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A Comparative Analysis of Scalability Issues within Blockchain-based Solutions in the Internet of Things

Ahmed Alrehaili, Abdallah Namoun, Ali Tufail
2021 International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications  
Blockchain as a distributed approach that presents a promising solution to tackle the concerns of IoT devices connectivity.  ...  This paper performs a comprehensive analysis of the recent blockchain-based scalability solutions applied to the Internet of Things domain.  ...  Parties exchange and broadcast blocks of data/transactions inefficiently within the blockchain network, causing a high confirmation time.  ... 
doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2021.0120955 fatcat:m75bib6opjarlocufhe3opxvd4

How to Securely Prune Bitcoin's Blockchain [article]

Roman Matzutt, Benedikt Kalde, Jan Pennekamp, Arthur Drichel, Martin Henze, Klaus Wehrle
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Despite the benefits of its blockchain, Bitcoin still faces serious scalability issues, most importantly its ever-increasing blockchain size.  ...  Our evaluation shows that CoinPrune reduces the storage requirements of Bitcoin already by two orders of magnitude today, with further relative savings as the blockchain grows.  ...  The responsibility for the content of this publication lies with the authors.  ... 
arXiv:2004.06911v1 fatcat:x4ecu3ezgzhzxncujaargntjqe

Towards Post-Quantum Blockchain: A Review on Blockchain Cryptography Resistant to Quantum Computing Attacks

Tiago M. Fernandez-Carames, Paula Fraga-Lamas
2020 IEEE Access  
Moreover, the most relevant post-quantum blockchain systems are studied, as well as their main challenges.  ...  In the case of blockchain, such characteristics are provided through public-key cryptography and hash functions.  ...  To tackle this issue, future post-quantum developers will have to minimize ciphertext overhead and consider potential compression techniques. I.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.2968985 fatcat:7wsxhxrfojdmzcxtjtrk6cmcci

A Review on the Application of Blockchain to the Next Generation of Cybersecure Industry 4.0 Smart Factories

Tiago M. Fernandez-Carames, Paula Fraga-Lamas
2019 IEEE Access  
), robotics, or Big Data applications.  ...  Thus, its aim is to provide a detailed guide for the future Industry 4.0 developers that allows for determining how the blockchain can enhance the next generation of cybersecure industrial applications  ...  Examples of this type of blockchain are Bitcoin or Ethereum [38] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2908780 fatcat:6z67pnnehbdxtgi2yob5v52zmq

Artificial Intelligence Implementations on the Blockchain. Use Cases and Future Applications

Konstantinos Sgantzos, Ian Grigg
2019 Future Internet  
Blockchain as a highly secure storage medium presents a technological quantum leap in maintaining data integrity.  ...  Datasets can be very expensive to purchase, as, depending on both the proper selection of the elements and the homogeneity of the data contained within, constructing and maintaining the integrity of a  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi11080170 fatcat:cougfs7yvnc5xoxggqre32fj5e

A Review on the Application of Blockchain for the Next Generation of Cybersecure Industry 4.0 Smart Factories [article]

Tiago M. Fernández-Caramés, Paula Fraga-Lamas
2019 arXiv   pre-print
, robotics or Big Data applications.  ...  In addition, this paper presents a thorough review on the most relevant blockchain-based applications for Industry 4.0 technologies.  ...  Examples of this type of blockchain are Bitcoin or Ethereum [38] .  ... 
arXiv:1902.09604v1 fatcat:uvko5vb3gndffkdtjudq6prcrq

Compress-Store on Blockchain: A Decentralized Data Processing and Immutable Storage for Multimedia Streaming [article]

Suayb S. Arslan, Turguy Goker
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Decentralization for data storage is a challenging problem for blockchain-based solutions as the blocksize plays the key role for scalability.  ...  In addition, specific requirements of multimedia data calls for various changes in the blockchain technology internals.  ...  1MB in the Bitcoin case -similar sizes apply for other popular public blockchains such as Ethereum 2.0 [36] ).  ... 
arXiv:1905.10458v2 fatcat:xybdh7j7vbg6nl4ktw3lwsmu5u

A Survey of IoT and Blockchain Integration: Security Perspective

Elham A. Shammar, Ammar T. Zahary, Asma A. Al-Shargabi
2021 IEEE Access  
The use of blockchain in IoT applications is still in its early stages, particularly at the low end of the computing spectrum.  ...  of the complexities of implementing blockchain technology for IoT.  ...  data that need to be compressed or pruned, and unfinished protocols to bridge the existing blockchain to cross-chain platforms.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3129697 fatcat:l3tj4zelejbobouc2ouw3j3pcy

