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Techniques for Analyzing the Relationship between Population Density and Geographical Features of Interest

Amanda Johnson, Colin Arrowsmith
2015 Procedia Environmental Sciences  
This paper presents a study which explored a range of techniques for analysing the spatial relationship between population density and geographical features of interest at a global scale.  ...  The correlation between the spatial distribution of Australian cinema screens and a global gridded population density dataset were used as the case study for the analysis.  ...  Acknowledgements This study was conducted as part of Australian Research Council (ARC) project DP120101940.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.proenv.2015.07.116 fatcat:em4wbz5kb5fqrjni5dptowrsi4

Decision Making on Allocating Urban Green Spaces Based upon Spatially-Varying Relationships between Urban Green Spaces and Urban Compaction Degree

Hsueh-Sheng Chang, Tzu-Ling Chen
2015 Sustainability  
Overall, the exploration of conceptualizing spatial heterogeneity of relationships between the degree of urban compaction and UGS can provide insightful analyses for decision-making on allocating UGS.  ...  High population density attracts even more residents and frequently renders the existing urban green space (UGS) insufficient for use as part of a living environment.  ...  Acknowledgments Support from the National Science Council of ROC through grant NSC 102-2410-H-006-074 is gratefully acknowledged.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su71013399 fatcat:p2clfyxyl5cudio2l2x5mzzwle

Quantifying altitude of human habitation in studies of human health using geographical name server data

Stephen Thielke, Christopher G. Slatore, William A. Banks
2016 Geospatial Health  
Almost all studies examining the effects of altitude on human health have estimated the geographical altitude of defined regions, yet the primary interest lies in where people live, not the land around  ...  We propose a straightforward and computationally simple method for estimating the average altitude of habitation within the regional units for which health statistics are typically reported (such as counties  ...  Limitations First, because there is no differentiation of place names based on their size, our technique may underestimate the population density of highly populous places.  ... 
doi:10.4081/gh.2016.463 pmid:27903068 fatcat:fslmdkbuqbdrjpyttiyj2v47qm

The impact of a physical geographic barrier on the dynamics of measles

A. VORA, D. S. BURKE, D. A. T. CUMMINGS
2007 Epidemiology and Infection  
We examine measles dynamics in Maryland and Pennsylvania during the period of 1917-1938. The central feature of interest is the Chesapeake Bay, which separates Maryland into two distinct regions.  ...  Incidence patterns reflect internal dynamics within a community and coupling of communities through the movement of infectious individuals.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the National Institutes of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health (Grant U01-GM070749-03) for funding.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0950268807009193 pmid:17662170 fatcat:ievpu3bg7vhvditjnx5wvmlorm

A spatial analysis of the geographic distribution of musculoskeletal and general practice healthcare clinics in Auckland, New Zealand

Lara J. Sanders, Glenn D. Aguilar, Catherine J. Bacon
2013 Applied Geography  
analyses of the relationship between clinic distribution and social aspects of the environment were measured.  ...  Kernel density maps showing population and clinic densities per Area Unit were produced to provide a visualisation of the possible relationship between clinic location and population density.  ...  Scatterplot matrix showing relationships between dependent and explanatory variables used in OLS calculation for osteopathic clinic density per Area Unit.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2013.07.014 fatcat:atwp76myw5axbh6ovtn3ewsch4

Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Coverage: A Study of Slovenia

2022 Tehnički Vjesnik  
Using discrete and network geographic information system (GIS) models, with ArcGIS software, the density of electric vehicle charging stations (EVCSs), geographic distribution, nearness along a street  ...  Spatial analyses are carefully selected, and, in complementarity, give a comprehensive picture of EVCSs coverage. The research is important for further spatial planning of EVCSs.  ...  As the above analyses hinted at a relationship between EVCSs and motorways, we examined this relationship in more detail.  ... 
doi:10.17559/tv-20200518121739 fatcat:rqoawssnuzeppivwe7r6tzgeee

Types of Crime, Poverty, Population Density and Presence of Police in the Metropolitan District of Quito

Pablo F. Cabrera-Barona, Gualdemar Jimenez, Pablo Melo
2019 ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information  
Correlation analyses were applied between number of registers of each type of crime, and the UBN index, CPU density and population density measures.  ...  An inverse relationship between the UBN index and number of crimes was identified for each type of crime, while positive relationships were found between crimes and CPU density, and between crimes and  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijgi8120558 fatcat:i53xat3qjjbztjkhjx7ruyx26a

How Close Do We Live to Water? A Global Analysis of Population Distance to Freshwater Bodies

