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An Introductory Tutorial on Brain–Computer Interfaces and Their Applications

Andrea Bonci, Simone Fiori, Hiroshi Higashi, Toshihisa Tanaka, Federica Verdini
2021 Electronics  
Recent advances in biomedical engineering, computer science, and neuroscience are making brain–computer interfaces a reality, paving the way to restoring and potentially augmenting human physical and mental  ...  The prospect and potentiality of interfacing minds with machines has long captured human imagination.  ...  A well-known instance of BCI that makes use of the oddball paradigm is a P300 speller. Such a speller aims to input Latin letters on the basis of the user's will.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics10050560 fatcat:g2d57exmcbghlkf2rekmgdjhae

Brain–computer interfacing in disorders of consciousness

Camille Chatelle, Srivas Chennu, Quentin Noirhomme, Damian Cruse, Adrian M. Owen, Steven Laureys
2012 Brain Injury  
These findings have highlighted the potential for the development of simple braincomputer interfaces (BCI) as a diagnosis in behaviourally unresponsive patients.  ...  Results: A range of BCI designs have been proposed and tested for enabling communication in fully conscious, paralysed patients.  ...  control of a computer cursor.  ... 
doi:10.3109/02699052.2012.698362 pmid:22759199 fatcat:7krh3aulzfbyxdf2gen6eyecyu

The Wadsworth BCI Research and Development Program: At Home With BCI

T.M. Vaughan, D.J. Mcfarland, G. Schalk, W.A. Sarnacki, D.J. Krusienski, E.W. Sellers, J.R. Wolpaw
2006 IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering  
The ultimate goal of brain-computer interface (BCI) technology is to provide communication and control capacities to people with severe motor disabilities.  ...  We are now translating this laboratory-proven BCI technology into a system that can be used by severely disabled people in their homes with minimal ongoing technical oversight.  ...  A series of three such selections chooses a specific letter (see [34] for details).  ... 
doi:10.1109/tnsre.2006.875577 pmid:16792301 fatcat:xtc6xr5gdzb2ddmj22nzhq676e

Current Status, Challenges, and Possible Solutions of EEG-Based Brain-Computer Interface: A Comprehensive Review

Mamunur Rashid, Norizam Sulaiman, Anwar P. P. Abdul Majeed, Rabiu Muazu Musa, Ahmad Fakhri Ab. Nasir, Bifta Sama Bari, Sabira Khatun
2020 Frontiers in Neurorobotics  
Brain-Computer Interface (BCI), in essence, aims at controlling different assistive devices through the utilization of brain waves.  ...  This article provides a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art of a complete BCI system. First, a brief overview of electroencephalogram (EEG)-based BCI systems is given.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to acknowledge support from the Faculty of Electrical & Electronics Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnbot.2020.00025 pmid:32581758 pmcid:PMC7283463 fatcat:jhpwp2b3hffz5mazb7y6oj3saq

Artificial Intelligence Algorithms in Visual Evoked Potential-Based Brain-Computer Interfaces for Motor Rehabilitation Applications: Systematic Review and Future Directions

Josefina Gutierrez-Martinez, Jorge A. Mercado-Gutierrez, Blanca E. Carvajal-Gámez, Jorge L. Rosas-Trigueros, Adrian E. Contreras-Martinez
2021 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) is a technology that uses electroencephalographic (EEG) signals to control external devices, such as Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES).  ...  Of the remaining, 28.48% were for spelling, 12.73% for diverse applications (control of wheelchair or home appliances), and only 7.77% were focused on motor rehabilitation.  ...  A hybrid speller design using eye tracking and SSVEP brain–computer interface.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2021.772837 pmid:34899220 pmcid:PMC8656949 fatcat:7ziwytx3kzdkjddhvx3bruejde

Brain–Computer Interfaces: A Gentle Introduction [chapter]

Bernhard Graimann, Brendan Allison, Gert Pfurtscheller
2009 Brain-Computer Interfaces  
Acknowledgement The contribution of the second author was supported in part by the Information and Communication Technologies Collaborative Project "BrainAble" within the Seventh Framework of the European  ...  After reinnervation, these target muscles produce myoelectric signals (electromyographic signals) on the surface of the skin that can be measured and used to control prosthetic devices [45] .  ...  (a) Environmental control with a P300 BCI (see chapter "The First Commercial Brain-Computer Interface Environment"), (b) P300 Speller (see chapter "BCIs in the Laboratory and at Home: The Wadsworth Research  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-02091-9_1 fatcat:ny5gg4mo3ncajbzwkmlxvdmj4m

An electrocorticographic BCI using code-based VEP for control in video applications: a single-subject study

Christoph Kapeller, Kyousuke Kamada, Hiroshi Ogawa, Robert Prueckl, Josef Scharinger, Christoph Guger
2014 Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience  
A brain-computer-interface (BCI) allows the user to control a device or software with brain activity.  ...  This work is focused on BCIs based on visual evoked potentials (VEP) and its capability as a continuous control interface for augmentation of video applications.  ...  ECoG signals recorded from the brain's surface are more robust against electromyographic (EMG) artifacts and provide a higher spatial and temporal resolution compared to EEG signals (Leuthardt et al.,  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnsys.2014.00139 pmid:25147509 pmcid:PMC4124519 fatcat:arzgk54nkjh6poy2xfrqmyz2vy

Electroencephalogram-Based Brain–Computer Interface and Lower-Limb Prosthesis Control: A Case Study

