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Functional identity explains carbon sequestration in a 77-year-old experimental tropical plantation

Marijn Bauters, Evy Ampoorter, Dries Huygens, Elizabeth Kearsley, Thales De Haulleville, Giacomo Sellan, Hans Verbeeck, Pascal Boeckx, Kris Verheyen
2015 Ecosphere  
people from the INERA, which have helped intensively with the inventory and the species identification, as well as all the people from the University of Kisangani (UNIKIS) and the Institut Facultaire des  ... 
doi:10.1890/es15-00342.1 fatcat:75we74cawrbdhhhu24gu2u4a2m

Testing a general approach to assess the degree of disturbance in tropical forests

Giacomo Sellan, Filippo Simini, Amos Maritan, Jayanth R. Banavar, Thalès de Haulleville, Marijn Bauters, Jean-Louis Doucet, Hans Beeckman, Tommaso Anfodillo, Andrew Tanentzap
2017 Journal of Vegetation Science  
slash-and-burn agriculture, including clearing after 159 burning and cultivation until the soil loses fertility; the fields are then left uncultivated 160 for up to 20 years to allow soil regeneration (De  ... 
doi:10.1111/jvs.12512 fatcat:totoyggisvbwjakm7547i2g2pm

Conventional tree height–diameter relationships significantly overestimate aboveground carbon stocks in the Central Congo Basin

Elizabeth Kearsley, Thales de Haulleville, Koen Hufkens, Alidé Kidimbu, Benjamin Toirambe, Geert Baert, Dries Huygens, Yodit Kebede, Pierre Defourny, Jan Bogaert, Hans Beeckman, Kathy Steppe (+2 others)
2013 Nature Communications  
Policies to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation largely depend on accurate estimates of tropical forest carbon stocks. Here we present the first field-based carbon stock data for the Central Congo Basin in Yangambi, Democratic Republic of Congo. We find an average aboveground carbon stock of 162±20 Mg C ha À 1 for intact old-growth forest, which is significantly lower than stocks recorded in the outer regions of the Congo Basin. The best available tree height-diameter
more » ... tionships derived for Central Africa do not render accurate canopy height estimates for our study area. Aboveground carbon stocks would be overestimated by 24% if these inaccurate relationships were used. The studied forests have a lower stature compared with forests in the outer regions of the basin, which confirms remotely sensed patterns. Additionally, we find an average soil carbon stock of 111 ± 24 Mg C ha À 1 , slightly influenced by the current land-use change.
doi:10.1038/ncomms3269 pmid:23912554 fatcat:ze4ymdfahfg6varkzzp7haplge

Wood Specific Gravity Variations and Biomass of Central African Tree Species: The Simple Choice of the Outer Wood

Jean-François Bastin, Adeline Fayolle, Yegor Tarelkin, Jan Van den Bulcke, Thales de Haulleville, Frederic Mortier, Hans Beeckman, Joris Van Acker, Adeline Serckx, Jan Bogaert, Charles De Cannière, RunGuo Zang
2015 PLoS ONE  
Measured trees were identified up to the species-level in the field, and samples were deposited in the Herbarium and botanical African library of the Université libre de Bruxelles (references Bastin-Serckx  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0142146 pmid:26555144 pmcid:PMC4640573 fatcat:e5amtgxwxbambd5o5ieouy7jsi

Fourteen years of anthropization dynamics in the Uapaca bojeri Baill. forest of Madagascar

Thalès de Haulleville, Olivia L. Rakotondrasoa, Harifidy Rakoto Ratsimba, Jean-François Bastin, Yves Brostaux, François J. Verheggen, Gabrielle L. Rajoelison, François Malaisse, Marc Poncelet, Éric Haubruge, Hans Beeckman, Jan Bogaert
2018 Landscape and Ecological Engineering  
Perturbations caused by alien species on native plant regeneration and on soil microbial dynamics are major problem to biodiversity conservation. In this study, our main objective was to evaluate the impact of the propagation of an exotic plant species, Psidium cattleianum, i) on soil Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) fungus dynamics, and ii) on the regeneration of Uapaca ferruginea, a native species in the Eastern forest of Madagascar. Soil samples were collected within (i) a homogenous formation of
more » ... P. cattleianum, (ii) a natural forest devoid of P. cattleianum dominated mainly by U. ferruginea, and (iii) a degraded soil outside the forest and devoid of P. cattleianum. Soil enzymatic activities, soil microbial activity, the Most Probable Number (MPN) of mycorrhizal propagules in soil and the total number of Arbucular Mycorrhiza spores in soil were assessed. Seedling development of U. ferruginea planted on these three soil samples were assessed after 5 months culturing under greenhouse conditions. The total numbers of AM Fungal spores were significantly high on colonized soil by P. cattleianum. Global microbial activity was significantly higher on natural forest soil than those recorded on the other soil samples. Seedling development of U. ferruginea decreased from soil forest to invaded soil by P. cattleianum and degraded soil.
doi:10.1007/s11355-017-0340-z fatcat:arnvzkopdja6lbqwk4evckuwsi