Matti Kummu, Hans de Moel, Philip J. Ward, Olli Varis, Matjaz Perc
2011 PLoS ONE  
Global studies on development and climate adaptation can benefit from an improved understanding of these relationships between human populations and the distance to fresh water.  ...  We aim to increase the understanding of the relationship between inhabited places, distance to surface freshwater bodies, and climatic characteristics in different climate zones and administrative regions  ...  Acknowledgments We thank our colleagues, particularly Marko Keskinen, at Water & Development Research Group for their support and helpful comments. Author Contributions  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020578 pmid:21687675 pmcid:PMC3110782 fatcat:sj3jtsgvbjda5fg4nxwksuuygm

Improving Estimates of Natural Resources Using Model-Based Estimators: Impacts of Sample Design, Estimation Technique, and Strengths of Association

John Hogland, David L. R. Affleck
2021 Remote Sensing  
While common, model-based inference alone assumes that a given model accurately depicts the relationship between response and predictors across all populations.  ...  The findings indicate that model-based estimators derived from samples spread and balanced across predictor variable space reduce the variability of population and unit-level estimators.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs13193893 fatcat:sumo6jwsrbbqhju4rsji5gzb4q

Esophageal Eosinophilia is Increased in Rural Areas With Low Population Density: Results From a National Pathology Database

Elizabeth T Jensen, Kate Hoffman, Nicholas J Shaheen, Robert M Genta, Evan S Dellon
2014 American Journal of Gastroenterology  
Our aim was to assess the relationship between EoE and population density.  ...  Generally, the risk of atopic disease differs in rural and urban environments. The relationship between population density and EoE is unknown.  ...  The study sponsors had no role in the study design, collection, analysis, or interpretation of the data. Abbreviations EoE eosinophilic esophagitis PPI proton-pump inhibitors  ... 
doi:10.1038/ajg.2014.47 pmid:24667575 pmcid:PMC4594850 fatcat:grdvu42bw5hnxo3ad7bj2gszqa

Examining the impact of cross-domain learning on crime prediction

Fateha Khanam Bappee, Amilcar Soares, Lucas May Petry, Stan Matwin
2021 Journal of Big Data  
And, since the data are not as available or comprehensive, especially for smaller cities, it is challenging to build a uniform framework for all geographic regions.  ...  We create a uniform outline for Halifax, Nova Scotia, one of Canada's geographic regions, by adapting and learning knowledge from two different domains, Toronto and Vancouver, which belong to different  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) for financial support, Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM) and Halifax Regional  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40537-021-00489-9 pmid:34760434 pmcid:PMC8570338 fatcat:xbvu6he2ubh7vgjft3fuwejqam

Geostatistical modeling of dengue disease in Lahore, Pakistan

Bilal Tariq, Arjumand Z. Zaidi
2019 SN Applied Sciences  
The geographically weighted multivariate regression model indicated a statistically significant relationship between dengue cases and the built-up area and population density.  ...  Ordinary least-square and geographically weighted regression analyses were conducted to identify the influence of study variables on the dengue outbreak.  ...  The final paper is read and approved by all authors. Availability of data and materials GIS data are available on request.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42452-019-0428-1 fatcat:ykdaajvwcjbi7mjj3qxxovyz4i

Geographic disparities and moral hazards in the predicted impacts of climate change on human populations

J. Samson, D. Berteaux, B. J. McGill, M. M. Humphries
2011 Global Ecology and Biogeography  
Here we use the relationship between the distribution of human population density and climate as a basis to develop the first global index of predicted impacts of climate change on human populations.  ...  Main conclusions Regionalized analysis of relationships between distribution of human population density and climate provides a novel framework for developing global indices of human vulnerability to climate  ...  Pereira and two anonymous referees for their helpful comments. This research was supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC).  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00632.x fatcat:35jt42ekirgz3f6vvud3qgttv4

The complexities of measuring access to parks and physical activity sites in New York City: a quantitative and qualitative approach

Andrew R Maroko, Juliana A Maantay, Nancy L Sohler, Kristen L Grady, Peter S Arno
2009 International Journal of Health Geographics  
Accurate measurement of park accessibility can therefore be important in showing the links between opportunities for active behavior and beneficial health outcomes.  ...  of the relationships (AIC = 2014 and -1241, respectively).  ...  Thanks also are due to the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation for working with the student interns and Prof.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1476-072x-8-34 pmid:19545430 pmcid:PMC2708147 fatcat:pkq4dhlnlngbbodqrn2gspqluy

Decay radius of climate decision for solar panels in the city of Fresno, USA

Kelsey Barton-Henry, Leonie Wenz, Anders Levermann
2021 Scientific Reports  
Employing machine learning techniques, we find the density of solar panels within the shortest measured radius of an address is the most important factor in determining the likelihood of that address having  ...  Using satellite imagery, we build a unique geo-located dataset for the city of Fresno to specify the importance of small distances.  ...  Code availability The code used for the analysis and plots is available at https:// doi. org/ 10. 5281/ zenodo. 46764 30.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-021-87714-w pmid:33883574 fatcat:bwwikdaukrdjnkjbgdlvegecpa
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