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Text is Text, No Matter What: Unifying Text Recognition using Knowledge Distillation [article]

Ayan Kumar Bhunia, Aneeshan Sain, Pinaki Nath Chowdhury, Yi-Zhe Song
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We then tackle their union by introducing a knowledge distillation (KD) based framework.  ...  For that, we propose three distillation losses all of which are specifically designed to cope with the aforementioned unique characteristics of text recognition.  ...  Unifying Text Recognition Models Overview: We propose a knowledge distillation method for sequential text images to unify both scene-text and handwriting recognition process into a single model.  ... 
arXiv:2107.12087v2 fatcat:z2ezlupwyrh5xjykeh6bdkjwg4

What Is the Law?

Joseph W. Bingham
1912 Michigan law review  
The law is essentially a practical matter. No theory or effort concerning it can command much attention and respect unless it is directed by an intelligent recognition of this fact.  ...  WHAT IS TEIE LAW?  ...  Another variant legal use of the word "law" should be noted. Official legislative expression is called "law" or "a law."  ... 
doi:10.2307/1275560 fatcat:z42ls5qy2va5rkkpn7ienjw7qq

Predicting what you'll do tomorrow: Panspectric surveillance and the contemporary corporation

Karl Palmås
2010 Surveillance & Society  
Using the Deleuzian concepts of "assemblage" and "societies of control" as a point of departure, this paper explores how a new societal "diagram" is currently actualised in the marketing practices of contemporary  ...  This implies that the process with which matter-energy is drawn into the corporation is refined.  ...  (90) In this nascent body of knowledge, the biological is on the same footing as the cultural -an idea that is fashionable within cultural and social theory, yet also useful for corporations wanting  ... 
doi:10.24908/ss.v8i3.4168 fatcat:bchmr5dz4ratbljb7d5v4zwpui

What memory is for

A M Glenberg
1997 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Let's start from scratch in thinking about what memory is for, and consequently, how it works. Suppose that memory and conceptualization work in the service of perception and action.  ...  Instead, how concepts become related (and what it means to be related) is determined by how separate patterns of actions can be combined given the constraints of our bodies.  ...  Nonetheless, the orthography of the words is of little use; what matters are the trajectories they invoke.  ... 
pmid:10096994 fatcat:ujsyuejinbbrpm3oehkyfvy6gq

What memory is for

Arthur M. Glenberg
1997 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Let's start from scratch in thinking about what memory is for, and consequently, how it works. Suppose that memory and conceptualization work in the service of perception and action.  ...  Instead, how concepts become related (and what it means to be related) is determined by how separate patterns of actions can be combined given the constraints of our bodies.  ...  Nonetheless, the orthography of the words is of little use; what matters are the trajectories they invoke.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x97000010 fatcat:xo4oufwuafblfazixfhljjjuqa

What is the 'Invention'?

Christopher Anthony Cotropia
2011 Social Science Research Network  
Patent law is in flux, with recent disputes and changes in doctrine fueled by increased attention from the Supreme Court and en banc activity by the Federal Circuit.  ...  The natural reaction is to analyze each doctrinal area involved on its own. Upon a closer look, however, many patent cases concern a single, fundamental dispute.  ...  The definitions distill the fundamental disagreements to their core-what definition of invention should patent law use?  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1918841 fatcat:ywva3vzacbh65l5xwxxgre42wq

Mixed methods research: what it is and what it could be

Rob Timans, Paul Wouters, Johan Heilbron
2019 Theory and society  
We conclude by offering an alternative view regarding methods and method use. Keywords Data, field analysis . Mixed methods research . Multiple methods . Reflexivity .  ...  Terms such as Btriangulation,^Bcombining methods,^and Bmultiple methodsĥ ave been around for quite a while to designate using different methods of data analysis in empirical studies.  ...  Acknowledgments This research is part of the Interco-SSH project, funded by the European Union under the 7th Research Framework Programme (grant agreement no. 319974).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11186-019-09345-5 fatcat:umogok4f2zfyvdevasfl5qfmae

High-Profile Football Players' Reading at a Research University: ACT Scores, Interview Responses, and Personal Preferences: An Update [chapter]

Martha Townsend
2017 What Is College Reading?  
The publishers and the series editors are committed to the principle that knowledge should freely circulate. We see the opportunities that new technologies have for further democratizing knowledge.  ...  The Across the Disciplines Books series is closely tied to published themed issues of the online, open-access, peer-reviewed journal Across the Disciplines.  ...  matter what their situation.  ... 
doi:10.37514/atd-b.2017.0001.2.05 fatcat:54fkhr6755ftdkit2llf3df3ru

Elisions & Illusions of Queerness: What Sacrifices Are Made in Appeals to a Mass Audience?

