Attentional Bias to Threat in Contexts Where Dangers Can Be Avoided

Lies Notebaert, Madison Tilbrook, Patrick J. F. Clarke, Colin MacLeod
<span title="2017-04-26">2017</span> <i title="SAGE Publications"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/szmb2nlvkjcz7c65ld5roieggu" style="color: black;">Clinical Psychological Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
It is unknown however, whether the anxiety-linked attentional bias is maintained or eliminated in contexts where threat cues signal dangers that can be mitigated.  ...  When threat cues signal dangers that can be mitigated through behavioural action, vigilance for these threat cues can have an adaptive function.  ...  Testing the veracity of the Additive and Interactive Hypothesis To assess the manifestation of anxiety-linked attentional bias to threat cues under conditions where the danger signalled by these threat  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1177/2167702616681295">doi:10.1177/2167702616681295</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/uxdorsdm7be5hj2foecyckr64e">fatcat:uxdorsdm7be5hj2foecyckr64e</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190426175316/https://api.research-repository.uwa.edu.au/files/32974476/Research_output_copy.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/27/40/2740a145e14f44fc20e80652b7b0975366666082.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1177/2167702616681295"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> sagepub.com </button> </a>

No influence of eye gaze on emotional face processing in the absence of conscious awareness

Nathan Caruana, Christine Inkley, Marwa El Zein, Kiley Seymour
<span title="2019-11-07">2019</span> <i title="Springer Science and Business Media LLC"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/tnqhc2x2aneavcd3gx5h7mswhm" style="color: black;">Scientific Reports</a> </i> &nbsp;
Thus, our findings suggest that previously reported effects of gaze direction on emotional face processing are likely to occur once the face is detected, where the self-relevance and locus of the threat  ...  It is argued that this is because gaze direction conveys the relevance and locus of the threat to the observer.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Australian Research Council (ARC) and the ARC Centre of Excellence for Cognition and its Disorders (CCD; www.ccd.edu.au) [CE110001021].  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-52728-y">doi:10.1038/s41598-019-52728-y</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31700080">pmid:31700080</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC6838103/">pmcid:PMC6838103</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ifga5fntnbevtnxy3pwfx2hwfy">fatcat:ifga5fntnbevtnxy3pwfx2hwfy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200315145047/https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-52728-y.pdf?error=cookies_not_supported&amp;code=7a48497f-2caa-4934-be38-ea4b1b1685ea" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/6a/da/6ada9ca66e62ea4103a70e1fef925080a39a916f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-52728-y"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6838103" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Threat and parochialism in intergroup relations: lab-in-the-field evidence from rural Georgia

Max Schaub
<span title="2017-10-25">2017</span> <i title="The Royal Society"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/f4dvulqgv5hongx66rijauzrt4" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
The results show that levels of perceived threat, ingroup cooperation and aggressive behaviour are higher in regions more strongly exposed to ethnic outsiders.  ...  In-and outgroup cooperation was measured with a standard public goods game, and a novel experimental protocol was developed that measures perceived threat and aggressive behaviour: the threat game.  ...  Londa Beria and Tamuna Qeburia for their assistance in organizing and conducting the experimental sessions; and Lela Chakhaia and Nino Rcheulishvili for introducing me to most of my contacts in Georgia  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2017.1560">doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.1560</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29070721">pmid:29070721</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/titq2uxgjbac7abcr4o365vt6a">fatcat:titq2uxgjbac7abcr4o365vt6a</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20191026215448/https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/pdf/10.1098/rspb.2017.1560" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2017.1560"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Eye gaze influences working memory for happy but not angry faces

Margaret C. Jackson
<span title="2017-06-30">2017</span> <i title="Informa UK Limited"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2ycesocdzjbgzj3hwowsipdrs4" style="color: black;">Cognition &amp; Emotion</a> </i> &nbsp;
Previous research has shown that angry and happy faces are perceived as less emotionally intense when shown with averted versus direct gaze.  ...  Other work reports that long-term memory (LTM) for angry (but not happy) faces was poorer when they were encoded with averted versus direct gaze, suggesting that threat signals are diluted when eye contact  ...  Perhaps in the short-term (from second to second), the level of threat conveyed by an angry expression is stable and robust and dominates over other facial signals such as gaze.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2017.1345720">doi:10.1080/02699931.2017.1345720</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28665181">pmid:28665181</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/i3arkwl3sjf3xa52cznh37bycu">fatcat:i3arkwl3sjf3xa52cznh37bycu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200309232144/https://aura.abdn.ac.uk/bitstream/handle/2164/11703/AcceptedManuscript.pdf;jsessionid=73311D42A62404E1FC44922EF66F1013?sequence=1" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/fc/7f/fc7fc61018952e622e6f20a1f530eda75d2b796c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2017.1345720"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> tandfonline.com </button> </a>

Subliminal Impending Collision Increases Perceived Object Size and Enhances Pupillary Light Reflex

