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Page 79 of American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals Vol. 126, Issue 2 [page]

2000 American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals  
These platforms are the homogeneous multiprocessor workstations (shared memory) and the heterogeneous networks of workstations (dis- tributed memory).  ...  Multiprocessor Workstations Currently, many large workstations may have more than one central processing unit (CPU), but when running sequential programs each of these processors executes instruction streams  ... 

The Effect of the 2 nd Generation Clusters: Changes in the Parallel Programming Paradigms [chapter]

Jari Porras, Pentti Huttunen, Jouni Ikonen
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Programming paradigms for networks of symmetric multiprocessor (SMP) workstation (2 nd generation of clusters) are discussed and a new paradigm is introduced.  ...  Finally, the top level in Fig. 1 illustrates an environment that integrates (SMP) clusters to each other to form grids.  ...  Clusters of SMP Machines Due to the low cost of multiprocessor workstations, clusters of SMP workstations have seen a considerably increased in number [3] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-24688-6_3 fatcat:qlp24gzi4ng3phzxdiz7bomyge

Nomad: a scalable operating system for clusters of uni- and multiprocessors

E. Pinheiro, R. Bianchini
1999 ICWC 99. IEEE Computer Society International Workshop on Cluster Computing  
multiprocessors.  ...  The recent improvements in workstation and interconnection network performance have popularized the clusters of off-the-shelf workstations.  ...  Figure 1 shows the load average for workstation Kilo as a function of time. Each minute plotted has 7 load averages because the different 24-hour periods were overlaid on top of each other.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iwcc.1999.810831 dblp:conf/iwcc/PinheiroB99 fatcat:tgyw6h2df5azbfqrae4wcpl55a

Why there won't be apps: The problem with MPPs

G. Bell
1994 IEEE Parallel & Distributed Technology Systems & Applications  
T h e meager existence to date of special-purpose MPPs stems from four factors: 1. Their distributed strumre is best suited to new, highly tuned, coarse-grained and/or  ...  paraltelism: 1.  ...  In uther words, MPPs lack the top three success factors in any computer market: apps, apps, and apps.  ... 
doi:10.1109/m-pdt.1994.329785 fatcat:s5qoe7j4hvgfxm65xyuevlvwre

Scalable, parallel computers: Alternatives, issues, and challenges

Gordon Bell
1994 International journal of parallel programming  
Cray supers evolved from a 120 Mflops processor and 1 Megaword memory (1976) to sixteen 1000 Mflops processors and 4 Gigaword memory (1992). A cluster of 4-C90s increases the range to 400.  ...  A taxonomy and evolutionary time line outlines the next decade of computer evolution, included distributed workstations, based on scalability and parallelism. Workstations can be the best scalables.  ...  Scalable, Parallel Computers: Alternatives, Issues, and Challenges 21 Fig. 4 . 4 Evolution and projected evolution of scalable multiprocessors, multicomputers and workstations. 2.3.2. 1 . 1 The Stanford  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02577791 fatcat:jnvgpsftabcnnabkmpcm5kifqq

Adaptive parallel rendering on multiprocessors and workstation clusters

Wai-Sum Lin, R.W.H. Lau, Kai Hwang, Xiaola Lin, P.Y.S. Cheung
2001 IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems  
Experimental results prove these advantages on both a shared-memory SGI multiprocessor server and a Unix cluster of Sun workstations.  ...  on general-purpose multiprocessors or workstation clusters.  ...  We cover both shared-memory multiprocessors and message-passing PC or workstation clusters.  ... 
doi:10.1109/71.914755 fatcat:7gabtoxp65bwzcsgdj3gcdbsgm

Parallelization of General-Linkage Analysis Problems

Sandhya Dwarkadas, Alejandro A. Schäffer, Robert W. Cottingham, Jr., Alan L. Cox, Peter Keleher, Willy Zwaenepoel
1994 Human Heredity  
multiprocessor.  ...  Our parallel implementation has been run on three di erent platforms: an Ethernet network of workstations, a higher-bandwidth Asynchronous Transfer Mode ATM network of workstations, and a shared-memory  ...  Michael Scott at the University o f R o c hester for providing us access to their Silicon Graphics multiprocessor. The machine was purchased with funds from a National Science Foundation grant.  ... 
doi:10.1159/000154205 pmid:8039796 fatcat:bkkaagckkbgyjk4q3a6olbcwse

PSPVM: Implementing PVM on a high-speed interconnect for workstation clusters [chapter]

