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Task-induced brain connectivity promotes the detection of individual differences in brain-behavior relationships

Rongtao Jiang, Nianming Zuo, Judith M. Ford, Shile Qi, Dongmei Zhi, Chuanjun Zhuo, Yong Xu, Zening Fu, Juan Bustillo, Jessica A. Turner, Vince D. Calhoun, Jing Sui
2019 NeuroImage  
Together, this replication study highlights the benefit of using task-based FCs to reveal brain-behavior relationships, which may confer more predictive power and promote the detection of individual differences  ...  Although both resting and task-induced functional connectivity (FC) have been used to characterize the human brain and cognitive abilities, the potential of task-induced FCs in individualized prediction  ...  Conclusions In summary, this replication study highlights the benefit of using task-based FCs to reveal brain-behavior relationships, which may confer more predictive power and promote the detection of  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.116370 pmid:31751666 pmcid:PMC7345498 fatcat:e3eydic6y5habfo7niimbsywou

Exercise, Fitness and the Aging Brain: A Review of Functional Connectivity in Aging

Chelsea M. Stillman, Shannon D. Donofry, Kirk I. Erickson
2019 Archives of Psychology  
The purpose of this review is to summarize what is known to date regarding the relationships between functional connectivity, exercise, fitness, and physical activity in aging.  ...  Exercise is a particularly promising health behavior known to induce changes in regional brain structure and function in older adults.  ...  This is in contrast to task-evoked connectivity which is the communication amongst the brain regions involved in a particular task.  ... 
doi:10.31296/aop.v3i4.98 fatcat:335mnrvlm5g6hlgvqdz4bd5ci4

Pro-cognitive drug effects modulate functional brain network organization

Carsten Giessing, Christiane M. Thiel
2012 Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience  
to the understanding of the role of cholinergic and noradrenergic modulation in the human brain.  ...  In humans neural mechanisms of cholinergic and noradrenergic modulation have mainly been analyzed by investigating drug-induced changes of task-related neural activity measured with functional magnetic  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was supported by grants from the German Research Foundation (DFG) to Christiane M. Thiel (TH766/6-1) and to Carsten Giessing (GI 682/2-1).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2012.00053 pmid:22973209 pmcid:PMC3428580 fatcat:k56ckxe5dveudc6l4x7pi7mljm

Intervention-induced Enhancement in Intrinsic Brain Activity in Healthy Older Adults

Shufei Yin, Xinyi Zhu, Rui Li, Yanan Niu, Baoxi Wang, Zhiwei Zheng, Xin Huang, Lijuan Huo, Juan Li
2015 Brain Stimulation  
Additionally, individual differences in the baseline ALFF were correlated with intervention-related changes in behavioral performance.  ...  This study examined the effects of a multimodal intervention on spontaneous brain activity in healthy older adults.  ...  Moreover, since previous studies demonstrated that pre-training individual differences had an impact on the outcome of a cognitive training task 25, 26 , we also examined the relationship between individual  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.brs.2015.01.320 fatcat:siicbr6mpvcm3nueewhzgi5m4q

Intervention-induced enhancement in intrinsic brain activity in healthy older adults

Shufei Yin, Xinyi Zhu, Rui Li, Yanan Niu, Baoxi Wang, Zhiwei Zheng, Xin Huang, Lijuan Huo, Juan Li
2014 Scientific Reports  
Additionally, individual differences in the baseline ALFF were correlated with intervention-related changes in behavioral performance.  ...  This study examined the effects of a multimodal intervention on spontaneous brain activity in healthy older adults.  ...  Moreover, since previous studies demonstrated that pre-training individual differences had an impact on the outcome of a cognitive training task 25, 26 , we also examined the relationship between individual  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep07309 pmid:25472002 pmcid:PMC4255189 fatcat:gj22y2cgybcsdmo4tkii6k2nii

A review of the relationship between eating behavior, obesity and functional brain network organization

2019 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
Weight-related differences in task-evoked and resting-state connectivity have most frequently been noted in the executive control network (ECN), salience network (SN) and default mode network (DMN), with  ...  obesity generally being associated with weakened connectivity in the ECN and enhanced connectivity in the SN and DMN.  ...  differences in the functional organization of the brain.  ... 
doi:10.1093/scan/nsz085 pmid:31680149 pmcid:PMC7657447 fatcat:weovgp2trbdsfenvnlfgxw42py

Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) in the Normalization of Brain Activation in Patients with Neuropsychiatric Disorders: A Systematic Review of Neurophysiological and Neuroimaging Studies

Melody M. Y. Chan, Yvonne M. Y. Han, Vincent C. K. Cheung
2020 Neural Plasticity  
Moreover, we examined whether these changes in brain activity are clinically relevant, as evidenced by brain-behavior correlations. Methods.  ...  Importantly, anodal tDCS appeared to normalize aberrant brain activation in patients with schizophrenia and substance abuse, and the effect was selectively correlated with reaction times, task-specific  ...  The detection of brain-behavior correlations in some specific measures but not others might imply a need for careful consideration of the choice of behavioral measurements, as well as therapy/task design  ... 
doi:10.1155/2020/8854412 pmid:33424961 pmcid:PMC7773462 fatcat:j3p2x5umozhzhnabx2ijhempui

