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Supporting COVID-19 policy response with large-scale mobility-based modeling [article]

Serina Y Chang, Mandy L Wilson, Bryan Lewis, Zakaria Mehrab, Komal K Dudakiya, Emma Pierson, Pang Wei Koh, Jaline Gerardin, Beth Redbird, David Grusky, Madhav Marathe, Jure Leskovec
2021 medRxiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present our work motivated by our interactions with the Virginia Department of Health on a decision-support tool that utilizes large-scale data and epidemiological modeling to quantify  ...  Our model captures the spread of COVID-19 by using a fine-grained, dynamic mobility network that encodes the hourly movements of people from neighborhoods to individual places, with over 3 billion hourly  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors would like to thank members of the Biocomplexity COVID-19 Response Team and the Network Systems Science and Advanced Computing (NSSAC) Division and members of the Biocomplexity  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.03.20.21254022 fatcat:ciqeyo7ikne67mte2xmbzhi5ua

A vision for actionable science in a pandemic

2020 Nature Communications  
the public health response to COVID-19 in Nigeria.  ...  In addition, the Presidential Task Force (PTF) on COVID-19 has provided regular updates based on the review of policies.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41467-020-18056-w pmid:32999293 fatcat:nd3goalsmfeibnadsdgwfopfku

Public mobility data enables COVID-19 forecasting and management at local and global scales

Cornelia Ilin, Sébastien Annan-Phan, Xiao Hui Tai, Shikhar Mehra, Solomon Hsiang, Joshua E. Blumenstock
2021 Scientific Reports  
We find that NPIs are associated with significant reductions in human mobility, and that changes in mobility can be used to forecast COVID-19 infections.  ...  This approach uses simple and transparent statistical models to estimate the effect of NPIs on mobility, and basic machine learning methods to generate 10-day forecasts of COVID-19 cases.  ...  S.A.P. is supported by a gift from the Tuaropaki Trust. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant IIS-1942702.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-021-92892-8 pmid:34188119 fatcat:7zae3u4zkbhpjkltd4gm674o4q

Combating COVID-19 Through Collaborative Governance: Lessons from East Asia

Yexin Mao
2020 Chinese Public Administration Review  
This article demonstrates how East Asia effectively combats COVID-19 through collaboration with enterprises, nonprofit organizations, and citizens.  ...  The findings demonstrate that there is no one-size-fits-all model to respond to the COVID-19 crisis.  ...  Enterprises' cooperation significantly improved South Korea's testing capacity, supporting large-scale testing around the country.  ... 
doi:10.22140/cpar.v11i2.255 fatcat:flruskmf6rhxjlbgzkzn3hn3bq

Early social distancing policies in Europe, changes in mobility & COVID-19 case trajectories: Insights from Spring 2020

Liana R Woskie, Jonathan Hennessy, Valeria Espinosa, Thomas C Tsai, Swapnil Vispute, Benjamin H Jacobson, Ciro Cattuto, Laetitia Gauvin, Michele Tizzoni, Alex Fabrikant, Krishna Gadepalli, Adam Boulanger (+14 others)
2021 PLoS ONE  
We sought to quantify the impact of COVID-19 social distancing policies across 27 European counties in spring 2020 on population mobility and the subsequent trajectory of disease.  ...  Non-mandatory large gathering bans were not associated with a Fig 1. Timeline of major COVID-19 policy interventions by country.  ...  Policy identification In Europe, large-scale restrictions on businesses and people's movements with the intention of promoting social distancing were first enacted in Northern Italy in late February, 2020  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0253071 pmid:34191818 pmcid:PMC8244916 fatcat:3mdd4uk6nrf7bebrwtjy7djksq

Resisting Lockdown: The Influence of COVID-19 Restrictions on Social Unrest

Reed Wood, Gina Yannitell Reinhardt, Babak RezaeeDaryakenari, Leah C Windsor
2022 International Studies Quarterly  
We examine the extent to which specific COVID-19 policy responses influence the frequency of civil unrest.  ...  We test our arguments with nuanced information on specific pandemic-mitigation policies, combined with geolocated events data on COVID-19-related social unrest activities.  ...  Theoretical model. Figure 2a . 2a Figure 2a. Severity of COVID-19 restrictions based on data from the Oxford COVID-19 government response tracker. Figure 2b . 2b Figure 2b.  ... 
doi:10.1093/isq/sqac015 fatcat:ek4c2e3jjvduvksiyj7odxk4uq

Next City: Learning from Cities during COVID-19 to Tackle Climate Change

Christina Kakderi, Nicos Komninos, Anastasia Panori, Eleni Oikonomaki
2021 Sustainability  
Cities Public authorities and private organisations responded to the COVID-19 crisis with a variety of policies and business practices.  ...  We assess whether the measures implemented in these ecosystems shape new policy and planning models for higher readiness of cities towards grand challenges, and how, based on this experience, cities should  ...  Acknowledgments: In this section, you can acknowledge any support given which is not covered by the author contribution or funding sections.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su13063158 fatcat:yzchprqayzdjxg7sokz6usoz3q

An interrupted time series analysis of the lockdown policies in India: a national-level analysis of COVID-19 incidence

Winter M Thayer, Md Zabir Hasan, Prithvi Sankhla, Shivam Gupta
2021 Health Policy and Planning  
Uptake of the lockdown policy is indicated by decreased mobility and attenuation of the increasing incidence of COVID-19.  ...  India implemented a national mandatory lockdown policy (Lockdown 1.0) on 24 March 2020 in response to Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).  ...  Our study also supports the evidence based on the association between lockdown policies with a reduction in mobility and slower pandemic progression.  ... 
doi:10.1093/heapol/czab027 pmid:33899097 pmcid:PMC8135431 fatcat:hs7ah7e3hreuhpczh4t232ifku