Historical Aerial Surveys Map Long-Term Changes of Forest Cover and Structure in the Central Congo Basin

Koen Hufkens, Thalès de Haulleville, Elizabeth Kearsley, Kim Jacobsen, Hans Beeckman, Piet Stoffelen, Filip Vandelook, Sofie Meeus, Michael Amara, Leen Van Hirtum, Jan Van den Bulcke, Hans Verbeeck (+1 others)
2020 Remote Sensing  
Given the impact of tropical forest disturbances on atmospheric carbon emissions, biodiversity, and ecosystem productivity, accurate long-term reporting of Land-Use and Land-Cover (LULC) change in the pre-satellite era (<1972) is an imperative. Here, we used a combination of historical (1958) aerial photography and contemporary remote sensing data to map long-term changes in the extent and structure of the tropical forest surrounding Yangambi (DR Congo) in the central Congo Basin. Our study
more » ... raged structure-from-motion and a convolutional neural network-based LULC classifier, using synthetic landscape-based image augmentation to map historical forest cover across a large orthomosaic (~93,431 ha) geo-referenced to ~4.7 ± 4.3 m at submeter resolution. A comparison with contemporary LULC data showed a shift from previously highly regular industrial deforestation of large areas to discrete smallholder farming clearing, increasing landscape fragmentation and providing opportunties for substantial forest regrowth. We estimated aboveground carbon gains through reforestation to range from 811 to 1592 Gg C, partially offsetting historical deforestation (2416 Gg C), in our study area. Efforts to quantify long-term canopy texture changes and their link to aboveground carbon had limited to no success. Our analysis provides methods and insights into key spatial and temporal patterns of deforestation and reforestation at a multi-decadal scale, providing a historical context for past and ongoing forest research in the area.
doi:10.3390/rs12040638 fatcat:unnc7v63ybdz5e4fa6c7xsxlzi

Resistance of African tropical forests to an extreme climate anomaly

Amy C. Bennett, Greta C. Dargie, Aida Cuni-Sanchez, John Tshibamba Mukendi, Wannes Hubau, Jacques M. Mukinzi, Oliver L. Phillips, Yadvinder Malhi, Martin J. P. Sullivan, Declan L. M. Cooper, Stephen Adu-Bredu, Kofi Affum-Baffoe (+49 others)
2021 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
The responses of tropical forests to environmental change are critical uncertainties in predicting the future impacts of climate change. The positive phase of the 2015–2016 El Niño Southern Oscillation resulted in unprecedented heat and low precipitation in the tropics with substantial impacts on the global carbon cycle. The role of African tropical forests is uncertain as their responses to short-term drought and temperature anomalies have yet to be determined using on-the-ground measurements.
more » ... African tropical forests may be particularly sensitive because they exist in relatively dry conditions compared with Amazonian or Asian forests, or they may be more resistant because of an abundance of drought-adapted species. Here, we report responses of structurally intact old-growth lowland tropical forests inventoried within the African Tropical Rainforest Observatory Network (AfriTRON). We use 100 long-term inventory plots from six countries each measured at least twice prior to and once following the 2015–2016 El Niño event. These plots experienced the highest temperatures and driest conditions on record. The record temperature did not significantly reduce carbon gains from tree growth or significantly increase carbon losses from tree mortality, but the record drought did significantly decrease net carbon uptake. Overall, the long-term biomass increase of these forests was reduced due to the El Niño event, but these plots remained a live biomass carbon sink (0.51 ± 0.40 Mg C ha−1 y−1) despite extreme environmental conditions. Our analyses, while limited to African tropical forests, suggest they may be more resistant to climatic extremes than Amazonian and Asian forests.
doi:10.1073/pnas.2003169118 pmid:34001597 pmcid:PMC8166131 fatcat:tf6yasemjnf2ze4cq4pi7eop6i

Asynchronous carbon sink saturation in African and Amazonian tropical forests

Wannes Hubau, Simon L. Lewis, Oliver L. Phillips, Kofi Affum-Baffoe, Hans Beeckman, Aida Cuní-Sanchez, Armandu K. Daniels, Corneille E. N. Ewango, Sophie Fauset, Jacques M. Mukinzi, Douglas Sheil, Bonaventure Sonké (+94 others)
2020 Nature  
d'Aménagement et de Gestion 609 intégrés des Forêts et Territoires tropicaux (ERAIFT Kinshasa), WWF-D.R.Congo, WCS-610 D.R.Congo, the Université de Kisangani, Université Officielle de Bukavu, Université  ...  Parcs Nationaux de Gabon (ANPN), Institut de Recherche en Ecologie 603 Tropicale du Gabon, Rougier-Gabon, the Marien Ngouabi University of Brazzaville, the Ministère 604 des Eaux et Forêts (République  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2035-0 pmid:32132693 fatcat:4nqkj752mnas7ngcupqomkn4me

