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Tempo And Beat Estimation Of Musical Signals

Miguel A. Alonso, Gaël Richard, Bertrand David
2004 Zenodo  
In the present article, we describe an algorithm to estimate the tempo of a piece of music (in beats per minute or bpm) and identify the temporal locations when it occurs.  ...  The next step is to estimate the tempo of the audio signal, i.e., the periodicity of the note onset pulses.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1415783 fatcat:kq25knunnnagpddeeohfrdz43e

Audio-visual beat tracking based on a state-space model for a music robot dancing with humans

Misato Ohkita, Yoshiaki Bando, Yukara Ikemiya, Katsutoshi Itoyama, Kazuyoshi Yoshii
2015 2015 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)  
The current tempo and the next beat time are then estimated from those observed features by using a particle filter.  ...  Conventional music robots have focused on either music audio signals or dancing movements of humans for detecting and predicting beat times in real time.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This study was supported in part by KAKENHI 24220006, 26700020, 24700168, and 26280089 and the OngaCREST project.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iros.2015.7354164 dblp:conf/iros/OhkitaBIIY15 fatcat:xmua2g5i5jfqlfz7kdpnnys4xu

Reconsiderung the method of evaluation for tempo estimation

Madoka Okemoto, Masanobu Miura
2019 Proceedings of the ICA congress  
The authors propose to use a certain set of time window length for the musical audio, to obtain frequencies from power spectrum, and then estimate tempo by integrating the results of the Fourier analysis  ...  A method is implemented to estimate local tempo for the audio of tempo-variated music.  ...  The beats of musical audio of tempo-variated music appears aperiodically. Thus, tempo estimation for tempo-variated music is said as difficult to obtain correct tempi.  ... 
doi:10.18154/rwth-conv-239272 fatcat:db5wxsvlbzdslh4pmr2l2uh76q

Modeling musical rhythmatscale with the music Genome project

Matthew Prockup, Andreas F. Ehmann, Fabien Gouyon, Erik M. Schmidt, Youngmoo E. Kim
2015 2015 IEEE Workshop on Applications of Signal Processing to Audio and Acoustics (WASPAA)  
Index Termsaudio, signal processing, music information retrieval, rhythm, feature engineering, large-scale machine learning 1 "Pandora" and "Music Genome Project" are registered trademarks of Pandora Media  ...  Musical meter and attributes of the rhythmic feel such as swing, syncopation, and danceability are crucial when defining musical style.  ...  For example, the frequencies of periodicity in an accent signal can be used to infer beats per minute, and when normalized by an estimate of tempo, directly relate to musical note durations [7] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/waspaa.2015.7336891 dblp:conf/waspaa/ProckupEGSK15 fatcat:k6uw55fmabemjfbrqxzlobil7q

A Robot Singer With Music Recognition Based On Real-Time Beat Tracking

Kazumasa Murata, Kazuhiro Nakadai, Kazuyoshi Yoshii, Ryu Takeda, Toyotaka Torii, Hiroshi G. Okuno, Yuji Hasegawa, Hiroshi Tsujino
2008 Zenodo  
T1 musical signal including tempo changes T2 musical signal with fixed tempo T3 noisy music signals For T1, we prepared a 4-minute musical signal by selecting three songs (#11, #18, and #62) from the RWC  ...  How-ever, because scatting/singing is based on estimated beats, entrainment can occur between real and estimated beats in tempo and phase.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1415108 fatcat:ly42seicdjgbhkoau5wipbhssa

Online audio beat tracking for a dancing robot in the presence of ego-motion noise in a real environment

Joao Lobato Oliveira, Gokhan Ince, Keisuke Nakamura, Kazuhiro Nakadai
2012 2012 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation  
The beat tracking algorithm is based on an online strategy of competing agents sequentially processing a continuous musical input, while considering parallel hypotheses regarding tempo and beats.  ...  It shows improved performance and noise robustness, outperforming our conventional beat tracker (i.e., without ego noise suppression) by 15.2 points in tempo estimation and 15.0 points in beat-times prediction  ...  the musical beats and tempo on-the-fly.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icra.2012.6224998 dblp:conf/icra/OliveiraINN12 fatcat:puwtwkrftbdanps7r4fzxz5v6y

Accurate Tempo Estimation Based On Recurrent Neural Networks And Resonating Comb Filters

Sebastian Böck, Florian Krebs, Gerhard Widmer
2015 Zenodo  
Finding the correct tempo is also vital for many beat tracking algorithms which use a two-folded approach of first estimating the tempo of the music and then aligning the beats accordingly.  ...  In this paper, we only deal with global tempo estimation, i.e. report a single tempo estimate for a given musical piece, and do not consider the temporal evolution of tempo.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1416025 fatcat:hsnlxilybjedjfwkbdjty2s5q4

