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Multi-Agent Crisis Response systems - Design Requirements and Analysis of Current Systems [article]

Khaled M. Khalil, M. Abdel-Aziz, Taymour T. Nazmy, Abdel-Badeeh M. Salem
2009 arXiv   pre-print
Analysis of systems includes systems architecture and methodology. In addition, we identified features and limitations of systems based on crisis response domain requirements.  ...  Crisis response is a critical area of research, with encouraging progress in the past view yeas.  ...  Proposed system model will be evaluated by enhancing healthcare response effectiveness and decision support to pandemic diseases such as bird flu. testing of IT solutions in the context of the simulated  ... 
arXiv:0903.2543v1 fatcat:or7zs32vdvetnmqqoydmuv77ca

Common Principles Embedded in Effective Adolescent HIV Prevention Programs

Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Barbara L. Ingram, Dallas Swendeman, Diane Flannery
2009 Aids and Behavior  
of new EB program.  ...  of new EB program.  ...  Acknowledgments This paper was completed with the support of National Institute of Mental Health grants #1ROI MH49958-04, K-23 MH02050-03, and P30MH58107.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10461-009-9531-4 pmid:19224358 pmcid:PMC2883464 fatcat:bkszr22q3zdcvbs6kxi7bv25aq

Risk-senstive adaptive tactics: Models and evidence from subsistence studies in biology and anthropology

Bruce Winterhalder, Flora Lu, Bram Tucker
1999 Journal of Archaeological Research  
However, the anthropological literature rarely makes use of formal models of risk-sensitive adaptation, while the biological literature lacks naturalistic observations of risk-sensitive behavior.  ...  We develop a general conceptual model of risk.  ...  Table IV categorizes the observed behavioral tactics in terms of their presumed effect on Z-score variables. Our comments again take summary form.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02446047 fatcat:2qyqwwcuijgj3dskytt2noe7ii

Estimating the size of hard-to-reach populations using capture-recapture methodology, with a discussion of the international labour organization's global estimate of forced labour [chapter]

Peter G.M. van der Heijden, Maarten Cruyff, Ieke de Vries, Dankmar Böhning
2015 Forum on Crime and Society  
Views expressed in signed articles published in Forum on Crime and Society are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Secretariat of the United Nations.  ...  The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning  ...  First, there is a discussion on a methodology that makes use of one single registration (list).  ... 
doi:10.18356/ccc8db2a-en fatcat:b2ikf6w7dnh5rdo4ivr2fdlku4

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa) Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Estimates

Department Of Defense Comptroller's Office
2014 Zenodo  
DARPA seeks to improve the analysis of large neural data sets by creating interfaces that will allow researchers to generate new models across multiple scales.  ...  An emphasis in the FY 2015 budget request focuses on research to tailor treatments to patients' unique characteristics, known as "precision medicine."  ...  to model the dynamics of disease outbreaks.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1215345 fatcat:fjzhmynqjbaafk67q2ckcblj2m

Understanding how, why, for whom, and under what circumstances opt-out blood-borne virus testing programmes work to increase test engagement and uptake within prison: a rapid-realist review

Seth Francis-Graham, Nnenna Adaniya Ekeke, Corey Andrew Nelson, Tin Yan Lee, Sulaima El Haj, Tim Rhodes, Cecilia Vindrola, Tim Colbourn, William Rosenberg
2019 BMC Health Services Research  
Although the effectiveness of opt-out testing within the prison setting has been established, robust explanations are required for the variation in outcomes reported.  ...  healthcare, and the fidelity of the opt-out offer.  ...  Justin Jagosh for supporting the authors in utilising the realist methodology.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12913-019-3970-z pmid:30849986 pmcid:PMC6408812 fatcat:orgq2rs7y5dovb4sq4yjhjccgi

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa) Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Estimates

Department Of Defense Comptroller's Office
2018 Zenodo  
Efforts focus on identified medical gaps in warfighter carerelated to health monitoring and preventing the spread of infectious disease.  ...  Theprogram uses information, computational modeling, and physical sciences todiscover properties of biological systems that cross multiple scales of biologicalarchitecture and function, from the molecular  ...  security, tactical decision making, and intelligence exploitation.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1215599 fatcat:kxduvg6a5nflhf6iilkwnolobu

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa) Fiscal Year 2016 Budget Estimates

Department Of Defense Comptroller's Office
2015 Zenodo  
decision making.  ...  The resulting increase in space domain awareness will enhance overall space safety of flight, and allow space operators to make informed, timely decisions.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1215366 fatcat:cqn5tyfixjanzp5x3tgfkpedri

