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Resource-rational analysis: understanding human cognition as the optimal use of limited computational resources

Falk Lieder, Thomas L. Griffiths
2019 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The integration of rational principles with realistic cognitive constraints makes resource-rational analysis a promising framework for reverse-engineering cognitive mechanisms and representations.  ...  We identify the rational use of limited resources as a unifying principle underlying these diverse approaches, expressing it in a new cognitive modeling paradigm called resource-rational analysis.  ...  Resource-rational analysis While bounded optimality was originally developed as a theoretical foundation for designing intelligent agents, it has been successfully adopted for cognitive modeling (Gershman  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x1900061x pmid:30714890 fatcat:syk5473scvcg3alabzq4umtbti

Cognitive science as a source of forward and inverse models of human decisions for robotics and control [article]

Mark K. Ho, Thomas L. Griffiths
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We highlight relevant recent developments, including approaches that synthesize blackbox and theory-driven modeling, accounts that recast heuristics and biases as forms of bounded optimality, and models  ...  In doing so, we aim to provide readers with a glimpse of the range of frameworks, methodologies, and actionable insights that lie at the intersection of cognitive science and control research.  ...  To address this, researchers in the artificial intelligence literature have sought a more realistic criterion for rational action for agents with finite computational resources.  ... 
arXiv:2109.00127v1 fatcat:jku3n3irhraabox7biizsu2jo4

Socially Believable Robots [chapter]

Momina Moetesum, Imran Siddiqi
2018 Human-Robot Interaction - Theory and Application  
This chapter is a collection of research studies on the modeling of complex autonomous systems.  ...  With each passing year, innovations in chemical and mechanical engineering have facilitated life-like embodiments of robotics; however, still much work is required for developing a "social intelligence  ...  Research in cognitive architectures for biologically inspired agents suffers from a significant void.  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.71375 fatcat:gfmnzn7455huzifk3n7lw7b26e

Deciding Fast and Slow: The Role of Cognitive Biases in AI-assisted Decision-making [article]

Charvi Rastogi, Yunfeng Zhang, Dennis Wei, Kush R. Varshney, Amit Dhurandhar, Richard Tomsett
2020 arXiv   pre-print
To this end, we mathematically model cognitive biases and provide a general framework through which researchers and practitioners can understand the interplay between cognitive biases and human-AI accuracy  ...  In this work, we use knowledge from the field of cognitive science to account for cognitive biases in the human-AI collaborative decision-making system and mitigate their negative effects.  ...  Thus, in this section, we model the problem of mitigating the effect of cognitive biases in the AI-assisted decision-making setting as a resource allocation problem, where our aim is to efficiently use  ... 
arXiv:2010.07938v1 fatcat:yvi44dnutvdbjgfqjqvnbya22e

From Machine Learning to Robotics: Challenges and Opportunities for Embodied Intelligence [article]

Nicholas Roy, Ingmar Posner, Tim Barfoot, Philippe Beaudoin, Yoshua Bengio, Jeannette Bohg, Oliver Brock, Isabelle Depatie, Dieter Fox, Dan Koditschek, Tomas Lozano-Perez, Vikash Mansinghka (+8 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
learning and deployment; (iii) do not require ready adaptation to novel tasks while at the same time (iv) effectively and efficiently curating and extending their models of the world through targeted and  ...  Contrary to viewing embodied intelligence as another application domain for machine learning, here we argue that it is in fact a key driver for the advancement of machine learning technology.  ...  Leslie Kaelbling assisted with several ideas in this paper, and her considerable time and help is also very gratefully acknowledged.  ... 
arXiv:2110.15245v1 fatcat:juxc4tai2jbklpul55loccnp7e

Mindful Economics: The Production, Consumption, and Value of Beliefs

Roland Bénabou, Jean Tirole
2016 Journal of Economic Perspectives  
Nageeb Ali, Rafael DiTella, Gordon Hanson, Ulrike Malmendier, Enrico Moretti, and Timothy Taylor for valuable comments.  ...  Bénabou gratefully acknowledges financial support from the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, and Bénabou and Tirole from the European Research Council (Grants No.  ...  (For a model of bargaining with motivated beliefs, see Bénabou and Tirole 2009.)  ... 
doi:10.1257/jep.30.3.141 fatcat:pjbinlrfrnbtvdxfaujxlyrfqi


2009 International Journal of Machine Consciousness  
Both in terms of the active debate provoked by the subject and a hypothesised need to encapsulate an analogue of emotions in an artificial system in order to progress towards machine consciousness.  ...  Specifically, emotions can set goals including balancing explore versus exploit, facilitate action in unknown domains and modify existing behaviours, which are explored in cognitive robotics experiments  ...  The feed-forward model for the cognitive agent with learning and emotional feedback has been sketched above.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s1793843009000189 fatcat:kxvo7n5kbrhljkxa57og7lvunq

Spoken Language Interaction with Virtual Agents and Robots (SLIVAR): Towards Effective and Ethical Interaction (Dagstuhl Seminar 20021)

