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Cataract surgery rates

Susan Lewallen
<span title="2012-01-25">2012</span> <i title="Health and Medical Publishing Group"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2jsgtidl4jbn5mln7jgmuqm3qu" style="color: black;">South African Medical Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
Drs Lecuona and Cook respond: We thank Dr Lewallen for her response to our article.  ...  The good news, as Dr Lewallen points out, is that a figure of 2 000 per million population per year to eliminate blindness from cataract may be too high in most health districts.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.7196/samj.5559">doi:10.7196/samj.5559</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/pk5xdshezjfnxbtwweedzbltwm">fatcat:pk5xdshezjfnxbtwweedzbltwm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180721101815/http://www.samj.org.za/index.php/samj/article/download/5559/3809" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/6a/73/6a73c9437a946b57b7be233f16052b4b3e12db29.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.7196/samj.5559"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Charges for Cataract Surgery

Susan Lewallen, Edson Eliah
<span title="">2008</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/huzqbmgsqzcy7jjzbdrxcbbxgy" style="color: black;">Ophthalmology (Rochester, Minn.)</a> </i> &nbsp;
SUSAN LEWALLEN, MD EDSON ELIAH, BA Moshi, Tanzania Author reply Dear Editor: We thank Drs Lewallen and Eliah for their interest in our study.  ...  In settings where free surgery is the norm, willingness to pay may be greatly reduced, as Lewallen and Eliah observe.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2007.05.007">doi:10.1016/j.ophtha.2007.05.007</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18166412">pmid:18166412</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/f5eps7jnhfd55dzytynafozrci">fatcat:f5eps7jnhfd55dzytynafozrci</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190223152849/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/472d/ac18742326771704b94a4725435aef704a6a.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/47/2d/472dac18742326771704b94a4725435aef704a6a.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2007.05.007"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Estimating Incidence of Vision-Reducing Cataract in Africa

Susan Lewallen
<span title="2010-12-13">2010</span> <i title="American Medical Association (AMA)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/xk3e6rxghbe6deizzubhwnayna" style="color: black;">Archives of Ophthalmology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Correspondence: Susan Lewallen, MD, Kilimanjaro Centre for Community Ophthalmology, Good Samaritan Foundation, Tumaini University, PO Box 2254, Moshi, Tanzania (slewallen@kcco.net).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1001/archophthalmol.2010.307">doi:10.1001/archophthalmol.2010.307</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21149783">pmid:21149783</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/curta7jhunclpfs3wlabtqjz7i">fatcat:curta7jhunclpfs3wlabtqjz7i</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190501013507/https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaophthalmology/articlepdf/426665/eeb05021_1584_1589.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7d/c3/7dc33be6732fd9eefa70a622e8835c0427963010.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1001/archophthalmol.2010.307"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Presbyopic Spectacles in Elderly Tanzanians

Celestin Habiyakare, Susan Lewallen, Paul Courtright
<span title="2010-12-01">2010</span> <i title="Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/bktgmrvaorcfle3nbaxcwpsb44" style="color: black;">Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
E-mail: slewallen@kcco.net Celestin Habiyakare 1 Susan Lewallen 2 Paul Courtright 2 1 in a sample dominated by amblyopia with very low visual acuity. Elizabeth S. van de Graaf Huibert J.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.10-5649">doi:10.1167/iovs.10-5649</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21123784">pmid:21123784</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/yyxaotvywnbvngmvszqphbggvu">fatcat:yyxaotvywnbvngmvszqphbggvu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180723124558/https://iovs.arvojournals.org/data/journals/iovs/932969/z7g0121006897a.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b9/70/b970d0450da3a2d96994a0db5045c1be51d69c28.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.10-5649"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Poverty and Cataract—A Deeper Look at a Complex Issue

Susan Lewallen
<span title="2008-12-16">2008</span> <i title="Public Library of Science (PLoS)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/iznnn644szdwva7khyxqzc73bi" style="color: black;">PLoS Medicine</a> </i> &nbsp;
Susan Lewallen is Co-Director of the Kilimanjaro Centre for Community Ophthalmology, Good Samaritan Foundation, Moshi, Tanzania.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0050245">doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0050245</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19090615">pmid:19090615</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC2602717/">pmcid:PMC2602717</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/bq62xnnrqncvlitcif3boscbj4">fatcat:bq62xnnrqncvlitcif3boscbj4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171014233532/http://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.0050245&amp;type=printable" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/57/cd/57cd29ca9605b15562f27465f26b51bf5253cec6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0050245"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> plos.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2602717" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Current concepts in the surgical management of lagophthalmos in leprosy