Pan-tropical prediction of forest structure from the largest trees

Jean-François Bastin, Ervan Rutishauser, James R. Kellner, Sassan Saatchi, Raphael Pélissier, Bruno Hérault, Ferry Slik, Jan Bogaert, Charles De Cannière, Andrew R. Marshall, John Poulsen, Patricia Alvarez-Loyayza (+123 others)
2018 Global Ecology and Biogeography  
Both metrics were indeed weighted by basal area, driven de facto by the largest trees. Their consistency across sites and continents was not expected though.  ... 
doi:10.1111/geb.12803 fatcat:wn3o6aawnbgspfdqx4ew2zgtvy

Three new species in the lichen genus Piccolia (Biatorellaceae, lichenized Ascomycota) from the Palaeotropics

Dries Van den Broeck
2013 Plant Ecology and Evolution  
Alidé Kidimbu, Elisabeth Kearsly and Thalès de Haulleville are warmly thanked for the selection of the forest plots at the Yangambi Biosphere Reserve.  ...  The authors are indebted to Cyrille Gerstmans and Daniel De Wit for technical assistance.  ...  removed the genus Piccolia A.Massal. from synonymy with Biatorella De Not., recognizing four species. Recently Knudsen & Lendemer (2007) transferred B. nannaria (Tuck.)  ... 
doi:10.5091/plecevo.2013.906 fatcat:vwhigkuoyvdynjcudcupuiunme

Long-term thermal sensitivity of Earth's tropical forests

Martin J. P. Sullivan, Simon L. Lewis, Kofi Affum-Baffoe, Carolina Castilho, Flávia Costa, Aida Cuni Sanchez, Corneille E. N. Ewango, Wannes Hubau, Beatriz Marimon, Abel Monteagudo-Mendoza, Lan Qie, Bonaventure Sonké (+214 others)
2020 Science  
Opepa, Jeanette Kemp, Wilmar Lopez Oviedo, Jean-Remy Makana, Faustin Mbaya 359 Mpanya Lukasu, Irina Mendoza Polo, Edi Mirmanto, Sam Moore, Jacques Mukinzi, Pétrus Naisso, 360 Lucas Ojo, Raimunda Oliveira de  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.aaw7578 pmid:32439789 fatcat:4scf3gfnyvdeppu6srjkymvdqu

Bird functional diversity in the Yangambi Biosphere Reserve, DR Congo

Stijn Cooleman, Frank Bapeamoni, Michel Louette, Luc Lens, Upoki Angenong'A
2015 Bulletin of the African Bird Club  
Un inventaire des oiseaux du sous-bois a ete fait dans la Reserve de biosphere de Yangambi, RD Congo, en septembre 2012, a faide de filets japonais.  ...  L'objectif etait de comparer la presence des oiseaux en foret primaire, en foret secondaire et en foret de transition dans cette zone tropicale humide de basse altitude.  ...  We are grateful to Elizabeth Kearsley, Thales de Haulleville, Hilde Keunen, Erik Verheyen, Celestin Danadu and Heritier Fundji, among others, who helped to organise our field campaign.  ... 
doi:10.5962/p.310193 fatcat:yfsn5gryzzeufkwd55pqfn32wq

Functional community structure of African monodominantGilbertiodendron dewevreiforest influenced by local environmental filtering

Elizabeth Kearsley, Hans Verbeeck, Koen Hufkens, Frederik Van de Perre, Sebastian Doetterl, Geert Baert, Hans Beeckman, Pascal Boeckx, Dries Huygens
2016 Ecology and Evolution  
We thank Katja van Nieuland and Thales de Haulleville for their help with the sample processing and chemical analyses.  ...  The best-studied of these monodominant forests in Africa is that dominated by Gilbertiodendron dewevrei (De Wild.) J.  ... 
doi:10.1002/ece3.2589 pmid:28070293 pmcid:PMC5216677 fatcat:xbw6yss6cja3hjqid7igwag7ea

The foliicolous lichen biota of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with the description of six new species

Dries VAN DEN BROECK, Robert LÜCKING, Damien ERTZ
2014 The Lichenologist  
Alidé Kidimbu, Elisabeth Kearsly and Thalès de Haulleville are warmly thanked for the selection of the forest plots at the Yangambi Biosphere Reserve.  ...  The authors are indebted to Cyrille Gerstmans and Daniel De Wit for technical assistance.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0024282913000790 fatcat:m3pqawrrlrgf5dya6yqs5zynaa

Large‐sized rare tree species contribute disproportionately to functional diversity in resource acquisition in African tropical forest

Elizabeth Kearsley, Koen Hufkens, Hans Verbeeck, Marijn Bauters, Hans Beeckman, Pascal Boeckx, Dries Huygens
2019 Ecology and Evolution  
We thank Katja van Nieuland and Thales de Haulleville for their help with the sample processing and chemical analyses. CO N FLI C T O F I NTE R E S T None declared.  ...  plots of one hectare were installed and measured in 2012 (Kearsley et al., 2013) in old-growth mixed forest (n = 5), and old-growth monodominant forest (n = 5) dominated by Gilbertiodendron dewevrei (De  ... 
doi:10.1002/ece3.4836 pmid:31031910 pmcid:PMC6476792 fatcat:fsc6borinrhfvbu5u4ylwvpv2u
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