Behavioral brittleness: the case for strategic behavioral public policy

Ruth Schmidt, Katelyn Stenger
2021 Behavioural Public Policy  
As a result, current methodologies may contribute to the development of solutions that appear well formed but become 'brittle' in the face of more complex contexts if they fail to consider important contextual  ...  To advance the case for adopting a SBPP and 'roughly right' modes of inquiry, we use the Covid-19 vaccination rollout to define a new methodological roadmap, while also acknowledging that taking a more  ...  This presents yet a third option: to define a more strategic model of problem-solving to combat the inherent brittleness that results from current problem-solving methodologies.  ... 
doi:10.1017/bpp.2021.16 fatcat:vsnaykhyibgzbicbxgugi5eb5u

Data privacy during pandemics: a systematic literature review of COVID-19 smartphone applications

Amany Alshawi, Muna Al-Razgan, Fatima H. AlKallas, Raghad Abdullah Bin Suhaim, Reem Al-Tamimi, Norah Alharbi, Sarah Omar AlSaif
2022 PeerJ Computer Science  
The first novel coronavirus (COVID-19) case was discovered on December 1, 2019, implying that the disease was spreading quietly and quickly in the community before reaching the rest of the world.  ...  On January 8, 2020, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention officially announced a new virus in Wuhan, China.  ...  Even with these applications, from a public health viewpoint, this tactic might not be ethically effective (Rowe, 2020) .  ... 
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.826 pmid:35111915 pmcid:PMC8771796 fatcat:dva2tc7w7zd6zpbfzl7wen3apu

D6.1 Engagement strategy for hackAIR community involvement

Gavin McCrory, Laurence Claeys, Paulien Coppens, Carina Veeckman, Arne Fellermann, Sonja Grossberndt, Wiebke Herding, Panagiota Syropoulou
2018 Zenodo  
use of the hackAIR platform and the tools provided.  ...  The present document is a deliverable of the hackAIR project, funded by the European Commission under the Horizon 2020 programme.  ...  of citizens in decision-making processes.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2275220 fatcat:ypd4xw2wavc2nni67xz6pyouyu

Humans as model organisms

Kim Sterelny
2017 Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
Humans are exceptional products of evolution and perhaps that makes them an unsuitable model system for those interested in the evolution of cooperation, complex cognition, group formation, family structure  ...  So in principle and in practice, humans should be usable as model organisms, and no one denies the truth of this for mundane physical traits, though harnessing human data for more general questions proves  ...  Because humans can suspend disbelief and think hypothetically, utilizing humans in contest theory research can circumvent the ethical and methodological issues of measuring contest decision-making in non-human  ... 
doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.2115 pmid:29237856 fatcat:75scvybecjfthopr6dszzhxwvy

Proceedings from the 12th Annual Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation

2020 Implementation Science  
Edmondson described her discovery of a critical construct, psychological safety, in organizational behavior and its influence on effective learning and implementation within healthcare organizations.  ...  Moreover, her talk highlighted the importance of rigorous and relevant determinant and outcome measures to best understand drivers of effective implementation.  ...  We then inquired on the factors perceived as influential to the decision-making process.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13012-020-00985-1 pmid:32384899 fatcat:set54khjcbgfjcull3oy5xv7hi

Proceedings from the 13th Annual Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation

2021 Implementation Science  
Ashish Jha opened the conferences with a talk on "The Pandemic Response: Misadventures in Evidence, Communication, and Implementation" highlighting the challenges of effective communication and implementation  ...  Slides and recordings of plenary and concurrent sessions (with the agreement of the authors) were posted on the conference website for 90 days after the conference.  ...  decision making in the sTBI.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13012-021-01110-6 pmid:34011360 fatcat:hteb73cdzrhifcpil5rp422xs4

The Vessel Schedule Recovery Problem (VSRP) – A MIP model for handling disruptions in liner shipping

Berit D. Brouer, Jakob Dirksen, David Pisinger, Christian E.M. Plum, Bo Vaaben
2013 European Journal of Operational Research  
We develop an interactive approach that helps in finding the best solution of a decision maker who has a quasiconcave utility function.  ...  The proposed model incorporates a matching algorithm between the supply and demand, finding the most adequate option, considering multiple objectives, as minimum travel time for passengers and balance  ...  We include the dynamic of human social interaction and social distance in the model such that it would be possible to control the spread of the disease.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2012.08.016 fatcat:c27kagfnxnhjfbil2rydhjhomm
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