A Survey of Layer-Two Blockchain Protocols [article]

Ankit Gangwal, Haripriya Ravali Gangavalli, Apoorva Thirupathi
2022 arXiv   pre-print
After the success of the Bitcoin blockchain, came several cryptocurrencies and blockchain solutions in the last decade.  ...  Recently, a completely different class of works, called Layer-2 protocols, have emerged to tackle the blockchain scalability issues using unconventional approaches.  ...  Rollups employ data compression techniques along with a smart contract for scaling Layer-1 chains.  ... 
arXiv:2204.08032v3 fatcat:cca647fkyjf2dkdtub6vftslle

BlockReduce: Scaling Blockchain to Human Commerce [article]

Karl J. Kreder III
2018 arXiv   pre-print
These solutions all propose the segmentation of every function of a blockchain, namely consensus, permanent data storage, transaction processing, and consistency, which significantly increases the complexity  ...  There have been a number of proposals on how to scale blockchains, such as Plasma, Polkadot, Elastico, RapidChain, Bitcoin-NG, and OmniLedger.  ...  In Bitcoin, the bandwidth overhead for a node compared to the amount of data actually included in a block is on the order of 100-300x.  ... 
arXiv:1811.00125v1 fatcat:wcx4jg6fpvhedji5sefdvfhu6i

Blockchain for Internet of Things: A Survey

Hong-Ning Dai, Zibin Zheng, Yan Zhang
2019 IEEE Internet of Things Journal  
Internet of Things (IoT) is reshaping the incumbent industry to smart industry featured with data-driven decision-making.  ...  Blockchain technology brings the opportunities in addressing the challenges of IoT. In this paper, we investigate the integration of blockchain technology with IoT.  ...  Integrating blockchain with IoV can tackle the above challenges.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jiot.2019.2920987 fatcat:jgxhdmpmdfcaxjoj5l7o5p2edm

A Vademecum on Blockchain Technologies: When, Which and How

Marianna Belotti, Nikola Bozic, Guy Pujolle, Stefano Secci
2019 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
In this article we aim at providing the community with such a vademecum, while giving a general presentation of blockchain that goes beyond its usage in Bitcoin and surveying a selection of the vast literature  ...  for a vademecum guiding designers toward the right decision about when to adopt blockchain or not, which kind of blockchain better meets use-case requirements, and how to use it.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank Eric Gressier-Soudan for his valuable feedback on the article as well the anonymous Reviewers for the constructive comments that significantly improved the  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2019.2928178 fatcat:isvs2zswl5hzfady4pjv63bkqq

Full Text PDF of The JBBA, Volume 2 Issue 2, October 2019

Naseem Naqvi
2019 The Journal of British Blockchain Association  
Instead of Bitcoin blockchain network data and social media data, some papers examine the performance of Bitcoin in other ways. Chu et al.  ...  Instead of Bitcoin blockchain network data and social media data, some papers examine the performance of Bitcoin in other ways. Chu et al.  ...  i The data of Ethereum provided by coinmarketcap. com starts on Aug 7, 2015.  ... 
doi:10.31585/jbba-2-2-(full)2019 fatcat:lsnv4wnuhvhpne33puatdc4p4e

Blockchain-based Federated Learning: A Comprehensive Survey [article]

Zhilin Wang, Qin Hu
2021 arXiv   pre-print
However, FL still suffers from shortcomings such as single-point-failure and malicious data. The emergence of blockchain provides a secure and efficient solution for the deployment of FL.  ...  With the technological advances in machine learning, effective ways are available to process the huge amount of data generated in real life.  ...  They propose a novel compression algorithm termed Sparse Ternary Compression(STC) which derived from top-k (a technology used to compression) to address the above issue.  ... 
arXiv:2110.02182v1 fatcat:sm2mtftvq5fodgkfdhcan55n3q

A Survey on Security and Privacy Issues of Bitcoin

Mauro Conti, Sandeep Kumar E, Chhagan Lal, Sushmita Ruj
2018 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
In exchangefor the incentive, the miners are expected to honestly maintainthe blockchain.  ...  Wereview the existing vulnerabilities in Bitcoin and its underlyingmajor technologies such as blockchain and PoW based consensusprotocol.  ...  In particular, the blockchain protocol underlying the Bitcoin system is very inefficient in terms of power consumption and the overall generation time of new blocks, which is due to the associated PoW  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2018.2842460 fatcat:dueceve54nhlzdk3vrpmbb6oc4
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