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Supervised Approaches to Assign Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) Codes to Patents [chapter]

Tung Tran, Ramakanth Kavuluru
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper re-introduces the problem of patent classification with respect to the new Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) system. CPC has replaced the U.S.  ...  To the best of our knowledge, this is the first effort to reinitiate the automated patent classification task under the new CPC coding scheme.  ...  Patent Classification (USPC) system, the Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) system, and the International Patent Classification (IPC) system.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-71928-3_3 fatcat:hoaflogknve5pghy3f2q7xabli

A Text-Embedding-based Approach to Measure Patent-to-Patent Technological Similarity – Workflow, Code, and Applications [article]

Daniel Hain, Roman Jurowetzki, Tobias Buchmann, Patrick Wolf
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This paper describes an efficiently scalable approach to measure technological similarity between patents by combining embedding techniques from natural language processing with nearest-neighbor approximation  ...  Using this methodology we are able to compute existing similarities between all patents, which in turn enables us to represent the whole patent universe as a technological network.  ...  Tran and Kavuluru (2017) explore text data and machine learning-based classification in the context of the Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) system.  ... 
arXiv:2003.12303v4 fatcat:qntjbn5gdretzis43gfcv53hfa

On the Potential of Taxonomic Graphs to Improve Applicability and Performance for the Classification of Biomedical Patents

Kai Frerich, Mark Bukowski, Sandra Geisler, Robert Farkas
2021 Applied Sciences  
Although the already established Cooperate Patent Classification (CPC) offers a plethora of information, it is rarely used in automated patent categorization.  ...  Various classifiers are trained on title/abstract and on both the CPC and IPC (International Patent Classification) assignments of 1230 patents covering six categories of future biomedical innovation.  ...  Figure 3 . 3 Example of a simplified Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) tree of a patent parsed from the CPC code Scheme 2.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11020690 fatcat:37yjquqsxfc5rf2pvvlt7uzloe

Automated patent landscaping

Aaron Abood, Dave Feltenberger
2018 Artificial Intelligence and Law  
This approach takes human-selected seed patents that are representative of a topic, such as operating systems, and uses structure inherent in patent data such as references and class codes to "expand"  ...  However, there is no broadly recognized best approach to landscaping.  ...  the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10506-018-9222-4 fatcat:2o6kwidlefd4lhvzrbnmxzvbte

Job forecasting based on the patent information: A word embedding-based approach

Taehyun Ha, Mingook Lee, Bitnari Yun, Byong-Youl Coh
2022 IEEE Access  
A word embedding model is trained by patent classification code and job description data and used to find similar patent classification codes of jobs.  ...  For an illustration purpose, we identify information technology-related jobs listed in O*NET and discover similar patent classification codes of the jobs.  ...  In the case of patent classification codes, we were able to secure 260,289 descriptions of CPC codes.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2022.3141910 fatcat:46wnkdf3bbct3kt7jtihtuakbi

A Label Informative Wide \& Deep Classifier for Patents and Papers

Muyao Niu, Jie Cai
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and the 9th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-IJCNLP)  
In this paper, we provide a simple and effective baseline for classifying both patents and papers to the well-established Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC).  ...  Our model trains on millions of patents, and transfers to papers by developing distantsupervised training set and domain-specific features.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Jian Yang for helping work through the codes and Yang Ding for his suggestions on the experiments.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/d19-1344 dblp:conf/emnlp/NiuC19 fatcat:nqtpsx2m7fbcvae2va4yuels7a

Technological Drivers of Urban Innovation: A T-DNA Analysis Based on US Patent Data

Ngoc Uyen Phuong Nguyen, Martin G. Moehrle
2019 Sustainability  
Our paper provides some theoretical points in urban innovation and a systematic classification of technologies in this field based on patent classes.  ...  Fast urbanization leads to several challenges in many cities all over the world. Thus, urban innovation is considered a common approach to deal with such questions.  ...  (iii) Our classification is based upon the Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC), which is a follow-up of the International Patent Classification (IPC).  ... 
doi:10.3390/su11246966 fatcat:6z67sqh4ffhmxnhf7mpllkxcyu

A Supervised Requirement-oriented Patent Classification Scheme Based on the Combination of Metadata and Citation Information

Fujin Zhu, Xuefeng Wang, Donghua Zhu, Yuqin Liu
2015 International Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems  
To tackle these drawbacks, in this paper, we propose an automatic requirement-oriented patent classification scheme as a complementary method using supervised machine learning techniques to classify patent  ...  These static classifications are too complex and general to meet the in-depth patent classification requirements of a specific technology area or organization.  ...  While in order to standardize the classification systems of all major patent offices, the new classification system Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) 1 is introduced since January 2013.  ... 
doi:10.1080/18756891.2015.1023588 fatcat:gj7ofy6yxvadnejhqlpgnpqfwi