Joachim M. Blum, Thomas M. Warschko, Walter F. Tichy
1996 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
PSPVM in an implementation of the PVM package on top of ParaStations high-speed interconnent for workstation clusters.  ...  As a consequence, we a c hieve an application speed-up of four to six over traditional PVM using regular ethernet on a cluster of workstations.  ...  The rst implementation of the ParaStation system runs on Digital Alpha workstations with Digital UNIX OSF 1; ports to other platforms are under way.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3540617795_30 fatcat:jlrj5rdb3zdx7p2myf642nkqmy

Interleaving

James Laudon, Anoop Gupta, Mark Horowitz
1994 Proceedings of the sixth international conference on Architectural support for programming languages and operating systems - ASPLOS-VI  
However, given that the majority of the microprocessors are sold in the workstation market, not in the multiprocessor market, it is only natural that architectural features that benefit only multiprocessors  ...  in workstation environments.  ...  Introduction Large-scale multiprocessors, such as the one shown in Figure 1 , are increasingly built using commodity microprocessors [2, 16] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/195473.195576 dblp:conf/asplos/LaudonGH94 fatcat:wusx5hd73rg5baye5hgtzci3zy

Interleaving

James Laudon, Anoop Gupta, Mark Horowitz
1994 SIGPLAN notices  
However, given that the majority of the microprocessors are sold in the workstation market, not in the multiprocessor market, it is only natural that architectural features that benefit only multiprocessors  ...  in workstation environments.  ...  Introduction Large-scale multiprocessors, such as the one shown in Figure 1 , are increasingly built using commodity microprocessors [2, 16] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/195470.195576 fatcat:op23cadwdnbltd5njjdl22n7ri

Interleaving

James Laudon, Anoop Gupta, Mark Horowitz
1994 ACM SIGOPS Operating Systems Review  
However, given that the majority of the microprocessors are sold in the workstation market, not in the multiprocessor market, it is only natural that architectural features that benefit only multiprocessors  ...  in workstation environments.  ...  Introduction Large-scale multiprocessors, such as the one shown in Figure 1 , are increasingly built using commodity microprocessors [2, 16] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/381792.195576 fatcat:mmihsn5ccjerppou2ke6pdyyle

Exploiting parallelism in a network of workstations using COMA-BC

Benjamín Sahelices Fernández, Diego R. Llanos Ferraris, Agustín de Dios Hernández
2000 SIGARCH Computer Architecture News  
The management of the shared address space is performed in a similar way to that in existing multiprocessor COMA systems.  ...  In this paper we put forward a design for a multicompurer system based on a network of workstations which we call COMA-BC.  ...  A COMA-BC system can be built in two different ways: 1) with standard workstations, in which the management of access to the shared address space is carried out by software running in the local workstation  ... 
doi:10.1145/350755.350757 fatcat:dwqthryexvhvvlqyiotnnpoyv4

Message-passing performance of various computers

Jack J. Dongarra, Tom Dunigan
1997 Concurrency Practice and Experience  
The comparison includes both shared and distributed memory computers as well as networked workstation clusters.  ...  Latency and bandwidth are measured on Convex, Cray, IBM, Intel, KSR, Meiko, nCUBE, NEC, SGI and TMC multiprocessors.  ...  In distributed memory multiprocessors or workstations on a network, the information is typically communicated with explicit message-passing subroutine calls.  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1096-9128(199710)9:10<915::aid-cpe277>3.0.co;2-c fatcat:hqu4cms2dfd3xcluhqqxx5pqbi

Comparative Study on CPU, GPU and TPU

P Siva Raj, Dept. of Comp. Science Engineering, Vignan's IIT (Autonomous), AP, India, Ch. Sekhar, Dept. of Comp. Science Engineering, Vignan's IIT (Autonomous), AP, India
2020 International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology for Education  
The pervasive GPU in each PC, workstation, work area, what's more, the workstation is a many-centre multithreaded multiprocessor that exceeds expectations at the two illustrations and registering applications  ...  Rendering top quality designs scenes is an issue with gigantic characteristic parallelism.  ... 
doi:10.21742/ijcsite.2020.5.1.04 fatcat:julj3dpiwbhejfowx4cpbrnkm4

Massively parallel two-dimensional TLM algorithm on graphics processing units

Filippo V. Rossi, Poman P.M. So, Nikolaus Fichtner, Peter Russer
2008 2008 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest  
With even an entry-level GeForce 8800 GTX Ultra, the new program has achieved more than 10 times acceleration in speed when compare to an equivalent serial version running on a top-end DELL 690 workstation  ...  Fig. 1 1 depicts the schematic of our implementation. A TLM mesh, Fig. 1 1 The host-device relationship between a computer's CPU and GPU.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mwsym.2008.4633126 fatcat:crt7vcotenfwreq3coixwmudli
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