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Target word prediction and paraphasia classification in spoken discourse

Joel Adams, Steven Bedrick, Gerasimos Fergadiotis, Kyle Gorman, Jan van Santen
2017 BioNLP 2017  
Working from transcribed discourse samples, our system identifies neologisms, and uses a combination of string alignment and language models to produce a lattice of plausible words that the speaker may  ...  We present a system for automatically detecting and classifying phonologically anomalous productions in the speech of individuals with aphasia.  ...  This material is based upon work supported in part by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders of the National Institutes of Health under awards R01DC012033 and R03DC014556.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w17-2301 dblp:conf/bionlp/AdamsBFGS17 fatcat:rvamyv727nhnlnhdatq3pul4h4

Lexical Substitution and Paraphasia in Advanced Dementia of the Alzheimer Type

Irina Ovchinnikova, Anna Pavlova
2017 Psychology of Language and Communication  
The classification of the substitutions is worked out on the basis of the links between a target word and its substitutions.  ...  The changes in the substitutions and paraphasias categories between AD stages are statistically significant.  ...  We are also grateful to the reviewers of the manuscript for their very helpful remarks allowing us to reconsider the objective and notably improve our manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1515/plc-2017-0015 fatcat:ugzbgj7blrb6tkgwl2dg54qfka

Page 67 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 26, Issue 2 [page]

1992 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
discourse real-time transcription; 9203661 Levelt, W., Speaking: From Intention to Articulation reviewed; 9203659 time transcription, spoken discourse, ethnomethodological / psycholinguistic approaches  ...  subject index word-meaning account constraints, philosophical /semantic anti- realism, psychological concept combination phenomena; 9203509 words/representata relationship, implicate order/holonomic theory  ... 

Describing Phonological Paraphasias in Three Variants of Primary Progressive Aphasia

Sarah Grace Hudspeth Dalton, Christine Shultz, Maya L. Henry, Argye E. Hillis, Jessica D. Richardson
2018 American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology  
Phonological paraphasias were coded for paraphasia type, part of speech of the target word, target word frequency, type of segment in error, word position of consonant errors, type of error, and degree  ...  Most paraphasias were nonword, followed by formal, and then mixed, with errors primarily occurring on nouns and verbs, with relatively few on function words.  ...  Acknowledgments The data collection for this research was supported in part by National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders Grants R01 DC011317, awarded to Argye E.  ... 
doi:10.1044/2017_ajslp-16-0210 pmid:29497748 pmcid:PMC6111492 fatcat:g5j3t4fwqzaxjikt2osvb4ql5y

Neural organization of speech production: A lesion-based study of error patterns in connected speech [article]

Brielle C Stark, Alexandra Basilakos, Gregory Hickok, Chris Rorden, Leonardo Bonilha, Julius Fridriksson
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
The results presented here demonstrate the related, though different, distribution of paraphasias during connected speech, confirm that paraphasias arising in connected speech and single-word naming likely  ...  Here, in a retrospective analysis of 120 participants at least six months following left hemisphere stroke, we evaluated the distribution of word errors (paraphasias) and associated brain damage during  ...  in discourse in isolation were not well predicted by performance on confrontation naming tests (Fergadiotis and Wright, 2015) .  ... 
doi:10.1101/544841 fatcat:ztzzt3zikjd2xjbtyd726dtzlu

A comparison of picture description abilities in individuals with vascular subcortical lesions and Huntington's Disease

Angela M. Jensen, Helen J. Chenery, David A. Copland
2006 Journal of Communication Disorders  
NS and HD subjects provided as much information about the target picture as control subjects, but produced fewer action information units.  ...  Analysis of syntactic abilities revealed that the HD subjects produced significantly more grammatical errors than both the NS and control subjects and that the NS group performed in a similar manner to  ...  the meaning of words, concepts and classification of concepts' (Tulving, 1972, pp. 401-402) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jcomdis.2005.07.001 pmid:16154582 fatcat:n7lpnr43ffbwhohdpgmlbhew5e

Contribution of the Cognitive Approach to Language Assessment to the Differential Diagnosis of Primary Progressive Aphasia

Joël Macoir, Annie Légaré, Monica Lavoie
2021 Brain Sciences  
The main advantage of this assessment approach is that it goes beyond the mere description and classification of clinical syndromes and identifies impaired and preserved cognitive and linguistic components  ...  The article is structured according to the main language domains: spoken production, language comprehension, and written language.  ...  For example, anomia is often targeted in PPA behavioral treatments.  ... 
doi:10.3390/brainsci11060815 fatcat:53m7mwuukfaxzivihxsn5tfwqu

Zero-Shot Cross-lingual Aphasia Detection using Automatic Speech Recognition [article]

