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50 years of artificial intelligence: A neuronal approach

Antonio Fernández-Caballero, José Mira, Gustavo Deco
2008 Neurocomputing  
In ''Symbols versus connections: Fifty years of Artificial Intelligence'' J.  ...  This ''50 Years of Artificial Intelligence: Campus Multidisciplinary in Perception and Intelligence'' special issue collects a subset of the best papers in the fields of Neurocomputing, presented at the  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neucom.2007.11.001 fatcat:oigfqfq6vbfm3g4gakvb4zz33q

Statistical versus symbolic parsing for captioned-information retrieval [article]

Neil C. Rowe (Code CS/Rp, Department of Computer Science, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey)
1994 arXiv   pre-print
We discuss implementation issues of MARIE-1, a mostly symbolic parser fully implemented, and MARIE-2, a more statistical parser partially implemented.  ...  They address a corpus of 100,000 picture captions. We argue that the mixed approach of MARIE-2 should be better for this corpus because its algorithms (not data) are simpler.  ...  Parsing is still essential to connect related words in a caption, as to recognize the similar deep structure of the three examples above.  ... 
arXiv:cmp-lg/9408008v1 fatcat:3pj2g4tpp5grnch2yutbiteg4i

A history of AI and Law in 50 papers: 25 years of the international conference on AI and Law

Trevor Bench-Capon, Michał Araszkiewicz, Kevin Ashley, Katie Atkinson, Floris Bex, Filipe Borges, Daniele Bourcier, Paul Bourgine, Jack G. Conrad, Enrico Francesconi, Thomas F. Gordon, Guido Governatori (+12 others)
2012 Artificial Intelligence and Law  
We provide a retrospective of 25 years of the International Conference on AI and Law, which was first held in 1987.  ...  Fifty papers have been selected from the thirteen conferences and each of them is described in a short subsection individually written by one of the 24 authors. These subsections attempt to place the  ...  of Law Artificial Intelligence Research (FLAIR) Project.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10506-012-9131-x fatcat:g4qgrfrwyjcphdghpqlgfarxdy

The Physical Symbol System Hypothesis: Status and Prospects [chapter]

Nils J. Nilsson
50 Years of Artificial Intelligence  
I analyze some of the attacks against the Physical Symbol System Hypothesis-attacks based on the presumed need for symbolgrounding and non-symbolic processing for intelligent behavior and on the supposed  ...  non-computational and "mindless" aspects of brains.  ...  Some have even said that it is time "to do away with the computational metaphor that has been haunting AI for 50 years: the brain is not a computer!"  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-77296-5_2 dblp:conf/ai50/Nilsson06 fatcat:6rbzje6ne5aivegf6gozilf3nq

Neurocontrol and fuzzy logic: Connections and designs

Paul J. Werbos
1992 International Journal of Approximate Reasoning  
Artificial neural networks (ANNs) and fuzzy logic are complementary technologies.  ...  Ideally, the two sources of information should be combined. For example, one can learn rules in a hybrid fashion and then calibrate them for better whole-system performance.  ...  For the next few years, it may be better to think of ANNs as artificial mice (at best) rather than artificial humans.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0888-613x(92)90017-t fatcat:ebkzw6hoejeldhginfnvtxz2pi

Neuroscientific implications for situated and embodied artificial intelligence

Keith L. Downing
2007 Connection science  
While classic AI systems still struggle to properly incorporate commonsense knowledge, Situated and Embodied Artificial Intelligence (SEAI) aims to build animats that acquire a commonsense understanding  ...  SEAI may meet a daunting challenge of its own.  ...  Introduction The field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) began in a blaze of glory [43, 44, 48] .  ... 
doi:10.1080/09540090701192584 fatcat:whffzwwttffmzbnpimfaz3od5m

Neural Interfacing: Forging the Human-Machine Connection

Susanne D. Coates
2008 Synthesis Lectures on Biomedical Engineering  
Transformation of information occurs through the associative connections between the units comprising the network instead of symbolic manipulation.  ...  All of this has come about in the last 50 years (give-or-take) with the advance in surgical techniques, implantable materials and varying degrees of social acceptance. What will the next 50 bring?  ...  Last, but not least, a special thanks to all of those who contributed graphics material. ABOUT THE AUTHOR  ... 
doi:10.2200/s00148ed1v01y200809bme022 fatcat:sj2w7ygpyfah7bof3lhre5wc2a


