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Opposing Subjective Temporal Experiences in Response to Unpredictable and Predictable Fear-Relevant Stimuli

Qian Cui, Ke Zhao, Yu-Hsin Chen, Weiqi Zheng, Xiaolan Fu
2018 Frontiers in Psychology  
In Experiments 1a and 1b, a randomized design was employed to render the emotional valence of each trial unpredictable.  ...  In Experiments 2a and 2b, we incorporated a block design and a cueing paradigm, respectively, to render the emotional stimuli predictable.  ...  (A) Representation of trial sequences in the unpredictable emotional condition (Experiment 1a). One of the three valences of emotional stimuli was presented randomly in a block.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00360 pmid:29618998 pmcid:PMC5872202 fatcat:xxcs6e3mozcxddknymk2aumruq

Event-related P3a and P3b in response to unpredictable emotional stimuli

Sylvain Delplanque, Laetitia Silvert, Pascal Hot, Henrique Sequeira
2005 Biological Psychology  
This study aims at characterising the influence of the emotional arousal and valence of a deviant and unpredictable non-target stimulus on these components.  ...  Thus, the memory updating process may be modulated by the affective arousal and valence of unpredictable disturbing stimuli, even if the task does not require any explicit emotional categorization.  ...  Delplanque from the Université of Lille 1 and to L. Silvert from the Université of Lille 3. P. Hot was granted funds by the Egide (Ministère de la Recherche).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2004.04.006 pmid:15450691 fatcat:lhvatb7tdvejzemwckwlbbe43i

Development of Young Children's Time Perception: Effect of Age and Emotional Localization

Fangbing Qu, Xiaojia Shi, Aozi Zhang, Changwei Gu
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
Both accuracy and reaction time were affected by the presentation sequence of emotional faces, indicating an effect of emotion localization.  ...  To summarize, young children's time perception showed effects of age, stimulus duration, and emotion localization.  ...  In the neutral-angry condition, the angry face was presented last, which may induce the subjects to form an expectation of unpredictable negative stimuli and so attract more attention and processing time  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.688165 pmid:34168601 pmcid:PMC8217659 fatcat:z5fljhyjdbhf3otnlfxjlpru54

We Did See This Coming: Response to, We Should Have Seen This Coming, by D. Sam Schwarzkopf [article]

Julia Mossbridge, Patrizio Tressoldi, Jessica Utts, John A. Ives, Dean Radin, Wayne B. Jonas
2015 arXiv   pre-print
These commentaries are a laudable effort to promote collegial discussion of the controversial claim of presentiment, whereby physiological measures preceding unpredictable emotional events differ from  ...  What is called truth at any given time in science has achieved that status through a continuous process of measurement and interpretation based on the current knowledge at hand.  ...  Finally, the authors would like to acknowledge the generous funding of the Bial Foundation, which was critical for the production of this manuscript.  ... 
arXiv:1501.03179v2 fatcat:k4ga3jwcjfcoho4w3js5phbg3e

Temporally Unpredictable Sounds Exert a Context-Dependent Influence on Evaluation of Unrelated Images

Dominik R. Bach, Erich Seifritz, Raymond J. Dolan, Marko Nardini
2015 PLoS ONE  
Temporally unpredictable stimuli influence murine and human behaviour, as previously demonstrated for sequences of simple sounds with regular or irregular onset.  ...  Here, we find that humans evaluate unrelated neutral pictures as more negative when these are presented together with a temporally unpredictable sound sequence, compared to a predictable sequence.  ...  Altonaga, Lyudmyla Kovalenko, Rebecca Hasler and Natascha Kraft for help in data acquisition. Christoph Korn provided helpful comments on a first version of this manuscript. Author Contributions  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0131065 pmid:26098105 pmcid:PMC4476782 fatcat:gfar2ou3ybf4fbrusy3h3eofsa

Attention and emotion: an ERP analysis of facilitated emotional stimulus processing

Harald T. Schupp, Markus Junghöfer, Almut I. Weike, Alfons O. Hamm
2003 NeuroReport  
The present study explored if the facilitated processing of emotional pictures is sustained while subjects perform an explicit non-emotional attention task.  ...  Interestingly, emotional stimuli guided stimulus-driven selective encoding as re£ected by augmented EPN amplitudes to emotional stimuli, in particular to stimuli of evolutionary signi¢cance (erotic contents  ...  These data are consistent with the hypothesis of enhanced perception of emotional stimuli and suggest a role of the amygdala in regulating cortical stimulus processing [10] .  ... 
doi:10.1097/00001756-200306110-00002 pmid:12821791 fatcat:4wuutibyt5c55kwfus2biknuaq

Effects of Attention and Emotion on Face Processing in the Human Brain

Patrik Vuilleumier, Jorge L. Armony, Jon Driver, Raymond J. Dolan
2001 Neuron  
in the presence of task-irrelevant stimuli neural responses to emotional face stimuli will be afat other locations.  ...  Right fusiform activwhen attention is directed elsewhere for a demanding ity was greater for fearful than neutral faces, indepentask and to assess whether the degree of such prodently of the attention  ...  In addition, either both the processing based on emotional stimulus value (Bush et faces had a neutral emotional expression or both had a fearful expression (half the trials each), with the two faces in  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0896-6273(01)00328-2 pmid:11430815 fatcat:eueujwhmdfhljgt5rluth2k24y