China's model to combat the COVID-19 epidemic: a public health emergency governance approach

Yan Ning, Ran Ren, Gerard Nkengurutse
2020 Global Health Research and Policy  
In this commentary, we summarize China's model to combat the COVID-19 epidemic from a public health emergency governance approach.  ...  Stemmed from goals and values, a number of mechanisms are put forward, which include: a whole-of-government response and accountability, setting up a multi-sectoral cooperation platform, swiftly scaling  ...  Authors' contributions Ning Y drafted the original manuscript after discussion with Ren R. Ning Y, Ren R and Nkengurutse G revised the manuscript. Nkengurutse G supported in language editing.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s41256-020-00161-4 pmid:32685691 pmcid:PMC7358318 fatcat:gge5nygmevbblht6lvavq7khtq

During COVID-19: Emerging themes in higher education [chapter]

Sayeda Zain
2021 Libraries, Digital Information, and COVID  
This report describes national policy and strategy responses for ensuring educational continuity in the context of widespread school closures implemented as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic.  ...  UNICEF scales up support in 145 countries to keep children learning, as COVID-19 forces majority of schools worldwide to close. Press release. 26thMarch 2020.[Online].  ...  Japan has been subject to criticism for a slow response to Covid-19 12 .  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-323-88493-8.00022-7 fatcat:gh3255l5o5hydppo7o3npfo3qe

Mobile Phone Location Data for Disasters: A Review from Natural Hazards and Epidemics [article]

Takahiro Yabe, Nicholas K W Jones, P Suresh C Rao, Marta C Gonzalez, Satish V Ukkusuri
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The COVID-19 pandemic has spurred the use of mobile phone location data for pandemic and disaster response.  ...  Mobile phone location data have enabled us to observe, estimate, and model human mobility dynamics at an unprecedented spatio-temporal granularity and scale.  ...  The COVID-19 Mobility Data Network (CMDN) is a network of infectious disease epidemiologists at universities working with technology companies to use aggregated mobility data to support the COVID-19 response  ... 
arXiv:2108.02849v1 fatcat:6yqdxwjmxbcd3djng6yymq7vh4

Compliance and containment in social distancing: mathematical modeling of COVID-19 across townships

Xiang Chen, Aiyin Zhang, Hui Wang, Adam Gallaher, Xiaolin Zhu
2021 International Journal of Geographical Information Science  
Existing studies of COVID-19 using mathematical models are unable to accommodate the need for meso-scale modeling, because of the unavailability of COVID-19 data at this scale and the different timings  ...  In the early development of COVID-19, large-scale preventive measures, such as border control and air travel restrictions, were implemented to slow international and domestic transmissions.  ...  Acknowledgments The article was supported by the UConn InCHIP COVID-19 rapid grant and a research grant from the Hong Kong Polytechnic University [grant number: 1-ZE6Q].  ... 
doi:10.1080/13658816.2021.1873999 fatcat:5c7wjq7sobajhl62n3yjrzhmwq

Monitoring the Spatial Spread of COVID-19 and Effectiveness of the Control Measures through Human Movement using Big Social Media Data: A Study Protocol (Preprint)

Zhenlong Li, Xiaoming Li, Dwayne Porter, Jiajia Zhang, Yuqin Jiang, Bankole Olatosi, Sharon Weissman
2020 JMIR Research Protocols  
To date, reducing and tracking human movement during the pandemic have proven effective in limiting the spread of COVID-19.  ...  scales (from global to regional to local) for enhancing situational awareness and risk prediction in public health emergency response and disease surveillance systems.  ...  Acknowledgments The study is supported by the National Science  ... 
doi:10.2196/24432 pmid:33301418 fatcat:zwoulwsp5vebre7jsjdeimbomu

Containment, Health, and Social Policies in the Time of COVID-19 – Patterns and Determinants of Initial Reponses from Spring 2020 Across 120 Countries

Julia Shu-Huah Wang, Chenhong Peng, Hao Luo, Jinbao Zhang, Hans Oh
2021 Health Policy and Planning  
The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered an unprecedented number of policy responses around the world across multiple policy domains.  ...  Using policy data from the Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker, results from sequence analysis indicated that governments' CHSP responses could be clustered into five categories: high social policies  ...  These are not usually visible without the challenges of a large-scale crisis like COVID-19.  ... 
doi:10.1093/heapol/czab115 pmid:34536271 fatcat:xrm3tgxyine5jn724jfenpshua

Mobility in Blue-Green Spaces Does Not Predict COVID-19 Transmission: A Global Analysis

Zander S. Venter, Adam Sadilek, Charlotte Stanton, David N. Barton, Kristin Aunan, Sourangsu Chowdhury, Aaron Schneider, Stefano Maria Iacus
2021 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
We measure mobility in blue-green spaces with planetary-scale aggregate and anonymized mobility flows derived from mobile phone tracking data.  ...  We then use machine learning forecast models and linear mixed-effects models to explore predictors of COVID-19 growth rates.  ...  Data Availability Statement: The Google COVID-19 Aggregated Mobility Research Dataset used for this study is available with permission from Google LLC.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph182312567 pmid:34886291 fatcat:cpuulhfj5rhwzbzd42oknqcm3q
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