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Target Based Speech Act Classification in Political Campaign Text [article]

Shivashankar Subramanian and Trevor Cohn and Timothy Baldwin
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We study pragmatics in political campaign text, through analysis of speech acts and the target of each utterance.  ...  We show how speech acts and target referents can be modeled as sequential classification, and evaluate several techniques, exploiting contextualized word representations, semi-supervised learning, task  ...  This work was funded in part by the Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship, and the Australian Research Council.  ... 
arXiv:1905.07856v1 fatcat:tkhfgfrgzzae3b4hcy2eykkoeu

Target Based Speech Act Classification in Political Campaign Text

Shivashankar Subramanian, Trevor Cohn, Timothy Baldwin
2019 Proceedings of the Eighth Joint Conference on Lexical and Computational Semantics (*  
We study pragmatics in political campaign text, through analysis of speech acts and the target of each utterance.  ...  We show how speech acts and target referents can be modeled as sequential classification, and evaluate several techniques, exploiting contextualized word representations, semi-supervised learning, task  ...  This work was funded in part by the Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship, and the Australian Research Council.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/s19-1030 dblp:conf/starsem/SubramanianCB19 fatcat:mqnoze5cerftjihklq7bpknbxu

Re-Defining Hate Speech Towards Reform Agenda: The Discursive use of Referential Strategies in Kenya's 2017 Pre-Election Campaigns

Margaret Nasambu Barasa, Vicky Khasandi-Telewa
2018 International Journal of English Literature and Social Sciences  
Hate crimes and inflammatory speeches have often been propagated in Kenya's election campaign s. Kenya has put in place various mechanisms to monitor hate speech.  ...  This paper focuses on various ways in which referential strategies by key leaders in the 2017 pre-election political discourse reflect and determine hate speech.  ...  As such the content in Text NASA/KSM/03 may be considered inflammatory because it targets a certain group and thus can qualify as hate speech.  ... 
doi:10.22161/ijels.3.6.34 fatcat:cyhklmennrgf3c5qh7awojbhue

Legal Framework, Dataset and Annotation Schema for Socially Unacceptable Online Discourse Practices in Slovene

Darja Fišer, Tomaž Erjavec, Nikola Ljubešić
2017 Proceedings of the First Workshop on Abusive Language Online  
On this basis we aim to train an automatic identification and classification system with which we wish contribute towards an improved methodology, understanding and treatment of such practices in the contemporary  ...  In this paper we present the legal framework, dataset and annotation schema of socially unacceptable discourse practices on social networking platforms in Slovenia.  ...  The work described in this paper was funded by the Slovenian Research Agency within the national basic research project Resources, methods and tools for the understanding, identification and classification  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w17-3007 dblp:conf/acl-alw/FiserEL17 fatcat:jgh7dy7vzvbaxovenzxvcqk3b4

When Statutory Regimes Collide:Will Wisconsin Right to Life and Citizens United Invalidate Federal Tax Regulation of Campaign Activity?

Miriam Galston
2010 Social Science Research Network  
(c)(3); infra notes 18-20 and accompanying text. 8 See infra notes 22-25 and accompanying text. 9 See Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971, 2 U.S.C. § 431 et. seq  ...  because it banned protected political speech based upon the identity of the speaker.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1572511 fatcat:qcq3tsoqmvbu3kr44s6rmwzake

Predicting the Political Alignment of Twitter Users

Michael D. Conover, Bruno Goncalves, Jacob Ratkiewicz, Alessandro Flammini, Filippo Menczer
2011 2011 IEEE Third Int'l Conference on Privacy, Security, Risk and Trust and 2011 IEEE Third Int'l Conference on Social Computing  
In this article we describe several methods for predicting the political alignment of Twitter users based on the content and structure of their political communication in the run-up to the 2010 U.S. midterm  ...  All of these content-based methods are outperformed by a classifier based on the segregated community structure of political information diffusion networks (95% accuracy).  ...  Acknowledgments: We are grateful to Andrew Ratkiewicz and Matthew Francisco for their generous assistance in the annotation process, and to all the members of the Truthy project (truthy.indiana.edu).  ... 
doi:10.1109/passat/socialcom.2011.34 dblp:conf/socialcom/ConoverGRFM11 fatcat:pplosmkfhfe5fashljwi3aq2im

LEXICO-SEMANTIC AND FUNCTIONAL PECULIARITIES OF BUSINESS DISCOURSE AS MEANS OF COMMUNICATION

Gulnar Hismetollaevna Bekkozhanova, Saule Askarovna Askarova, Fatima Zylpykarovna Mamedova, Gulmaria Turysbekovna Ospanova
2020 EurasianUnionofScientists  
The intentional base of business discourse is the struggle for power, which predetermines its main functions and methods of their implementation, speech acts, strategies and tactics.  ...  Discourse is political when it accompanies a political act in a political setting. It has both common language functions and characteristic features of business discourse.  ...  The analysis of political speeches is interesting in that they are internationally targeted.  ... 
doi:10.31618/esu.2413-9335.2020.3.76.909 fatcat:6n54vefchvfz5frlgtdrxwmadm

