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Tabling Optimization for Contextual Abduction [article]

Ridhwan Dewoprabowo, Ari Saptawijaya
2020 pre-print
Tabling for contextual abduction in logic programming has been introduced as a means to store previously obtained abductive solutions in one context to be reused in another context.  ...  This paper identifies a number of issues in the existing implementations of tabling in contextual abduction and aims to mitigate the issues.  ...  Tabling for contextual abduction, TABDUAL, is implemented on top of XSB Prolog [15] , and is realized by a transformation from abductive logic programs into tabled logic programs.  ... 
doi:10.4204/eptcs.325.20 arXiv:2009.10243v1 fatcat:75utaiz37vgbbpkjyzbdut6tuy

Abductive Reasoning as Self-Supervision for Common Sense Question Answering [article]

Sathyanarayanan N. Aakur, Sudeep Sarkar
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We find that large amounts of training data are necessary, both for pre-training as well as fine-tuning to a task, for the models to perform well on the designated task.  ...  We introduce a novel abductive reasoning approach based on Grenander's Pattern Theory framework to provide self-supervised domain adaptation cues or "pseudo-labels," which can be used instead of expensive  ...  for optimization.  ... 
arXiv:1909.03099v2 fatcat:3hnmuilu4fej7lq3cdr5rwbzha

Machine learned regression for abductive DNA sequencing

David J. Thornley, Maxim Zverev, Stavros Petridis
2007 Sixth International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications (ICMLA 2007)  
We machine learn a means for comparing the measures taken from competing hypotheses for the sequence. This is a machine learned implementation of our proposal for abductive DNA basecalling.  ...  The results of the present experiments suggest that neural nets are a more effective means for predicting peak sizes than decision tree regressors, and for assembling evidence for competing hypotheses  ...  Table 2.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icmla.2007.33 dblp:conf/icmla/ThornleyZP07 fatcat:upt4nql5m5al3nbmz5xw4pnaoy

Generating Hypothetical Events for Abductive Inference [article]

Debjit Paul, Anette Frank
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Abductive reasoning starts from some observations and aims at finding the most plausible explanation for these observations.  ...  This work offers the first study of how such knowledge impacts the Abductive NLI task -- which consists in choosing the more likely explanation for given observations.  ...  We thank our annotators for their valuable annotations. We also thank NVIDIA Corporation for donating GPUs used in this research.  ... 
arXiv:2106.03973v1 fatcat:brl77igroreyba6k4txs2w2nuy

COLD Decoding: Energy-based Constrained Text Generation with Langevin Dynamics [article]

Lianhui Qin, Sean Welleck, Daniel Khashabi, Yejin Choi
2022 arXiv   pre-print
., contextualizing the output with the left- or right-hand context).  ...  text generation applications: lexically-constrained generation, abductive reasoning, and counterfactual reasoning.  ...  Table 1 . 1 Automatic and human evaluation results of abductive reasoning (4.1).  ... 
arXiv:2202.11705v2 fatcat:a3qigeglnbdhrkuu3swbxzmw2y

Using compiled knowledge to guide and focus abductive diagnosis

L. Console, L. Portinale, D. Theseider Dupre
1996 IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering  
In this paper we show h o w a speci c knowledge compilation approach can focus reasoning in abductive diagnosis, and, in particular, can improve the performances of AID, an abductive diagnosis system.  ...  The conditions are useful to solve most cases using less time for computing the same solutions, yet preserving all the power of the model-based system for dealing with multiple faults and explaining the  ...  Acknowledgements The authors are indebted to Pietro Torasso for many helpful discussions on the topic discussed in the paper to Vincenzo Della Mea for his contribution to the implementation of the compiler  ... 
doi:10.1109/69.542024 fatcat:lw2jnkdmn5dslfrcsqilggsieq

Implementation Barriers: A TASKS Framework

Jiami Yang, Lin Yang, Hude Quan, Yong Zeng
2021 Journal of Integrated Design & Process Science  
The identification of barriers to implementation is critical for achieving implementation success.  ...  The TASKS framework can be applied to a wide range of disciplines for effective and efficient task implementation.  ...  Natural environment: genetic Table 3 . Naming the Framework: TASKS 3 Table 4 An Example for Task Environment Components Table 5. Environment Components for Each Life Cycle Event Table 6.  ... 
doi:10.3233/jid-210011 fatcat:5e7ss73v6rd7lbzzdwwf2seyae

Effective Therapeutic Exercise Prescription: The Right Exercise at the Right Dose

