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Sympathetic involvement in time-constrained sequential foraging

Neil M. Dundon, Neil Garrett, Viktoriya Babenko, Matt Cieslak, Nathaniel D. Daw, Scott T. Grafton
2020 Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience  
We reveal a unique adaptive role for the sympathetic branch in learning.  ...  Appraising sequential offers relative to an unknown future opportunity and a time cost requires an optimization policy that draws on a learned estimate of an environment's richness.  ...  Expanding into other branches of autonomic stress is one promising avenue for future research, potentially also shedding light on the lack of HR effects in our main findings (recalling that both sympathetic  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13415-020-00799-0 pmid:32462432 fatcat:3v6m2zja3zevdighr6gsatdpty

Social Innovation: A Sympathetic and Critical Interpretation [chapter]

Taco Brandsen, Adalbert Evers, Sandro Cattacin, Annette Zimmer
2016 Social Innovations in the Urban Context  
No clear priorities are stated and decisions depend on the mobilisation of interest groups.  ...  It has been criticised by advocates both of traditional public responsibility on the Left and of a more corporate approach to service management on the Right, but it has been able to find support on both  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-21551-8_1 fatcat:idwduu7serf5hffghfdgrdbe3q

Sympathetic World-making: Drawing-out Ecological-Empathy

Pia Ednie-Brown
2020 IDEA Journal  
The second part moves into a series of first-person accounts, one from each author.  ...  This points toward a way that architecture might be reoriented toward sympathetic world-making.  ...  This effectively stretched the space of the drawing, distributing control, and incorporating multiple bodies.  ... 
doi:10.37113/ij.v17i02.372 fatcat:nshbv4i6l5gefk3fm5h6e5hj44

Against 'Individual Risk': A Sympathetic Critique of Risk Assessment

Matthew D. Adler
2004 Social Science Research Network  
Sometimes they serve as decisional triggers: a toxin or other hazard is placed on the regulatory agenda, as it were, if the "individual risk" number is sufficiently high.  ...  PHIL. 497, 497-98 (2000) (presenting a welfarist account that incorporates considerations of individual responsibility). 256 On the general notion of "supervenience," see JAEGWON KIM, SUPERVENIENCE Utility  ...  That depends on whether the hazard has countervailing benefits for these persons, and whether the other options have countervailing costs. 451 Workers exposed to a risky toxin might be willing to bear  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.487123 fatcat:7u7qras6wjarxeyy7u2r5x6tgq

Against "Individual Risk": A Sympathetic Critique of Risk Assessment

Matthew D. Adler
2005 University of Pennsylvania law review  
Sometimes they serve as decisional triggers: a toxin or other hazard is placed on the regulatory agenda, as it were, if the "individual risk" number is sufficiently high.  ...  PHIL. 497, 497-98 (2000) (presenting a welfarist account that incorporates considerations of individual responsibility). 256 On the general notion of "supervenience," see JAEGWON KIM, SUPERVENIENCE Utility  ...  That depends on whether the hazard has countervailing benefits for these persons, and whether the other options have countervailing costs. 451 Workers exposed to a risky toxin might be willing to bear  ... 
doi:10.2307/4150613 fatcat:cmz4ge4w3jdnpjocylzth2qtji

Animal affect and decision-making

Michael Mendl, Elizabeth S. Paul
2020 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
This is not due to a lack of hypotheses; in both humans and animals, affective states are frequently proposed to play a pivotal role in coordinating adaptive responses and decisions.  ...  Whilst research on mechanism and causation has predominated, the study of function is less advanced.  ...  on earlier versions of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2020.01.025 pmid:31991192 fatcat:kmddji2ccjecnbrg3yxlhlvwtu

Sympathetic neural control of integrated cardiovascular function: Insights from measurement of human sympathetic nerve activity

B. Gunnar Wallin, Nisha Charkoudian
2007 Muscle and Nerve  
In the present review we discuss sympathetic neural mechanisms in human cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiology, with a focus on evidence from direct recordings of sympathetic nerve activity using  ...  Measurements of skin sympathetic nerve activity have also provided important insights into neural control, but are often more difficult to interpret since the activity contains several types of nerve impulses  ...  The nerve may be injured at any level, but the most frequent site of compression is where it emerges from the pelvis, because at this level it is wedged into an inextensible narrow space under the inguinal  ... 
doi:10.1002/mus.20831 pmid:17623856 fatcat:ehjpmh4ztvbjfglbal2eo5qiua

The State and National Systems of Innovation: A Sympathetic Critique

Giovanna Vertova
2014 Social Science Research Network  
The main aim became one of including the financial system within the NSI and looking for the "right" financial system for the "right" type of innovation.  ...  Many heterodox economists underline that financialization emerged as a response to firms' problems in making profits (Arrighi 2010; Brenner 2002; Harvey 2010) .  ...  regulation on the other.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2542243 fatcat:bxul4cjgg5fjlierjxn7cdwpxe

