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Visual information constrains early and late stages of spoken-word recognition in sentence context

Angèle Brunellière, Carolina Sánchez-García, Nara Ikumi, Salvador Soto-Faraco
2013 International Journal of Psychophysiology  
Here, we examined the constraints that visual speech information might exert during the recognition of words embedded in a natural sentence context.  ...  This semantic effect interacted with the degree of visual saliency over a late part of the N400.  ...  This, however, is beyond the scope of the present study. In sum, visual articulatory constraints, like semantic constraints, can exert an influence on word recognition.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2013.06.016 pmid:23797145 fatcat:3fb47e3i2ncvxbj2nfmpgipgdu

The Influence of Semantic and Syntactic Context Constraints on Lexical Selection and Integration in Spoken-Word Comprehension as Revealed by ERPs

Daniëlle van den Brink, Peter Hagoort
2004 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
& An event-related brain potential experiment was carried out to investigate the influence of semantic and syntactic context constraints on lexical selection and integration in spoken-word comprehension  ...  Relative to the congruent condition, an N200 effect reflecting difficulty in the lexical selection process was obtained in the semantically and syntactically incongruent condition where word onset differed  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Valesca Kooijman, Marieke van der Linden, and Jelle van Dijk for their help in acquiring the ERP data, Marlies  ... 
doi:10.1162/0898929041502670 pmid:15298793 fatcat:gnikhykhcrbhzdnmubbod52q4a

SEMANTICS, PHRASE STRUCTURE, AND AGE AS VARIABLES IN SENTENCE RECALL

HAROLYN VANEVERY, SHELDON ROSENBERG
1970 Child Development  
Report included in Studies in Language and Language Behavior, Progress Report No. VIII.  ...  In the case of semantically well integrated (SWI) sentences (sentences containing strong semantic constraints), the evidence is that the individual words are recoded into units larger than the phrase  ...  However, the support was limited to sentences that were semantically poorly integrated (SPI), i.e., sentences containing weak semantic constraints (as indexed from norms of associative dependencies in  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.1970.tb01038.x fatcat:y23kexozjvfsff7gaft3vsfgbm

Susceptibility to a multisensory speech illusion in older persons is driven by perceptual processes

Annalisa Setti, Kate E. Burke, RoseAnne Kenny, Fiona N. Newell
2013 Frontiers in Psychology  
The overall semantic meaning of the sentence was compatible with either one of the unisensory components of the target word and/or with the illusory percept.  ...  Using the "McGurk illusion," in Experiment 1 we found that audio-visual integration of incongruent audio-visual words was higher in older adults than in younger adults, although the recognition of either  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was completed as part of a wider programme of research within the TRIL Centre, (Technology Research for Independent Living).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00575 pmid:24027544 pmcid:PMC3760087 fatcat:3b4c4wkmovaejoe422bug2l6ki

From object evolution to object emergence

Dalila Tamzalit, Chabane Oussalah
1999 Proceedings of the eighth international conference on Information and knowledge management - CIKM '99  
In practice, requirements for evolution generally occur during the manipulation of objects while running the database.  ...  Database applications which model aspects of the real world should be able to express as accurately as possible the different nuances of reality; that includes the need to evolve internally in response  ...  In order to infer such information, we have recourse to the Avs already calculated during the exploration phase. The parent having the strongest Av. will influence the final scheme the most.  ... 
doi:10.1145/319950.320058 dblp:conf/cikm/TamzalitO99 fatcat:6t4intypsbd6lfgl4wbnzb5dmy

Modality conversion for QoS management in universal multimedia access

T.C. Thang, Y.J. Jung, Y.M. Ro
2005 IEE Proceedings - Vision Image and Signal Processing  
From the QoS point of view, two important questions in modality conversion are: 'at what resource constraint point should a change of modality occur?' and 'what is the destination modality?'  ...  Here, modality conversion under the constraint of connection bitrate is considered.  ...  SQ has been studied very little in the literature We denote SQ image and SQ video the semantic qualities of image and video modalities.  ... 
doi:10.1049/ip-vis:20045084 fatcat:rrcl5sqsxfaznd6ghpvjhy4veq

The effect of synesthetic associations between the visual and auditory modalities on the Colavita effect

Jeroen J. Stekelenburg, Mirjam Keetels
2015 Experimental Brain Research  
We conclude that-in a modality detection task-the Colavita effect can be modulated by lowlevel structural factors but not by higher-order associations between auditory and visual inputs.  ...  the Colavita effect.  ...  , and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00221-015-4363-0 pmid:26126803 pmcid:PMC4828489 fatcat:4fm6jojlpzfavi6qbnavpgse2u

Temporal and Semantic Effects on Multisensory Integration [article]

Jean M. Vettel, Julia R. Green, Laurie Heller, Michael J. Tarr
2016 arXiv   pre-print
At the same time, both forms of incongruence recruited subregions in the temporal, occipital, and lingual cortices.  ...  To explore the contributions of these two factors in multisensory integration, we manipulated the temporal and semantic relationships between auditory and visual information produced by real-world events  ...  McDonnell Foundation, and through the generosity of The Ittleson Foundation. The MRI system used in the study was purchased in part by an MRI grant from the NSF.  ... 
arXiv:1606.05004v1 fatcat:27apo35apbajbiwehjkmd6rlma

Page 2027 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 25, Issue 4 [page]

1991 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
langue (Dictionary of the Body in Language) development; 9109355 French neologisms/anglicisms adoption/use, Belgium, Brussels Termi- nology Center work description; 9109380 French nondiscrete reference  ...  ’ syntax/semantics, in- alienable/noninalienable object constraints; 910873 French language clarity myth, 17th-18th centuries; 9109508 French language clarity, classic vs innovative definitions, Paul Clau  ... 