PAUL COURTRIGHT, SUSAN LEWALLEN
<span title="">1995</span> <i title="GN1 Genesis Network"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/7onk5imcerci5bttx5hi7du63q" style="color: black;">Leprosy Review</a> </i> &nbsp;
Existing data suggest that, at a minimum, 2% of paucibacillary patients and 5% of multibacillary patients have lagophthalmos; at least 290,000 people worldwide have leprosy-related lagophthalmos. Surgical intervention is the only method for correcting lagophthalmos; effectiveness of the different procedures commonly used has not been measured. Results from a survey of eye care providers revealed that surgeons in Asia used a wide range of different techniques for the correction of lagophthalmos
more &raquo; ... hile almost all of the surgeons in Africa used tarsorrhaphy. There is a need to evaluate surgical outcome of these techniques and to develop guidelines to assist in increasing the number of surgeries for lagophthalmos in leprosy patients.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5935/0305-7518.19950024">doi:10.5935/0305-7518.19950024</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ydjc6zcn5ndofhymmdst5kl2ti">fatcat:ydjc6zcn5ndofhymmdst5kl2ti</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180602044745/http://leprev.ilsl.br/pdfs/1995/v66n3/pdf/v66n3a05.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d0/b7/d0b78fd15ffa78c27a4d7734c6cd43152d8c24e6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5935/0305-7518.19950024"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Increasing uptake of eye services by women

Susan Lewallen, Paul Courtright
<span title="">2006</span> <i title="International Centre for Eye Health (ICEH), London"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/esjuen6xf5gzdcquz3lmr3ovli" style="color: black;">Community Eye Health Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17515965">pmid:17515965</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC1871675/">pmcid:PMC1871675</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7hemdnkvivd23gmqbjirk3j7ae">fatcat:7hemdnkvivd23gmqbjirk3j7ae</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20191110224210/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC1871675&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7d/1a/7d1af50a8b24596287d4f5345e6ea17a2c0d645c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1871675" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Considerations in the integration of eye care into leprosy care services

P. COURTRIGHT, SUSAN LEWALLEN
<span title="">1992</span> <i title="GN1 Genesis Network"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/7onk5imcerci5bttx5hi7du63q" style="color: black;">Leprosy Review</a> </i> &nbsp;
Relief Association, Postfach 110462, D-8700 Wurzburg, II Germany (available 1992) German Leprosy Relief Association, Postfach 110462, 0-8700 Wurzburg, II Germany (available 1992) P Courtright and Susan  ...  S) Training health workers 10 recognize, Ireal, refe r and educate palienls aboul ocular lep r05Y (Courtright P, Lewallen S) Source The Star, Gillis Long Center, Carville, LA 7072 1, USA  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5935/0305-7518.19920011">doi:10.5935/0305-7518.19920011</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/iihvjj5c5rdcvg2bjjxv25umiq">fatcat:iihvjj5c5rdcvg2bjjxv25umiq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180602234545/http://leprev.ilsl.br/pdfs/1992/v63n1/pdf/v63n1a11.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/a0/eb/a0ebd22619ccd62f578e578bd51fd39714bbfeda.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5935/0305-7518.19920011"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Budgeting for a district VISION 2020 programme

Paul Courtright, Joseph Banzi, Susan Lewallen
<span title="">2005</span> <i title="International Centre for Eye Health (ICEH), London"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/esjuen6xf5gzdcquz3lmr3ovli" style="color: black;">Community Eye Health Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
Paul Courtright Co-director Joseph Banzi Community Coordinator Susan Lewallen Co-director Budgeting for a district VISION 2020 programme Table 1 . 1 Targets and activities that determine  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17491757">pmid:17491757</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC1705674/">pmcid:PMC1705674</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mzawfdlxojhy3g7l57mv6ygicu">fatcat:mzawfdlxojhy3g7l57mv6ygicu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20191101013922/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC1705674&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/42/bc/42bccbeb738bc08bd35f9ada55aad1d7ea7ed615.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1705674" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Epidemiology and Management of Ocular Surface Squamous Neoplasia in Tanzania

