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How Learning Enables Intelligence Analysts to Rapidly Develop Practical Cognitive Assistants

Gheorghe Tecuci, Mihai Boicu, Dorin Marcu, David Schum
2013 2013 12th International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications  
This is a significant application of machine learning to agents development in intelligence analysis that can be generalized to many other domains involving evidence-based reasoning, including medicine  ...  A learning agent shell has been trained by a knowledge engineer with general evidencebased reasoning knowledge for intelligence analysis.  ...  Then experts on various types of intelligence analysis problems have taught the resulting agent shell domain-specific knowledge for hypotheses analysis, with limited support from knowledge engineers.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icmla.2013.25 dblp:conf/icmla/TecuciBMS13 fatcat:px6cwvhnlvdqzfww6uwkp6udum

Computational approach and cognitive assistant for evidence-based reasoning in intelligence analysis

Gheorghe Tecuci, David A. Schum, Dorin Marcu, Mihai Boicu
2014 International Journal of Intelligent Defence Support Systems  
Intelligence analysis is viewed as ceaseless discovery of evidence, hypotheses, and arguments in a non-stationary world, involving cooperative processes of evidence in search of hypotheses, hypotheses  ...  in search of evidence, and evidentiary tests of hypotheses.  ...  Government organizations, including the Department of Defense and the Intelligence Community. The U.S.  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijidss.2014.059976 fatcat:cod4lthcgvguvfwj2lbehwddva

Designing Support for Intelligence Analysts

William C. Elm, Malcolm J. Cook, Frank L. Greitzer, Robert R. Hoffman, Brian Moon, Susan G. Hutchins
2004 Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting  
In addition, a number of different cognitive analysis activities are ongoing in hopes of deriving requirements for future support tools.  ...  Given this complex nature of intelligence analysis, a wide variety of advanced visualization tools are continually being developed in hopes of designing support for the analysis process.  ...  The following paper discusses a more detailed analysis of why experts with a knowledge of the critical issues fail to deliver the correct analysis of all-source intelligence material using evidence from  ... 
doi:10.1177/154193120404800328 fatcat:7etvmm2t3fhellr5khcvcure4m

Reflective thinking for intelligence analysis using a case study

Charlene Tan
2013 Reflective Practice  
This paper aims to fill the gap by discussing how reflective thinking is essential to and applicable for intelligence analysis in the field of epistemology.  ...  Drawing upon Dewey's conception of reflective thinking as forming conclusions that are grounded in evidence and rationality, it is argued that reflective thinking enables analysts to guard against ambiguous  ...  A philosopher by training, she teaches reflective thinking and epistemology, and is the author (with Lachlan Crawford) of Knowledge and Inquiry: An Introduction to Epistemology (Prentice Hall, 2006).  ... 
doi:10.1080/14623943.2013.868792 fatcat:5mcppgwjjjez5e4bvqpyih543m

Intelligent Computer Systems for Multiple Sclerosis Diagnosis: a Systematic Review of Reasoning Techniques and Methods

Leila Arani, Azamossadat Hosseini, Farkhondeh Asadi, Seyed Masoud, Eslam Nazemi
2018 Acta Informatica Medica  
This study focuses on a review of different reasoning techniques and methods used in intelligent systems to diagnose MS and analyze the application and efficiency of different reasoning methods in order  ...  Results indicate that different reasoning methods are used unintelligent systems of MS diagnosis.  ...  Fuzzy logic allows the software variables of the decision support system to be members of different sets, simultaneously and with different degrees.  ... 
doi:10.5455/aim.2018.26.258-264 pmid:30692710 pmcid:PMC6311112 fatcat:l6j7xzy4bzbazoirl73y4pnxeu

Conversational intelligence analysis

Alice Toniolo, Alun D. Preece, Will Webberley, Timothy J. Norman, Paul Sullivan, Timothy Dropps
2016 Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Distributed Computing and Networking - ICDCN '16  
The integrated system is developed for supporting intelligence analysis in a coalition environment.  ...  In concert, these components enable teams of analysts to collaborate in constructing structured hypotheses with machine-based systems and external collaborators.  ...  The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the author(s) and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the U.S.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2833312.2849568 dblp:conf/icdcn/TonioloPWNSD16 fatcat:chcnr4gsubfxhg7jzqqp6oyytu

Co-Arg: Cogent Argumentation with Crowd Elicitation [article]

Mihai Boicu, Dorin Marcu, Gheorghe Tecuci, Lou Kaiser, Chirag Uttamsingh, Navya Kalale
2018 arXiv   pre-print
This paper presents Co-Arg, a new type of cognitive assistant to an intelligence analyst that enables the synergistic integration of analyst imagination and expertise, computer knowledge and critical reasoning  ...  , and crowd wisdom, to draw defensible and persuasive conclusions from masses of evidence of all types, in a world that is changing all the time.  ...  Acknowledgements This research is based upon work supported in part by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) under contract  ... 
arXiv:1810.01541v1 fatcat:ix76jeyal5hltfyhjhf2shmme4