Tempo and beat tracking for audio signals with music genre classification

Mao Yuan Kao, Chang Biau Yang, Shyue Horng Shiau
2009 International Journal of Intelligent Information and Database Systems  
And then, with the preference classification, we can obtain accurate estimation for tempo and beats, by either Ellis's method or Dixon's method.  ...  Therefore, tempo estimation and beat tracking are fundamental techniques in automatic audio processing, which are crucial to multimedia applications.  ...  Acknowledgements This research work was partially supported by the National Science Council of Taiwan under contract NSC 95-2745-H-309-003-HPU.  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijiids.2009.027687 fatcat:zpm3tgooobdlxamey52wgn3msa

Music-Ensemble Robot That Is Capable of Playing the Theremin While Listening to the Accompanied Music [chapter]

Takuma Otsuka, Takeshi Mizumoto, Kazuhiro Nakadai, Toru Takahashi, Kazunori Komatani, Tetsuya Ogata, Hiroshi G. Okuno
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Analysis, (2) beat tracking robust against tempo fluctuation in humans' performance, and (3) feedforward control of Theremin pitch.  ...  The main issues are (1) robust beat-tracking since the robot hears its own generated sounds in addition to the accompanied music, and (2) robust synchronizing its performance with the accompanied music  ...  A part of this study was supported by Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) and Global COE Program.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-13022-9_11 fatcat:seufkfo4gff2hhr6nt2zaqv2je

Tempo Estimation For Music Loops And A Simple Confidence Measure

Frederic Font, Xavier Serra
2016 Zenodo  
Applications of tempo estimation include, just to name a few, music recommendation, music remixing, music browsing, and beat-aware audio analysis and effects.  ...  Tempo estimation consists in the automatic determination of the "rate of musical beats in time" [10] , that is to say, in the identification of the rate at which periodicities occur in the audio signal  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1417659 fatcat:ll5d6bfpezdzjdmyohryqtcigm

Incremental polyphonic audio to score alignment using beat tracking for singer robots

Takuma Otsuka, Toru Takahashi, Hiroshi G. Okuno, Kazunori Komatani, Tetsuya Ogata, Kazumasa Murata, Kazuhiro Nakadai
2009 2009 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems  
that scarcely used tone is salient in the audio signal, and (3) the use of a switching Kalman filter for robust tempo estimation.  ...  Issues underlying the score alignment problem are: (1) diversity in the sounds of various musical instruments, (2) difference between the audio signal and the musical score, (3) fluctuation in tempo of  ...  With the beat tracking based estimation of the music position, it is difficult to recover from a wrong estimation if it fails to extract beat time or the correct tempo.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iros.2009.5354637 dblp:conf/iros/OtsukaTOKOMN09 fatcat:xv3nv72ljvgulkvbty4s2kb544

Evaluation of Audio Beat Tracking and Music Tempo Extraction Algorithms

M. F. McKinney, D. Moelants, M. E. P. Davies, A. Klapuri
2007 Journal of New Music Research  
This is an extended analysis of eight different algorithms for musical tempo extraction and beat tracking.  ...  Detailed results of the evaluation are presented here and algorithm performance is evaluated as a function of musical genre, the presence of percussion, musical meter and the most salient perceptual tempo  ...  Stephen Downie and other members of the IMIRSEL team, who planned, facilitated and ran the MIREX algorithm evaluations. Andreas Audio beat tracking and tempo extraction  ... 
doi:10.1080/09298210701653252 fatcat:dlijrqjcrvd7vdc7vcgdsfdsyy

Phase-Aware Joint Beat and Downbeat Estimation Based on Periodicity of Metrical Structure

Takehisa Oyama, Ryoto Ishizuka, Kazuyoshi Yoshii
2021 Zenodo  
This paper describes a phase-aware joint beat and downbeat estimation method mainly intended for popular music with a periodic metrical structure and steady tempo.  ...  The experimental results demonstrate the importance of phase modeling for stable beat and downbeat estimation.  ...  INTRODUCTION Rhythm analysis of music signals such as beat, downbeat, and tempo estimation often constitutes the crucial front end of automatic music transcription [1, 2] and music structure analysis  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5624516 fatcat:e4ypqo3pzncdxekbscpkuybdjy

On the use of a dynamic hybrid tempo detection model for beat tracking

Mikel Gainza
2010 2010 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo  
In this paper, an approach that estimates the times at which musical beats occur is presented. The system uses a hybrid multi-band decomposition in order to estimate the music tempo.  ...  Following this, beat events are tracked by using a dynamic programming approach, which is updated by using short time tempo estimates.  ...  The speed at which musical beats repeat provides the tempo of a piece of music, which is expressed in beats per minute (bpm).  ... 
doi:10.1109/icme.2010.5583320 dblp:conf/icmcs/Gainza10 fatcat:f4hiyisbnvcw3mkp62jzrgrwki

Tempo Estimation Based On Linear Prediction And Perceptual Modelling

Georgina Tryfou, Aki Härmä, Athanasios Mouchtaris
2011 Zenodo  
Many of them, for example, beat tracking and music classification, need a preprocessing stage where tempo estimation takes place.  ...  CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE WORK A new method to estimate the tempo of musical signals was presented in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1416386 fatcat:xz5rjm2445dkrhuemqh5q7z2fu
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