Rosanna Festa
2020 International journal of research in science and technology  
This focus evolves around the concept of mathematics and its components and the importance of connectives for mathematics applied to calculators.Symbols and synthesis are enrolled to notice their rule  ...  in mathematics and general intelligent machines.  ...  INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY connective of L as function symbol of the appropriate arity of the algebraic language.  ... 
doi:10.37648/ijrst.v10i02.005 fatcat:ih7el2lxgfeqfffulxvrm43zyy


2004 Deakin Law Review  
Theindefinitenatureoftheter- rorism threat and the restraint on such responses as political only, in the absence of a bill of rights, makes these developments of real concern.  ...  Executive usages of the Brigitte incident in response to terrorism display alarming trends steadily eroding rule of law principles and undermining the institutions and practices of Australian democ- racy  ...  Criminal Law versus Intelligence Gathering Models The difficulties identified in the French system are further compounded by confusions over criminal law versus intelligence gathering models for counter-terrorism  ... 
doi:10.21153/dlr2004vol9no2art256 fatcat:4xsgxy2wvngotbqj452ocpujom

Connected components labeling for giga-cell multi-categorical rasters

Pawel Netzel, Tomasz F. Stepinski
2013 Computers & Geosciences  
Labeling of connected components in an image or a raster of non-imagery data is a fundamental operation in fields of pattern recognition and machine intelligence.  ...  The bulk of effort devoted to designing efficient connected components labeling (CCL) algorithms concentrated on the domain of binary images where labeling is required for a computer to recognize objects  ...  dictionary" and use symbol D do denote it.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2013.05.014 fatcat:l6gnvpyi7zardk7ya6quyz67ue

Isolated and Connected Word Recognition--Theory and Selected Applications

L. Rabiner, S. Levinson
1981 IRE Transactions on Communications Systems  
Finally we describe a system which recognizes strings of connected digits.  ...  us the capability of robust recognition of isolated words and simple connected word sequences.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to acknowledge the contributions of several of their colleagues to the work described in this paper. Dr. James L.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tcom.1981.1095031 fatcat:gs6p2sgipvhfzbwemjkeo2h25m

Isolated and Connected Word Recognition—Theory and Selected Applications [chapter]

1990 Readings in Speech Recognition  
Finally we describe a system which recognizes strings of connected digits.  ...  us the capability of robust recognition of isolated words and simple connected word sequences.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to acknowledge the contributions of several of their colleagues to the work described in this paper. Dr. James L.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-08-051584-7.50014-0 fatcat:hovnv5uyefgxthq2syytuwuf7u

A Survey of Partially Connected Neural Networks

D. Elizondo, E. Fiesler
1997 International Journal of Neural Systems  
Almost all artificial neural networks are by default fully connected, which often implies a high redundancy and complexity.  ...  This publication presents an extensive survey of the various kinds of partially connected neural networks, clustered into a clear framework, followed by a detailed comparative discussion.  ...  Tveter for providing publications, technical reports, and personal communications on the subject of partial connectivity.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0129065797000513 fatcat:ex3rnfibcrdc5loeiesackxcz4

Scoring the Terabit/s Goal:Broadband Connectivity in 6G [article]

Nandana Rajatheva, Italo Atzeni, Simon Bicais, Emil Bjornson, Andre Bourdoux, Stefano Buzzi, Carmen D'Andrea, Jean-Baptiste Dore, Serhat Erkucuk, Manuel Fuentes, Ke Guan, Yuzhou Hu (+17 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Several categories of enablers at the infrastructure, spectrum, and protocol/algorithmic levels are required to realize the intended broadband connectivity goals in 6G.  ...  This paper explores the road to vastly improving the broadband connectivity in future 6G wireless systems. Different categories of use cases are considered, with peak data rates up to 1 Tbps.  ...  of manufacturing industries and processes through cyber-physical systems, IoT networks, cloud computing, and artificial intelligence.  ... 
arXiv:2008.07220v2 fatcat:k4yyvxjguzeqtgewy4bxmnmuo4

Brain Connectivity Predicts Placebo Response across Chronic Pain Clinical Trials

Pascal Tétreault, Ali Mansour, Etienne Vachon-Presseau, Thomas J. Schnitzer, A. Vania Apkarian, Marwan N. Baliki, Tor D. Wager
2016 PLoS Biology  
In both studies, approximately half of the participants exhibited analgesia with placebo treatment. In study 1, right midfrontal gyrus connectivity best identified placebo responders.  ...  In study 2, the same measure identified placebo responders (95% correct) and predicted the magnitude of placebo's effectiveness.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank the staff and faculty of the Center of Translational Imaging at Northwestern University, the students and staff of Apkarian Lab, and all study participants.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1002570 pmid:27788130 pmcid:PMC5082893 fatcat:3rg6arzuz5ddngoihix3lahgbe
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