Supporting the Externalisation of Thinking in Criminal Intelligence Analysis

Peter J. Passmore, Simon Attfield, Neesha Kodagoda, Celeste Groenewald, B. L. William Wong
2015 2015 European Intelligence and Security Informatics Conference  
At the end of the criminal intelligence analysis process there are relatively well established and understood approaches to explicit externalisation and representation of thought that include theories  ...  , how users may use thematic sorting in early stages of investigation and how tactile reasoning may be used to externalize and facilitate reasoning in a productive way.  ...  analysis type tasks.  ... 
doi:10.1109/eisic.2015.35 dblp:conf/eisic/PassmoreAKGW15 fatcat:2flrowwbbzh7znjsaiquxu633a

Diversity in reasoning and rationality: Metacognitive and developmental considerations

David Moshman
2000 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Are there two different types of thinking? Stephen E.  ...  Some authors equate System 2 with intelligence whereas other do not; and some authors regard the two types of system as distinct while others regard them as lying on a continuum.  ...  In this commentary I wish to focus on just one issue: the claim that there is in the literature a wealth of evidence supporting the assertion that there exist two quite distinct types of thinking.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00483433 fatcat:b2p5wva2ijhbvkwcjo72lzgjeq

Fuzzy Sets and Rough Sets for Scenario Modelling and Analysis [chapter]

Qiang Shen
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Both fuzzy set theory and rough set theory play an important role in data-driven, systems modelling and analysis.  ...  They have been successfully applied to building various intelligent decision support systems (amongst many others).  ...  ), and to systematically examine the implications of acquiring different types of evidence.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-10646-0_5 fatcat:iusooaxxqbfddo5tpf2ckcxfjm

Investigating the factorial structure of the Brazilian Adult Intelligence Battery

Solange Muglia Wechsler, Claudette Maria Medeiros Vendramini, Patricia Waltz Schelini, Maria Angela Lourençoni, Adriana Aparecida Ferreira de Souza, Maria Celia Bruno Mundim
2014 Psychology and Neuroscience  
Vocabulary was found to be correlated with both types of intelligence. The G-factor correlated with both Gc and Gf. Gender differences were observed on the vocabulary, antonyms, and analogies tests.  ...  In conclusion, we found evidence of validity for the BAIAD's internal structure. We recommend that gender differences in performance should be examined further.  ...  Acknowledgements This research was supported by Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Técnico-Científico (CNPQ) and Pro-Reitoria de Ensino e Pesquisa da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas.  ... 
doi:10.3922/j.psns.2014.4.15 fatcat:ifgcmy65jzdd7hnfk4vsoaioga

Ideology Between the Lines

Ivar R. Hannikainen
2018 Social Psychology and Personality Science  
In the context of scientific research on the heritability of intelligence, scientists' normative views (Study 1a) and motives (Study 2) are inferred from the evidence they report-independently of their  ...  Thus, laypeople view social scientific inquiry as (partly) a guided pursuit of evidence in favor of scientists' personal ideology.  ...  The author would like to thank Cory Clark, Florian Cova, Fiery Cushman, Lee Jussim, Joshua Knobe, Manuel de Pinedo, Simine Vazire, and Neftalí Villanueva for their valuable feedback on earlier drafts of  ... 
doi:10.1177/1948550618790230 fatcat:lqphycn6ebayfoyjvzbxbhmy4i

Reasoning difficulty in analytical activity

Robert Hoffman, Simon Henderson, Brian Moon, David T. Moore, Jordan A. Litman
2011 Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science  
We start with a brief presentation of the expert consensus about the psychology of intelligence analysis with respect to the required knowledge and reasoning skills.  ...  At different regions along the left and right 'bow ties', one has to look for different kinds of evidence concerning different kinds of causation.  ...  His major current projects are the development of a general theory of macro cognitive work systems, and theories of complexity and measurement in systems analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1080/1464536x.2011.564484 fatcat:ivnhokexqjbehcorwyzzfbrm5m

Research on Information Support and Decision Technology of Intelligent Applications under Internet of Things Environment

Yong-jun ZHANG, Sheng-gang WU, Chang-feng ZHANG
2018 DEStech Transactions on Computer Science and Engineering  
According to the existing research results, it points out the research focus in the field of networking information support and the decision making technology as well as the further research direction.  ...  The characteristics of information processing and deciding are discussed in this paper for the vast amounts of information that is generated in the Internet of things environment, and the key problems  ...  Acknowledgement This research was financially supported by the project "Key technologies of the marine granary and marine cold chain junction project along the road (2016GGH4526)".  ... 
doi:10.12783/dtcse/aiie2017/18234 fatcat:mnzlxssj6zaspkytqd2prbqoqu

Adapting Feedback Types According to Students' Affective States [chapter]

Beate Grawemeyer, Manolis Mavrikis, Wayne Holmes, Sergio Gutierrez-Santos
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The reasoner relies on a dynamic Bayesian network trained with data gathered in a series of ecologically valid Wizard-of-Oz studies, where the effect of feedback on students' affective states was investigated  ...  This paper describes the development of an affective state reasoner that is able to adapt the feedback type according to students' affective states in order to evoke positive affective states and as such  ...  Acknowledgments This research has been funded by the EU in FP7 in the iTalk2Learn project (318051).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-19773-9_68 fatcat:hrfndwxv4zcp5lq6uxtjqlp4mq
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