International landscape of the inventive activity on climate change mitigation technologies. A patent analysis

Francesco Pasimeni, Alessandro Fiorini, Aliki Georgakaki
2021 Energy Strategy Reviews  
Thanks to a detailed methodological approach, able to capture and exploit the information potential of patent data, this paper proposes a comprehensive analysis to evaluate the global inventive activity  ...  To design and plan efficient and effective actions, evidence is needed on what has been achieved up to now in terms of technological development.  ...  CPC codes indicate the technological aspects addressed by a patent application, which can have one or more technology classification codes assigned to it.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.esr.2021.100677 fatcat:ppkypho5hfe7tasncxrf7yfvy4

Construction and evaluation of gold standards for patent classification—A case study on quantum computing

Steve Harris, Anthony Trippe, David Challis, Nigel Swycher
2020 World Patent Information  
A B S T R A C T This article discusses options for evaluation of patent and/or patent family classification algorithms by means of "gold standards".  ...  From the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) FAQs ''CPC is the Cooperative Patent Classification scheme used by the European Patent Office (EPO) and the United States Patent and Trademark Office  ...  Clearly class codes are a suitable gold standard for the automation of the process of patent examiners assigning class codes to applications, however the requirements of practitioners in the industry -  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.wpi.2020.101961 fatcat:h6dui6xwfzci5gl7ecqee3mhyq

Summarization, Simplification, and Generation: The Case of Patents [article]

Silvia Casola, Alberto Lavelli
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We survey Natural Language Processing (NLP) approaches to summarizing, simplifying, and generating patents' text.  ...  To the best of our knowledge, this is the first survey of generative approaches in the patent domain.  ...  Patent classifications Patents are classified using standard codes. The Patent Classification (IPC) 5 and the Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) 6 are the most widespread.  ... 
arXiv:2104.14860v1 fatcat:nc3v6wyimzcblkmdu2da37isiu

Green Technology Fitness

Angelica Sbardella, François Perruchas, Lorenzo Napolitano, Nicolò Barbieri, Davide Consoli
2018 Entropy  
We use patent data to examine inventions that can be traced to the environment-related catalogue (ENV-Tech) covering technologies in environmental management, water-related adaptation and climate change  ...  Furthermore, we employ the Economic Fitness-Complexity (EFC) approach to assess their development and geographical distribution across countries between 1970 and 2010.  ...  International Patent Classification (IPC) and Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) codes into 94 green technologies.  ... 
doi:10.3390/e20100776 pmid:33265864 pmcid:PMC7512338 fatcat:klw2xkrmwra2hkpyclen5c6sjy

Disambiguation of patent inventors and assignees using high-resolution geolocation data

Greg Morrison, Massimo Riccaboni, Fabio Pammolli
2017 Scientific Data  
the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), and in the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).  ...  Patent data represent a significant source of information on innovation, knowledge production, and the evolution of technology through networks of citations, co-invention and co-assignment.  ...  USPTO patents in the Dataverse 15 databases had US Patent Classifications (USPCs), while EPO and PCT had International Patent Classifications (IPCs) and Cooperative Patent Classifications (CPCs).  ... 
doi:10.1038/sdata.2017.64 pmid:28509897 pmcid:PMC5433392 fatcat:avnxwy7ofzg23ae3pwgklthlbu

Sustainability in Mineral Exploration—Exploring Less Invasive Technologies via Patent Analysis

Stephane Ruiz-Coupeau, Björn Jürgens, Michaela Keßelring, Victor Herrero-Solana
2020 Sustainability  
This paper presents a bibliometric study on patents and scientific publications related to airborne electromagnetic methods used as less invasive technologies in mineral exploration.  ...  The article aims to analyse the gap between the model of sustainable less invasive innovations and the concrete implementation of the technology pull.  ...  The classification codes were searched in the two most important patent classification schemes, the Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) and the International Patent Classification (IPC), both alphanumerical  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12229761 fatcat:apldvki4brdhlgoozh73ql2pjy

The Present, Past, and Future of Labor-Saving Technologies [chapter]

Jacopo Staccioli, Maria Enrica Virgillito
2021 Handbook of Labor, Human Resources and Population Economics  
JEL classification: O3, C38, J24.  ...  Against a reductionist approach conceiving robots as the only threat for labor displacement, it shall be argued that labor-saving technologies consist of a complex and heterogeneous bundle of innovations  ...  Fig. 1 1 shows the time evolution of the assignment of selected Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) codes by patent examiners within each year starting from 1836.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-57365-6_229-1 fatcat:x6sqtqilarakxbn7dkliydyvzq
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