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Task complexity and location specific changes of cortical thickness in executive and salience networks after working memory training

Claudia Metzler-Baddeley, Karen Caeyenberghs, Sonya Foley, Derek K. Jones
2016 NeuroImage  
Adaptive training relative to control activities resulted in a complex pattern of subtle and localised structural changes: Training was associated with increases in cortical thickness in right-lateralised  ...  We generated a priori hypotheses regarding the location of plastic effects across three cognitive control networks (executive, anterior salience and basal ganglia networks), and compared the effects of  ...  Baddeley, Bristol University, for statistical advice and Adam Hampshire, Imperial College London, for providing the benchmark tests from the Cambridge Brain Sciences laboratory.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2016.01.007 pmid:26806288 pmcid:PMC4819728 fatcat:fpb4mvgokrcc5dpiisldxdkcbq

Longitudinal data on cortical thickness before and after working memory training

Claudia Metzler-Baddeley, Karen Caeyenberghs, Sonya Foley, Derek K. Jones
2016 Data in Brief  
The data and supplementary information provided in this article relate to our research article "Task complexity and location specific changes of cortical thickness in executive and salience networks after  ...  [2]) before and after Cogmed working memory training (Cogmed and Cogmed Working Memory Training, 2012) [3].  ...  Baddeley, Bristol University, for statistical advice and Adam Hampshire, Imperial College London, for providing the Cambridge Brain Sciences tests.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dib.2016.03.090 pmid:27115029 pmcid:PMC4833123 fatcat:uign44lkynfbpb4awbdowvtmne

The cortical structure of functional networks associated with age-related cognitive abilities in older adults

Michael B Kranz, Michelle W Voss, Gillian E Cooke, Sarah E Banducci, Agnieszka Z Burzynska, Arthur F Kramer
2018 PLoS ONE  
In contrast, thickness of the salience network predicted executive function and mediated the age-cognition relationship for executive function.  ...  thought to rely on both common and distinct processes (executive function and episodic memory) in older adults.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank Holly Tracy and Nancy Dodge for MRI data collection and Natalie Henry for project coordination.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0204280 pmid:30240409 pmcid:PMC6150534 fatcat:xxiifqwrfjdcdiqfa22afzhneu

Multimodal Assessment of Neural Substrates in Computerized Cognitive Training: A Preliminary Study

Hae Ri Na, Jae Sung Lim, Woo Jung Kim, Jae Won Jang, Min Jae Baek, Jeongeun Kim, Young Ho Park, So Young Park, SangYun Kim
2018 Journal of Clinical Neurology  
The anterior cingulate and anterior insula, which are parts of the salience network, may be substrates for the improvements in cognitive function induced by computerized cognitive training.  ...  In the pre- and posttraining evaluations of the MCI group, FDG-PET showed focal activation in the left anterior insula and anterior cingulate after training.  ...  Acknowledgements This study was supported by a grant from the Ministry of Knowledge Economy, Republic of Korea (10035434).  ... 
doi:10.3988/jcn.2018.14.4.454 pmid:30198220 pmcid:PMC6172514 fatcat:r2ztpj6eqzcmdkukzcacu3ujyu

Dynamics of White Matter Plasticity Underlying Working Memory Training: Multimodal Evidence from Diffusion MRI and Relaxometry

Claudia Metzler-Baddeley, Sonya Foley, Silvia de Santis, Cyril Charron, Adam Hampshire, Karen Caeyenberghs, Derek K. Jones
2017 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
These results demonstrate task complexity and location-specific white matter microstructural changes that are consistent with tissue alterations underlying myelination in response to training. ■  ...  ■ Adaptive working memory (WM) training may lead to cognitive benefits that are associated with white matter plasticity in parietofrontal networks, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood  ...  coregistration, Flavio dell'Acqua and Michel Thibaut de Schotten, London, for their advice regarding SLF subfascicle reconstructions, and Naomi Warne, Cardiff, for help with some of the tract reconstruction  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_01127 pmid:28358656 pmcid:PMC5881889 fatcat:uk4delafirhc5c5suyfshejvfa

Cognitive outcome is related to functional thalamo-cortical connectivity after pediatric stroke

Leonie Steiner, Andrea Federspiel, Nedelina Slavova, Roland Wiest, Sebastian Grunt, Maja Steinlin, Regula Everts
2022 Brain Communications  
of thalamo-cortical connectivity in the motor, auditory, visual, default mode network, posterior default mode network, salience, left/right executive, and dorsal attention network after childhood stroke  ...  Network analyses revealed significantly lower thalamo-cortical connectivity for the motor, auditory, visual, default mode network, salience, left/right executive and dorsal attention network in patients  ...  Furthermore, we thank everybody who was involved in data acquisition, namely Maria Regenyi, Salome Kornfeld, Juan Delgado-Rodriguez and Sandeep Kamal.  ... 
doi:10.1093/braincomms/fcac110 pmid:35611308 pmcid:PMC9122536 fatcat:ewumev4fs5hg3hxpei3tocm74u

Morphological and Functional Differences between Athletes and Novices in Cortical Neuronal Networks

Xiao-Ying Tan, Yan-Ling Pi, Jue Wang, Xue-Pei Li, Lan-Lan Zhang, Wen Dai, Hua Zhu, Zhen Ni, Jian Zhang, Yin Wu
2017 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
We found higher functional connectivity in default mode network, salience network and executive control network in basketball players compared to novices.  ...  We conclude that the morphology and functional connectivity in cortical neuronal networks in athletes and novices are different.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank collaborators in East China Normal University for data acquisition.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2016.00660 pmid:28101012 pmcid:PMC5209359 fatcat:e5heg4df6fda7ovcfcsratp3em

