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Supporting Scientific Enquiry with Uncertain Sources

Federico Cerutti, Gavin Pearson
2018 2018 21st International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION)  
We show how our computational methodology, composed of an ontology for representing uncertain information and sources, as well as an argumentative process of conjecture and refutation, support human analysts  ...  In this paper we propose a computational methodology for assessing the impact of trust associated to sources of information in scientific enquiry activities building upon recent proposals of an ontology  ...  In order to develop a computational machinery for supporting Alex's scientific enquiry with conflicting information and uncertain sources, we first need to identify principled desiderata.  ... 
doi:10.23919/icif.2018.8455649 dblp:conf/fusion/CeruttiP18 fatcat:x4lokofwovfmzikyrnaox6kc4i

An investigation into an outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis phagetype 4 infection and the consumption of custard slices and trifles

G. H. Barnes, A. T. Edwards
1992 Epidemiology and Infection  
The case-control study supports earlier work associatingSalmonella enteritidisphage-type 4 infection with consumption of uncooked or lightly cooked shell eggs.  ...  SUMMARYEpidemiological investigation into an outbreak of food poisoning in 17 patients caused bySalmonella enteritidisphage-type 4 demonstrated a highly significant association with consumption of custard  ...  Clapham, Environmental Health Officer, who conducted enquiries; Miss P. M.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s095026880005038x pmid:1468524 pmcid:PMC2271925 fatcat:iypgp2swpffphd62z6tryvj6tm

On the Even Greater Need for Precaution Under Global Change

Colin L. Soskolne
2005 Human and Ecological Risk Assessment  
Initial efforts must focus on the training of researchers and risk managers for competencies in complexity, and in systems approaches to transdisciplinary enquiry.  ...  Elihu Richter provided me with constructive suggestions that have helped improve the presentation.  ...  Joel Tickner for his pioneering work that he so willingly discusses and shares with me. He reviewed an earlier draft of this manuscript and I hope that I have done justice to his valuable comments.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10807030590919927 fatcat:us33r2zkpbgprnjky7pj3obxaa

A scientific enquiry into the future

Johannes Gabriel
2013 European Journal of Futures Research  
because there is no coherent set of rules on what a scientific enquiry into the future could look like.  ...  The concepts and rules for a scientific enquiry into the future developed in this article can help to clearly differentiate between multiple prognoses and scenarios, and to evaluate scenarios by scientific  ...  Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40309-013-0031-4 fatcat:dh4mzm46rvcj7nbgxzlfd4gmqi

Open science in the making: preliminary remarks on the putative effects of specialised online portals on scholarly collaboration and community building

Dirk Hommrich
2018 JCOM: Journal of Science Communication  
The commentary closes with some remarks on further research questions regarding the putative impact of such systems on science communication and scholarly community building.  ...  In its second part, my commentary will try to come to terms with the production of a more or less "closed" scientific community.  ...  This may lead to ruptures or crises when funding ends and it is uncertain who finances forthe necessary resources.  ... 
doi:10.22323/2.17020304 fatcat:j75lgypoufd47mzobixtce424u

'Moral machine' experiment is no basis for policymaking

Barry Dewitt, Baruch Fischhoff, Nils-Eric Sahlin
2019 Nature  
Although survey responses might stimulate enquiry, taking them literally is an antithesis to philosophical practice.  ...  A country's fossil-fuel consumption is readily assessed at source (coal mine, oil or gas well) and by monitoring import minus export.  ... 
doi:10.1038/d41586-019-00766-x fatcat:scjbtrszvfacdlvyg7gbdotpwu

Medical Education in the United States

1966 Nature  
As regards wider recruitment, in the past 18 months there had been considerable success in attracting from universities and industry highly suitable persons to help with planning and with scientific and  ...  The very broad terms of reference would require a fundamental and wide-ranging enquiry in the tradition of the great enquiries of the past, such as Northcote--Trevelyan in 1853 and the Tomlin Commission  ... 
doi:10.1038/209966d0 fatcat:gimfzedqencr3owvduxdomxi7i

