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Studying the Impact of Trained Staff on Evacuation Scenarios by Agent-Based Simulation [chapter]

Daniel Formolo, Tibor Bosse, Natalie van der Wal
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This is a repository copy of Studying the Impact of Trained Staff on Evacuation Scenarios by Agent-Based Simulation.  ...  This project has received funding from the European UnionÕs Horizon 2020; innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 748647 and Brazilian government -Science without Borders  ...  As a solution, agent-based simulation is used in this research to better understand the impact of trained staff on evacuation scenarios.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-01159-8_8 fatcat:uc72swapdngwdafn6ny6plp7lq

Analysis of Flood Evacuation Process in Vulnerable Community with Mutual Aid Mechanism: An Agent-Based Simulation Framework

Wang, Huang, Wang, Kang, Cao
2020 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
proportion of vulnerable resident agents had opposite effects on the evacuation efficiency of different types of communities, which was to negatively affect low-density communities and positively affect  ...  An agent-based modeling framework was proposed in order to indicate how the community properties (e.g., community density and percentage of vulnerable residents), residents' psychological attributes (e.g  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to express our gratitude to the Huimin Wang for her support to carry out the study.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph17020560 pmid:31952331 pmcid:PMC7013711 fatcat:xtkvwzncyjedjhm53z7ofdmcpu

Modelling large-scale evacuation of music festivals

E. Ronchi, F. Nieto Uriz, X. Criel, P. Reilly
2016 Case Studies in Fire Safety  
This study suggests that the analysis of the people-evacuation time curves produced by evacuation models, coupled with a visual analysis of the simulated evacuation scenarios, allows for the identification  ...  This paper explores the use of multi-agent continuous evacuation modelling for representing large-scale evacuation scenarios at music festivals.  ...  The authors also thank Bart Bruelemans, Wim Van de Vijver and Kris de Troch for their help in the definition of the festival model case study.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.csfs.2015.12.002 fatcat:qq4qm4hh75fv5caeoyp52e6tei

Assessment of Top-Down Design of Tsunami Evacuation Strategies Based on Drill and Modelled Data

Jorge León, Patricio A. Catalán, Alejandra Gubler
2021 Frontiers in Earth Science  
Our main objective was to critically assess the efficacy of the drill-based evacuation procedures of the schools by comparing them in the light of a likely worst-case tsunami scenario (based on historical  ...  and scenario-based evacuation strategies.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was supported by the supercomputing infrastructure of the NLHPC (ECM-02).  ... 
doi:10.3389/feart.2021.744193 doaj:ead16460253f42fda143b4d706cb562a fatcat:nkbtnylpyjh4bfugjrotloplqq

Cybernetics Approach Using Agent-Based Modeling in the Process of Evacuating Educational Institutions in Case of Disasters

Ștefan Ionescu, Ionuț Nica, Nora Chiriță
2021 Sustainability  
With the help of NetLogo, we managed to perform 400 simulations with the evacuation of 180 people (students, teachers, and non-teaching staff) based on which we developed several recommendations to streamline  ...  Lately, in Romania there have been more and more fire events generated by different causes. This article will use agent-based modeling to simulate an emergency evacuation model in NetLogo.  ...  Acknowledgments: We thank the editor and referees who read the paper and provided helpful comments for improvements. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su131810277 fatcat:qiavchbzk5amzfwbnzr2bolcue

Investigating the effect of different pre-evacuation behavior and exit choice strategies using agent-based modeling

Ellen-Wien Augustijn-Beckers, Johannes Flacke, Bas Retsios
2010 Procedia Engineering  
An agent-based evacuation model was used to simulate evacuation behavior for a Chinese supermarket and an international university in the Netherlands.  ...  Simulation results for the university were most dependent on the behavior of the evacuation officers.  ...  Prototype of the agent-based simulation model A Prototype of an agent-based evacuation simulation model has been developed in Netlogo.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2010.07.005 fatcat:6ovqi4rk7vh7rfct2ck5ua4uvm

Study on Law of Personnel Evacuation in Deep Buried Metro Station Based on the Characteristics of Fire Smoke Spreading

Yu Cai, Zhen-yao Lin, Jun Mao, Guang Bai, Jia-wei Hu
2016 Procedia Engineering  
Then, FDS+Evac program is used to simulate the evacuation in a fire scenario.  ...  In this paper, a comprehensive study on the fire smoke spreading and the evacuation of the people in the deep buried metro model is carried out.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors wish to acknowledge. The research is supported by Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission(Grant no.Z131100004513010).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2016.01.098 fatcat:wcgrdogqcjgoxl56gepw4lxe5u

Route Guidance Map for Emergency Evacuation

Lakshay, Amit Agarwal, Nomesh B. Bolia
2016 Journal of Risk Analysis and Crisis Response (JRACR)  
An agent-based simulation framework is used for the simulation of various scenarios to prepare the guiding map.  ...  In the event of an evacuation instruction, a significant amount of time is spent by evacuees looking for a place of relative safety or an exit.  ...  Lastly the authors would like to acknowledge the contribution of Prem Chand and Rama Shankar for carrying out several supporting tasks throughout the duration of the project.  ... 
doi:10.2991/jrarc.2016.6.3.3 fatcat:jqf5jhxehrelvh7mfqypwslzlm

