2,220 Hits in 5.4 sec

Talking Helps: Evolving Communicating Agents for the Predator-Prey Pursuit Problem

Kam-Chuen Jim, C. Lee Giles
2000 Artificial Life  
A genetic algorithm is used to evolve multi-agent languages for the predator agents in a version of the predator-prey pursuit problem.  ...  Furthermore, the evolved communicating predators perform signi cantly better than all previous work on similar prey.  ...  Pennock and suggestions from the referees.  ... 
doi:10.1162/106454600568861 pmid:11224918 fatcat:34nqocqravgdvg5y6ve6sebnyq

Some boundary conditions on embodied agents sharing a common world [chapter]

John Barresi
2008 Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines  
, and in particular the organizers, for their contributions to my thinking on the topic of embodied communication in humans and machines.  ...  Acknowledgements The present chapter was written in the context of the multiple presentations that I witnessed during the ZiF year on Embodied Communication and I would like to thank all of the participants  ...  In actual encounters, both the predator and prey attend to the prey and its position relative to the predator.  ... 
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231751.003.0002 fatcat:rziifl5tmza7levtjspprdsp2i

From Monkey Alarm Calls to Human Language: How Simulations Can Fill the Gap

Jason Noble, J.P. de Ruiter, Kate Arnold
2010 Adaptive Behavior  
A case is made for using both of these strategies to understand the extent to which the alarm calls of putty-nosed monkeys are likely to be a good model for human language evolution.  ...  We argue that computational modeling, and in particular the use of individual-based simulations, is an effective way to reduce the size of the pool of candidate explanations.  ...  The most basic strategic problem faced by the monkeys is how much time to spend feeding and how much to spend looking out for predators.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1059712309350974 fatcat:mtsef5lb4bbbzowpjmp47am7b4

Evolutionary psychology, learning, and belief signaling: design for natural and artificial systems

Eric Funkhouser
2021 Synthese  
As agents become better at detecting the agency of others, either through evolutionary history or individual learning, the candidate pool for signaling expands.  ...  This paper sketches some of the evolutionary and design considerations that could take agents from solipsistic goal pursuit to beliefs that serve as social signals.  ...  encounters, predator-prey interactions).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-021-03412-0 pmid:34565916 pmcid:PMC8449699 fatcat:o4nbos656fbn5d4cowzik5ht64

Simulation modelling of ecological hierarchies in constructive dynamical systems

Cédric Ratzé, François Gillet, Jean-Pierre Müller, Kilian Stoffel
2007 Ecological Complexity : An International Journal on Biocomplexity in the Environment and Theoretical Ecology  
Acknowledgements The project is supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (grant 2153-63958.00 and NCCR Plant Survival) and is conducted in collaboration with the Green team in CIRAD (Montpellier  ...  N: density of the prey population; P: density of the predator population; K: carrying capacity of the prey population; r: intrinsic net growth rate of the prey; a: maximum ingestion rate of the predators  ...  ; b: half-saturation constant of the functional response of the predators; e: transformation coefficient of prey to predator; m: predator death rate. (1) MAS initialised with fixed values for N and P from  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecocom.2007.02.014 fatcat:cicuqeopefca3lpau323ygqvhq

What's the Use? Pragmatic Reflections on Neville's Ultimates

2015 American Journal of Theology and Philosophy  
community of the interpreter.  ...  The function of religious symbols within an interpretation also depends, however, on the extent to which individuals automatically follow or learn to contest evolved cognitive and coalitional biases that  ...  Those who quickly guessed "intentional force" and acted accordingly were more likely to avoid being eaten (if the animal was a predator) and more likely to find food (if the animal was a prey).  ... 
doi:10.5406/amerjtheophil.36.1.0069 fatcat:b25jgmc5jfdhvhj37zc4557vca

An Ontology for Comparative Cognition: A Functional Approach

Stan Franklin, Michael Ferkin
2006 Comparative Cognition & Behavior Reviews  
We thank the editors and anonymous reviewers for their many helpful suggestions.  ...  The IDA (Intelligent Distribution Agent) model of cognition, a computational and conceptual model derived from a working software agent, is described within the framework of the ontology.  ...  Informationally mediated action Requires information from the environment for its enactment A predator in pursuit of prey Intention The resolve of an animal (agent) to achieve some particular goal Intention  ... 
doi:10.3819/ccbr.2008.10003 fatcat:xtqkpzgbnnfqllw2kd4zd42xsy

The Evo–Eco Approach to Behaviour Change [chapter]