Українська політична реклама: аналіз стратегій реалізації сугестивності

Анастасія Ковалевська, Одеський регіональний інститут державного управління Національної академії державного управління при Президентові України
2020 Lìngvìstičnì Studìï  
suggestion realization mechanisms in the political advertisement texts, isolate the according suggestogeneous items, and classify them basing on the functional semantic characteristics identity.  ...  The article is aimed at highlighting the peculiarities of the very speech immanent suggestogeneousness realization strategies in the political slogan as one of the basic advertisement campaign components  ...  Purpose: the purpose of this paper is to highlight the peculiarities of the very speech immanent suggestogeneousness realization strategies in the political slogan as one of the basic advertisement campaign  ... 
doi:10.31558/1815-3070.2020.40.1.9 fatcat:skjbydbspfdhfbyiggxijtmtye

Hate Speech: The Phenomenon of Offensive Language

Rahmadsyah Rangkuti, Zulfan ., Andi Pratama Lubis
2019 KnE Social Sciences  
Based on the linguistic perspective, hate speech is a phenomenon of offensive language that can present linguistic data and can be analyzed linguistically.  ...  Acts of hate speech are currently getting more and more attention from various circles, not only for law enforcers and practitioners, politicians, information and communication technology experts.  ...  Therefore in this section we will describe the context in understanding acts of hate speech based on a critical discourse analysis approach and speech act theory.  ... 
doi:10.18502/kss.v3i19.4891 fatcat:3zem4vpl2jfctgxfvdobwpyvla

Deep Ordinal Regression for Pledge Specificity Prediction [article]

Shivashankar Subramanian and Trevor Cohn and Timothy Baldwin
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Many pledges are made in the course of an election campaign, forming important corpora for political analysis of campaign strategy and governmental accountability.  ...  At present, there are no publicly available annotated datasets of pledges, and most political analyses rely on manual analysis.  ...  This work was funded in part by the Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship, and the Australian Research Council.  ... 
arXiv:1909.00187v1 fatcat:nbgedcmk4fdyvewe4uy5wxynqa

Hata speech detection for afaan oromo

Chala Sembeta
2020 Zenodo  
A proposal on hate speech detection using machine learning  ...  In this report, the researcher has carried out the preliminary study on the machine learning approaches for text classification.  ...  campaigns and religious preaching [6] .  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4139745 fatcat:moucodsbq5hytniru5jyouqdtu

Linguistic Implications of Political Tweets

Abdulaziz Alshahrani
2020 International Journal of English Linguistics  
General content textual descriptions, characteristics of the texts, symbols, hidden meanings and presentation methods have been used in the tweets examined by the authors.  ...  The potential of negative tweets and hate speeches is quite clear. Absence of internal standard definition of these types of posts stands in the way of effective prevention.  ...  Congress used Twitter for many of their speech-based actions.  ... 
doi:10.5539/ijel.v10n4p203 fatcat:yv2i5jokobckpkload5ut4tfd4

Building and Annotating a Codeswitched Hate Speech Corpora

Edward Ombui, School of Science and Technology, Africa Nazarene University, Nairobi, Kenya, Lawrence Muchemi, Peter Wagacha
2021 International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science  
Presidential campaign periods are a major trigger event for hate speech on social media in almost every country.  ...  Subsequently, an annotation scheme based on the framework was used to annotate a random sample of ~51k tweets from ~400k tweets that were collected during the August and October 2017 presidential campaign  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank the Kenya Education Network (KeNet) that funded the data collection and annotation exercise in this study under the Big data cohort.  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijitcs.2021.03.03 fatcat:hbfwfe7nnrgqblzvnwd75caquy

Does Attack Advertising Demobilize the Electorate?

Stephen Ansolabehere, Shanto Iyengar, Adam Simon, Nicholas Valentino
1994 American Political Science Review  
Finally, we show that the demobilizing effects of negative campaigns are accompanied by a weakened sense of political efficacy.  ...  We then replicate this result through an aggregate-level analysis of turnout and campaign tone in the 1992 Senate elections.  ...  APPENDIX B: CLASSIFICATION OF 1992 SENATE CAMPAIGNS ACCORDING TO ADVERTISING TONE We examined a subset of the NEXIS and DATATIMES data bases that contained full-text reproductions of articles from more  ... 
doi:10.2307/2082710 fatcat:cslprcf5draw7h6nm4sut6vite

Targets of Online Hate Speech in Context

Radu Mihai Meza, Hanna-Orsolya Vincze, Andreea Mogos
2019 Intersections  
This research is an exploratory analysis of mentions of targets of hate speech in comments in the context of 106 public Facebook pages in Romanian and Hungarian from January 2015 to December 2017.  ...  Findings indicate that in both countries the most prominent targets mentioned are connected to current events on the political and media agenda, that targets are most frequently mentioned in contexts created  ...  classification and entity recognition based on linguistic resources for the two languages.  ... 
doi:10.17356/ieejsp.v4i4.503 fatcat:d5nymgvyqvbjhcrnyd5wjjkeuy
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