Godfrey Furahini, Susan Lewallen
<span title="2010-05-11">2010</span> <i title="Informa UK Limited"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/bwq3jwxzwra6rk3dbq2lfgogyu" style="color: black;">Ophthalmic Epidemiology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Purpose-To estimate the incidence of suspected ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) by Region in Tanzania and learn where these lesions are treated. Methods-We performed an analysis of existing theater records from three Tanzanian referral hospitals from 2006 to 2008 plus a prospective analysis of records from all other eye health workers who remove suspected OSSN outside the referral hospitals over 1 year. Results-Approximately 40% of suspected OSSN are operated on outside of referral
more &raquo; ... tals. The estimated annual incidence of ocular surface squamous neoplasia in Tanzania was 2.2 per 100,000 persons. Regional incidence rates were significantly correlated with Regional HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) prevalence (Pearson's r = 0.53, P = 0.03). Conclusion- The incidence rate is high, in line with estimates from other East African countries. Management of these cases requires improvement as most patients are still not tested for HIV.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3109/09286581003731544">doi:10.3109/09286581003731544</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20455848">pmid:20455848</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3832784/">pmcid:PMC3832784</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7rlxl5axencevabbeqznqnba2a">fatcat:7rlxl5axencevabbeqznqnba2a</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200208155023/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC3832784&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/da/2c/da2cd10e12d4c0ad7a4c1d70467dc9f8b146ff9c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3109/09286581003731544"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3832784" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Redefining cerebral malaria by including malaria retinopathy

Nicholas AV Beare, Susan Lewallen, Terrie E Taylor, Malcolm E Molyneux
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="Future Medicine Ltd"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/s64kkfsrnncwnilysl4qdd6liq" style="color: black;">Future Microbiology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Accurate diagnosis of cerebral malaria (CM) is important for patient management, epidemiological and end point surveillance, and enrolling patients with CM in studies of pathogenesis or therapeutic trials. In malaria-endemic areas, where asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum parasitemia is common, a positive blood film in a comatose individual does not prove that the coma is due to malaria. A retinopathy consisting of two unique features -patchy retinal whitening and focal changes of vessel color
more &raquo; ... is highly specific for encephalopathy of malarial etiology. White-centered retinal hemorrhages are a common but less specific feature. Either indirect or direct ophthalmoscopy can be used to identify the changes, and both procedures can be learned and practiced by nonspecialist clinicians. In view of its important contributions to both clinical care and research, examination of the retina should become a routine component of the assessment of a comatose child or adult when CM is a possible diagnosis. Keywords cerebral malaria; papilledema; retinopathy According to WHO estimates, there were over 850,000 malaria deaths in 2008; 90% of these were in Africa and 85% were in children [101] . Reductions in malaria have occurred in other regions and in some localized areas in Africa, but severe malaria continues to be an important contributor to child mortality. In many African countries with good access to antimalarial drugs and insecticide-treated bednets, expected reductions in mortality and morbidity have yet to occur. When malaria control improves, the burden of disease may shift to older age groups [1].
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2217/fmb.11.3">doi:10.2217/fmb.11.3</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21449844">pmid:21449844</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3139111/">pmcid:PMC3139111</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/zodfgchx3zcehjbfz5s7hyu4sa">fatcat:zodfgchx3zcehjbfz5s7hyu4sa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200429000044/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC3139111&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/93/07/9307e7825bf160808acf47947f70bab7c55624ff.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2217/fmb.11.3"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3139111" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Why are we addressing gender issues in vision loss?

Paul Courtright, Susan Lewallen
<span title="">2009</span> <i title="International Centre for Eye Health (ICEH), London"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/esjuen6xf5gzdcquz3lmr3ovli" style="color: black;">Community Eye Health Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
Lewallen (Tanzania) Wanjiku Mathenge (Kenya) Joseph Enyegue Oye (Francophone Africa) Babar Qureshi (Pakistan) BR Shamanna (India) Professor Hugh Taylor (Australia) Min Wu (China) Andrea Zin (Brazil) Tel  ...  GVS Murthy Daksha Patel Richard Wormald David Yorston Special advisor for Issue 70 Paul Courtright Regional consultants Sergey Branchevski (Russia) Miriam Cano (Paraguay) Professor Gordon Johnson (UK) Susan  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19888362">pmid:19888362</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC2760274/">pmcid:PMC2760274</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mrc4lixqhrfu3mhvmq4r5doheq">fatcat:mrc4lixqhrfu3mhvmq4r5doheq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200428043726/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC2760274&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/03/f4/03f473cfb22a8c0e6f84d880b6ceb5edc43cfc19.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2760274" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Excess mortality associated with blindness in leprosy patients in Korea