Robert Aunger, Valerie Curtis
2014 Applied Evolutionary Anthropology  
, and by the general public as inspiration for their own self-help projects.  ...  The approach therefore begins from a well-established model of how agents typically learn from experience of particular environmental circumstancesthe reinforcement learning model.  ...  Acknowledgements Thanks to Adam Biran, Valerie Curtis, Micheal de Barra, Katie Greenland, Sharon Guten, Gaby Judah, Hans-Joachim Mosler, Helen Trevaskis, Robert West and Allan Wicker for reading earlier  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-0280-4_12 fatcat:pvy4mt6qdnejrit5few46ododu

Two Key Steps in the Evolution of Human Cooperation

Michael Tomasello, Alicia P. Melis, Claudio Tennie, Emily Wyman, Esther Herrmann
2012 Current Anthropology  
Acknowledgment We thank Anna-Claire Schneider for her help with this paper. Comments Ian C. Gilby  ...  Agent-neutral roles Cooperative communication Social selection Free riders not punished Selection against free riders Dominance Third-party punishment Self-reputation Altruistic helping Helping  ...  Likewise, whatever is represented by the stag in such a situation need not be mobile prey, or prey at all.  ... 
doi:10.1086/668207 fatcat:ctkb6v4bdzf5di7pbp4g5gwdfi

Artificial Intelligence Evolved from Random Behaviour: Departure from the State of the Art [chapter]

Wiesłw Pietruszkiewicz, Akira Imada
2013 Studies in Computational Intelligence  
Nowadays, the term is ubiquitous in our community. In this chapter we discuss how those proposed machine intelligences are actually intelligent.  ...  Then we argue a benchmark to test how an application is intelligent by means of an algorithm for stock market investment as an example.  ...  For example, prey animals often evolve 'protean' (adaptively unpredictable) evasion behaviour to foil the predictive pursuit tactics used by their predators," and concluded "sexual selection through mate  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-29694-9_2 fatcat:a34bzm43wbetzos5k6fbsqj4iq

The cognitive and evolutionary psychology of religion

Joseph Bulbulia
2004 Biology & Philosophy  
The following reviews recent developments in the cognitive and evolutionary psychology of religion, and argues for an adaptationist stance.  ...  Acknowledgements Many thanks to Nick Agar, Jesse Bering, Rich Sosis, and Kim Sterelny for very helpful comments on earlier drafts. Notes  ...  Such a signal/detection system has in fact evolved to mediate the relation between predator and prey. Gazelle communicate their fitness by stotting -vigorously leaping up and down in place.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10539-005-5568-6 fatcat:ettoox743beshi3vpqco2gibja

Do Moral Matters Matter- Environmentally?

Richard Sylvan
1987 Between the Species An Online Journal for the Study of Philosophy and Animals  
As pursuit of this approach suggests, a helpful way of cc:ming to grips with predation and like issues is through zoning or !  ...  Predation can take a rightful place in such a satisizing enviromnent, for the natural systems which have evolved with predation seem to offer quite adequate, and often dazzling, levels of value.  ... 
doi:10.15368/bts.1987v3n4.2 fatcat:blrtg2srrbfa7lvxy7d6c3ng64

The Selfish Goal: Autonomously operating motivational structures as the proximate cause of human judgment and behavior

Julie Y. Huang, John A. Bargh
2014 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
We argue that there is an evolutionary basis to believe that conscious goals evolved from unconscious and selfish forms of pursuit.  ...  of goal end-states (and not necessarily the overall interests of the individual).  ...  such as prey.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x13000290 pmid:24775120 fatcat:4n6x2ymjnfgojpvtq2ofa35tiy

Naturalisation of Normative Economics [chapter]

Marcin Gorazda
2020 Virtues and Economics  
It is almost taken for granted among economists that the ultimate goal of public policy is to provide society with more "welfare", and the concept of welfare as well as the general strategy how to improve  ...  it is roughly the subject of studies of normative economics.  ...  However, sexual selection seems to be a stronger factor so far, as males with a bigger tail have more offspring before they fall prey to the predator.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-52673-3_10 fatcat:k3av36bc5vbrzhcwsx34v3k6sy


Ernst Glasersfeld
1976 Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences  
Such situations are likely to happen in predation and in defense against predators (when A beats off a predator, the disturbance is eliminated also for B, C, etc.).  ...  Preying in pairs and groups will be the result, and with this, the necessary conditions for the development of cooperative preying will have been created.  ...  Acknowledgment I should like to thank Charles Smock and Stuart Katz for their helpful comments on a draft of this paper, and to express my lasting gratitude to the late Ray Carpenter, who first introduced  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1976.tb25487.x fatcat:bsnnyhajcfbwncu3xd4yz33tka
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 2,220 results