Douglas P. Murphy, Ou Bai, Ashraf S. Gorgey, John Fox, William T. Lovegreen, Brian W. Burkhardt, Roozbeh Atri, Juan S. Marquez, Qi Li, Ding-Yu Fei
2017 Frontiers in Neurology  
of the subject supports the feasibility for BCI control of a lower extremity prosthesis using surface scalp EEG electrodes.  ...  Objective: The purpose of this study was to establish the feasibility of manipulating a prosthetic knee directly by using a brain-computer interface (BCI) system in a transfemoral amputee.  ...  The Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) takes out this step for a more direct control method.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fneur.2017.00696 pmid:29326653 pmcid:PMC5736540 fatcat:dyvpa76iwbczrb3vbkzsn5t4q4

Brain Computer Interfaces, a Review

Luis Fernando Nicolas-Alonso, Jaime Gomez-Gil
2012 Sensors  
control interface.  ...  A brain-computer interface (BCI) is a hardware and software communications system that permits cerebral activity alone to control computers or external devices.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was partially supported by the regional 2010 Research Project Plan of the Junta de Castilla y León, (Spain), under project VA034A10-2.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s120201211 pmid:22438708 pmcid:PMC3304110 fatcat:rinslsoovba4hizv3ugwdy6g2e

Challenges in clinical applications of brain computer interfaces in individuals with spinal cord injury

Rüdiger Rupp
2014 Frontiers in Neuroengineering  
Brain computer interfaces (BCIs) are devices that measure brain activities and translate them into control signals used for a variety of applications.  ...  a short-term training may limit the successful use of a BCI.  ...  By the implementation of this paradigm persons formerly unable to control a traditional P300-based speller were enabled to successfully use this kind of communication interface.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fneng.2014.00038 pmid:25309420 pmcid:PMC4174119 fatcat:xx5ux2felnasxdbonys5uqiqvi

Brain-Computer Interfaces Using Electrocorticographic Signals

Gerwin Schalk, Eric C. Leuthardt
2011 IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering  
BCI systems measure specific features of brain activity and translate them into control signals that drive an output.  ...  Over the past decade, an increasing number of studies has explored the use of electrocorticographic (ECoG) activity recorded directly from the surface of the brain.  ...  Wolpaw's comments on an earlier version of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/rbme.2011.2172408 pmid:22273796 fatcat:3goiufxxyzcyxpnmuvxv4jfwf4

Neuroengineering tools/applications for bidirectional interfaces, brain–computer interfaces, and neuroprosthetic implants – a review of recent progress

Ryan Mark Rothschild
2010 Frontiers in Neuroengineering  
The main focus of this review is to provide a holistic amalgamated overview of the most recent human in vivo techniques for implementing brain-computer interfaces (BCIs), bidirectional interfaces, and  ...  Bidirectional interfaces integrate recording and the relaying of information from and to the brain for the development of BCIs.  ...  A more accurate averaged performance is achieved using auditory ERP spellers, rather than visual ERP spellers as an accuracy of 100% is possible (Furdea et al., 2009 ). controlling motor based prosthetics  ... 
doi:10.3389/fneng.2010.00112 pmid:21060801 pmcid:PMC2972680 fatcat:ykg6s452bjbbliolqunprh7oye

Clinical Applications of Brain-Computer Interfaces: Current State and Future Prospects

J.N. Mak, J.R. Wolpaw
2009 IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering  
Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) allow their users to communicate or control external devices using brain signals rather than the brain's normal output pathways of peripheral nerves and muscles.  ...  Motivated by the hope of restoring independence to severely disabled individuals and by interest in further extending human control of external systems, researchers from many fields are engaged in this  ...  Acknowledgments Work in the authors' laboratory has been supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) (Grants HD30146 (NCMRR/NICHD) and EB00856 (NIBIB & NINDS)), the James S.  ... 
doi:10.1109/rbme.2009.2035356 pmid:20442804 pmcid:PMC2862632 fatcat:mgvlb5swprc55muwebdzdmglwm

The Berlin Brain-Computer Interface (BBCI) – towards a new communication channel for online control in gaming applications

Roman Krepki, Benjamin Blankertz, Gabriel Curio, Klaus-Robert Müller
2007 Multimedia tools and applications  
Section 5 concludes with a discussion on future disposition of Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) in the field of control, multimedia and gaming.  ...  Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) exploit the ability of human communication and control bypassing the classical neuromuscular communication channels.  ...  Future research will further explore this direction towards more natural feedback modi, appropriate and plausible control strategies and user adaptation ultimately using brain signals for control in Virtual  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11042-006-0094-3 fatcat:gtlq6dvxhray5id3wln2muzfmu

MATLAB-Based Tools for BCI Research [chapter]

Arnaud Delorme, Christian Kothe, Andrey Vankov, Nima Bigdely-Shamlo, Robert Oostenveld, Thorsten O. Zander, Scott Makeig
2010 Brain-Computer Interfaces  
), a new BCI package that uses the data structures and extends the capabilities of the widely used EEGLAB signal processing environment.  ...  We illustrate the relative simplicity of coding BCI feature extraction and classification under MATLAB (The Mathworks, Inc.) using a minimalist BCI example, and then describe BCILAB (Team PhyPa, Berlin  ...  There are three interface functions covering this area of BCI research. bci_preproc, bci_train, and bci_predict are command line interfaces, though a GUI wrapper for each of them is planned.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-84996-272-8_14 dblp:series/hci/DelormeKVSOZM10 fatcat:joir362aibajbgznxcmcxjcl5e
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