Lori Thein Brody
2012 Journal of Hand Therapy  
See Table 2 for key aspects of the examination and evaluation for both case studies.  ...  Optimal loading and its variations. (A) A typical optimal loading range. (B) A patient with less irri- table tissues and a wide range of activity tolerance.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jht.2011.09.009 pmid:22212491 fatcat:plpnnjyxjjbqvi5jw7qeazzfvu

Sensitivity of Neuromechanical Predictions to Choice of Glenohumeral Stability Modeling Approach

Daniel C. McFarland, Alexander G. Brynildsen, Katherine R. Saul
2020 Journal of Applied Biomechanics  
Force constraints had no influence on these predicted outcomes for all tasks evaluated.  ...  For flexion, incorporating normalized surface EMG data increased predicted magnitudes of joint reaction force and rotator cuff activations by 28.7% and 88.4%, respectively.  ...  requiring reserve torque >5 N·m are reported (Table 1) .  ... 
doi:10.1123/jab.2019-0088 pmid:32369767 fatcat:qspub2br4fehxoethpjysz3wsi

Robotic quantification of upper extremity loss of independent joint control or flexion synergy in individuals with hemiparetic stroke: a review of paradigms addressing the effects of shoulder abduction loading

Michael D. Ellis, Yiyun Lan, Jun Yao, Julius P. A. Dewald
2016 Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation  
The employment of robotic metrics is the best tool for selectively manipulating shoulder abduction task requirements spanning the individual's full range of shoulder abduction strength.  ...  The common thread and most important aspect of the methods described is addressing the deleterious effects of abduction loading.  ...  The method is exceptionally fast since it employs a binary decision tree algorithm to optimally determine the threshold abduction loads.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12984-016-0203-0 pmid:27794362 pmcid:PMC5086410 fatcat:vwwqfxvdv5hlxc42ljexjvhkwy

CogIntAc: Modeling the Relationships between Intention, Emotion and Action in Interactive Process from Cognitive Perspective [article]

Wei Peng, Yue Hu, Yuqiang Xie, Luxi Xing, Yajing Sun
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Furthermore, we conduct analysis on the interaction between individuals and give a reasonable explanation for the predicting results.  ...  To verify the effectiveness of the framework, we reconstruct a dataset and propose three tasks as well as the corresponding baseline models, including action abduction, emotion prediction and action generation  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT We thank all anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and we have made some modifications.  ... 
arXiv:2205.03540v2 fatcat:lvre47oro5af7glf2fmutemoum

Page 3953 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 82, Issue 9 [page]

1995 Psychological Abstracts  
, high contextual interference.  ...  Whole task training produced superior results only for women. Data suggest that the contextual interference effect may not generalize to complex tasks. 31807.  ... 

Reflective Decoding: Beyond Unidirectional Generation with Off-the-Shelf Language Models [article]

Peter West, Ximing Lu, Ari Holtzman, Chandra Bhagavatula, Jena Hwang, Yejin Choi
2021 arXiv   pre-print
First, in the contextualization step, we use LMs to generate ensembles of past and future contexts which collectively capture the input (e.g. the source sentence for paraphrasing).  ...  Comprehensive empirical results demonstrate that Reflective Decoding outperforms strong unsupervised baselines on both paraphrasing and abductive text infilling, significantly narrowing the gap between  ...  Acknowledgements We thank anonymous reviewers for many helpful comments. This research is supported in part by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) (funding refer-  ... 
arXiv:2010.08566v4 fatcat:oq76p62zgfblpnw45b34l4tlqe

Muscle Length and Joint Range of Motion in Children with Cystic Fibrosis Compared to Children Developing Typically

Allison Mandrusiak, Donnae Giraud, Julie MacDonald, Christine Wilson, Pauline Watter
2010 Physiotherapy Canada  
Methods: Participants were 38 children with CF (aged 7-14 years) and 38 children developing typically, matched for age and gender.  ...  Evaluation and management of ROM and its impact on activity and participation are important areas for future research and clinical practice.  ...  For ROM measures, the mean scores, differences between means, and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the difference for the CF group and control group are presented in Table 2 .  ... 
doi:10.3138/physio.62.2.141 pmid:21359046 pmcid:PMC2871023 fatcat:hyjs6jebtfefld7llqquwztc3u

Unveiling the Construct of Design Thinking: An Exploratory Study

M. Oliveira, E. Zancul
2022 Proceedings of the Design Society  
This study addresses this gap by providing a construct of design thinking following guidelines for developing theory-building instruments.  ...  Abductive reasoning; emergent; generative reasoning Table 2 .  ...  We highlight the need for continuous problemsolving due to the fact that in truly complex scenarios, it is doubtful that one will ever design "the" optimal solution, since this so-called optimal solution  ... 
doi:10.1017/pds.2022.5 fatcat:4gctvfuwo5bs7ckblbzfr5dk5e
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