Supply of Anti-serum in India

1966 Nature  
As regards wider recruitment, in the past 18 months there had been considerable success in attracting from universities and industry highly suitable persons to help with planning and with scientific and  ...  The very broad terms of reference would require a fundamental and wide-ranging enquiry in the tradition of the great enquiries of the past, such as Northcote--Trevelyan in 1853 and the Tomlin Commission  ... 
doi:10.1038/209966e0 fatcat:jd23ifmwsfakba3uk62srr2r7m

Committee on the Civil Service

1966 Nature  
As regards wider recruitment, in the past 18 months there had been considerable success in attracting from universities and industry highly suitable persons to help with planning and with scientific and  ...  The very broad terms of reference would require a fundamental and wide-ranging enquiry in the tradition of the great enquiries of the past, such as Northcote--Trevelyan in 1853 and the Tomlin Commission  ... 
doi:10.1038/209966b0 fatcat:anoj3j3iv5eppjhwnk5aluijte

University-Community Engagement: A grid-group analysis

David Low
2008 Gateways : International Journal of Community Research & Engagement  
The object of enquiry is free to object to what we say about it in the method of science (Latour 2000) . Even the most complex scientific enquiries follow the basic method described above.  ...  this can only be resolved by dialogic enquiry with the same object in mind. In this sense, the relational consequences of the object of enquiry can only be found out by enquiry.  ... 
doi:10.5130/ijcre.v1i0.445 fatcat:6ckq2pj2czfhhbbowa5fn7wqb4

Analyzing Decision Logs to Understand Decision Making in Serious Crime Investigations

Coral J. Dando, Thomas C. Ormerod
2017 Human Factors  
Differences emerged between experienced and less experienced officers' decision log records in exploration of alternative hypotheses, generation of hypotheses, and sources of evidential enquiry opened  ...  Results: Analyses revealed diversity in documentation of decisions that did not correlate with case type, and identified significant limitations of the decision log approach to supporting investigative  ...  If it modified an existing hypothesis with a new line of enquiry. For example, 3. If it extended an existing hypothesis with a more focused line of enquiry.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0018720817727899 pmid:28876965 fatcat:3732rslfgbadfgqa74r2kdquxa

Planning ahead

Warren R. Jones
1984 Nature  
for critical enquiries which explore much wider territory.  ...  Each method -current, new and potential -is comprehensively reviewed and supported by an up-to-date and extensive, though critical, survey of relevant literature.  ... 
doi:10.1038/307090b0 fatcat:w5phhi6b4jfpbgs6abiyn5rgjy

Talk of science and philosophy

Donald MacKay
1984 Nature  
for critical enquiries which explore much wider territory.  ...  Each method -current, new and potential -is comprehensively reviewed and supported by an up-to-date and extensive, though critical, survey of relevant literature.  ... 
doi:10.1038/307090a0 fatcat:rpoqd5au2bh6dg3vl273cwiqvm

On Methods and Mess

Yogesh Raj
2014 Journal of Technology Research and Review  
A sound source criticism will, to begin with, ignore such authorial hierarchy in the narratives.  ...  In its elementary form, scientific method is therefore a set of two activities: First, one isolates the object of enquiry from its environment with a porous envelope.  ... 
doi:10.3126/jtrr.v1i1.10010 fatcat:ajadyobb7vbyhofgl6fesua74i

'A portion of truth': Demarcating the boundaries of scientific hypnotism in late nineteenth-century France

Kim M Hajek
2017 Notes and Records: the Royal Society journal of the history of science  
In fin-de-siècle France, hypnotism enjoyed an unprecedented level of medico-scientific legitimacy.  ...  This paper analyses such demarcation strategies in major texts from the Salpêtrière and Nancy Schools – the rival groupings that dominated enquiry into hypnotism in the 1880s.  ...  Part of the research presented herein was undertaken with the support of a Kathleen Campbell-Brown Scholarship.  ... 
pmid:30125055 pmcid:PMC5554308 fatcat:xecybuljjbaxlbezhp5acoz7je
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