Laurence Devillers, Tatsuya Kawahara, Roger K. Moore, Matthias Scheutz
2020 Dagstuhl Reports  
This report documents the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 20021 "Spoken Language Interaction with Virtual Agents and Robots (SLIVAR): Towards Effective and Ethical Interaction".  ...  In this report, we present an overview of the seminar program and its outcomes, abstracts from stimulus talks given by prominent researchers, a summary of the 'Show and Tell' demonstrations held during  ...  constraining them using their cognitive biases.  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.10.1.1 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/DevillersKMS20 fatcat:yjjvsdl3xzec5mldakylcfinbi

Affective game engines

Eva Hudlicka
2009 Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Foundations of Digital Games - FDG '09  
In this paper, we discuss these functionalities, and suggest a set of requirements for an affective game engine, capable of supporting the development of more affectively realistic, engaging, and effective  ...  of the game characters, their interaction, and the game narrative as a whole.  ...  intelligent tutoring systems for affect-adaptive gameplay, and research from embodied conversational agents and relational agents [14] for enhancing the social realism and effectiveness of game characters  ... 
doi:10.1145/1536513.1536565 dblp:conf/fdg/Hudlicka09 fatcat:t45agrumh5blfmoitki3ssmxg4

Challenging reality using techniques from interactive drama to support social simulations in virtual worlds

Deborah Richards, Nicolas Szilas
2012 Proceedings of The 8th Australasian Conference on Interactive Entertainment Playing the System - IE '12  
virtual agents (IVAs).  ...  As many educationalists, organizations and researchers are finding, Virtual Worlds (VWs) provide an environment for conducting person to person social simulations.  ...  At a first level, reality does not strictly need to be modeled, for pedagogical efficiency reasons.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2336727.2336739 dblp:conf/ie/RichardsS12 fatcat:qgodgcotnnce7mtxhovzjcg264

Revisiting Human-Agent Communication: The Importance of Joint Co-construction and Understanding Mental States

Stefan Kopp, Nicole Krämer
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
The study of human-human communication and the development of computational models for human-agent communication have diverged significantly throughout the last decade.  ...  In this paper, we argue that we must start to re-consider the hallmarks of cooperative communication and the core capabilities that we have developed for it, and which conversational agents need to be  ...  AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS All authors listed have made a substantial, direct and intellectual contribution to the work, and approved it for publication.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.580955 pmid:33833705 pmcid:PMC8021865 fatcat:nplpx3vt6rfhvgqgnx2ujr7rva

A Review of Eye Gaze in Virtual Agents, Social Robotics and HCI: Behaviour Generation, User Interaction and Perception

K. Ruhland, C. E. Peters, S. Andrist, J. B. Badler, N. I. Badler, M. Gleicher, B. Mutlu, R. McDonnell
2015 Computer graphics forum (Print)  
agents and other artificial entities.  ...  We begin with a discussion of the movement of the eyeballs, eyelids and the head from a physiological perspective and how these movements can be modelled, rendered and animated in computer graphics applications  ...  It does not represent the opinion of the EC, and the EC is not responsible for any use that might be made of data appearing therein.  ... 
doi:10.1111/cgf.12603 fatcat:padlj57psvdwjeubna23cetnyi

Toward a Unified Negotiation Framework: Leveraging Strengths in Behavioral and Computational Communities [chapter]

Nazli Turan, Tinglong Dai, Katia Sycara, Laurie Weingart
2013 Models for Intercultural Collaboration and Negotiation  
While there has been a large body of negotiation literature in both Behavioral Science (behavioral) and Artificial Intelligence/Game Theory (computational) communities, there has not been an attempt to  ...  In this paper, we compare and contrast the characteristics of behavioral and computational literature in negotiation.  ...  (Lai, Sycara, and Li, 2008) proposed a protocol that can not only assist agents to make offers efficiently in the n-dimensional space but also give agents sufficient decision flexibility.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-007-5574-1_3 fatcat:vhj5xtjqp5bulgcwouutts25wi


Arjun Nagendran, Remo Pillat, Adam Kavanaugh, Greg Welch, Charles Hughes
2013 Proceedings of the 19th ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology - VRST '13  
This paradigm reduces the cognitive and physical loads on the interactor while supporting natural bi-directional conversation between a user and the virtual characters or avatar counterparts.  ...  A human-in-theloop (interactor) metaphor provides remote control of multiple virtual characters, with support for multiple interactors and multiple observers.  ...  CNS1051067) and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2503713.2503731 dblp:conf/vrst/NagendranPKWH13 fatcat:5l7qtbrgbfb5ddxknwpx7jwkny

Artificial Intelligence and Technology in Teaching Negotiation

Samuel "Mooly" Dinnar, Chris Dede, Emmanuel Johnson, Carrie Straub, Kristjan Korjus
2021 Negotiation journal  
These technologies, long deployed in industry and academic research, are now being adopted for educational use.  ...  Artificial Intelligence and Technology in Teaching Negotiation systems, including avatars and computer-controlled negotiation agents.  ...  In IAGO, the bot models a set of basic cognitive functions that support negotiation (such as theory-of-mind reasoning), as well as basic tactics that expert negotiators use to create and claim value (such  ... 
doi:10.1111/nejo.12351 fatcat:ooen4d35rnhmbilm3e5ux6x3di
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