Gerasimos Chatzoudis, Manos Plitsis, Spyridoula Stamouli, Athanasia-Lida Dimou, Athanasios Katsamanis, Vassilis Katsouros
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We attempt to leverage available data in English and achieve zero-shot aphasia detection in low-resource languages such as Greek and French, by using language-agnostic linguistic features.  ...  Like in many medical applications, aphasic speech data is scarce and the problem is exacerbated in so-called "low resource" languages, which are, for this task, most languages excluding English.  ...  , as well as a system for transcribing paraphasias, or mispronounced words, in the International Phonetic Alphabet.  ... 
arXiv:2204.00448v1 fatcat:qlclqmocabamrh5gdugl2gbtwa

AphasiaBank as BigData

Davida Fromm, Brian MacWhinney
2016 Seminars in Speech and Language  
Here, we review results from 45 studies based on these data that investigate aphasic productions in terms of these eight areas: discourse, grammar, lexicon, gesture, fluency, syndrome classification, social  ...  AphasiaBank has used a standardized protocol to collect narrative, procedural, personal, and descriptive discourse from 290 persons with aphasia, as well as 190 control participants.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by grant DC0008524 from the National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders).  ... 
doi:10.1055/s-0036-1571357 pmid:26882361 pmcid:PMC5340876 fatcat:j2sex4fhpjd2tn52fungdaz4sy

An Integrated Approach for Treating Discourse in Aphasia

Lisa Milman
2016 Topics in Language Disorders  
Method: Treatment in all studies (two case reports and two single subject experimental designs) followed a problem-based learning model targeting word retrieval, sentence processing, and discourse production  ...  In addition, generalization was evident for most participants on related linguistic structures, standardized tests of language and cognition, and/or measures of spoken discourse production.  ...  of target word/sentence structures (≥80% on two consecutive probes); and (3) close relation between trained/practiced discourse task and target communication goal.  ... 
doi:10.1097/tld.0000000000000076 fatcat:cgw7quonzncujipnrnvu6yjkq4

Time reference decoupled from tense in agrammatic and fluent aphasia

Laura S. Bos, Roelien Bastiaanse
2014 Aphasiology  
Reference to the past was tested through (1) a simple verb in past tense and (2) a verb complex with an auxiliary in present tense + participle (the present perfect).  ...  Methods & Procedures: A sentence completion task was used to elicit reference to the non-past and past in Dutch.  ...  We thank Felix Golcher for his extensive advise in statistical analyses and Gosse Bouma for his frequency analyses.  ... 
doi:10.1080/02687038.2014.886322 fatcat:vll4nchntfduxa3bktbuyaa74e

Investigating the origin of nonfluency in aphasia: A path modeling approach to neuropsychology

Nazbanou Nozari, Yasmeen Faroqi-Shah
2017 Cortex  
The results show that word production, comprehension, and working memory deficits all contribute to nonfluency, in addition to syntactic impairment which has a strong and direct impact on fluency.  ...  elements in this model, and implement it using path modeling on data from 112 individuals with aphasia from the AphasiaBank.  ...  ., 2011) and the contributors to the AphasiaBank corpus for making their data publicly accessible.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2017.08.003 pmid:28866301 pmcid:PMC5630269 fatcat:ywkwrxi6lrhsjba5wverqlnnje

Linguistic analysis of discourse in aphasia: A review of the literature

Lucy Bryant, Alison Ferguson, Elizabeth Spencer
2016 Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics  
Growth in the research use of linguistic discourse analysis and suggestions that this growth may be reflected in clinical practice requires further investigation.  ...  Future research directions are discussed to investigate clinical use of discourse analysis and examine the differences that exist between research and clinical practice. ARTICLE HISTORY  ...  The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.3109/02699206.2016.1145740 pmid:27002416 fatcat:qf4vgogz7rcdtadoynlh7izxzi

Language Sample Analysis With TalkBank: An Update and Review

Brian MacWhinney, Davida Fromm
2022 Frontiers in Communication  
This chapter examines state-of-the-art methods for coding, analyzing, and interpreting discourse-level language data from children and adults with language disorders using the data, tools, and methods  ...  We examine automatic TalkBank methods that use ASR (automatic speech recognition), NLP (natural language processing), database technology, statistics in R and Python, and ML (machine learning).  ...  It looks at a window of 2 words before and 2 words after the target word to find the single most probable candidate, based on the POS categories of the words.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fcomm.2022.865498 doaj:7bf3452dc7c24896aad436f106f657cd fatcat:kvu2xyhiw5dx5kck7ed5lbkrqq

The Role of the Thalamus in Declarative and Procedural Linguistic Memory Processes

Bruce Crosson
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
vs. procedural memory, but a matter of how the thalamus participates in lexical-semantic processes and in linguistic procedural memory, as well as the interaction of these processes.  ...  For more than two decades, we have known that basal ganglia dysfunction is associated with difficulties in procedural learning, and specific thalamic nuclei are the final waypoint back to the cortex in  ...  AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS The sole author is responsible for reviewing the literature, formulating hypotheses about the literature, writing the manuscript and obtaining permissions for reproduction of the figures  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.682199 pmid:34630202 pmcid:PMC8496746 fatcat:cpmxlg2sqbe7tpe3vvyqqydibu
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