Implementation of Agent Based Modelling to Observe the Evacuating Behavior at Faculty of Engineering Building, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia

Hardiansyah, Wida Fitrianip, Annisa Fitria Edriani, Robi Hardiansyah, Rizka Lestyanti, Lindung Zalbuin Mase
2022 Journal of the Civil Engineering Forum  
Furthermore, the simulations were performed by considering various agents' capacity in the building, during the evacuation.  ...  The agent-based modelling is then conducted by inputting the layout of the building and the number of occupants in each room.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors are grateful to Faculty of Engineering, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia, for supporting this study under the competitive experimental scheme with grant No: 3569/UN30.13/HK  ... 
doi:10.22146/jcef.3589 fatcat:yxd7lyjbmrgwrmsj3p372k37em

Emergency Evacuation Simulation and Optimization for a Complex Rail Transit Station: A Perspective of Promoting Transportation Safety

Hui Xu, Cheng Tian, Yang Li
2020 Journal of Advanced Transportation  
The emergency evacuation strategies, including evacuation routes and evacuation times, were determined based on the theoretical demonstration.  ...  In response, this study conducted an emergency evacuation simulation and optimization in the three-dimensional (3D) space of "complex rail transit stations" (CRTSs).  ...  Emergency Evacuation Routes in Di erent Risk Scenarios. e simulation of the emergency evacuation was conducted for an accident occurring in a stationary train on B5 oor, as evacuation routes in this scenario  ... 
doi:10.1155/2020/8791503 fatcat:qziomv6dyfhi3auazhgtn4ntma

Optimising Pedestrian Flow Around Large Stadiums

Yuming Dong, Xiaolu Jia, Daichi Yanagisawa, Katsuhiro Nishinari
2021 Collective Dynamics  
We found that, although they worked differently in different scenarios, the attraction and guidance of agents significantly reduced the evacuation time.  ...  The main goal is to reduce the evacuation time, and other goals such as reducing the costs for the influencing agents' behaviours and the individual evacuation time are also considered.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI grant numbers JP21H01570, 21H01352, and 21K14377, as well as JST-Mirai Program Grant Number JPMJMI20D1, Japan.  ... 
doi:10.17815/cd.2021.117 fatcat:uuz65zapszh2hkhs7qg4dadzce

EVALUATION OF UNDERGROUND SPACE FOR TSUNAMI EVACUATION SAFETY WITH ROUTE OBSTACLES BY AGENT-BASED SIMULATION

Akira Takahashi
2022 International Journal of GEOMATE  
In some scenarios, the evacuation completion time was delayed by more than 1.5 times compared to the scenario by the management company due to the high concentration of evacuees on the stairs caused by  ...  The main findings are as follows: By comparing the results with the evacuation safety plan prepared by the facility management company and the results of simulation of each scenario including accidents  ...  The scenarios in this study showed that impacts on evacuation time were more severe in cases involving closed corridors than in cases of closed stairways.  ... 
doi:10.21660/2022.92.gxi245 fatcat:eiyfcxwwsrb6vevaeu7e7b4ucm

Empirical Study on Modeling of People Behavior in Emergency

Ilya I. Viksnin, Julia Lyakhovenko, Nikita Tursukov, Sergey Chuprov, Ekaterina Sozinova
2019 Majorov International Conference on Software Engineering and Computer Systems  
This model depends on the informational impact on the individual behavior of group agents. The proposed model is adapted for crowd behavior simulation in emergencies.  ...  An approach to simulation of human behavior is based on the Dirk Helbing and Peter Molnar Social Force Model.  ...  The model based on the information impact on the group, which allows bringing the data closer to real conditions.  ... 
dblp:conf/micsecs/ViksninLTCS19 fatcat:chcebmn2ifgppdxyqblpnsj544

Fire evacuation in high-rise buildings: a review of human behaviour and modelling research

Enrico Ronchi, Daniel Nilsson
2013 Fire Science Reviews  
Future research and model developments should focus on the study of the impact of staff actions, group dynamics and people with disabilities.  ...  Given the increasing height of buildings and the gradual reduction in the physical skills of the population, the effects of fatigue on evacuation need further studies.  ...  Acknowledgements This work is a part of a project funded by the Fire Protection Research Foundation of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), namely "Assessment of Total Evacuation Systems for  ... 
doi:10.1186/2193-0414-2-7 fatcat:lmmhltjzx5bzzn7wry47ub2o2i

A New Approach for Modelling Passenger Trains Evacuation Procedures

Virginia Alonso, Orlando V. Abreu, Arturo Cuesta, Delfín Silió
2014 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
This paper presents EvacTrain 2.0 a new model to simulate and explore the results of different evacuation strategies in passenger trains.  ...  The general findings suggest a new paradigm for the application of evacuation modelling in passenger trains: their potential use for supporting emergency decisions in real-time.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank to the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness for the EVACTRAIN Project grant, Ref.: BIA2011-26738, co-financed by FEDER.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.12.140 fatcat:m2rmk75x55cixng3dsucbjhrxe
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