Processing of Temporal Unpredictability in Human and Animal Amygdala

C. Herry, D. R. Bach, F. Esposito, F. Di Salle, W. J. Perrig, K. Scheffler, A. Luthi, E. Seifritz
2007 Journal of Neuroscience  
Exposing mice to mere temporal unpredictability within a time series of neutral sound pulses in an otherwise neutral sensory environment increased expression of the immediate-early gene c-fos and prevented  ...  Our findings show that unpredictability per se is an important feature of the sensory environment influencing habituation of neuronal activity in amygdala and emotional behavior and indicate that regulation  ...  Here, we used angry faces (Schmidt and Erdmann, 2003) as threat stimuli because of the central role of the amygdala in processing emotional face stimuli (Breiter et al., 1996; Anderson and Phelps, 2001  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.5218-06.2007 pmid:17537966 fatcat:gguangrxavb4hpavgcolvwxi54

Female Advantage in Automatic Change Detection of Facial Expressions During a Happy-Neutral Context: An ERP Study

Qi Li, Shiyu Zhou, Ya Zheng, Xun Liu
2018 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
As paid volunteers, 19 females and 19 males were presented peripherally with a passive emotional oddball sequence in a happy-neutral context and a fearful-neutral context while they performed a visual  ...  These findings indicated a female advantage dynamically in the automatic neural processing of facial expressions during a happy-neutral context.  ...  This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 31500872 and 31571161), the National Social Science Foundation of China (Grant 14ZDB161), the Fundamental Research Program  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2018.00146 pmid:29725293 pmcid:PMC5917044 fatcat:zqyr65hu2bawtjl55navoesoga

Enhanced Detection of Emotional Facial Expressions in Borderline Personality Disorder

Lars Schulze, Gregor Domes, Dürken Köppen, Sabine C. Herpertz
2013 Psychopathology  
The participants were presented a rapid, continuous stream of neutral and randomly inserted emotional facial expressions and were asked to report the presentation of an emotional facial stimulus after  ...  In the present study, we investigated whether BPD patients show a superior detection of emotional facial expressions relative to healthy controls.  ...  Acknowledgements We are grateful to Refa-Maria Jacobs and Kristin Mildner for their support in the collection of the data and we also thank Inga Niedtfeld for valuable comments on a previous version of  ... 
doi:10.1159/000341730 pmid:23006779 fatcat:s2775rw7f5bovh2zo3sq6fzprm

Anterior medial temporal lobe in human cognition: Memory for fear and the unexpected

Bryan A. Strange, Raymond J. Dolan
2006 Cognitive Neuropsychiatry  
Based on detailed studies of cortical connectivity, it has been proposed that within the neocortex, information from all sensory modalities is processed through a sequence of hierarchically arranged projections  ...  Medial temporal cortical responses are typically stimulus-specific, responding differentially to the relative familiarity of certain stimuli and not others (Young, Otto, Fox, & Eichenbaum, 1997) , and  ... 
doi:10.1080/13546800500305096 pmid:17354068 pmcid:PMC2633117 fatcat:fvajxjndkvd7jgpzmf73kua5ba

Attentional Bias to Briefly Presented Emotional Distractors Follows a Slow Time Course in Visual Cortex

M. M. Muller, S. K. Andersen, C. Hindi Attar
2011 Journal of Neuroscience  
distractors that continues after the offset of the emotional stimulus.  ...  Especially, the time course of competitive interactions in early visual areas and whether masking of briefly presented emotional stimuli can inhibit biasing of processing resources in these areas is currently  ...  While detecting and processing emotional stimuli is fast, the ensuing changes in attention and behavior are rather slow. Figure 1 . 1 Schematic stimulus design and SSVEP topography.  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.1997-11.2011 pmid:22049434 pmcid:PMC6623034 fatcat:d2m5bygebrh3dkmintcsyo5n6i

Functional Evidence for a Dual Route to Amygdala

Marta I. Garrido, Gareth R. Barnes, Maneesh Sahani, Raymond J. Dolan
2012 Current Biology  
The critical factor in such a model is rapidity of processing, and this mandates a methodology with adequate temporal resolution.  ...  In addition, we asked whether the functional role of the subcortical pathway depends on stimulus predictability and emotional context.  ...  M.I.G. was funded by a Wellcome Trust Project Grant to R.J.D. and M.S. This work was supported by a Wellcome Trust Programme Grant to R.J.D.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cub.2011.11.056 pmid:22209532 pmcid:PMC3267035 fatcat:bm7whkf6inc7dda5ewiy3cwgpq

Uncertainty is associated with increased selective attention and sustained stimulus processing

Raoul Dieterich, Tanja Endrass, Norbert Kathmann
2016 Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience  
A certain-neutral and a certain-aversive cue accurately predicted subsequent picture valence, whereas an uncertain cue did not.  ...  Participants overestimated the effective frequency of aversive pictures following the uncertain cue, both during and after the task, signifying expectancy and covariation biases, and they tended to express  ...  the involvement of a threat-specific component that we were unable to capture-uncertainty may also affect the emotional processing of pleasant stimuli (Bar-Anan et al., 2009) .  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13415-016-0405-8 pmid:26810702 fatcat:hy5kpgylwrdtxnclvesvb7fwzy

Happy you, happy me: expressive changes on a stranger's voice recruit faster implicit processes than self-produced expressions [article]

Laura Rachman, Jean-Julien Aucouturier, Stephanie Dubal
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
While previous research has shown that self-related visual information processing is facilitated compared to non-self stimuli, evidence in the auditory modality remains mixed.  ...  Other-voice deviants generate earlier MMN onset responses and involve stronger cortical activations in a left motor and somatosensory network suggestive of an increased recruitment of resources for less  ...  The authors thank Maël Garnotel for his help with the data collection, Nathalie George for advice on the source analyses, and Marie Gomot for comments on the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1101/518324 fatcat:q3wnsmqzyrdvxjlndefdh67cpq
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