Lihong Chen, Xiangyong Yuan, Qian Xu, Ying Wang, Yi Jiang
<span title="2016-12-02">2016</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5r5ojcju2repjbmmjeu5oyawti" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Psychology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Furthermore, the magnitude of size overestimation was comparable to when the impending collision was consciously perceived.  ...  Our findings suggest that threatening information can bias human visual perception and strengthen pupil constrictions independent of conscious representation of the threat, and imply the existence of the  ...  processing of threat-related signals.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01897">doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01897</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27994567">pmid:27994567</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC5133426/">pmcid:PMC5133426</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/kuoo7zsejvegzew2e6xgaapfwa">fatcat:kuoo7zsejvegzew2e6xgaapfwa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171007142448/http://publisher-connector.core.ac.uk/resourcesync/data/Frontiers/pdf/bdd/aHR0cDovL2pvdXJuYWwuZnJvbnRpZXJzaW4ub3JnL2FydGljbGUvMTAuMzM4OS9mcHN5Zy4yMDE2LjAxODk3L3BkZg%3D%3D.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/dd/80/dd80292ce577864c415ddfc6ccd3cbe941666596.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01897"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> frontiersin.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5133426" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Stimulus Threat and Exposure Context Modulate the Effect of Mere Exposure on Approach Behaviors

Steven G. Young, Isaiah F. Jones, Heather M. Claypool
<span title="2016-11-29">2016</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5r5ojcju2repjbmmjeu5oyawti" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Psychology</a> </i> &nbsp;
In the first experiment, when stimulus threat was presented in a homogeneous format (i.e., participants viewed exclusively neutral or threatening stimuli), ME potentiated approach behaviors for both neutral  ...  Further implications of these findings for the ME literature are discussed.  ...  AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS All authors contributed to experiment design and manuscript preparation. SY analyzed the data.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01881">doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01881</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27965614">pmid:27965614</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC5126099/">pmcid:PMC5126099</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ehywtee3ejgznajkacbye4f7sy">fatcat:ehywtee3ejgznajkacbye4f7sy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190427143457/https://academicworks.cuny.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2012&amp;context=bb_pubs" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/1c/67/1c676be6a41aca2c35ff92322ce45d07db0f6bb0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01881"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> frontiersin.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5126099" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

The Dark Side of Scarcity Promotions: How Exposure to Limited-Quantity Promotions Can Induce Aggression

Kirk Kristofferson, Brent McFerran, Andrea C. Morales, Darren W. Dahl
<span title="2016-09-28">2016</span> <i title="Oxford University Press (OUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2qxvhekufzhapbocxtfkjn2h3e" style="color: black;">Journal of Consumer Research</a> </i> &nbsp;
Further, we document the process underlying this effect: exposure to limited-quantity promotion advertising prompts consumers to perceive other shoppers as competitive threats to obtaining a desired product  ...  The present research shows conditions under which the mere exposure to such advertising can activate actual aggression that manifests even outside the domain of the good being promoted.  ...  Participants in the high threat condition (home university) fired significantly more bullets after exposure to the scarcity versus control ad, but the effect was attenuated when perceived threat was low  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/jcr/ucw056">doi:10.1093/jcr/ucw056</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/uhdrvzcwvzcejaqhmn42sakfba">fatcat:uhdrvzcwvzcejaqhmn42sakfba</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180720120320/http://summit.sfu.ca/system/files/iritems1/17331/scarcity-aggression_jcr_accepted_manuscript_-_submission_file_acm.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b6/e4/b6e4fc36f0f5b7c07adf97c515573badcbb5f2d6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/jcr/ucw056"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> oup.com </button> </a>

The Sound of Danger: Threat Sensitivity to Predator Vocalizations, Alarm Calls, and Novelty in Gulls

Sarah A. MacLean, David N. Bonter, Manuel S. Malmierca
<span title="2013-12-06">2013</span> <i title="Public Library of Science (PLoS)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/s3gm7274mfe6fcs7e3jterqlri" style="color: black;">PLoS ONE</a> </i> &nbsp;
Threat sensitivity has undergone limited testing in the auditory modality, and the relative threat level of auditory cues from different sources is difficult to infer across populations when variables  ...  Our results show that the relative threat level of auditory cues from different sources is highly species-dependent, and that caution should be exercised when comparing graded and threshold threat sensitive  ...  We thank the administrators and staff of the Shoals Marine Lab for providing accommodations and facilitating access to the study site. This is Shoals Marine Lab contribution #166.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082384">doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0082384</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24324780">pmid:24324780</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3855757/">pmcid:PMC3855757</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/dku2vpsoq5eydm3roriuotqb5y">fatcat:dku2vpsoq5eydm3roriuotqb5y</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171009100940/http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0082384&amp;type=printable" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/79/36/79362b093d2b50e37ccd4043b9c282eaee52045f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082384"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> plos.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3855757" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Parental attention to their child's pain is modulated by threat-value of pain

Tine Vervoort, Line Caes, Zina Trost, Lies Notebaert, Liesbet Goubert
<span title="">2012</span> <i title="American Psychological Association (APA)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/cbzgu2khube2hoq4wogbfgff3m" style="color: black;">Health Psychology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Painful vs. non-painful trials were signaled by the presence of either a yellow or blue circle; one color served as a cue for possible pain delivery (i.e., conditioned pain cue) while the other served  ...  METHODS: Sixty-two parents (49 mothers; 13 fathers) of school children observed their child undergoing painful and non-painful heat trials and were requested to rate the presence of pain after each trial  ...  Ironically, evidence suggests prioritization of pain-related goals (versus non-pain related goals) is particularly pronounced in situations where pain is perceived as highly threatening (Caes et al.,  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1037/a0029292">doi:10.1037/a0029292</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22888823">pmid:22888823</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/25iyjzv4ivc2novq7ldg64uzo4">fatcat:25iyjzv4ivc2novq7ldg64uzo4</a> </span>
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