Cognitive Decline and Reorganization of Functional Connectivity in Healthy Aging: The Pivotal Role of the Salience Network in the Prediction of Age and Cognitive Performances

Valentina La Corte, Marco Sperduti, Caroline Malherbe, François Vialatte, Stéphanie Lion, Thierry Gallarda, Catherine Oppenheim, Pascale Piolino
2016 Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience  
Normal aging is related to a decline in specific cognitive processes, in particular in executive functions and memory.  ...  Our findings confirm the crucial role of episodic memory and executive functions in cognitive aging and suggest a pivotal role of the salience network in neural reorganization in aging.  ...  We thank all volunteers for their participation in this study and the neuroimaging staff of the Center of Psychiatry and Neuroscience at Sainte Anne Hospital, especially A. D. Devauchelle, P.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnagi.2016.00204 pmid:27616991 pmcid:PMC5003020 fatcat:l34mwmuv3fenrfyj72yyk7qcz4

Dynamic reconfiguration of functional brain networks during working memory training

Karolina Finc, Kamil Bonna, Xiaosong He, David M. Lydon-Staley, Simone Kühn, Włodzisław Duch, Danielle S. Bassett
2020 Nature Communications  
The automation of the n-back task through training resulted in non-linear changes in integration between the fronto-parietal and default mode systems, and integration with the subcortical system.  ...  In a dynamic analysis,we found that the autonomy of the default mode system and integration among task-positive systems were modulated by training.  ...  and subcortical systems supports more specific network changes related to automation of the working memory task.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41467-020-15631-z pmid:32415206 fatcat:3tlmmliu3rfa3i5pzpnvppidxa

Elemental operations in vision

2005 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
Evidence in support of the theory comes from recent neurophysiological findings in monkeys engaged in complex visual tasks.  ...  Here, I outline a new theory of how these processing steps are implemented in vision by networks of neurons that span several areas of the cerebral cortex.  ...  Acknowledgements I thank Jillian Fecteau and Roos Houtkamp for their helpful comments on the manuscript. This work was supported by a HFSP Young Investigators grant.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2005.03.012 pmid:15866149 fatcat:clgfy5r46bekfcbp5cinsre47q


2005 Handbook of Categorization in Cognitive Science  
working memory and executive attention.  ...  In particular, COVIS predicts that, because the explicit system has access to working memory and executive attention, it should be relatively unaffected by changes in the timing and form of the feedback  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-008044612-7/50080-9 fatcat:acxy7wxugbbwjoo6vj2aopoibq

Remapping the Brain to Compensate for Impairment in Recovering Alcoholics

S. Chanraud, A.-L. Pitel, E. M. Muller-Oehring, A. Pfefferbaum, E. V. Sullivan
2012 Cerebral Cortex  
Here, we tested whether previously published functional magnetic resonance imaging data acquired in 15 recovering alcoholics and 15 controls at rest and while performing a spatial working memory task would  ...  By identifying networks that uniquely and positively correlated with good performance, we provide evidence for compensatory recruitment of cerebellar-based functional networks by alcoholics.  ...  When engaged in tasks of attention, response selection, and working memory, nodes of the executive network (cerebellar regions Crus I and Crus II and prefrontal and posterior parietal cortices) can be  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bhr381 pmid:22275479 pmcid:PMC3513953 fatcat:pemgarggwnftxg3ost4dxomqie

Cortical thickness in frontoparietal and cingulo-opercular networks predicts executive function performance in older adults

Erica L. Schmidt, Wesley Burge, Kristina M. Visscher, Lesley A. Ross
2016 Neuropsychology  
, working memory, updating, switching, reasoning, selective attention, and inhibition.  ...  In sum, these results indicate that cortical thickness in distinct components of the executive control network differentially predicts performance on tasks with separable executive demands.  ... 
doi:10.1037/neu0000242 pmid:26460586 pmcid:PMC4767555 fatcat:wegcvs7yznes5ixgrm5usmqrqi

Review of the Neural Processes of Working Memory Training: Controlling the Impulse to Throw the Baby Out With the Bathwater

Samantha J. Brooks, Rhiannon Mackenzie-Phelan, Jamie Tully, Helgi B. Schiöth
2020 Frontiers in Psychiatry  
neurogenetic analyses with tasks based on visuospatial and auditory working memory, dual and standard n-back.  ...  Smartphone technology has enabled the creation of many working memory training (WMT) Apps, with those peer-reviewed described in a recent review.  ...  consistent [e.g., default mode network, executive control network (ECN), salience network, dorsal attentional network (DAN), among others]during fMRI cognitive task performance (67) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2020.512761 pmid:33132926 pmcid:PMC7511702 fatcat:coeyvq6i7nd7fmzo4qnafpxm3a

Processing speed and attention training modifies autonomic flexibility: A mechanistic intervention study

Feng Lin, Ye Tao, Quanjing Chen, Mia Anthony, Zhengwu Zhang, Duje Tadin, Kathi L. Heffner
2020 NeuroImage  
Compared to the control group, the intervention group showed significant improvement in PS/A, HF-HRV, salience network (SN), central executive network (CEN), and frontal parietal network (FPN) connectivity  ...  This work provides novel support for top-down regulation of PS/A and associated SN on vagal control of ANS.  ...  In the present study, VSOP training improved CEN and FPN, whereas MLA improved SA; nonetheless, we did not find any relationship between these networks and HF-HRV with a working memory task, suggesting  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116730 pmid:32165263 pmcid:PMC7165056 fatcat:nc6vrj4xd5bfngkmrrtb4nkppm
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