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Graduated Stress Exposure in Virtual Spaceflight Hazard Training

Tor T. Finseth, Nir Keren, Michael C. Dorneich, Warren D. Franke, Clayton C. Anderson, Mack C. Shelley
2018 Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making  
Twenty healthy participants were tasked with locating a fire on a virtual International Space Station (VR-ISS).  ...  Methods: Twenty healthy participants were tasked with locating a fire on a virtual International Space Station (VR-ISS).  ...  Elizabeth Shirtcliff for offering expertise on the human stress response.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1555343418775561 fatcat:b4mjg3owpbdyzpdr74mwfn66re

Decision making under stress: A selective review

Katrin Starcke, Matthias Brand
2012 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
The purpose of this review is to summarize the findings from studies that investigated the impact of stress on decision making.  ...  The review focuses on studies that have examined the influence of acutely induced laboratory stress on decision making and that measured both decision-making performance and stress responses.  ...  Pham (2004) argues that feelings are incorporated into decisions in different ways.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2012.02.003 pmid:22342781 fatcat:irnq7kfzr5e35cpwbiruuaqz4e

Increased sympathetic tone contributes to cardiovascular dysfunction in sepsis

Ana Favero, Regina Sordi, Geisson Nardi, Jamil Assreuy
2013 Critical Care  
Although electronic implementation of the VAE algorithm was feasible, small variations considerably altered the events detected and their effect on mortality.  ...  Pharmacologic inhibition or the absence of Nox2 in gp91phox -/mice prevents glial cells activation, one of the central mechanisms associated with SE and other neurodegenerative diseases.  ...  Based on recorded clinical and laboratory parameters and final diagnoses, patients were classified into various groups depending on the severity of the infection and inflammatory response.  ... 
doi:10.1186/cc12980 pmcid:PMC3952741 fatcat:nbyfkp34irbwtgps5mjs5yfmhe

Fixed Firefighting System Selection: Towards Improved Decision Making

Kirti Ruikar Simon Bird
2020 Zenodo  
In response, a Fixed Firefighting System Selection Tool has been developed. The tool incorporates knowledge, logic, rules and fire safety educational resources to aid the system selection process.  ...  Examples of such systems include; automatic fire sprinkler systems and other systems such as deluge and water mist systems. Fixed firefighting systems are an essential fire safety tool.  ...  He is therefore considered a source of potentially deep expertise in the underpinning knowledge incorporated into the tool.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3685710 fatcat:m2xtlfo2lvgdpohv57ciqnhqim

Profiling sympathetic arousal in a physics course: How active are students?

H.J. Pijeira-Díaz, H. Drachsler, P.A. Kirschner, S. Järvelä
2018 Journal of Computer Assisted Learning  
Low arousal emerged as the level of largest incidence, occurring, on average, during 60% of the lesson.  ...  The metrics of in-class arousal considered in this study could be incorporated into a new kind of 'biosensor learning dashboard' for students to be aware of how active they are and stimulate reflection  ... 
doi:10.1111/jcal.12271 fatcat:nwwo3qzqpjc6zh66ppsvh2qrai

Practicing Emotion–Regulation Through Biofeedback on the Decision–Making Performance in the Context of Serious Games: a Systematic Review

Petar Jerčić, Veronica Sundstedt
2019 Entertainment Computing  
Nevertheless, serious games have emerged as a valuable tool for such investigations set in the decision-making context.  ...  This review sets out to investigate the scientific evidence regarding the effects of practicing emotion-regulation through biofeedback on the decision-making performance in the context of serious games  ...  (sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems) to tackle the effect of different emotions on performance on a decision-making task.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.entcom.2019.01.001 fatcat:uscdwhxhkjgxppaxmudzkbvqti

Lucky Rhythms in Orbitofrontal Cortex Bias Gambling Decisions in Humans

Pierre Sacré, Matthew S. D. Kerr, Kevin Kahn, Jorge Gonzalez-Martinez, Juan Bulacio, Hyun-Joo Park, Matthew A. Johnson, Susan Thompson, Jaes Jones, Vikram S. Chib, John T. Gale, Sridevi V. Sarma
2016 Scientific Reports  
In addition, lesions of the OFC have been shown to influence a person's ability to perform reversal learning 12,13 and to impair the ability to incorporate emotional cues into his or her decisions 14 .  ...  The decisions we make on a daily basis are heavily influenced by our emotions. Phenomena like loss aversion or risk sensitivity can bias decisions away from maximization of expected reward 1,2 .  ...  This type of selective influence of other brain areas has been noted in other decision modalities.  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep36206 pmid:27830753 pmcid:PMC5103224 fatcat:ubwf7ekfhbhfbi7jcgb7ypsbgu
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