Frances Tuoriniemi
2018 [sic]  
The difference between elision and illusion is crucial, and so approached using different analytical modes.  ...  Black Panther's analysis is rooted in the production process, exploring how/why queerness is erased by drawing comparisons to the explicit queerness of Ta-Nehisi Coates and Roxanne Gay's comics.  ...  He also undermines assurances of Diana's queerness by placing the onus on the reader, similar to Waititi with Valkyrie, when saying, "What matters is what you leave the book with. … It doesn't matter [  ... 
doi:10.15291/sic/1.9.lc.5 fatcat:tzqwardewjfz3lteov76r7wxcu

Elisions & Illusions of Queerness: What Sacrifices Are Made in Appeals to a Mass Audience?

Frances Frances Tuoriniemi
2021 Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia de Cultura  
The difference between elision and illusion is crucial, and so approached using different analytical modes.  ...  Black Panther's analysis is rooted in the production process, exploring how/why queerness is erased by drawing comparisons to the explicit queerness of Ta-Nehisi Coates and Roxanne Gay's comics.  ...  He also undermines assurances of Diana's queerness by placing the onus on the reader, similar to Waititi with Valkyrie, when saying, "What matters is what you leave the book with. … It doesn't matter [  ... 
doi:10.24917/20837275.13.3.1 fatcat:4f4kg53gszg6lh5smtlaesdjqa

What Property Is

Abraham Bell, Gideon Parchomovsky
2004 Social Science Research Network  
This Article proposes a unified theory of property predicated on the insight that property law is organized around creating and defending the value inherent in stable ownership.  ...  rights; and (4) by what enforcement mechanism?  ...  App. 1971) ("[A] possessor of stolen goods, no matter how innocently acquired, can never convey good title . . .  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.509862 fatcat:tmd22jwonve4ba6vt3gq2757iy

Teaching Critical Tax: What, Why, & How

Diane Kemker
2022 Pittsburgh Tax Review  
Teaching Critical Tax: What, Why, & How  ...  It matters how a critique is mounted; towards what ends; and with what theoretical premises and methods.  ...  She sacrificed no rigor or depth of analysis in simultaneously allowing herself to be present in the piece, forcing us to think about what is or is not relevant about an author's own identity.  ... 
doi:10.5195/taxreview.2022.153 fatcat:swzdcahqfrd2po6ccl7nyx7dqi

What lies at the heart of good undergraduate teaching? A case study in organic chemistry

Bette Davidowitz, Marissa Rollnick
2011 Chemistry education  
This realisation allowed us to make inferences about his underlying knowledge and beliefs regarding how the discipline should be taught.  ...  In this paper we investigate the practice of an accomplished lecturer by trying to capture and portray his pedagogical content knowledge, PCK, in order to reveal his tacit knowledge as a resource for others  ...  This work is based upon research supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of South Africa.  ... 
doi:10.1039/c1rp90042k fatcat:hqgxqu7lyfapdpqbmlx74ivnpm

Lyotard and Hegel: what is wrong with modernity and what is right with the philosophy of right

Gary K. Browning
2003 History of European Ideas  
Lyotard's critique of Hegel is shown to be problematic.  ...  It purports to show that Hegel's philosophical absolutism is a dated example of modern absolutist social theory, but it succumbs itself to univocalism in its reading of Hegel.  ...  The Phenomenology of Spirit operates as a propaedeutic text for Hegel, because it establishes the preparatory conditions for scientific knowledge or Hegel's logical investigation of concepts.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0191-6599(02)00094-3 fatcat:fpgo3g7e4rgmvn5ov63dr46nhy

WHAT CAN THE MODERN CHEMIST LEARN FROM THE OLD ALCHEMY?

P. Walden
1927 Science  
His answer, as you know, was: “What is the use of a child? It may become a man!” Thus far I have depicted experiment as the basis for chemical knowledge and advances in chemistry.  ...  How and for what purpose shall this divine art be used?  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.66.1714.407 pmid:17756236 fatcat:4shzzrrbfrdideo6jaupis42dm
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