Selective Effects of Psychotherapy on Frontopolar Cortical Function in PTSD

Gregory A. Fonzo, Madeleine S. Goodkind, Desmond J. Oathes, Yevgeniya V. Zaiko, Meredith Harvey, Kathy K. Peng, M. Elizabeth Weiss, Allison L. Thompson, Sanno E. Zack, Colleen E. Mills-Finnerty, Benjamin M. Rosenberg, Raleigh Edelstein (+8 others)
2017 American Journal of Psychiatry  
The authors assessed changes in brain function after prolonged exposure therapy across three emotional reactivity and regulation paradigms. ajp in Advance ajp.psychiatryonline.org 1 ARTICLES ajp in Advance  ...  Objective: Exposure therapy is an effective treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but a comprehensive, emotion-focused perspective on how psychotherapy affects brain function is lacking.  ...  No other significant treatment effects were detected on task behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.16091073 pmid:28715907 pmcid:PMC5711612 fatcat:gotouf5wj5dmnio57pofvjg6uu

Task-based dynamic functional connectivity: Recent findings and open questions

Javier Gonzalez-Castillo, Peter A. Bandettini
2018 NeuroImage  
The temporal evolution of functional connectivity (FC) within the confines of individual scans is nowadays often explored with functional neuroimaging.  ...  Next, reports on the relationships between instantaneous FC and perception/performance in subsequent trials are discussed.  ...  Acknowledgments This research was possible thanks to the support of the National Institute of Mental Health Intramural Research Program (NIH clinical protocol number NCT00001360, protocol ID 93-M-0170,  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.08.006 pmid:28780401 pmcid:PMC5797523 fatcat:mwiaoo6fdbfbfnk6be2nfw32om

Not all smokers are alike: The hidden cost of sustained attention during nicotine abstinence [article]

Harshawardhan U Deshpande, John R Fedota, Juan Castillo, Betty Jo Salmeron, Thomas J Ross, Elliot A Stein
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Task-evoked NWS-associated errors of omission (EOm), brain activity, underlying functional connectivity (FC), and brain-behavior correlations between subgroups were assessed.  ...  Finally, abstinence-induced brain (FC) and behavior (EOm) differences were positively correlated for HTPs in a L Precentral : R Orbitofrontal cortical circuit.  ...  Acknowledgements This study was supported by the Intramural Research Program of the National Institute on Drug Abuse/National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Food and Drug Administration Grant No.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.07.22.453142 fatcat:it4deim76zbz5bwecuhyd4lbc4

Students' Mindsets for Learning and Their Neural Underpinnings

Kirsi Tirri, Teija Kujala
2016 Psychology  
During performance monitoring it is possible to probe event-related brain potentials (ERPs), enabling the investigation of the neural basis of students' different reactions to mistakes.  ...  In this article we review and connect educational, psychological and neuroscientific points of view to investigate the role of mindsets related to learning.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation and CICERO Learning Network, University of Helsinki.  ... 
doi:10.4236/psych.2016.79125 fatcat:or74nx7eb5hw3edndst5ls2y6a

Romantic Love vs. Drug Addiction May Inspire a New Treatment for Addiction

Zhiling Zou, Hongwen Song, Yuting Zhang, Xiaochu Zhang
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
, while significant differences exist between the later stage of romantic love and drug addiction, and this stage of romantic love eventually developed into a prosocial behavior.  ...  functional alterations in social cognition network and the OT system may be the neurophysiological basis of romantic love as a prosocial behavior.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31230032, 31171083, and 31471071), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01436 pmid:27713720 pmcid:PMC5031705 fatcat:3ld7by2nlrawhc4i24nywyktua

COMT Val158Met Polymorphism Exerts Sex-Dependent Effects on fMRI Measures of Brain Function

Amanda Elton, Christopher T. Smith, Michael H. Parrish, Charlotte A. Boettiger
2017 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
COMT genotype has not only been associated with individual differences in frontal dopamine-mediated behaviors, but also with variations in neuroimaging measures of brain activity and functional connectivity  ...  COMT genotype and sex similarly exhibited U-shaped relationships with individual differences in neural activation, particularly among networks that were most engaged by the task, including the default-mode  ...  The neural effects of COMT genotype observed in this study were evident in all networks that we tested and appear to promote brain-wide alterations in neural activity and connectivity.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2017.00578 pmid:29270116 pmcid:PMC5723646 fatcat:n2cxer5wengbzlsvkcm424xxza

Neuroplasticity in Human Alcoholism: Studies of Extended Abstinence with Potential Treatment Implications

George Fein, Valerie A Cardenas
2015 Alcohol research : current reviews  
This impulsive and compulsive behavior may be related to functional abnormalities within networks of brain regions responsible for how we make decisions.  ...  The abnormalities may result in strengthened networks related to appetitive drive-or the need to fulfill desires-and simultaneously weakened networks that exercise control over behaviors.  ...  Financial Disclosure The authors declare that they have no competing financial interests.  ... 
pmid:26259093 pmcid:PMC4476599 fatcat:ys435ezqbfdoxfz54yg6oc4jwu

Combining transcranial magnetic stimulation and functional imaging in cognitive brain research: possibilities and limitations

Alexander T. Sack, David E.J. Linden
2003 Brain Research Reviews  
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a widely used tool for the non-invasive study of basic neurophysiological processes and the relationship between brain and behavior.  ...  We conclude with a critical analysis of the resulting conceptual and methodological limitations that the investigation of functional brain-behavior relationships still has to face.  ...  The three sources of information for the investigation of functional brain-behavior relationships are illustrated.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0165-0173(03)00191-7 pmid:14499461 fatcat:wxrtvxv7f5c45hnzqif5uo7dhu
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