PAUL COURTRIGHT, SUNG-HWA KIM, HO-SUNG LEE, SUSAN LEWALLEN
<span title="">1997</span> <i title="GN1 Genesis Network"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/7onk5imcerci5bttx5hi7du63q" style="color: black;">Leprosy Review</a> </i> &nbsp;
Vision loss and blindness are potential complications of leprosy. There is little data available to indicate the impact of eye complications on life expectancy and quality of life. We sought to determine the relative risk of death in blind leprosy patients compared to nonblind leprosy patients. A population-based ocular survey of 510 mycobacteriologically negative leprosy patients in rural South Korea, conducted in 1988, formed the study population. After a 7-year period patients were traced to
more &raquo; ... determine their status (alive, dead, lost to follow up). Blind patients showed a 4'8-fold risk of death, even after adjusting for other factors, compared to nonblind patients. Young blind leprosy patients had the highest relative risk of death. Excess mortality was not associated with any specific cause of blindness, ocular pathology, or type of disease. Findings from our study suggest that all leprosy patients with ocular disabilities (including those released from antileprosy treatment) should be targeted to receive eye care to prevent vision loss. Particular emphasis should be placed on young patients. Evidence was accumulated over 40 years ago demonstrating that leprosy patients, particularly lepromatous patients, have higher age-standardized mortality rates compared to the general, non-leprosy population. l Long-term effects of some of the complications of leprosy, e.g. tropic ulcers, can reduce life span through repeated infection and exposure to economic hardship and malnutrition. Since then, a number of studies have demonstrated 1·5 to 2 fold higher mortality rates among multibacillary patients compared to paucibacillary patients 2 , 3 suggesting that leprosy-related reactions and increased frequency of intercurrent diseases, such as tuberculosis predict a higher mortality rate. This may be particularly true where 326 0305-75 1 8/97/068326+05 $1.00 © Lepra
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5935/0305-7518.19970040">doi:10.5935/0305-7518.19970040</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/4lbfx5mnibf2dphif5ku3jwhum">fatcat:4lbfx5mnibf2dphif5ku3jwhum</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180602025139/http://leprev.ilsl.br/pdfs/1997/v68n4/pdf/v68n4a06.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/5e/1c/5e1cc9340380faca125f2bc40dc9386aa608cabc.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5935/0305-7518.19970040"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Variation in Cataract Surgery Needs in Latin America

Susan Lewallen, Claudia Perez-Straziota, Van Lansingh, Hans Limburg, Juan Carlos Silva
<span title="2012-12-01">2012</span> <i title="American Medical Association (AMA)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/xk3e6rxghbe6deizzubhwnayna" style="color: black;">Archives of Ophthalmology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Objective: To estimate and compare the incidence of operable cataract and the desired cataract surgery rates required to eliminate cataract-related visual impairment in several Latin American settings. Methods: We obtained raw data on age-specific cataract prevalence from standardized population-based surveys. We used the data in a previously described model to estimate the incidence of operable cataract at 11 sites in 10 countries across Latin America. Age-specific incidence rates were then
more &raquo; ... tiplied by corresponding population data to calculate the desired cataract surgery rates needed to eliminate cataract-related visual impairment in eyes in each country. Age-standardized incidence was also calculated to explore potential non-age-related differences in incidence among the countries. Results: The desired cataract surgery rates ranged from 3441 to 8935 in the 11 sites. Much of the variation was owing to differing age structures, but there may be important variation in age-specific incidence rates as well. Conclusions: Age structure has a major effect on the number of cataract surgeries needed in different countries of Latin America, and it is essential to consider this when planning cataract surgical services. Potential differences in non-age-related risk factors for cataract among different populations also deserve further study.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1001/archophthalmol.2012.2147">doi:10.1001/archophthalmol.2012.2147</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22892824">pmid:22892824</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/uyzds7exv5eqxddllcitnaz6ku">fatcat:uyzds7exv5eqxddllcitnaz6ku</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190503091039/https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaophthalmology/articlepdf/1308382/eeb120009_1575_1578.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/02/43/0243c759673750ac7b6fcec51aed7d1afa5e3554.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1001/archophthalmol.2012.2147"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

The Eyes Have It—Or Do They?

Susan Lewallen, Terrie Taylor
<span title="2017-05-03">2017</span> <i title="American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/rvumurecv5g6rj35mgpcyyzwre" style="color: black;">American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene</a> </i> &nbsp;
Authors' addresses: Susan Lewallen This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0045">doi:10.4269/ajtmh.17-0045</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28500807">pmid:28500807</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC5417186/">pmcid:PMC5417186</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/c2vs4mqmgrdojiswbn3feh7sdi">fatcat:c2vs4mqmgrdojiswbn3feh7sdi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190223105114/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/4639/6c5341ba26dc9536ffbb4d0a0b173c217be8.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/46/39/46396c5341ba26dc9536ffbb4d0a0b173c217be8.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0045"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5417186" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>
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