MPEG-7-based description infrastructure for an audiovisual content analysis and retrieval system

Werner Bailer, Peter Schallauer, Michael Hausenblas, Georg Thallinger, Rainer W. Lienhart, Noboru Babaguchi, Edward Y. Chang
2005 Storage and Retrieval Methods and Applications for Multimedia 2005  
As a solution, we propose an approach to formalize the semantic constraints of an MPEG-7 profile using a formal vocabulary expressed in OWL, which allows automated processing of semantic constraints.  ...  We have defined the Detailed Audiovisual Profile as the profile to be used in our metadata model and we show how some of the semantic constraints of this profile can be formulated using ontologies.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The work described in this paper has been supported by several colleagues within JOANNEUM RESEARCH whom the authors would like to thank here.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.586884 dblp:conf/spieSR/BailerSHT05 fatcat:gvy2qgvw4zaqlaufhax47f2rg4

Cortical network underlying audiovisual semantic integration and modulation of attention: An fMRI and graph-based study

Yang Xi, Qi Li, Ning Gao, Siyuan He, Xiaoyu Tang, Kewei Chen
2019 PLoS ONE  
We suggest that semantic integration with attention is a conscious process and needs a wide cortical network working together, in which the ATL plays the role of a central hub; in contrast, semantic integration  ...  analyzed the characteristics of the cortical network and the modulating effect of attention on semantic integration.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank all individuals who participated in the initial experiments from which raw data were collected.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0221185 pmid:31442242 pmcid:PMC6707554 fatcat:vvc23nctira5la7y6vhwqb7qgm

Anticipating Words and Their Gender: An Event-related Brain Potential Study of Semantic Integration, Gender Expectancy, and Gender Agreement in Spanish Sentence Reading

Nicole Y. Y. Wicha, Eva M. Moreno, Marta Kutas
2004 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Gender agreement and semantic congruity interacted in both the N400 window-with a larger negativity frontally for double violations-and the P600 window-with a larger positivity for semantic anomalies,  ...  Here, we examine the nature and time course of the effect of gender on word-by-word sentence reading.  ...  Depending on reader's expectations, then, in Hagoort's study brain activity prior to the noun could have been influenced by both syntactic and semantic constraints, whereas in our study, only the grammatical  ... 
doi:10.1162/0898929041920487 pmid:15453979 pmcid:PMC3380438 fatcat:rdz3vrveejbq3bfwqnqrzjkd3y

Monotonicity in Ant Colony Classification Algorithms [chapter]

James Brookhouse, Fernando E. B. Otero
2016 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Domain knowledge can be integrated into algorithms using semantic constraints to guide model construction.  ...  The creation of models that conflict with existing knowledge can reduce model acceptance, as users have to trust the models they use.  ...  While there are a number of different semantic constraint types, we explore the implementation of monotonic constraints in the discovery of classification rules.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-44427-7_12 fatcat:ksbyp4lctvdynjm3i6fifldzb4

Page 551 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 23, Issue 2 [page]

1989 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
The proceedings of the plenary sessions were devoted to the fol- lowing problems: (1) Wilhelm von Humboldt & his influence on modern linguistics; (2) semantics in cognitive psychology; (3) sociolinguistics  ...  THEORY OF LINGUISTICS 8903237 ,» Andrew (Speech Therapy Dept CSSD, 64 Eton Ave London NW3 3HY England), Bracketing Paradoxes and the English Lexicon, Language, 1988, 64, 4, Dec, 663-682. 1 In so-called  ... 

ILP and TLP in shared memory applications

Ehsan Fatehi, Paul Gratz
2014 Proceedings of the 23rd international conference on Parallel architectures and compilation - PACT '14  
To the best of our knowledge, our work is the first study that combines the two forms of parallelism into one study with modern applications.  ...  In this paper, we conduct a limit study simultaneously analyzing the two dominant forms of parallelism exploited by modern computer architectures: Instruction Level Parallelism (ILP) and Thread Level Parallelism  ...  We also thank the anonymous reviewers who's feedback greatly influenced the final form of this paper, and particularly Prof. Wonsun Ahn for his advice and shepherding of this work.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2628071.2628093 dblp:conf/IEEEpact/FatehiG14 fatcat:kskfk3jnqjaedgmtkjc7ewhb5i
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